The principal seats of the Anthony Armistead family were on Back
River. In 1697, Col. John Armistead, of Gloucester County, made a deed
(which is on record in Elizabeth City County) in which styling himself
"brother and heir" of William A., deceased, and "son and Heire" of William
Armistead, of Elizabeth City County, Gent., "he confirms to Anthony Armistead,
his brother, all land on Back River, in said County, of which his father
"Willocks" was the name of one of the estates, a very large tract, only the burying ground of which is now in the possession of this family
|Children of Anthony Armistead & Hannah Ellison:
Ar10-3-1. Maj. William Armistead (ysearch.org/FPBXZ reports his wife Hannah Hinde dau of Thomas) #82 "the brick house tract" will 5 Jan 1714
Ar10-3-1-1. Hinde Armistead
Ar10-3-1-2. John Armistead will 1791 96 m1 Anne
Ar10-3-1-2-1. Starkey Armistead ca 1748 - bef 1791
Ar10-3-1-2-2. John Armistead 1000 ac NC
Ar10-3-1-2-3. Robert Armistead in Northampton Co NC
Ar10-3-1-2-4. Elizabeth Armistead
Ar10-3-1-3. Hannah Armistead m Miles Cary (not named in will but reported by ysearch.org/FPBXZ) Ar10-3-1 married Thomas Smith
m2 Elizabeth named in will
Ar10-3-2. Anthony Armistead #83 "Willocks" and "The Mill,"
Ar10-3-3. Robert Armistead #84 "Buckroe" see next column
Ar10-3-4. Judith Armistead #85 married 15 Oct 1698 John West of West Point VA
Ar10-3-5. Hannah Armistead #86
On the fly leaf of one of the record books (1671-1676) in York County clerk's office, is written in large, bold hand: "Hannah Armistead IS One of ye handsomed Girls in Virgina Hannah For Ever!" Probably, Hannah daughter of (5) Anthony Armistead and Hannah Elliason.
Anthony Armistead, brother of John A., and son of the emigrant, had
three sons, William, Anthony, and Robert. To William was given that part
of the estate on an arm of the river known as "The Brick House" tract.
He probably built the house, as his descendants lived there till about
1861; about 1850 it was known as "The Haunted House," as gruesome tales
were told of the place. A private road divides "The Brick House" estate
from "Willocks" and "The Mill" (a tide mill) which was one of the places
owned by Anthony A.
Anthony Armistead est 1700 - | his parents
This is my working hypothesis - the way I see it as of this moment!!
Mary Tucker was the daughter of Anthony Tucker and Rosea, widow of Jonathan Curle.
Children of Ar10-3-2 Anthony Armistead & Mary Tucker:
*Ar10-3-3. Robert Armistead "Buckroe"1685 - ca 1742
ref: Garber, Virginia Armistead The Armistead Family. Whittet & Shepperson, Printers, Richmond 1910.
Here are some notes concerning Westwood Armistead's Revolutionary War service.
REVOLUTIONARY WAR EXPERIENCES OF
by Bill Page
Our knowledge of the war experiences of Westwood Armistead come mainly
from his request for a federal pension. Westwood Armistead made his
testimony before William Hill, Justice of the Peace, in Chatham County,
North Carolina, as part of the process of requesting a pension. It
"This day, the fifth March, A.D. 1844, personally appeared before me,
Thomas Bell, one of the acting Justices of the Peace in and for said county,
Westwood Armistead, and after being sworn, made the following declaration
in order to obtain a pension under the Acts of Congress made and provided
for the benefit of certain surviving soldiers of the Revolutionary War,
viz: this deponent sayeth, first, that he is eighty?one years old
[that is, born ca. 1763]; that when very young he was drafted into the
army in the year 1781, a short time before the Guilford battle; that at
the time he was drafted he lived in the county of Northampton, in the State
of North Carolina, and after being drafted he was ordered to and did rendezvous
at Halifax on the Roanoke, in the state of N.Ca., and marched from there
under Capt. Madre to Guilford C.H. [court house] was in the Guilford
battle his whole company fled but again rendezvoused at Troublesome Iron
The Battle of Guilford Court House, took place on 15 March 1781.
The American forces, commanded by General Nathanael Greene, faced the British,
under the command of Lord Cornwallis. "As the British quickstepped
across the field, bayonets fixed, the North Carolina militiamen stood for
a moment, transfixed by the sight of cold steel. Then they broke,
throwing away weapons, cartouche boxes, and everything else that threatened
to impede their flight ..." (See Hugh F. Rankin, The North Carolina
Continentals, 1971, pp. 304?305).
A lot has been written about the retreat by the North Carolina troops.
Years later William Richard Davie, who was at the battle, recalled that
about half the militia were positioned behind a split-rail fence, a cover
too insignificant to inspire confidence. Most of the North Carolina
troops were unseasoned in battle - hardly the kind of soldiers one would
hope for in such a key position. (Buchanan, John, The Road to Guilford
Courthouse, 1997, pp.372-373).
General Greene and Light Horse Harry Lee both felt the North Carolinians
had behaved ignominiously and said that they had fired without having fired
a shot. That charge, however, was not true, for eye-witness accounts
indicate that the North Carolinians fired at least one volley. One
British captain reported one half of the Highlanders dropped on that spot.
The retreat itself appears to have been the result, at least in part, of
their following orders by General Greene that after firing two rounds of
fire the Carolinians should retreat. (Pancake, John S., This Destructive
War: The British Campaign in the Carolinas 1780-1782, 1985, pp.178-179).
Amistead continued ... "and that he was then returned a soldier for
twelve months under Anthony Armistead, his brother; then marched to Camden
in the State of S.C., and was in the battle which there took place Hobkirk's
Hobkirk's Hill fell on about 24 Apr. 1781. (See B.J. Lossing,
A Pictorial Field Book of the Revolution, pp. 677?679).
Armistead continued, "... from there marched to Ft. Motte, from thence
to Augusta in the State of Ga., and was there again in battle ...."
Fort Motte fell on May 12, 1781. (See B.J. Lossing, A Pictorial Field
Book of the Revolution, pp. 681, 683, 685).
Armistead's statement continued, "... from thence took up march to Ninety?Six,
but was by the British taken prisoner on the way in a skirmish and carried
to Charlestown, in the State of S.C. was there put on board a man?of?war
the name of vessel not recalled remained in Charleston for some time,
was carried from there to England. A fight took place on the way
between the ship carrying this deponent and a French vessel."
Some insight into the British viewpoint can be gained from the following
CHARLESTON, May 17, 1781.
Several prisoners on parole, having been this day taken up, and sent
on board ship, the motives for which are explained in the enclosed copy
of a letter to them; I am directed by the commandant to desire you will
insert the same in your next paper, for the information of the public.
I am, gentlemen,
Your most obedient servant, H. BARRY, Sec'ty., and D. A. General
(From Documentary History of the American Revolution, by Gibbes, Volume
3, p. 72)
CHARLESTON, May 17, 1781.
Many have been the representations which the outrages committed by the American troops, and their violations of all the humaner principles of war, have compelled me to make to such of their officers as commanded parties in this province; but more particularly have I been obliged to remonstrate against the rigorous treatment, in many cases extending to death, which the loyal militia, when made prisoners, most invariably experience.
These representations, gentlemen, having been grounded on the truest principles of benevolence, and which it behoves each side equally to have advanced, I was as much surprised as I was mortified, to find them in all cases practically disregarded, and in many, wholly neglected. It is therefore become my duty, however irksome to myself, to try how far a more decided line of conduct will prevail, and whether the safety of avowed adherents to their cause, may not induce the American troops to extend a proper clemency to those whose principles arm them in defence of British government.
Induced by these motives, I have conceived it an act of expediency to seize on your persons, and retain them as hostages for the good usage of all the loyal militia who are, or may be made prisoners of war, resolving to regulate, in the full extent, your treatment by the measure of theirs, and which my feelings make me hope hereafter be most lenient.
And as I have thought it necessary that those persons, who some time since were sent from thence to St. Augustine, should, in this respect, be considered in the same point of view as yourselves, I shall send notice there, that they be likewise held as sureties for a future propriety of conduct towards our militia prisoners.
Reasons, so cogent, and which have only the most humane purposes for
their objects, will, I doubt not, be considered by every reasonable person
as a sufficient justification of this most necessary measure, even in those
points where it may militate with the capitulation of Charleston; though
indeed the daily infractions of it, by the breach of paroles, would alone
well warrant this procedure.
Having been this candid in stating to you the causes for this conduct,
I can have no objections to your making any proper use of this letter you
may judge to your advantage, and will therefore, should you deem it expedient,
grant what flags of truce may be necessary to carry out copies of it to
any officer commanding American troops in these parts, and in the mean
time the fullest directions will be given, that your present situation
be rendered as eligible as the nature of circumstances will admit.
I am, gentlemen, your most obedient humble servant, N. BALFOUR
(From Documentary History of the American Revolution, by Gibbes, Volume 3, p. 72)
Armistead continued, "He was landed on the Island of Jersey in the English
Channel; was there sick for a considerable time. On recovery was
sent to Spithead prison and was there confined until peace was made.
Was then sent by cartel to Havre de Grace in France; there saw the American
consul, from whom he received some money and a pass.
The American consul referred to probably was Thomas Barclay, the first
American consul to serve in a foreign country. He was appointed to
serve in France in 1781.
The petition continued, "and [Armistead] went from there to L'Orient
and there obtained passage on board an American ship commanded by Capt.
Pearson, which landed in May or June 1783, at Boston, in the United States."
Perhaps this procedure was not too uncommon. John Blatchford also
described taking a cartel to France, and then sailing from L'Orient to
Massachusetts. (See John Blatchford, The Narrative of John Blatchford,
Detailing His Suffering in the Revolutionary War ..., 1865, pp. 44?45.
On 22 July 1783, Benjamin Franklin, then in Paris wrote, Our people
who were prisoners in England are now all discharged. During the
whole war those who were in Forton prison, near Portsmouth, were much befriended
by the constant, charitable care of Mr. Wren, a Presbyterian minister there,
who spared no pains to assist them in their sickness and distress by procuring
and distributing among them the contributions of good Christians, and prudently
dispensing the allowance I made them, which gave him a great deal of trouble,
but he went through it cheerfully, I think some public notice should be
taken of this good man. I wish the Congress would enable me to make him
a present, and that some of our universities would confer upon him the
degree of Doctor. [2 Sparks' Dip. Rev. Corr., 462; 8 Bigelow's Franklin,
I believe that Forton Prison was located near Spithead, and may well
be the place where Westwood Armistead was incarcerated.
For more information concerning the treatment of American prisoners-of-war
in England, see:
Alexander, John K. "Forton Prison During the American Revolution: A
Case Study of British Prisoner of War Policy and the American Prisoner
Response to that Policy." Essex Institute Historical Collections, 103 (October
1967), pp. 365-389.
Anderson, Olive. "The Treatment of Prisoners of War in Britain During
the American War of Independence." Bulletin of the Institute of Historical
Research, 28 (May 1955), pp. 63-83.
Prelinger, Catherine M. "Benjamin Franklin and the American Prisoners
of War in England During the American Revolution." William and Mary Quarterly,
3d Ser., 32 (April 1975), pp. 261-292.
Cohen, Sheldon S. "Thomas Wren: Ministering Angel of Forton Prison."
Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 103 (July 1979), pp. 279-301.
The petition concluded, "This deponent further declares on oath that
he has not at any time received pay for any part of his services."
It was signed, "Westwood Armistead."
I hope this is useful.
Anthony Armistead est 1675 -1776 | his parents
& Anne ? | her parents
& Elizabeth Westwood - 1777 | her parents
of "Willocks" and "The Mill," Elizabeth City County, VA