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    Ar10-3 Anthony Armistead

    Ar10-3 Anthony Armistead was the son of William Armistead (Ar11) and Ann E. Ellis in Giggleswick,Kirk Deighton, Yorkshire, England Children of Anthony Armistead & Hannah Ellison: He was County Lieut. under Lord Effingham (Lord Howard) Governor of Virginia
    He married Hannah Ellison, daughter of Dr. Ellison, of James City County. Dr. Ellison was leading Burgess in 1656-'59-'60-'61-'62-'63, with rank of Captain. "We find among the lawyers of York County 1646, William Hockaday, Francis Willis, Thomas Bushrod, and Dr. Robert Ellison; all these were trusted and tried men." The will of Dr. Henry Waldron, 1657, bequeaths "all my Library and Books, whatsoever in this country, and my horse together with my chests of physical means" to Captain (Doctor) Robert Ellison of James City Co.
    Anthony Armistead died before 1728. Their daughter, Judith Armistead, married John West of West Point, Va., son of Maj. John West, who was the son of Captain John West, brother of Lord Delaware. The license for their marriage was obtained in Elizabeth City October 15, 1698, and there is a deed, dated July 18, 1698, of Captain Anthony Armistead

     The principal seats of the Anthony Armistead family were on Back River. In 1697, Col. John Armistead, of Gloucester County, made a deed (which is on record in Elizabeth City County) in which styling himself "brother and heir" of William A., deceased, and "son and Heire" of William Armistead, of Elizabeth City County, Gent., "he confirms to Anthony Armistead, his brother, all land on Back River, in said County, of which his father died seised."
    "Willocks" was the name of one of the estates, a very large tract, only the burying ground of which is now in the possession of this family

    Ar10-3-1. Maj. William Armistead ( reports his wife Hannah Hinde dau of Thomas) #82 "the brick house tract"  will 5 Jan 1714
    Ar10-3-1-1. Hinde Armistead
    Ar10-3-1-2John Armistead will 1791 96 m1 Anne
    Ar10-3-1-2-1. Starkey Armistead ca 1748 - bef 1791
    Ar10-3-1-2-2. John Armistead 1000 ac NC
    Ar10-3-1-2-3. Robert Armistead in Northampton Co NC
    Ar10-3-1-2-4. Elizabeth Armistead
    Ar10-3-1-3 Hannah Armistead m Miles Cary (not named in will but reported by Ar10-3-1 married Thomas Smith
         m2 Elizabeth named in will
    Ar10-3-2 Anthony Armistead b c 1700 Mary Tucker   |  her parents

    Mary Tucker was the daughter of Anthony Tucker and Rosea, widow of Jonathan Curle.

    Children of Ar10-3-2 Anthony Armistead & Mary Tucker:

    Ar10-3-2-1 Anthony Armistead ca 1728 -   #204
         married Sarah Archer of North Carolina
          a. Anthony Armistead
             married Mourning ?
                 i. Anthony Armistead
         b. Robert Armistead
         c. Westwood Armistead 1763 NH co NC - 1848 Chatham Co NC
             married 1st Miss Horn
                 i. William Westwood Armistead
                      married 1st Rose Tyler
                      married 2nd Mary White
                               1. Kate G Armistead
                                     married Samuel Livingston Reese
                                          buried in Shiloh Cemetery at Ovilla, Ellis County, TX
                               line of Bill Page
                   ii. Robert Horn Armistead
              married 2nd Lucy Minor
                    i.  Rosea m Tyler
                   ii. Joseph
                   iii. Anthony
                   iv. Julia
                   v. Elizabeth m Barbee
          d. Alexander Carver Armistead d 1822 Chatham Co NC
              married Frances ?
          e. Elizabeth Armistead
               married William Williams
                     i. Mary Armistead Williams
    Ar10-3-2-2 Capt William Armistead 19 Sept 1730 - Jan 1791 Bertie Co
           married Sarah Jordan
    Ar10-3-2-3 Robert Armistead   #205
    Ar10-3-2-4 Westwood Armistead   #206
    Ar10-3-2-5Alexander Carver Armistead  #207
    Ar10-3-3Robert Armistead "Buckroe"1685 -  ca 1742 
     Robert Armistead, of Buckroe, was the ancestor of Mary Armistead, who married Governor Tyler. 
    Buckroe is spoken of as early as 1623-'4; at that time it was a name designating a section of country containing a number of plantations; later the name was confined to one plantation. an original Armistead patent
            Will of Robert Armistead of York Co Feb 1737; 19 March 1741/42 - r. 19 May 1742 Elizabeth City Co
    - son Booth my land in Elizabeth City Co, with reversion to my son Robert, with reversion to my son Ellyson and reversion to my daughter Angelica;
    - wife Katherine
    - provision for unborn child signed Feb 1737
    Wit: Miles Cary, John Brodie, John Lowry
    Codicil: - son Booth all the negroes I was in possession of before my last marriage and an equal share of my personal estate with all my children of my present wife.
    - son Robert land in Hanover Co which I bought of Col. Thomas Jones.
    Wit: John Brodie, John Dewbre, Sarah Brodnas book 1737-49 p 127
    Inventory of Captain Robert Armistead Sr presented by Katherine Armistead 16 March 1742 book 1737-49 p 157
    Additional inventory of money in England 25 March 1744 book 1737-49 p 197
      married est 1708 Mary Booth 1694 -  ? Elizabeth City Co
              daughter of Robert Booth of York Co and wife Anne Bray
    Ar10-3-3-1Boothe Armistead ca 1710 - 1727 adm. granted to Robert Armistead   married Mary Thompson, sister of Stephens Thompson, Attorney-General of VA    she married 2nd Graves Packe, Justice of the Peace, York Co
    Ar10-3-3-2Ellyson Armistead d. bef 1757  married 1st Miss Bray
    Ar10-3-3-2-1 Robert Booth Armistead bef 1737 - married Anne Shields 31 July 1742 -
    Ar10-3-3-2-1-1 Mary Marot Armistead married Gov. John Tyler of "Greenway" 28 Feb 1746 - 6 Jan 1813
    Ar10-3-3-2-1-1-1 Anne Contesse Tyler b1778 m James Sempel
    Ar10-3-3-2-1-1-2.Elizabeth Armistead Tyler b 1780 m John Clayton Pryor
    Ar10-3-3-2-1-1-3 Martha Jefferson Tyler
    Ar10-3-3-2-1-1-3 Maria Henry Tyler
    Ar10-3-3-2-1-1-4 Wat Henry Tyler
    Ar10-3-3-2-1-1-5 John Tyler b 29 March 1790 -
    Ar10-3-3-2-1-1-6 William Tyler
    Ar10-3-3-2-1-1-7 Christiana Booth Tyler
    Ar10-3-3-2-2James Bray Armistead d. 1790
           left property to Diana Wallace Bailey
    married 1740 Jane Anderson dau of Rev. Charles Anderson
    i. Ellyson Armistead
    ii. Charles Armistead
    iii. Frances Anderson Armistead
    &   married Nelson
    iv. Jane Armistead
    v. Elizabeth Armistead
       married 2nd Catherine Nutting [Sheldon] d.bef  3 May 1748
    dau. of Capt. Thomas Nutting and wife Elizabeth Booth; widow of William Sheldon
    Ar10-3-3-3 Booth Armistead d. 1770
      married Frances
    i. Boothe Armistead
    ii. John Armistead
    iii. Betsy
    iv. Robert Armistead [not of age]
    v. unborn child
    Ar10-3-3-4Robert Armistead est 1730
      married Louisa Westwood ca 1730
    i. Mary Elizabeth Armistead 1 May 1760 - 1825
    married Stephen Thomson Mason 29 Dec 1760 - 1803
    Ar10-3-3-5 Angelica Armistead
    Ar10-3-3-6 child b 1737 - dy
    Ar10-3-2 Anthony Armistead #83 "Willocks" and "The Mill,"
    Ar10-3-3. Robert Armistead #84  "Buckroe" see next column
    Ar10-3-4Judith Armistead #85 married 15 Oct 1698 John West of West Point VA
    Ar10-3-5Hannah Armistead #86
       On the fly leaf of one of the record books (1671-1676) in York County clerk's office, is written in large, bold hand: "Hannah Armistead IS One of ye handsomed Girls in Virgina Hannah For Ever!" Probably, Hannah daughter of (5) Anthony Armistead and Hannah Elliason.

    Anthony Armistead, brother of John A., and son of the emigrant, had three sons, William, Anthony, and Robert. To William was given that part of the estate on an arm of the river known as "The Brick House" tract. He probably built the house, as his descendants lived there till about 1861; about 1850 it was known as "The Haunted House," as gruesome tales were told of the place. A private road divides "The Brick House" estate from "Willocks" and "The Mill" (a tide mill) which was one of the places owned by Anthony A.
      As before stated, Anthony Armistead, son of the emigrant, had three sons--William, whose descendants inherited "The Brick House" tract; Anthony, "Willocks" and "The Mill," and Robert, who inherited "Buckroe" an original Armistead patent. (This information comes from Major Edward Armistead Semple, the surveyor of the county.)


    ref: Garber, Virginia Armistead The Armistead Family. Whittet & Shepperson, Printers, Richmond 1910.

    Here are some notes concerning Westwood Armistead's Revolutionary War service.



    by Bill Page

    Our knowledge of the war experiences of Westwood Armistead come mainly from his request for a federal pension.  Westwood Armistead made his testimony before William Hill, Justice of the Peace, in Chatham County, North Carolina, as part of the process of requesting a pension.  It reads:

    "This day, the fifth March, A.D. 1844, personally appeared before me, Thomas Bell, one of the acting Justices of the Peace in and for said county, Westwood Armistead, and after being sworn, made the following declaration in order to obtain a pension under the Acts of Congress made and provided for the benefit of certain surviving soldiers of the Revolutionary War, viz:  this deponent sayeth, first, that he is eighty?one years old [that is, born ca. 1763]; that when very young he was drafted into the army in the year 1781, a short time before the Guilford battle; that at the time he was drafted he lived in the county of Northampton, in the State of North Carolina, and after being drafted he was ordered to and did rendezvous at Halifax on the Roanoke, in the state of N.Ca., and marched from there under Capt. Madre to Guilford C.H. [court house] – was in the Guilford battle – his whole company fled but again rendezvoused at Troublesome Iron Works ..."

    The Battle of Guilford Court House, took place on 15 March 1781.  The American forces, commanded by General Nathanael Greene, faced the British, under the command of Lord Cornwallis.  "As the British quickstepped across the field, bayonets fixed, the North Carolina militiamen stood for a moment, transfixed by the sight of cold steel.  Then they broke, throwing away weapons, cartouche boxes, and everything else that threatened to impede their flight ..."  (See Hugh F. Rankin, The North Carolina Continentals, 1971, pp. 304?305).

    A lot has been written about the retreat by the North Carolina troops.  Years later William Richard Davie, who was at the battle, recalled that about half the militia were positioned behind a split-rail fence, a “cover too insignificant to inspire confidence.”  Most of the North Carolina troops were unseasoned in battle - hardly the kind of soldiers one would hope for in such a key position. (Buchanan, John, The Road to Guilford Courthouse, 1997, pp.372-373).

    General Greene and Light Horse Harry Lee both felt the North Carolinians had behaved ignominiously and said that they had fired without having fired a shot.  That charge, however, was not true, for eye-witness accounts indicate that the North Carolinians fired at least one volley.  One British captain reported “one half of the Highlanders dropped on that spot.”  The retreat itself appears to have been the result, at least in part, of their following orders by General Greene that after firing two rounds of fire the Carolinians should retreat.  (Pancake, John S., This Destructive War:  The British Campaign in the Carolinas 1780-1782, 1985, pp.178-179).

    Amistead continued ... "and that he was then returned a soldier for twelve months under Anthony Armistead, his brother; then marched to Camden in the State of S.C., and was in the battle which there took place – Hobkirk's Hill ..."

    Hobkirk's Hill fell on about 24 Apr. 1781.  (See B.J.  Lossing, A Pictorial Field Book of the Revolution, pp. 677?679).

    Armistead continued, "... from there marched to Ft. Motte, from thence to Augusta in the State of Ga., and was there again in battle ...."  Fort Motte fell on May 12, 1781.  (See B.J. Lossing, A Pictorial Field Book of the Revolution, pp. 681, 683, 685).

    Armistead's statement continued, "... from thence took up march to Ninety?Six, but was by the British taken prisoner on the way in a skirmish and carried to Charlestown, in the State of S.C. – was there put on board a man?of?war – the name of vessel not recalled – remained in Charleston for some time, was carried from there to England.  A fight took place on the way between the ship carrying this deponent and a French vessel."

    Some insight into the British viewpoint can be gained from the following messages.

    CHARLESTON, May 17, 1781.


    Several prisoners on parole, having been this day taken up, and sent on board ship, the motives for which are explained in the enclosed copy of a letter to them; I am directed by the commandant to desire you will insert the same in your next paper, for the information of the public. I am, gentlemen,

    Your most obedient servant, H. BARRY, Sec'ty., and D. A. General

    (From Documentary History of the American Revolution, by Gibbes, Volume 3, p. 72)

    CHARLESTON, May 17, 1781.


    Many have been the representations which the outrages committed by the American troops, and their violations of all the humaner principles of war, have compelled me to make to such of their officers as commanded parties in this province; but more particularly have I been obliged to remonstrate against the rigorous treatment, in many cases extending to death, which the loyal militia, when made prisoners, most invariably experience.

    These representations, gentlemen, having been grounded on the truest principles of benevolence, and which it behoves each side equally to have advanced, I was as much surprised as I was mortified, to find them in all cases practically disregarded, and in many, wholly neglected. It is therefore become my duty, however irksome to myself, to try how far a more decided line of conduct will prevail, and whether the safety of avowed adherents to their cause, may not induce the American troops to extend a proper clemency to those whose principles arm them in defence of British government.

      Induced by these motives, I have conceived it an act of expediency to seize on your persons, and retain them as hostages for the good usage of all the loyal militia who are, or may be made prisoners of war, resolving to regulate, in the full extent, your treatment by the measure of theirs, and which my feelings make me hope hereafter be most lenient.

    And as I have thought it necessary that those persons, who some time since were sent from thence to St. Augustine, should, in this respect, be considered in the same point of view as yourselves, I shall send notice there, that they be likewise held as sureties for a future propriety of conduct towards our militia prisoners.

    Reasons, so cogent, and which have only the most humane purposes for their objects, will, I doubt not, be considered by every reasonable person as a sufficient justification of this most necessary measure, even in those points where it may militate with the capitulation of Charleston; though indeed the daily infractions of it, by the breach of paroles, would alone well warrant this procedure.

    Having been this candid in stating to you the causes for this conduct, I can have no objections to your making any proper use of this letter you may judge to your advantage, and will therefore, should you deem it expedient, grant what flags of truce may be necessary to carry out copies of it to any officer commanding American troops in these parts, and in the mean time the fullest directions will be given, that your present situation be rendered as eligible as the nature of circumstances will admit.

    I am, gentlemen, your most obedient humble servant, N. BALFOUR
    (From Documentary History of the American Revolution, by Gibbes, Volume 3, p. 72)

    Armistead continued, "He was landed on the Island of Jersey in the English Channel; was there sick for a considerable time.  On recovery was sent to Spithead prison and was there confined until peace was made.  Was then sent by cartel to Havre de Grace in France; there saw the American consul, from whom he received some money and a pass.

    The American consul referred to probably was Thomas Barclay, the first American consul to serve in a foreign country.  He was appointed to serve in France in 1781.

    The petition continued, "and [Armistead] went from there to L'Orient and there obtained passage on board an American ship commanded by Capt. Pearson, which landed in May or June 1783, at Boston, in the United States."

    Perhaps this procedure was not too uncommon.  John Blatchford also described taking a cartel to France, and then sailing from L'Orient to Massachusetts.  (See John Blatchford, The Narrative of John Blatchford, Detailing His Suffering in the Revolutionary War ..., 1865, pp. 44?45.

    On 22 July 1783, Benjamin Franklin, then in Paris wrote, “Our people who were prisoners in England are now all discharged.  During the whole war those who were in Forton prison, near Portsmouth, were much befriended by the constant, charitable care of Mr. Wren, a Presbyterian minister there, who spared no pains to assist them in their sickness and distress by procuring and distributing among them the contributions of good Christians, and prudently dispensing the allowance I made them, which gave him a great deal of trouble, but he went through it cheerfully, I think some public notice should be taken of this good man. I wish the Congress would enable me to make him a present, and that some of our universities would confer upon him the degree of Doctor.”  [2 Sparks' Dip. Rev. Corr., 462; 8 Bigelow's Franklin, 304.]

    I believe that Forton Prison was located near Spithead, and may well be the place where Westwood Armistead was incarcerated.

    For more information concerning the treatment of American prisoners-of-war in England, see:

    Alexander, John K. "Forton Prison During the American Revolution: A Case Study of British Prisoner of War Policy and the American Prisoner Response to that Policy." Essex Institute Historical Collections, 103 (October 1967), pp. 365-389.

    Anderson, Olive. "The Treatment of Prisoners of War in Britain During the American War of Independence." Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, 28 (May 1955), pp. 63-83.

    Prelinger, Catherine M. "Benjamin Franklin and the American Prisoners of War in England During the American Revolution." William and Mary Quarterly, 3d Ser., 32 (April 1975), pp. 261-292.

    Cohen, Sheldon S. "Thomas Wren: Ministering Angel of Forton Prison." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 103 (July 1979), pp. 279-301.

    The petition concluded, "This deponent further declares on oath that he has not at any time received pay for any part of his services."  It was signed, "Westwood Armistead."


    I hope this is useful.

    Bill Page

    Bryan, Texas



    Anthony Armistead est 1675  -1776 |  his parents
    & Anne ?   |  her parents
    & Elizabeth Westwood   - 1777 |  her parents
    of "Willocks" and "The Mill," Elizabeth City County, VA