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The most critical link in this pedigree is as usual the American immigrant: Pr10 Thomas Prather 
Thomas Prather was the son of Thomas Prater (Pr11) and Margaret Quintyne (Qu11) Birth: 26 Dec 1604 Sheffield, Yorkshire, England or Eaton Water Wilts. Death: 1629 ?? 1666, Burial: Maryland, Marriages: Mary McKay ; Marriage: about 1621 in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England
gives her name as Mary McKay Powell and year of birth as 1608 and year and place of marriage 1623 in Virginia as well as his death year as 1666. This would mean he was 17 and she was 13, which might indicate how great the need was to have new settlers and children in this young struggling colony with people dying right and left of the malarial fevers, starvation and Indian attacks.

He was not in Virginia before February 1623, unless listed as "Petter",  but John and Cathren Powell were already at Bass's Choice, however without Mary McKay Powell.

THOMAS PRATHER came to Virginia 1623 on the Marie Providence. Cavaliers and Pioneers misreads his name as PRACTOR; Nugent simply states Thomas PRATAR...He was 17-18, unmarried, alone and he did not pay for his passage. What happened? 
     The record does not suggest a sad farewell from a family which approved the adventure his family could have afforded to pay for his passage. Had the boy run away because of a quarrel with his parents or perhaps because the girl he loved had married an older man. Or was he going TO a new and adventurous life in the new land. Thomas was three years old when after several failures a settlement at Jamestown succeeded; Englishmen expected great treasure to come from America. As the boy grew up he would have heard much talk of Virginia. Perhaps his parents thought more of the dangers and hardships. 
     Did he know anyone in Virginia or anyone sailing on the Marie Providence? 
     One reference calls Thomas a stowaway, perhaps only a guess. John Powell who came in 1609 in the SWALLOW, paid the passage money for Thomas PRATER. A Thomas FAULKNER came also on the Marie Providence, and his passage was paid by ROBERT SALFORD. Later the Powells, Prathers and Faulkners are found associated. 
     Thomas was under obligation to repay his passage money by service. "The 50 acres of his headright went to Capt. Richard Sheppard of the Marie Providence who sold the balance of his time to John Powell" (Cavaliers and Pioneers gives to John Powell "50 ac for his servant Thomas Practor.) 
     From MSS Preserved in the State Papers Dept of Her Majesty's Public Record Office, England is "Muster Roll of Settlers of Virginia": 
• Elizabeth Cittee 1624 
• John Powell, his MUSTER 
• John Powell aged 29 in the SWALLOW 1609 
• Katren Powell aged 22 in the Flying Hart 1622 
• John Powell, born in Virginia 
• Thomas Prater, Servant, ages 20 in the Marie Providence 1622 
     It is difficult to define what the word servant meant to these people who commonly signed their letters, "your humble servant" The class was widely inclusive, including workers, skilled artisans, clerks, tutors, young relatives brought to America, political prisoners of war sold into service as a penalty.
     The term did not connote "menial". It did not affect a man's future social standing which was immutably based on birth. The marriages of Thomas' descendants into the colonies' best families show that he was recognized as the son of a Gentleman. 
     It was probably a happy household - the young couple and their baby in which Thomas Prater lived. He presumably served his time and then married, set up for himself and prospered. Did he keep in touch with his family back in England? We do now know. 
     Family tradition tells (as is usual) of three sons, that William returned to England, one died without issue, and Jonathan was progenitor of the Maryland family. This may be close to the truth. In 1659 (Md. Provincial Records) is William Prater, Ensign who returned to England. Samuel Preather left will Dorchester Co. Md. (Liber 10 Folio 16) in which he leaves all to (probably daughter) Sarah, wife of Thomas Newton and her children Samuel and Elizabeth; it seems he left no male issue. A Richard Prather of the same generation remained in Virginia (Grants 1656-65 pg 334) shows that he and co-grantee David Hopkins purchased 160 acres Rappahannock. With Jonathan, these seems sons of Thomas. No record of any Prater except Thomas has been found among settlers coming to Virginia - Maryland. 
     There was a big movement of people from Virginia to Maryland about 1656--60. Among them was Jonathan Prather bc 1630/5 and wife Jane bc 1635/6. Their headrights and those of six others were used by George Read. Immigrants were entitled to 50 acres apiece called headrights. It is not easy to figure the meaning of their use. Some men gave up the right in return for payment of the passage, some wished to purchase a place already cleared and built upon and sold the headright to a land speculator. A man could return his 50 acres and get back his headright to use again and again. One could be used many years after the man first entered the colony. 
Thomas Prather and Mary McKay had issue:

Pr9-1 John Prather 1629 - c 1664 d. Rappahannock Co. or Norfolk Co VA
Pr9 Jonathan Smith Prather
(Pr9-3) William Prater, 1632 Ensign who returned to England.
(Pr9-4) Samuel Preather 
(Pr9-5) Richard Prater b. about 1635 d. Rappahannock Co. or Norfolk Co.,VA
(Pr9-6) John Prater b. unknown.

The number of boys raises the question of whether the girls are simply not included. Visitation pedigrees often leave out the daughters as they did not inherit unless there was no male heir, and their pupose was to show who was entitled to bear the coat of arms, have arms for battle and obligated to supply horse for battle.

from with additional data added from Evelyn Thompson Nicholas and Ron Moore
Pr15 Progenitor of the Prthers was William Prater b. 1450 Eaton Water, Wiltshire England d. Inglesham, Wiltshire England 
m Alice?? ?? Carew
Pr14 (Pr14) John Prater b. 1480 Eaton Water, Wiltshire, England d. 1547 Inglesham Manor, Wiltshire England /td>
Pr14 (Pr14) John Prater b. 1480 Eaton Water, Wiltshire, England d. 1547 Inglesham Manor, Wiltshire England m. Elene Kingston (dau of William Kingston) 1505 in Inglesham, Wiltshire England
Pr13 George Prater b. 1510 Inglesham Wiltshire, Wiltshire England d. 15 June 1564 Nunny, Somerset, England m. Jane Plott (dau of Sir Richard Plott) 1534 in Shefford Magna, Wiltshire England
m Jane Plott
Pr12 Anthony Thomas Prather b. 1545 Latton, Wilshire England. d. 21 Aug 1583 Stanton St. Bernard, Wiltshire England m1. Elizabeth Winter Ivye 
m2 Judith Ivey (Iv12)b 1550, West Kingston, Wiltshire d. 5/6 FEB 1577/1578, West Kingston m 1571 in West Kingston, Wiltshire England Thomas Anthony Ivye (Iv13)
m Elizabeth Malet
Richard Ivye (Iv14) of Sudbury, Gloucestershire
m Isabell Canning dau of Michaell Canning of Sudbury Gloucestershire
Hugh Malet (Ma14) b~1500 d 1541
m Isabel Michell
Pr11 THOMAS PRATER b. 1577 Stanton, St. Bernard, Wiltshire England d. 1628 Eaton Water Wiltshire, England 
m Margaret Quintyne dau of Henry Quintyne and Alice 4 June 1599 in Clyffe Papard Ch. Shefford Magna, Wiltshire England
Pr10 Thomas Prater b 1606 Wiltshire, Marborough England d. 1666 VA, USA
m Mary McKay (or Powell) in Virginia
Pr9 Jonathan Prather b 1631 Virginia d bef. 21 Aug 1680 Calvert Co. MD
Lyle Jane McKay 12 Sept 1666 in Prince George Co. MD had issue - - - - continued below
Pr9-2 Samuel Prater b. unknown d. 1679 Dorchester Co. MD
Pr9-3 William Prater b. unknown d. England
Pr9-4 Richard Prater b. unknown d. Rappahannock Co. VA
Pr9-5 John Prater b. unknown d. Rappahannock Co. VA
Pr10-2 Alice Prater
Pr10-3 William Prater
Pr10-4 Samuel Prater
Pr10-5 Richard Prather
Pr11 17) Thomas Prater
Pr11 18) William Prater
Pr11 19) Elizabeth PRater
Pr11 20) Ferdinado Prater
Pr11 21) George Prater
Pr12-2 (Pr12-2) Richard Prater b. 1540
Pr12-3 George Prater b. 1551
Pr12-4 John Prater b. 1550
Pr12-5 Dorothy Prater b. 1552
Pr12-6 Nicholas Prater b. 1553
Pr12-7 Bartholomew Prater b. 1560
Pr12-8 Alis Prater b. 1555
Pr12-9 Margaret Prater b. 1556
Pr12-10 Elinor Prater b. 1559
Pr13-2 John Prater b. 1520
Pr13-3 Joane Prater b. 1518
Pr14-2 William Prater b. 1485
- - - - -
Pr9 Jonathan Prather b. 1631 Virginia d bef. 21 Aug 1680 Calvert Co. MD continued from above
m Lyle Jane McKay 12 Sept 1666 in Prince George Co MD
Pr8-1 Jonathan Prather II b 12 Sep 1665/6 Calvert Co MD d 20 Mar 1735/6 Pr Geo Co MD
m Elizabeth Biggers dau of John Bigger and Anne Kendall
-1 Martha Prather b c 1707 m William Nathan Prather II b 8 Mar 1699/1700, Prince George Co MD d. Sept 1780 Prince George Co. MD
Pr8-2 Jane Prather b 1664 possibly the same as Jane Elizabeth Prather b 1664 in Calvert Pr George's Co Md
m James Gunnel Mulikan
-1 Jane Mulikin b about 1693 Pr Geo Co Md m Jonathan Prather
-2 Mary Mulikan b ?1732 Md d 1790 Fairfax Va
m John Wheat
-2-1 Rebecca Wheat b 12 Oct 1789 Pr George's Co Md d 12 Apr 1875 Adair Co Mo
m William Burgess Beall

-2-1-1 ancestor of author's autosomal DNA match John Scott Robinson
Pr8-3 William Nathan Prather I b. 1668 Calvert Co. MD d. 1747 Prince George/?Calvert Co. MD
m Anne Yates b about 1671/2 Calvert Co Md d after 1734/5 dau of:
George Yates
Mary Stockett/?Wells b about 1646/7 Norfolk Co Va
Pr8-3-1 Pr8-3-1 John Prather b. 12 Jun 1713 Prince George Co. MD d. 6 Nov 1796 Montgomery Co. MD
m Rachell O'Dell (dau of thomas O'Dell and Margaret Beal) in Queen Anne Parish, Maryland
Pr8-3-1-1 m1 Rachel Gaither
Pr8-3-1-1-1 Pr8-3-1-2-1) Rachel O'Dell Prather b. abt 1770 NC m. Benhamin Beasley 30 Sept 1791 Stokes Co NC
Pr8-3-1-1-2 Amelia Elvira Prather b. abt 1771
Pr8-3-1-1-3 Sarah Prather
Pr8-3-1-1-4 John Prather m. Mary Polly Franklin 19 Aug 1816 Stokes Co. NC
m2 Verlinda Roby
Pr8-3-1-1-5 Hamilton Erwin Prather b. 8 Oct 1804 Iredel Co. NC d. 22 Apr Lincoln Co. NC
m. Mary Lambert 18 May 1825 in Lincoln Co. NC
-1 Joseph Jeramiah Prather b. 7 Feb 1835 Lincoln Co. NC d. 26 Dec 1912 West Blockton, Bibb Co. AL Pr8-3-1-2-5-1) JOSEPH JERAMIAH PRATHER b. 7 Feb 1835 Lincoln Co. NC d. 26 Dec 1912 West Blockton, Bibb Co. AL m1 27 May 1858 in Gaston, Lincoln Co. NC Jane Elizabeth Shields dau of James Shields and Nancy Thomlinson
Children of Joseph J. Prather and Jane Elizabeth Shields
-2 John Jasper Prather b. 2 Apr 1826 in Lincoln Co. NC m. Unknown
-3 Sarah Verlinda Prather b. 1 Apr 1828 Lincoln Co. NC m. John M. Porter 16 Nov 1847 Mecklenburg Co. NC
-4 Simon Thomas Prather b. 7 Feb 1833 Lincoln Co. NC d 1855 Mt. Holley NC.
-5 Hamilton Huggins Prather b. 14 Feb 1836
-6 Eli Elisha Prather b. 9 July 1837
-7 Mary Ann Prather b. 9 Sept 1830
-1-1 Addie Luella Prather b. 27 Jul 1873 Alexander City, Tallapoosa Co. AL d. 23 Aug 1948 in Johnston City, Williamson Co. IL m. Michael Shannon II son of Michael Shannon I and Catherine Richeford 18 Sept 1891 in West Blockton, Bibb Co. AL
-1-2 Irene Elizabeth Prather b. 17 Jan 1868 NC d Texas m. ?? Mayo
-1-3 William T. Prather b 30 June 1850 NC d 30 Jun 1850
-1-4 John W.D. Prather b 28 Apr 1860 d 8 Apr 1868 in NC
-1-5 Joseph W. Prather b. 1 Aug 1863 NC d 19 Jul 1867 NC
-1-6 Mary Carletta Prather b. 28 Jan 1866 m William Pizzario Dunham d. Eastland Texas
-1-7 James H. Prather b. 7 Sept 1867 NC d 23 Oct 1942 West Blockton, Bibb Co AL
-1-8 Georgeanna Lee Prather b. 22 May 1869 NC
-1-9 Zebulon Vance Prather b. 19 Sept 1877 Tallapoosa Co. AL d. 14 May 1936 West Blockton Bibb Co. AL
-1-10 Ernest Salemma Prather b. 26 Jan 1880 Tallapoosa Co. AL d. 5 May 1955 Jefferson Co. AL
-1-1-1 Edward Thomas Shannon b 25 Mar 1901 Blockton, Bibb Co. AL d. 23 Jan 1982 West Frankfort, Franklin Co. IL m 6 Jun 1933 in Fredricktown MO Ann Evelyn Whittington dau of Harmon Whittington and Lela Newton
-1-1-2 Catherine Salena Shannon b. 12 Jun 1892 West Blockton Bibb Co. AL d. 31 Oct 1928 West Blockton, Bibb Co. AL
-1-1-3 Janie Lee Shannon b. 21 Nov 1893 West Blockton, Bibb Co. AL d. 4 May 1962 m. William Fancher
-1-1-4 Michael Shannon III b. 18 Aug West Blockton, Bibb Co. AL d. 9 July 1978 Williamson Co. IL m. Clair Blockley Hines
-1-1-5 Joseph Shannon b. 2 Jun 1897 West Blockton, Bibb Co AL d. 6 Han 1962 Johnston City Williamson Co. IL
-1-1-6 James Matthew Shannon b. 30 Sept 1899 West Blockton Bibb Co. AL d. 18 May 1965 Williamson Co. IL
-1-1-7 Agnes Joanna Shannon b. 16 Mar 1903 West Blockton Bibb Co. AL d. 1996 Johnston City, Williamson Co. IL
-1-1-8 Louie Patrick Shannon b. 6 Aug 1905 West Blockton Bibb Co. AL d. 3 Sept 1906
-1-1-9 Mamie Elizabeth Shannon b. 20 Oct 1906 Abernant, Tuskaloosa Co. AL d. Chicago, Cook Co. IL m. Frank Davis bef 1933
-1-1-10 Evelyn Estelle Shannon b. 31 May 1908 Abernant Tuskaloosa Co. AL d. 21 Aur 1915 Abernant Tuskaloosa Co. AL
-1-1-11 Frances Theo Shannon d. Dec 1999
-1-1-12 John Morgan Shannon b. 24 Jul 1912 Abernant, Tuskaloosa Co. AL d. Jul 1981 Johnston City IL Williamson Co. IL
-1-1-13 William Vance Shannon still living
-1-1-1-1 Mora Alice Shannon b 1935 Herrin, Williamson Co. IL d. Pinehurst, Moore Co. NC m 11 Aug 1956 Robert Leslie Bagwell son of Leslie Albon Bagwell and Luella Hammacher
-1-1-1-2 Eda Kathleen Shannon still living
Pr8-3-1-1-6 Thomas Prather II b. 2 Feb 1782 Rowan Co. NC d. 1855 Surry Co. NC m. Unknown 1807
Pr8-3-1-1-7 Eleanor Helen Prather b. 1786 Rowan Co. NC m. Benjamin Gaither 30 Jul 1818 in Rowan Co. NC
Pr8-3-1-1-8 Eli Prather b. 1787 d. 1812 m. Cassandra Lovelace 23 Mar 1802 McCracken Co KY
Pr8-3-1-1-9 Elizabeth Prather b. 1788 d. Mead Co. KY m. Russel Bassett
Pr8-3-1-1-10 Elisha R. Prather b. 20 Mar 1790 d. aft 1860 Bureau Co. IL m. Elizabeth Hurley 20 Mar 1821 Bureau Co. IL
Pr8-3-1-1-11 Hiram Henry Prather b. 14 Jan 1796 m. Ann Lovelace
Pr8-3-1-1-12 Nathen Franklin Prather b. 24 Nov 1800 d. 14 Mar 1844 m. Elizbeth Lambert 2 July 1826 York Co. SC
Pr8-3-1-2 Sarah Prather b. 1738 MD m. Zachariah Linthicum
Pr8-3-1-3 Mary Prather b. 1747 MD d. 1776 m. William Duvall
Pr8-3-2 William Nathan Prather II b 8 Mar 1699/1700, Prince George Co MD d. Sept 1780 Prince George Co. MD
m Martha Prather 1722 St. Johns Parish MD dau of Jonathan Prather II and Elizabeth Biggers
-1 John Joseph Smith Prather b 1724 Pr George's Co Md d ther before 1764 m Avarilla Hyatt dau of Seth hyatt and Alice Davis grandau of Charles Hyatt and Sarah Tewksbury -1-1 Josiah Prather b aBOUT 1846 Pr Georges Co Md Md d before 3 Nov 1823 Laurens cO SC m Mary Pearson dau of Enoch Pearson and Tabitha Jacocks -1-1-1 Rachel Bell Prather b 1780 SC d 24 Nov 1823 Wayne Co Ind m Abraham Endsley son of Andrew Endsley and Jane Cummings -1-1-1-1 Elihu Endsley b 1 Feb 1803 Grant Co Ind d 10 Feb 1880 Amboy Ind m Sidney Parsons
-1-1-1-1-1 William Endsley b 16 Jun 1842 Miami Co Ind d 5 Sep 1902 Poplar Bluff Mo m Sarah Emeline Daubenspeck
-1-1-1-1-1-1 Viola Endsley b 10 Jun 1890 Pulaski Co Ind d 19 Aug 1975 Ontario Cal m "Chick" Hahn grandparents of author's DNA match Paul Hahn
Pr8-3-3 Jane Prater b. 12 Oct 1703 Prince George Co. MD m William Ward 27 Dec 1723
Pr8-3-4 Pricilla Prather b. 21 Sept 1707 Prince George Co. MD m. William Brasher Jr. 11 June 1734 Queen Anne Parish Prince George Co. MD
Pr8-3-5 Margaret Prather b. 9 Aug Prince George Co. MD d. aft 1733
Pr8-3-6 Joseph Prather b. 11 July 1711 Prince George Co. MD
Pr8-3-7 Sarah Prather b. 23 Mar 1715/16 Prince George Co. MD m. 45) William Prather 15 Jan 1738/39
Pr8-3-8 Elizabeth Prather b. 1718 Prince George Co. MD
Pr8-4 George Prather b. 1668 d. 1698
Pr8 Thomas Prather b. 1673 ? 1698 d 1712 in Prince George's Co., MD.
Martha Sprigg (Sp8) daughter of
Thomas Sprigg Sp9 Lord of Northampton Manor, Prince George’s Co Md.
m2 Eleanor Nuthall Nu9 his second wife. was the daughter of
John Nuthall (Nu10) by his wife Elizabeth (Bacon) Holloway; (Ba10), widow of Dr. John Holloway of Accomac County, Virginia.
Pr7-1 PHILLIP PHILOMIN GITTENS PRATHER, b. 1698, Prince George's County, MD; d. 1767, Orange Co SC.reported by
m Margery Hunt b about 1718
-1 Philip John Prater b 1750 d 17 Sep 1798
m Susannah Hubbard b about 1760 d 9 Sep 1848 in son Jeremiah's house Pickens district SC
-1-1 Joseph Prater b 1794 Pickens Distr. SC
m Mary Boyd
-1-1-1 William Prater b 23 Apr 1818 Pendleton Distr SC d 17 Dec 1877 Gainesville Hall Co GA
m Elizabeth Jane Wilson
Pr7-2 ELEANOR PRATHER b Abt. 1700, Prince George's Co MD m THOMAS WILLIAMS, Abt. 1716.
Pr7 Thomas McKay Sprigg Prather, b 1703/4, Prince George's Co Md (??Northampton, England) d 24 Jul 1785, Washington Co MD, Will at Hagerstown Md.
m1 10 Jun 1725, Prince George's Co ELIZABETH CLEGGETT/Claggett dau of Thomas Claggett b 1677 in Calvert Co and Mary Keene b ABT 1684 in Calvert Co

m2 bef. 31 Oct 1754 SARAH BEALL b 1713 in Prince George's Co she m1 Rignall Odell b 24 Oct 1705 dau of James Beall b 5 FEB 1651/52 in St. Andrew Parish, Fifeshire, Scotland and Sarah Pearce b 1677 in Calvert Co

m3 between 1767 and 1769 JEANNETTE SMILEY Sm7 and had:>

Pr6-1 Charles Prather b 1735 d 1810 m Ruth Tannehill. PRATHER of Brooke Co VA(WV) Will Book 2 page 10 Brooke Co. is will for CHARLES and RUTH PRATHER Mentions:>
Pr6-2 Mary (Polly) Prather, born 6 Jan 1730 m Aaron Moore d 1791 P: Springhill Twp, Fayette Co
Pr6-3 Richard Prather (reported by b 1 Aug 1727 Queen Annes Parish, Prince Georges Co Md d 26 Nov. 1789 Clear Springs, Wasington Co. Md
Pr6-4 Col. Thomas Claggett Prather b 9 May, 1726 Frederick Co Md d 12 Oct., 1758 - Killed in Battle of Lovathanna - French & Indian War m 9 May, 1750 Md Margaret Prather, his cousin, dau. of Philomen Gittings Prater
Pr6-5 Eleanor Prather b 15 MAR 1733/34 in Prince George's Co m about 1758 Jacob Friend b 18 SEP 1738 in Cecil Co
Pr6-6 Elizabeth Prather b 10 JAN 1742/43 in All Saints Parish, Frederick, Prince George's Co
?Pr6-7 Jonathan Prather b 1728 in Prince George Co., MD d 1772 in Bedford Co VA m1 Elizabeth Cresap Abt. 1748 in Frederick Co MD dau of Thomas Cresap and Hannah Johnson.

Pr6-1-1 Elizabeth Prather m Charles Wells.
Pr6-1-2 Henry Prather, (willed all the town of Charleston)
Pr6-1-3 John Prather.
Pr6-2-1 Hosea Moore b 26 Dec 1763 Fredrick, MD M: 7 Feb 1786 d 26 Apr 1832 Adams Co, Brush Creek Twp, Ohio m Isabelle Hanna
Pr6-4-1 Capt. Thomas V. Prather b 16 Dec 1751 "Maiden's Ferry Plantation", Frederick Co., Md d 24 Jul 1786 Lincoln Co KY. (now Mercer Co) bur Old Pioneer Grave Yard Ft. Harrod, KY m 7 Jul 1776 PA. Record: Wedding Bond Book #1 ; 1 Mary Ann Phillips
Pr6-7-1 Nehemiah Prather, b 1749 in Md d in Floyd Co KY.
Pr6-7-2 Jonathan "John" Prather, born Abt. 1750 in Md d 1795 in Russell Co., VA.
Pr6-7-3 Thomas Prather b Abt. 1750 in Md d 1835 in Washington Co PA m Martha Wyatt.
Pr6-7-4 William Prather b Abt. 1750.
Pr6-7-5 Glatha Prather b 1750-1759 in Md.
Pr6-7-6 Archibald Prather b 1754 in MD/VA d August 1831 in Magoffin Co KY m Sarah Fugate.
Pr6-7-7 Nancy Elizabeth Prather b Abt. 1765 in Frederick Co Md d Aft. 1830 in Washington Co PA m John D Cooper Sr. 1779 in Virginia.
Pr6-1-1-1 Charles Prather Wells b May 30, 1785 in Buffalo Cr., Ohio Co WV d May 3, 1856 in Marshall Co WV m Jan 9 1808 Rachel Rosannia Niven dau of James MacMechen and Hannah Davidson
Pr6-1-1-2 Nicholas Wells, b Feb20, 1787 in Buffalo Cr Brooke Co WV d Bet. Feb 28 1877 - 1878 m Rachel Witten Jan 7 1810
Pr6-1-1-3 Ruth Prather Wells b Mar 30, 1788 d Aug 10, 1865 m Oct 23 1814 Abraham S. Birckhead
Pr6-1-1-4 Perrine Wells, b Oct 18, 1789 d May 15, 1878 m1 Mary M. Braley m2 Charlotte Miller Jul 22, 1817, dau of James Miller and Rebecca Wells.
Pr6-1-1-5 Joshua Wells b Bet. 1790 - 1791.
Pr6-1-1-6 Nacky Wells b Oct 12, 1792 in Buffalo Cr Ohio Co Va, (Brooke Co W.Va)12 d May 19, 1803.
Pr6-1-1-7 Sarah Wells, b Feb 20, 1794 in Buffalo Cr Brooke Co WV d Dec 14, 1887 m Apr 22 1817 John McCoy, son of John McCoy and Easter Macartney
Pr6-1-1-8 Delilah Wells b Jun 16, 1795 in Buffalo Cr Brooke Co WV d Jan 25, 1869. She married Robert Grier Jun 01, 1816.
Pr6-1-1-9 Eli Wells, b May 14, 1797 in Brooke Co WV d Apr 28, 1854 in Sistersville, WV m Nov 23 1820 Nancy Neff, dau of John Neff and Temperance Wells
Pr6-1-1-10 Twenty Wells b Nov 23, 1798 in Brooke Co WV12 d Sep 22, 1816 in Tyler Co WV.
Pr6-1-1-11 Catherine "Katy" Adams Wells b Oct 06, 1800 in Brooke Co WV d Sep 12, 1824 in Sistersville, WV m 1817 Joshua Russell son of Russell
Pr6-1-1-12 Betsy Prather Wells, b Sep 28, 1802 in Brooke Co WV d Aug 24, 1873 in Tyler Co WV m Jun 17 1819 William Russell son of Russell
Pr6-2-1-1 Aaron Moore b 2 Aug 1792 Mason County, KY d 21 Aug 1864 Brush Creek Twp, Adams Co m 8 Dec 1814 Eleanor 'Nelly' Prather b 1795 Pa d 25 Nov 1860 Adams Co., Ohio dau of Pr5 John Prather b 1783 m 1806 Elizabeth Wilson b 1783
6-4-1-1 Col. Stephen Prather b 18 Jun 1782 Parish of Kentucky, Lincoln Co., VA. (now state of KY.) d 19 Dec., 1832 Nacogodoches Co., Texas. Served under Gen Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans, victor of the "Freedonian War" in 1827, where he recruited 60 Indians and 8 whites and a settler to put down a rebellion supported by 200 mercenaries in a surprize attack without a shot. bur Wood/Snell Cem. near Broaddus, San Augustine Co TX. m Jan 1808 Concordia, LA. (Territory of New Orleans) Tamera Elizabeth Plowden
Pr6-1-1-1-1 Alivia D Wells.
Pr6-1-1-1-2 James Dudley Wells.
Pr6-1-1-1-3 Lemuel McMechen Wells b Jun 10, 1807 in Bottom, WV d May 08, 1882 in Ashly, MO.
Pr6-1-1-1-4 Rolla Nivens Wells.
Pr6-1-1-1-5 Unknown Wells.
Pr6-1-1-2-1 Ruth Wells.
Pr6-1-1-2-2 Sarah Delilah Wells.
Pr6-1-1-3-1 Elizabeth Prather Brickhead.
Pr6-1-1-4-1 Charles V.6 Wells.
Pr6-1-1-4-2 Elizabeth Wells.
Pr6-1-1-7-1 Catherine Russell6 McCoy.
Pr6-1-1-7-2 William McCoy.
Pr6-1-1-7-3 C.A. McCoy.
Pr6-1-1-7-4 Thomas McCoy.
Pr6-1-1-9-1 John C. Wells b Nov 23, 1821 d Aug 15 1823.
Pr6-1-1-9-2 John C. Wells b Nov 08, 1823 m Elizabeth Jane Horn Sep 10 1851.
Pr6-1-1-9-3 Maria Wells b Sep 12, 1825 ma Samuel S. Russell Nov 4 1846.
Pr6-1-1-9-4 Friend Wells b Sep 01, 1827 m Martha Wingard Thistle.
Pr6-1-1-9-5 Barney Wells b Oct 22, 1829 d Feb 21, 188 m Frances Rebecca Cox Dec 11 1860.
Pr6-1-1-9-6 Ephraim Wells b Nov 6, 1831 d Sep 15, 191 m Elizabeth R. Paden Nove 28 1872.
Pr6-1-1-9-7 Wylie Wells b Nov 18, 1833 d May 10, 1866.
Pr6-1-1-9-8 Dorinda Talbot Wells b Feb 16, 1836 d Apr 18, 1897 m Sampson Thistle Jr Dec 15 1858.
Pr6-1-1-9-9 Amanda Wells b May 27, 1838 d May 3, 1862.
Pr6-1-1-9-10 Christopher Neff Wells b Jun 23, 1840.
Pr6-1-1-9-11 Martha Thistle Wells b Jun 24, 1843 Mar 29, 1935.
Pr6-1-1-9-12 Temperance N. Wells b May 24, 1845 d Sep 13, 1915.
Pr6-1-1-11-1 Samuel S. Russel.
Pr6-1-1-11-2 Charles W. Russel.
Pr6-1-1-12-1 William S. Russell.
Pr6-1-1-12-2 Frances Russell
Pr6-4-1-1-1 Thomas Freeman Prather b 8 Dec 1811 Catahula Parish LA d Before 1860 prob. Travis Co TX. m 9 Oct 1837 San Augustine Co., TX. (Record: Mar.Book # 1 ; 40 Elizabeth Walker

Pr6-4-1-1-1-1 Frank H. Prather b Jan 1849 Texas (prob. Travis Co.) d after 1930 prob. Hayes Co TX. m Lillian C. Kelso

6-4-1-1-1-1 Robert Louis Prather b Oct 1896 Austin TX m1 Gertrude Hollien, dau of Julius Hollien and grandau. of Johann Hollien of Mecklenburg, Germany Gertrude m2 to Jesse Lee Schmidt, son of Fritz Schmidt.
by 3nd wife, Jeanette ?Smiley
Pr6-7 William Prather b 1769
Pr6 Thomas Smiley Prather III b 1770 Frederick Co Md.

m 12 Feb 1800 in Jefferson Co Ky to Matilda Fontaine Fo6b 18 Sep 1782 in Va dau of Col Aaron Fontaine (Fo7) of Virginia and Kentucky, and Barbara Terrell Te7
Pr5-1 James Smiley Prather b 15 Mar 1801 d 14 Feb 1860 in Louisville m1 Elizabeth Carey dau of Robert Carey and Ann m2 Louisa Winifred Martin 16 MAR 1804 d 4 SEP 1890 Louisville
Pr5-2 William Prather b 8/9 FEB 1804 in Louisville d 27 Aug 1876 in Louisville bur Cave Hill Cem m 1 DEC 1835 Penelope E. Pope b ABT 1815 in Louisville Ky dau of Alexander Pope Po7 b ABT 1772 in Va and Martha Minor Fontaine b 14 MAR 1785 in Va d 18 Mar 1848 Louisville bur Cave Hill Cem
Pr5-3 Mary Jane Prather 11 Aug 1809 d 7 Oct 1883 in Louisville m1 Dr. Charles M. Way b 25 Dec 1800 d 8 Apr 1873 in Louisville, m2 Worden Pope Churchill b 16 JUN 1804 in Louisville Ky d 3 JUL 1830 in Louisville son of Goldsborough Robinson b 8 FEB 1819 and Frances Ann Lee b 30 JUN 1816 in Va
Pr5 Pr5 Matilda Prather b 1811 – 1847 m 1829, Louisville Ky Judge Samuel Smith Nicholas
Pr5-5 Maria Julia Prather b 16 May 1814 in Louisville d 13 Feb 1840 in Louisville bur Cave Hill m 10 Oct 1832 Henry Clay Jr. born in 1811 d 22 Feb 1847 in Battle of Buena Vista, Mexico
Pr5-6 Catherine Cornelia Prather b 28 Sep 1816 d 28 Sep 1844 in Louisville bur Cave Hill m on 2 Mar 1841 Edward P. Humphrey in Louisville b 28 Jan 1809 d 9 Dec 1887 in Louisville he m2 Martha Ann Pope
Pr5-1-1 Mary Prather b about 1830 m George Robinson Hunt
Pr5-1-2 Blanche Prather b about 1832 m Edward Mitchell
Pr5-2-1 Kate Prather m Orville Winston.
Pr5-2-2 Sue Prather m John Zanone.
Pr5-2-3 Matilda 'Maddie' Prather b 22 NOV 1843 in Louisville d 5 Dec 1894 in Louisville m Goldsborough Robinson b 25 MAR 1845 in Louisville
Pr5-2-4 Julia Clay Prather b 27 Feb 1838 in Louisville d 18 Jan 1866 in Louisville
Pr5-2-5 Martha Pope Prather was born on 7 May 1844 in Louisville d 10 Feb 1850 in Louisville
Pr5-2-6 Penelope "Eppie" Prather b 1849 in Louisville d 1926 in Louisville
Pr5-2-7 Margaret Prather b 1849 in Louisville KY d in 1919 in Louisville KY m John Luse.
Pr5-2-8 Maria Prather b 19 Feb 1846 in Louisville d 21 Nov 1847 in Louisville
Pr5-3-1 W. H. Way was born on 29 Jun 1838 d 11 Feb 1883 in Louisville
Pr5-3-2 Worden P. Churchill Jr. b 27 Jan 1830 in Louisville d 6 Apr 1916 in Louisville
Ni4-1 Mary Jane Nicholas b 1830 m y Graves
Ni4 George Nicholas (1831-1896) m1 Emma Hawes, m2 Mary Anna Pope
Ni4-3 Thomas Prather Nicholas , (1833-1870)
Ni4-4 Matilda Nicho1as (1835-1921) m Hon P Barrett of Mo.
Ni4-5 Hetty Nicholas (1837-1838)
Ni4-6 Julia Nicholas (1839-1907) m Maj. James Johnson, C.S.A.
Ni4-7 Margharetta Nicholas (1842-1905) m Thomas
Ni4-8 Samuel Smith Nicholas (1844- ?) m Mary Carter d 6 Feb 1874 Louisville
Pr5-5-1 Henry Clay III b 20 Jul 1833 d 5 Jun 1862 in Louisville of Typhoid Fever.
Pr5-5-2 Matilda Clay b 30 Jan 1835 d Bordeaux, FRA.
Pr5-5-3 Martha Clay b about 1836.
Pr5-5-4 Anne Clay b 14 Feb 1837.
Pr5-5-5 Thomas Julian Clay b 30 Jan 1840 Major in CSA d 12 Oct 1863 in Atlanta, GA (Typhoid fever).
Pr5-6-1 E. W. C. Humphrey.
Pr5-6-2 Adies Humphrey b 28 Jan 1842 in Louisville d 21 Nov 1843 in Louisville
Ni3-1 Emma Juliet Nicholas b 1854 d 1896 m John Churchill
Ni3-2 Samuel Smith Nicholas (16 March 1862- 14 April 1864
Ni3-3 Mary Emeline Nicholas b 7 Sept 1863 d 8 Sept.1863
Ni3-4 Worden Pope Nicholas (20 Nov. 1864- 6 June 1942) married 7 Oct. 1891 Lulu Allen Cherry and had issue.
Ni3-5 George Nicholas b 10 Nov 1866 d 21 March 1926) m 15 July 1896 Evelyn Belle Thompson in Shelbyville, Ky who compiled the extensive genealogical notes on which this part of the genealogy is based. They had 3 sons and a daughter.
Ni3-6 Sarah Lawrence Nicholas b 16 June 1868 d 13 June 1935 in Camrose Alta, Canada, bur. in Edna Texas, attended the Sorbonne in Paris
Ni3-7 Patrick Pope Nicholas (17 Dec. 1869- June 1941) m 30 Sept. 1897 Mary Willis Middleton
Ni3-8 Thomas Prather Nicholas (4 March 1872- 30 Sept. 1942) married 29 Dec. 1897 Deborah Shannon
Ni3-9 Lawrence Nicholas b 19 March 1874 dsp June 1942 Edna Texas
Ni3-10 Cary Nicholas b 28 April 1876 d 2 Dec. 1897 of football injury
Ni3 Matilda Prather Nicholas (15 May 1878- June 1954 ) m 20 June 1906 , mayor of Shelbyville, Ky. son of Thomas Pope Bland.
Ni3-12 Mary Anna Nicholas b 11 Feb. 1880 d 30 Dec. 1915 Taught at the University of Chicago, d of brain tumor
Ni3-13 Samuel Smith Nicholas (1 July 1881- 29 May 1927 in Edna, Texas)
Pr5-6-1-1 Edward P. Humphrey
Pr5-6-1-2 Lewis C. Humphrey
Pr5-6-1-3 Herman Humphrey
Ni3-1-1 John Churchill Jr. d 8 Dec. 1944 m1 Lucy Jones, m1 Ardath … Shel m2 Paul Hays alive in 1948
Ni3-4-1 Mary Elizabeth Nicholas, b. 4 Sept. 1892
Ni3-4-2 Margaret Nicholas, b. 21 Oct. 1893, married y Longfield
Ni3-4-3 George Nicholas, b.10 Jan. 1895, d. 10 July 1895
Ni3-4-4 Catherine Nicholas; B 10 June 1897, unmarried and living in near the Univ.of Chicago in 1950
Ni3-4-5 Esther Nicholas, b. Friday 11 Nov. 1898 at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, unmarried and living in near the Univ.of Chicago in 1950
Ni3-4-6 Curran Pope Nicholas, b. Nov. at Mt. Pleasant Iowa
Ni3-4-7 Philip Norborn Nicholas, b. 10 Oct. 1900 in Shelbyville
Ni3-5-1 George Nicholas V (1897-1927).
Ni3-5-2 Henry Thompson Nicholas (1898-1975).
Ni3-5-3 Philip Norborne Nicholas (1900-1957).
Ni3-5-4 Charles Parsons Nicholas (15 Sept. 1903 - 197?)
Ni3-5-5 Patricia Pope Nicholas (1917-1981).
Ni3-8-1 John Shannon Nicholas, 18 Dec. 1899
Ni3-8-2 Katherine Prather Nicholas, b. 27 Nov. 1901
Bl2 Anna Pope Bland, b 26 June 1908, d 15 Feb. 1970, m Dr. Eustace G. Hester.
Bl2-2 Levicy Jane Bland, b. 28 Aug. 1910 d. unmarried March 1985
Ni3-4-2-1 John Nicholas Longfield
Ni3-4-2-2 Charles Hines Longfield
Ni3-4-2-3 Harriet Ann Longfield m y Pitman
Ni3-4-2-4 William Longfield m Beverly x
Ni3-4-4-1 Catherine F. Lauder unm
Ni3-4-4-2 Cherry Lauder m y McIlvain
Ni3-4-4-3 Louise Lauder m y Roos
Ni3-4-6-1 David C. Nicholas
Ni3-5-2-1 Henry Thompson Nicholas II
Ni3-5-2-2 George Nicholas VI m1 Nancy m2 Jeanette
Ni3-5-2-3 Elizabeth V. Nicholas m y Padin
Ni3-5-4-1 Frances Young Nicholas m1 y Lee m2 y Fassett
Ni3-5-5-3 Barbara Veatch m y LaVogue
Ni3-5-3-1 Martha Nicholas m y Selden
Ni3-5-3-2 Barbara Terrell Nicholas m y Potts
Ni3-5-3-3 Philip N. Nicholas Jr
Ni3-7-1-1 Mary Anne Goodson Rogers m y Brown
Ni3-7-1-2 Edward Pope Goodson
Ni3-7-1-3 Laura Elizabeth Goodson m y?
Ni3-7-1-4 Kenton Craig Goodson
Ni3-7-1-5 Melanie Mgoodson m Middleton
Ni3-7-2-1 Carol Jane Nicholas m y Hayes
Ni3-7-2-2 Linda Lou Nicholas
Ni3-7-2-3 Mary Pope Nicholas d y
Ni3-8-1-1 Thomas Prather Nicholas II d m Anne R.
He1-1 Thomas Eugene Hester, B.S. d 2010
He1-2 William Griffith Hester, Dr.jur.
He1-3 George Nicholas Hester
He1-1 Jane Ann Hester
Pr7-4 JOHN SMITH PRATHER b about 1705 Prince George's Co Md d 1763, Bladensburg, Prince George's Co MD m Feb 17, 1724/25 Elizabeth Nuthall dau of John Nuthall and Eleanor Sprigg. -1 Martha Prather b 1730 Md m James Odell b 1726 Md son of Thomas Odell and Elizabeth Beall -1-1 Martha Odell m Joseph Jeans
-1-2 x Odell m Thomas Duckett b 24 Nov 1744 Pr Geo Co MD d 4 Nov 1824 Newberry SC
-1-1-1 John C P Jeans b 22 Apr 1777 Hampshire Va d 8 Jun 1843 Laurens SC m Margaret Duncan =?? b 8 Jun 1778 SC d 18 Jul 1833 ancestors of Vickie Lynn Vaughn, author's DNA match
-1-2-1 James Odell Duckett b 10 Mar 1767 Frederick MD d 16 Oct 1806 Laurens SC m Sarah Dora Whitmore
-1-2-2 Martha Odell Duckett b 9 Mar 1771 Frederick Co MD e11 Jul 1841 Lauderdale AL m Levi Fowler

-1-2-1-1 John Duckett b 11 Nov 1794 Laurens SC d 18 Oct 1856 Lauderdale AL m Nancy Elizabeth Fowler
-1-2-2-1 Nancy Elizabeth Fowler b 8 1794 Newberry SC d 17 May 1862 Lauderdale AL m John Duckett
-1-2-1-1-1 = -1-2-2-1-1 Martha Duckett b 1818 Lauderdale AL m John Young and had James Hosea Young b 18 Nov 1838 Florence AL m Sarah Ellen Shelby b 28 Sep 1840 Hardin TN d 28 Jan 1900 Des Arc Prairie AR dau of Eli G Shelby b c 1793 Mecklenberg NC d 26 Nov 1854 Hardin TN m Rebecca White b 25 Nov 1800 ancestors of Ralph McLain, author's DNA match
Pr7-5 RACHEL PRATHER b October 1706, Prince George's Co Md d 1763 m1 1724 WILLIAM POTTINGER, Md m2 JOSEPH MILBURN SEMMES, 1731.
Pr7-6 AARON PRATHER, b Oct 10 1710, Prince George's Co MD d Bef. Mar 7 1777, Rockville, Montgomery Co MD m MARY JANE Prather, Oct 10 1736, All Hallow's Parish, Anne Arundel Co Md, and had issue
Pr8-6 John Prather b 1676 d 1718 possibly the same as
m Elizabeth Clagett dau of Thomas Clagett b1644 St Leonards Eastcheap London d 25 Jul 1703 Design Calvert Co Md and Mary Nutley
-1 Jonathan Prather b about 1695 Calvert Co Md m Jane Mullikin s.a. -1-1 Jonathan Prather b 1728 Pr Geo Co Md m Catherine Reece b about 1725 Bedford Co Va ??-1-1-1 (s.a. Pr7) William Thomas Prather b 1748 Bedford VA m Martha Wyatt b about 1752 Bedford Co Va -1-1-1-1 Benjamin Franklin Prather b 30 Apr 1772 Lynchburg Va d 30 May 1851 Lenior City Roane TN m Lane -1-1-1-1-1 Samuel Prather b 16 Oct 1800 Roane Co TN m Isabella Blair
-1-1-1-1-1-1 Lulu Irene Prather m Henry H Dickerson ancestors of Thomas Wayne Dickerson, author's DNA match.
Pr8-7 Elizbeth Prather b. 1678 m. Philip Gitting Jr.
See also:
Thomas was the founder of more than 90% of the Prater / Prather family lines in America today. The other 10% were founded by other members of his family that came here at a later time. Most other branches continued with the spelling Prater here in America, while the lines from Thomas have been found to use the spellings Prather / Prater / Prator / Praytor / Prayter / Prayther / Pratter / Prader / Preater / Praeter / Praetor.
Most of these spelling variations occurred during the early establishment of and settlement of territories in Colonial times, or shortly after the Revolutionary War. The spelling variations came about mainly as a result of poor levels of education of clerks, census takers, and the public in general.
Thomas Prater was only 18 years old when he came to the Colonies. It must have been a major adventure for such a young man born and raised on a manorial estate in Northern Wiltshire to board a ship to a new land. He must have experienced many hardships.
He came on board the ship Marie Providence which landed at Elizabeth Citties, Virginia (near what is now Newport News). His name is recorded in various spellings (Prater, Prether, Prator, Prather), but Prather is used more often in the Colonies, while Prater was used in England. He came to the Colonies in 1622 from the Latton / Eaton Water Estates, on the Cricklade, Wiltshire, England. Thomas was one of three brothers who came to the Colonies between 1620 and 1623.
Prather Origins:

In earlier times when the Romans controlled central England and most of the settled world, there was a group of elite military men that were appointed to supply security for the Emperor of Rome. These men were known as the Praetorian Guard. These were not only elite military men, but were also highly educated and powerful men within the Empire, who benefited from the feudal system that the Emperor controlled. Later in history these people began to control the various areas of the world that had been conquered by the Romans and a "title" of "The Praetorian" began to evolve. This person held a powerful political position that secured control of these areas by other than military means. This held the military in check and allowed for a dual military and politically controlled local government. The Praetorian held the powers of a Magistrate, Judiciary, Tax Collector, Military Paymaster and Governor, all at one time. A Praetorian generally came up though the ranks in the military and was appointed by the preceding Praetorian. It was common practice for a Praetorian to appoint his son to succeed him. He could control his sons rise though the military to insure his success.
As the Roman Empire began to diminish, the role of the Praetorian began to diminish. The Praetorians began to insure their power by aligning themselves with the new and prevailing power of the Church. As time passed the position of the Praetorian was changed and other titles began to evolve.
The name Prater was the Anglican version of the Latin word Presbyter, Prater, The Elder and Praetor. Praetorian was a class of people of early Roman times who were Magistrates, Trusties, and Learned Men whose position was usually inherited and passed down in the family. It is believed that a descendant of this class was attached to the Norman and English Crowns and held their power though their connection with the Roman Catholic Church. Our Prater family is believed to have descended from this class of people. The Praters of England held such positions of power through out the country, both of the Crown and Church.

A Presbyter was a highly educated noble that held power through the Catholic Church, which was the predominate Christian religion during this period in history. The Presbyter was an "Elder" in the church who managed the vast church properties and worked very closely with the prevailing monarchy, very similar to the Praetor in the earlier Roman Empire. No King could hope to maintain his power in a Christian country without the blessing of the church. They also knew of the great power of the church and often used it to their advantage. Thus the Presbyter was also considered a powerful figure by the King. Because a Presbyter held such a powerful position in the church and was its representative, in many cases he was also considered a priest. we can not consider these men as we might consider the monks of this period. But they were instead men of noble families that held their position in the church for political means. It is true that most of them were very firm in their religious conviction, but they were primarily military and politically oriented.
Presbyter is a Latin name, while its Anglicized name is "The Elder", "Prester" "Prater". "Praitellius", "Pretor" and "de Priers". (note the similarity of the spelling of the names Praetor, Priers, Prater) Of course these names and their meanings evolved in time. Presbyter is still considered as meaning "the elder", while Prester is considered as a variation of priest. Prater and Praitellius on the other hand evolved as meaning a Reeve (an official) and later in some areas became known as meaning "speaker". while today’s translation is "a person who babbles". In Dutch it evolved as meaning a field. (From the "Prater" park in Austria.) When researching we must remember that words and names evolve, just as they do today, and their usage or meanings change with time and society.
We are not certain where our ancestor was born or where he died but we do know that he was a Presbyter who was probably already established in Wales before the Norman Conquest. We know that he had ties with Norman Lords because of the properties his sons gained as "spoils" in the Conquest. Rienbald de Presbyter (Prater) was named Chancellor of England in 1066, so we can assume this family was very well connected with the Norman Nobility. I think that he was very closely connected to Gerald of Windsor and other Welch Princes who also had Norman blood lines.
The Prater family can be found in various parts of the world today. In about the 1290's a Bishop, who was a Prater of the family in England, was part of an emissary group sent to Austria by the Crown of England to create an alignment with the Austrian Crown to defend against France. This Bishop (Prater) was given control of church property in Vienna, Austria. This property adjoined the property surrounding the royal estate and Palace of the King of Austria. In the early 1300's a section of the property held by the Prater was given to the royal family as a hunting reserve. It was called "The Prater" out of respect for the Bishop. By the 1700's this 10 square Kilometer area known as "The Prater" was hunted out and the royal family opened it to the public as a park.
Adjoining the Prater Park was another area which was a meadow that sat very close to the royal palace where groups of minstrel shows would be held to entertain the Royal Family and other nobility of Austria. Today this meadow contains one of the largest amusement parks in Europe. "Prater Park". The Bishop (Prater) of Vienna had descendants (many of the Bishops of this period in history did not practice celibacy) who can be found in Austria, Denmark, Czechoslovakia and one branch is even in Australia. One of the branches from this Bishop established the village of Pretor near Bitola and Lake Magli Prespa in Czechoslovakia.
Another branch can be found in Denmark and descendants of this branch also migrated to Australia during World War II. The branch in Australia has changed the spelling from Prater to Prather as a result of the war. The Prater that founded the branch in Australia was working in a farm equipment plant in Austria during the outbreak of World War II and when the Germans took Austria the plant was converted to manufacturing war equipment. Mr. Prater was caught while trying to return to his family in Denmark and placed in a prison camp. After several months he and a friend escaped. He knew he could not return home without getting caught so he decided to go where they least expected, to his former employer in Austria. He was taken to his employer’s farm and hidden in the root cellar until false papers could be made and he could regain some weight and not look suspicious. He then was put to work in the plant where he remained until the allied forces pushed the Germans out. Mr. Prater then went to the American Army to enlist and he was refused because he worked in the plant for the Germans. He then went to the Canadian Army and enlisted as Prather. He was shortly shipped to Australia where he lives today.
He later brought his brother and sisters, from Denmark to Australia, to live with him. Another branch of the family migrated to Australia from England in the early 1800's. This family line descends from Richard Prater of Nunney Castle (died 1580). They continue to spell their name Prater. In Gary Benton Prather’s research of the Prater / Prather / Praytor / Prator / Preator families in America he has found: One branch that came here from Czechoslovakia (Prater - they came here about 1940). Two branches that came here from England via Canada. (Prater - they came here and settled in Montana in the late 1800's) ALL other branches of the families in America have been found to have descended from Thomas Prater (Prather) who came here in 1622 from England. The Prater family is believed to have descended from Welch Princes and Norman Marcher Barons who possibly descended from Roman Nobility.
Research by: Gary Benton Prather
Prather Family History:
Brice R. Prather's 19th great grandfather, Williamus John Prater (aka Guilliumus Johonnie de Priers) was a Shire Reeve under the Prince of Powys. The position of Reeve, in those days, was a most important title. A Reeve was very much like the combination of what we know today as Governor, Magistrate, Justice, Tax Collector/Assessor all rolled into one position. He may have also been a "Baron" of Powis. The position and word SHERIFF used today comes, from the words Shire Reeve. A shire is the English term for County but the position of Shire Reeve in those days was much more powerful than that of today’s County Sheriff.
Williamus married a descendant of the Prince of Powys thus we can see how important his social and political standing must have been. Only nobles of the highest stature could marry into a royal house.
Brockwell Yscitheor, the "Prince of Powys" had another descendant who married Hugh Delamere (also spelled Delamare / DeMara) who was a descendant of Norman Delamere of Normandy, whose Castle was De la Mere (Castle of The Lake) built in the early 900's on the edge of a lake in Normandy. These Delamares were the ancestors of Brice R. Prather's maternal 18th great grandmother, Gladys De La Mere or Delamare. Sir Johonnie Delamare built Nunney Castle at Nunney, Somersetshire, England in 1373. This Castle went to his heirs and later went to the Paulet family by marriage. Brice R. Prather's 9th great grandfather, George Prater, purchased it from his cousins the Paulets in a tax transaction and exchange from his father, Brice's 10th great grandfather, Gentleman John Prater, Esq. of Inglesham Manor’s estate.
George Prater, Esquire conducted business there but his son and heir, Richard Prater, Brice R. Prather's 8th great granduncle, was the first Prater to live in Nunney Castle. Richard’s tomb and statue effigy is in the church at Nunney. Richard was the older brother of Brice R. Prather's 8th great grandfather, Gentleman Anthony Thomas Prater. Anthony was Trustee of the Castle and estates when his brother, Richard, died in 1580.
The family connection with the De la Mere family and Brockwell Yscitheor is proven by our family coat-of-Arms. Example: In the lower section of our family coat-of-Arms is 3 wolf heads erased, Silver in color with the background of the shield in sable (black). This was the Coat-of-Arms of Brockwell Yscitheor, the Prince of Powys. Because of the "exacting" rules governing heraldry we know that the lower portion of a shield "in Chief" as it is called is an indication that the wives family coat-of-arms is ALWAYS in the lower 2/3's of the shield. Thus Guilliumus Prater married a female descendant, of direct au session, of Brockwell Yscitheor! A daughter, granddaughter or great granddaughter.
Guilliumus Prater came with William the conqueror, Duke of Normandy in 1066. He had connections with Gerald of Windsor (Pembroke Castle) & (Carew Castle). It is believed that he was a noble that served under William the Conqueror in the Welch Kingdom of Powis (Powys). It is certain that he married the descendant of the Prince of Powis. His descendants married a Carew (of Carew Castle), and into other Nobility. Carew Castle was built by Gerald of Windsor in 1109, and his heir took the name.
Yscitheor, Princess of Powys (Powis), Wales:
Yscitheor, an old Welch/Gaelic name from which the Lords of Powys used in early history 800-1100's later became De La Pole ("of the Poole"). They lived at a Castle in the Kingdom of Powys. Powys was located in central Wales and extended into several counties in Southwestern England.
Today the Castle in Montgomersyshire, Wales is called Powis. When it was first built in the 800's it was called Welchpoole because it was located at the edge of a lake, thus the name "poole" (the Welch Castle by the poole) The Yscitheor family that lived there later became known as de la Poole (of the Poole) and still later this name was shortened to De La Pole. This was a very powerful family that held many titles in the English Kingdom.
The King of Powys surrendered his kingdom to the Normans and the Norman King gave him the Lordship of their former kingdom to rule as a Principality, thus the Kings of Powys became the Princes of Powys and "held" it in Lordship for the King of England. Brockwell Yacitheor was one such "Prince of Powys". His Coat-of-Arms is 3 Silver Wolf Heads on a Black Shield. This Coat-of-Arms was made part of the Prater Coat-of-Arms which indicates that Brockwell's descendant was married to Brice R. Prather's 19th great grandfather, Guilliumus Johonnie Prater. We do not know the name of Brockwell’s descendant, but we know that by the laws of Heraldry in England that there is NO doubt that she was Brice R. Prather's 19th great grandmother, Yscitheor, Princess of Powys, Wales and lived in the early 10 or 1100's. The famous Princess Diana who was married to Prince Charles was also a Princess of Wales.
Yscitheor’s sister was married to a De La mere , who was a Baron and powerful lord, from which Sir John De La Mere descended. Sir John De La Mere (Delamare) built Nunney Castle in 1373. Brice R. Prather's 9th great grandfather, George Prater of Latton Manor died there in 1564. His son Richard Prater, Brice R. Prather's 8th great granduncle, owned and lived in Nunney Castle, Nunney, Somerset County. Richard Prater's tomb and statue effigy is in the church there.
Brockwell Yscitheor was named after one of his ancestors who was also a Prince of Powys. He was called Brockfiel (Brockwell) Yscythrog and he died in 662 A.D. His name Yscythrog is old Welch Gaelic, and means "Of The Tusk" because he wore a helmet with Horns.
Horns were called tusk in those days. He is best recorded in history for his acts against the Catholic Church in Rome and in favor of the Christian Church of Wales and his attempts to save St. David’s Cathedral which is located on the tip of South West Wales. The Old Monastery stands today, with tombs that date back to the 10th Century. The Catholic Church of Rome sent a Cardinal with his large number of attendant monks and soldiers of the Pope of England to investigate the rumor of a great Christian Church of Wales and to bring it under the control of the Roman Catholic Church of Rome. The Church in Wales was also a variation of the Catholic Church but refused to subjugate themselves to the laws and practices of the Roman Church.
The Roman Cardinal, angry, left and traveled with his group to North Wales where he asked for support from the King of North Wales.
The King was more than willing to help him, because he had been feuding with the Kings of the Southern Welch territories and Brockfeil in particular. This King took his army to South Wales to subjugate the Church of St. David. Brockfeil herd of their coming and met them with his army. Also joining him were 100 monks from St. David, who stayed in the rear to pray for his success. Brockfeil was out numbered 10 to one.
The King of North Wales attacked Brockfeil and killed all except Brockfeil and about 100 of his men. The Kings army even killed the 100 monks as they knelt in prayer. The King then went to St. David’s Church and burned the Monastery. What is so tragic about this is the fact that hundreds of years of records about the nobility and history of Wales were in its library. Upon hearing what had happened, the other Kings of South Wales came to the aid of Brockfeil and defeated the King of North Wales, but it was too late to save the Old Monastery of St. David’s Church. As a result of Brockfeils efforts he became known as the "Savior of Wales and Chosen of God". These events happen in 583 A.D. Brockfeil was a very young man when these events took place, he died in 662 A.D.
Brockwell Yscitheor, Prince of Powys, living in 1085 was descended from the brother of Brockfeil Yscythrog. The spelling of Yscitheor was a more modern Welch Gaelic variation of the spelling Yscythrog. (Ho is ther rog).
St. David’s Church was rebuilt and stands today, it is a beautiful old monastery, with many old tombs. Some of it is in ruins but the main church is still in use. It sets on the southern coastal tip of South Wales in the village of St. David’s.
The descendant daughters of Brockwell were Brice R. Prather's 18th (Gladys Delamare) and 19th (Yscitheor, Princess of Powys) great grandmothers. One married a Guilliumus Prater, Brice R. Prather’s 19th great grandfather, and the other married Hugh Delamare. A descendant of Hugh Delamere (Delamare) was Sir John Delamare of Nunney Castle, his daughter married William Prater, Brice R. Prather's 18th great grandfather, thus both Yscitheor daughters are in the Prater (Prather) line.
Richard Prater, Brice R. Prather's 8th great granduncle was an older brother to Anthony Prater, Brice R. Prather's 8th great grandfather. Anthony was made a trustee of the estates and Castle at Nunney until Richard's son was old enough to claim his right to inherit the estates (6 years later). This son was George Prater, Brice R. Prather's 1st cousin 9 times removed, whose tomb is also located in the church at Nunney Somerset. It was this George's son, that lost the Castle to Cromwell's forces during the Civil War of 1645 in England.
Research by: Gary Benton Prather
Brice R. Prather's 19th great granduncle, Reinbald de Presbyter (Prater or Prather) was the first Chancellor of England under King William in 1066. This Reinbald held the manor of Latton, Wiltshire near Eaton Water and many others across England, including Frome and Somerset which was located next to the Manor of Nunney. Nunney was later the sight that Sir John Delamere built his Nunney Castle. REINBALD THE PRIEST (REINBALD de PRESBYTER)--REINBALD PRATER, Chancellor (ref. The Dooms Day Survey, which consist of 800 hand written volumes, conducted by the Church in England between 1066 and 1086)
REINBALD de PRESBYTER (also listed as Prester / Prater) was a priest as well as Chancellor. During this period of history, most priest were born of noble families and were generally considered not to have the same religious conviction at a monk. The noble priest were hard fighting men, often with their own army. The noble priest of this period were found to have their position in the church for political reasons.
As an example, the position as the Pope in Rome was purchased (going to the highest bidder) during the 10th Century and earlier history. We also know that Reinbald gained his property (holdings) as a result of his exploits during the battles to secure England at the Conquest. The conquest of England by the Normans (and allied armies) began in 1066 and ended around 1086.
Reinbald held under Odo, the Bishop of Beck and half brother to King William. Odo also is listed in the Doomes Day Survey as holding one half of the Lordship of Eaton Water. All of Odo's holding were taken away from him by the King when he began to create problems with the Barons. Odo was banished to Normandy and all of his holdings were taken by the King. It is also noted that when Odo's holding were taken by the King that Eaton Water was held by "servants" of the King, this meaning that Eaton Water was held by a Noble family, faithful to the King.
The other half of the Lordship of Eaton Water was held by a noble family named Drews. It is very common for Manors in England to have several Lordships. An example is Nunney, Somerset: The Praters held one half the Lordship while the Maudleys held the other half in the late 1500's and early 1600's. To give you an example of the spelling variations found in the old records in England: Williamus Praters name was also spelled Wellelmus Pretor, Wellelmus Praepositus, Wellelmus Pratellius, and Wellelmus Presbyter.
It is believed that Reinbald de Presbyter (Prater / Prester / "The Elder") was probably the brother to Guilliums Prater of Eaton Water, Wiltshire, or he was, at least, a close relative. It is thought that Reinbald (also spelled Rainbold) was descended from Roman, Flemish, Welch, and Norman Nobles. His holding around Latton Manor, Wiltshire was inherited by the Earls of St. German and later came into the hands of Brice R. Prather's 9th great grandfather, George Prater of Latton Manor, Wiltshire County.
It is believed that George Prater was a Reeve of Nunney, Somerset and other Manors held by the Paulets (Poweletts) as well as Manors held by the Earls of St. German and Earls of Bolingbroke.
To continue with Williamus Prater:
Williamus was a Reeve in Lincolnshire. (Shire is a term meaning County) A Reeve is an official or "One who governors" for the established "Title Holder". The Title Holder is one who holds an area by the grace of the King. The Title Holder can be a Prince, Earl, Duke, Count, Viscount, Baron, etc. A Reeve didn't have to live in the county that he served, he could serve several Counties and/or Manors. Williamus Prater’s lands descended to his first born son, William.
The Delamares were married into other Prater allied families, Kingston, St. John, Paulets (Powellets), Powys, Ivys, Carew, Courtney, etc. The Delamare name is still very well known today in England. Brice R. Prather's 8th great grandfather, Anthony Prater of Stanton St. Bernard, Wiltshire was married to Judith Ivy, whose mother was a descendant of Delamare.
Anthony's brother Richard lived in Nunney Castle until his death in 1580 and his Prater heirs lived there until 1645, when Col. Richard Prater, Brice R. Prather's 2nd cousin 8 times removed, lost the Castle to Fairfax , the commander of Cromwell’s forces, in a battle that took place at Nunney. It was never lived in again. The Castle Nunney stands today but all of the floors have been removed or burned. Its Mote, walls, and towers are still in tact and its magnificent presents remain in the center of the Manorial village of Nunney, Somerset County, England.
Prater, Delamare, and Paulet tombs are in the church at Nunney. Sir John De La Mere inherited large estates from his kinsman Lord Bohn, the Earl of Hereford. (The Bohn heir was Mary Bohn who married King Henry III and then it was given to John De La Mere as tenant-in-chief of the Crown). He was also kinsman to the house of Clare, Earls of Gloucester/ Sir Thomas Hungerford / Sir John Bishopstrow, in Wiltshire / Lord Henry de Montfort / Lord Kingston, Earls of Kingsbourgh (Baron King in Ireland) and many others.
Williamus was the Prater that first registered his coat-of-arms sometime around the year 1086, stating that his manorial estate was Eaton Water in North Wiltshire County (now Eaton Hastings).
Richardus Prater, Brice R. Prather's 14th great grandfather, a bishop in the Catholic Church in England, was part of an emissary group sent to Austria to create an alignment with the Austrians to join the English against the French. The famous "Prater Park" in Vienna, Austria got its name from Richardus Prater.
Richardus Prater, a Bishop, was in charge of large tracks of church lands in Austria. To help create a greater "bond" between the church and the royal house of Austria, Richardus gave a 10 kilometer area to the royal family. This area was unlike most of the well hunted lands that the royal family and other noble families of Austria held. Because it belonged to the church, no one dare hunt on this land unless given permission and none was given, thus the area was heavily laden with wild game.
After receiving the land, the royal family used it as a hunting reserve but by the 17th century the game had been hunted out and the royal family opened it to the general public as a park. Today there is an amusement park located at one end of the park. This amusement park began in the 1700's as a place that was an encampment for those who came to entertain the royal family. It has evolved into a famous amusement park to entertain the public and is one of the largest and oldest amusement parks in Europe.
John Prater, like others in the history of the family, held a position in the judiciary. He may have been a Bailiff or Reeve, acting or "Holding" under Sir Anthony Kingston.
Research by: Gary Benton Prather
Gentleman John Prater, Esquire of Inglesham Manor, Brice R. Prather’s 10th great grandfather, owned several thousand acres, bordering three shires (or counties) including several manors. Some of these were Inglesham, Eaton Water, Hook, Stanton St. Bernard, Latton and properties in Nunney, Oxford, etc. The family controlled the woolen trade in that part of England. They owned all the major wool washing/processing centers as well as controlling major grazing and thousands of head of sheep. But they were titled gentlemen, not farmers. They held extremely powerful positions in the kingdom.
Praters (Prathers) still live in nearby Manors today at Eaton Water on the Cricklade, Wiltshire Co., England, but sadly they know little about their heritage.
Our First Prather American Immigrant:
Thomas Prater was born in Eaton Water, Wiltshire, England. When he was a young man, England was expanding its control and development of the Colonies in America. The King of England knew he could not hold control of his distant domain without the allegiance of his subjects that went there. So keeping with the feudal system, he offered property to those "born of gentry" that would go there to claim it. By doing this he knew that the younger children born to those who held power and/or property by the grace of the King in England would go to the Colonies to claim land for themselves. The younger children of "the gentry" of England generally had very little inheritance, due to the practice of giving the bulk of a father's property to the first born son in the family (along with any titles). Thus, the only way a younger son could gain title, position, or property was by marriage or by the grace of the King. This new offering of the King to give property to anyone born of gentry was well accepted by the young men of England who were looking to improve their chances for success and prosperity.
Thomas Prater, being born of gentry, was also enticed to come to America. He had relatives who had already made the long trip to America. John Powell was such a person. The name Powell is a variation of the name Powelett (also spelled Paulet) which was an allied family of the Praters for several generations in England (Nunney Castle was purchased from the Paulets by the Praters in the late 1500's; Paulets were cousins of the Praters). Also, the Paulets were intermarried with the Kingstons, Carews, Delamare, and Courtney families who also had marriages with the Prathers.
Thomas Prater, being under age, indentured himself to his cousin, John Powell, and gained passage to America where he worked with John Powell for five years before getting married to Mary (Powell of McKay ?) at which time he received his property in Virginia.
Thomas was the founder of more than 90% of the Prater / Prather family lines in America today. The other 10% were founded by other members of his family that came here at a later time. Most other branches continued with the spelling Prater here in America, while the lines from Thomas have been found to use the spellings Prather / Prater / Prator / Praytor / Prayter / Prayther / Pratter / Prader / Preater / Praeter / Praetor.
Most of these spelling variations occurred during the early establishment of and settlement of territories in Colonial times, or shortly after the Revolutionary War. The spelling variations came about mainly as a result of poor levels of education of clerks, census takers, and the public in general.
Thomas Prater was only 18 years old when he came to the Colonies. It must have been a major adventure for such a young man born and raised on a manorial estate in Northern Wiltshire to board a ship to a new land.
He must have experienced many hardships. It could be compared today with boarding a rocket ship to fly to a new settlement on the Moon.
He came on board the ship Marie Providence which landed at Elizabeth Citties, Virginia (near what is now Newport News). His name is recorded in various spellings (Prater, Prether, Prator, Prather), but Prather is used more often in the Colonies, while Prater was used in England. He came to the Colonies in 1622 from the Latton / Eaton Water Estates, on the Cricklade, Wiltshire, England. Thomas was one of three brothers who came to the Colonies between 1620 and 1623.
On Nov 18, 1660, there were an estimated 1200 settlers in Virginia, until March 22, 1621 when the Indians massacred 347 white settlers. Thomas arrived only a few months after this event. He is enumerated in a muster role ordered by King James I, which was conducted between Jan 20, 1624 and Feb 7, 1624. He was recorded at age 20 years, arriving at Elizabeth Citties, VA on the Ship Marie Providence in 1622.
The hardships he faced on his journey to the Colonies are something that we can not begin to imagine. In a diary found that was written by a ship passenger from England to America a full 110 years after Thomas Prater came, describes the journey this way:
"From England there was great delays, the ship waited either to be passed through customs or for favorable winds." "When we weighed anchor, the real misery began for the voyage from England to the Colonies." Unless they have good winds, ship must sail from eight to twelve weeks, before they reached the Colonial coast, even with the best wind, the voyage lasted for seven weeks. There was much disease on board brought on largely by poor food and lack of good drinking water and aggravated by frequent storms. Our misery reached the climax when one gale raged for three nights and days so that every one believed the ship would go to the bottom with all on board. As the gale raged so that the waves were like mountain tops one above the other, and often tumbled over the ship, one feared to go down. The ship constantly tossed from side to side from the storm and waves, so that we could hardly walk, or sit, or lie and the closely packed people in the berths thereby tumbled over each other, both the sick and the well. It will be readily understood that many of our people, none of whom had come prepared for such hardships, suffered so terribly that they did not survive...
He continued by reporting, "There were thirty two children who died on the ship during this journey." (The year; 1732)
Gary Benton Prather
9198 Williams Pl.
Frisco, Texas 75034

Thomas Prather
  Male   Family
 Death:  About 1694
  Spouse:  Thomas Mrs Prather  Family
  Marriage:  About 1625   , , England

Thomas Prather
  Male   Family
 Birth:  About 1604   Latton, , , England
  Spouse:  Thomas Mrs Prather  Family
  Marriage:  About 1627   <, Wiltshire, England>

  Male   Family
 Birth:  1606
  Father:  THOMAS PRATER  Family
  Spouse:  MRS THOMAS PRATHER  Family
  Marriage:  < 1627>   <St Mary'S,Chruch, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England>

Thomas Prather     Compact Disc #77     Pin #543516
 Sex: M
 Birth:  26 Dec 1604  Place:   Salisbury,Wiltshire,England
 Death:  abt 1664  Place:   Brookfield,Calvert County,Maryland
Father:  Thomas Prather     Disc #77     Pin #543548
Mother:  Margaret Quintyne     Disc #77     Pin #543549
 Spouse:  Mary Mc Kay     Disc #77     Pin #543517
  Marriage:  abt 1626  Place:  Wiltshire,England

Notes and Sources:
 Notes:   None
 Sources:  None
 James Nelson WALLACE
1778 Northampton Road, B-12 Akron, Ohio 44313-8811