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List of pedigreesBland of Northern Neck Va.
Nicholas of Roundway
Hester of Fleming Co Ky
Thruston
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Gifford, Poole and Peche/Pecche
Sir William Gifford of Itchell or Ichell, Hampshire
m1/2 Ellenor Pawlett dau of Sir John Pawlett
1. John Gifford of Ichell
m Joane Bruges dau of Henry Bruges of Berkshire
A. John Gifford of Ichell
m Elizabeth Throgmorton dau of Sir George Throgmorton
i. Mary Gifford
m Sir Richard Baker of Kent d 1594
ii. Millescent Gifford
m John Clavell of Purbeck
iii. Grisogon Gifford
m Edward Gray son of Lord Powis
iv. Jane Gifford
m Edward Yate of Buckland d 26.02.1596
v. Catherin Gifford
m William Moore of Haddon
vi.+ other issue - George, John, William, Richard
B. Richard Gifford of Kings Samborne
m Anne Goring of Sussex
i. Sir Henry Gifford of Kings Samborne
m Susan Bronckar Bronckner of Wiltshire
a. Anne Gifford d 1651-2 this connection shown by genealogics.org
m1. Sir Henry Portman, 1st Bart of Orchard d 04.12.1612
m2. Thomas Nevill
b.+ issue - William, Catherin
ii. John Gifford
Visitation shows John's wife just as a daughter of "Brabason" but a site visitor DS, 12.08.06 kindly drew our attention to Leo van der Pas's site at genealogics.org which suggests the following connection.
m Elizabeth Brabazon dau of Sir William Brabazon
a. Richard Gifford of Ballymagarett and Castle Jordan?
m Mary Duke dau of Sir Henry Duke of Castle Jordan by Anne Moore
1 Catherine Gifford
m Sir George St. George of Carrickdrumrusk d 05.08.1660
iii. William Gifford
iv. Catherine Gifford
m Sir Henry Wallop of Co. Southampton d 14.04.1599
C.+ other issue - George, Joane, Allice, Mary
2. Ann Gifford
Visitation shows an unnamed daughter of John Gifford & Joane Bruges i.e. of the next generation rather than this one as married to a Goddard of Wiltshire. Some of the Goddard sources identify her as sister of a Sir George Giffard but we follow the lead of BLG1952 Wilson formerly Goddard of Clyffe Pypard in showing her parents as above.
m Thomas Goddard of Upham and Ogborne St. George

The following John may have been a son or grandson of William Poole of Poole but this requires further study.
John Poole "2 brother of ... Poole in com. Cester"
1. John Poole dsp
2. Richard Poole
m1. _ Danvers
A. Leonard Poole d 30.09.1514-5
m Catherine Brydges dau of Sir Gyles Brydges
i. Mathew Poole of Saberton Saperton, Gloucestershire
m Julian Densell of Devon
a. Thomas Poole of Baguley, Yorkshire had issue
ii. Gyles Poole d 24.02.1588
m1. Elizabeth Whittington dau of Thomas Whittington of Pantley
a. Sir Henry Poole of Saperton
m Anne Wroughton dau of William Wroughton
1 Sir Henry Poole of Saperton
m Beatrice Brydges dau of William Brydges, 4th Lord Chandos
A Sir William Poole of Saperton b c1620
Visitation ends with this generation. It is assumed that this was the William who married ...
m Meriell Tracy dau of Robert Tracy, 2nd Viscount of Rathcoole
B Beata Poole bur 18.07.1678
m 20.04.1636 Thomas Pope, 3rd Earl of Downe b 1598, d 11.01.1667/8
Not mentioned by Visitation but presumably 2nd wife of this Sir Henry was the following Anne who is identified in TCP Newburgh as mother of Anne, Countess of Newburgh.
m2. Anne Withypool dau of Sir Edmund Withypool
C Anne Poole bpt 10.08.1637, bur 26.05.1692
m after 06.1655 Sir James Livingstone, 1st Earl of Newburgh b c1622, d 04.12.1670
2 Eleanor Poole
m Richard Feteplace
3 Frances Poole
m Nevill Poole of Okes, Wiltshire
4 Dorothy Poole
m John Savage of Elmsley
5 Anne Poole
m Theobald Gorge
6+ other issue - Guy dsp, Devereux dsp
Visitation shows Sir Henry as having had a 2nd wife, Beatrix, dau of William Bridges, Lord Shandoys, as well as showing his son Henry as having married Beata, dau of Lord Bridges, Baron Chandois. We assume that this was in error.
m2. Ellen Lewkenor
A site visitor CV, 27.10.06 kindly brought our attention to the fact that Anne Poole, daughter of a John Poole & wife of William Aylesbury & mother of Sir Thomas, was niece of Sir Henry Poole of Saperton. It is possible that John was a son of Gyles but by which marriage is unknown.
b. John Poole
1 Anne Poole bur 06.11.1596
m William Aylesbury of St. Andrew's, Holborn, London
A Sir Thomas Aylesbury, Bart
TCP Clarendon provides the following connection.
m Anne Denman dau of Francis Denman of West Retford
i Frances Aylesbury bpt 25.08.1617, d 08.08.1667, "eventually sole heir"
m 10.07.1634 Sir Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, Chancellor b 18.02.1608/9, d 16.12.1674
iii.+ other issue - Henry, John
B. Henry Poole
C. daughter
m _ Cassey of Gloucestershire
m2. _ Gouldwell of Kent
D. William Poole
E. daughter
m _ Newton of Somerset
F. daughter
m _ Newbery of Somerset
3. daughter
m _ Bonham of Bonham Hall, Wiltshire
4. daughter
m _ Vudall or Vuedale of Dorset

- - - - -
Peche of Lullingstone Castle
Pe29. William Pecche or Pecchie b 1058 Normandy d aft 1088 Wickhambrook Suffolk
m1 a 1088 Alfwen
m2 Isilia Bourges b c 1072 Clopton Suffolk d 1121 dau of Hervey de Bourges grandau of Geoffrey de Bourges IV
Pe28 Hamon Pecche b c 1100 d by 1185
m by 1135 Alice Peverel b c 1110 Boum Cambridge d 29 Sep 1188 dau of Robert Peverel b c 1065 and Adeliza de Toeni b 1070
Pe27-1. Geoffrey Pecche b about 1130 dsp before 12.1188
m by 1185 ?? widow of Richard de Colechirche
TCP reports that Gilbert dsp, his brother being his heir. However, W.U.S. Glanville-Richards, in his book on the Glanville family, shows Geoffrey as father of the following Sir Gilbert. We have no reason to doubt that much of the following is correct but it appears that this connection to the baronial family of Pecche is spurious.
Pe27-1-1. Sir Gilbert Pecche b about 1175
m Maud Leach
Pe27-1-1-1 Sir Simon Pecche b about 1210
m Julian de Glanville dau of Sir Geoffrey de Glanville of Bromholm
m Walter Paston of Paston
Pe27-1-1-2. Almuric Pecche b about 1210 d 1268
m Alianore de Glanville dau of Sir Geoffrey de Glanville of Bromholm
Pe27-1-1-2-1 Edward Pecche
A Thomas Pecche b c1287
i Thomas Pecche a 1311
Pe271-1-2-2 Bartholomew Pecche
Pe27=29. Gilbert Pecche b about 1135 d before 09.07.1212
m Alice FitzWalter a 1213, dau of Walter FitzRobert of Dunmow, sister of Robert FitzWalter
Pe26=28 Hamon Pecche b c 1191 d 1241 on pilgrimage to the Holy Land
m Eve de Peverell b 1192 Isle Ely Cambridge d 8 Jan 1367 bur Ourr Lady Chapel Barnwell Camridgeshire
+1 Richard Peverell b 1159 Bromham Suffolk +2 Hamon Peverell b 1115 Caxton Cambridge +3 Hamon Peverell b 1067
m Sibil Tornai b 1071
+4 Ranulph de Peverel, of Hatfield b c 1030 Capelle-les-Grands, Eure, Upper Normandy d 1072 in Hatfield, Broadoak, Essex
m Maud de Ingelric b c 1033 St. Martinís le Grand, London d 2 Nov 1083 in Caen, Calvados, Basse-Normandie
+5
+5 Inelric the Saxon b c 1006 St Martin's le Grande London
m Adelaide Adela Havoise Capet the Holy Princess of France, Countess of Flanders
Pe25=27 Gilbert Pecche b about 1230 d 25.05.1291
m1 Maud de Hastings d 1264-5, possibly dau of Henry de Hastinges grandfather of 1st Lord of Abergavenny
m2 Joan de Creve a 1302, dau of Simon de Creve, widow of Richard de Dover of Chilham
Pe24=26 Gilbert Pecche, 1st Lord in 1320 b about 1260 d before 26.06.1322
m Iseult/Isolde b c 1286 a 03.1331/2
Pe23-1 Gilbert Pecche, 2nd Lord b 1305-6, d before 24.08.1349
m1 by 10.1331 Sibyl
m2 Joan widow of John de Ingoldesworth
i Roger Pecche, 3rd Lord dsp 29.08.1360
ii Katherine Pecche, 'Baroness Pecche' b c 1339, dspm
m1 Sir John Aspall
a Merabel Aspall
TCP notes that the barony descended through Merabel "to the family of Lucas" so it is presumed that she married ...
m _ Lucas but no apparent connection with this pedigree
m2 Thomas Notebeme
b Margart Notebeme
m John Hinkley
1 daughter
2 Cicely Hinkley
m Henry Caldebeck
A daughter
m _ Bladwell or Blodwell
B daughter
m _ Turner
iii Elizabeth Pecche b c 1348, dsp 21.03.1361/2
Pe23=25 Simon Pecche b c 1305/?1261
m Agnes Holme
Pe20=24 ?Cicely Peach of this generation or his uncle Simon, m. Walter Paston
Pe20=18 Sir John Peche probably son of this Simon or Gilbert 2nd Baron Continued below
Pe23 ?Margery Pecche. As this pedigree shows conspicuously few daughters and the Heralds' Visitations had the primary purpose of assuring lawful succession to dignities and manors, it may be assumed that there was no interest in recording them especially in cases where inheritance was strictly limited to the direct male line.Margery de Pecche must have been born between 1280 and 1330, so she must have been in this generation or a sister of Simon above. She would have been too young as a sister of Baroness Katherine above to have a granddaughter born between 1340 and 1365 and certainly would have been recorded, had she been of that generation.
Pe19=23 ?Joan Pech b 1302 who married William Colwick and had Joan de Colewick who married Sir Richard Byron probably of this generation by Gilbert or one of his brothers or first cousins.
Pe24-2 William Pecche, b about 1263
Pe24-3 Simon Pecche, b about 1265
Pe24 =23 John Pecche b about 1267, possibly the father of ->
Pe23 =22 Anne Pecche who married Sir John de Wingfield Wi21 =22. John de WINGFIELD m Elizabeth de Honypot b c 1309 d aft 1330 dau of John Honypot b c 1283 and Julia
Wi21-2 Roger de Wingfield
Wi21-3 Giles de Wingfield
Wi21-4 Richard De Wingfield
Wi20 =21 Thomas de WINGFIELD b c 1328 Wingfield, Suffolk m Margaret Boville of Letheringham, dau/heiress of William Boville wid of William Carbonel
Wi20 John de WINGFIELD c 1330 Wingfield, Suffolk m Alianore de GLANVILLE dau and coheiress of Sir Gilbert de Glanville
Wi20-3 William de Wingfield b c 1332
Wi20-4 Richard de Wingfield of Dennington

Wi19 Catherine De Wingfield m Michael de la POLE Po19 1st Earl Suffolk) BEF 18 Oct 1361
Wi20-4-1 Sir William WINGFIELD of Cotton and Dennington m1 Joan PASTON m2 Joan LIMBREY + 1 ch dau of Julian de Limbrey m3 Margaret/Margery x
Wi20 John de WINGFIELD
Wi20-2 Margaret De Wingfield m Sir Thomas HARDELL
Wi20-3 Eleanor De Wingfield m Sir William HOO b c 1337 d 22 Nov 1410 he m1 Alice St. Maur d 10 Oct 1456, dau of Sir Thomas St. Maur, or St. Omer, by Pernel Jane, dau of Nicholas Malmayns of Ockley
Po18-1 Michael de la POLE 2º E. Suffolk
Po18-2 John De La POLE Canon of York
Po18 Anne de la POLE b c 1390 d 30 Mar 1412 m1 Gerard de Lisle, younger of Kingston Lisle b c1360, dvpsp 1380/1 m2 Robert Thorley of Tybeste
Po18-4 Margaret de La POLE
Po18-5 Elizabeth de La POLE
Po18-6 Sir Thomas de la POLE
Po18-7 William de La POLE
Po18-8 Richard de La POLE
Wi20-4-1-1 William Wingfield d 1418

Th17 Margaret Thorley b about 1410 d before 24 Nov 1433 m before 17 Feb. 1428/9 Lord Reginald West We17
Th17? y Thorley b c 1415

we16-1 Anne West m Maurice Berkeley
we16 Margaret West m Sir Thomas Echingham
we16-3 Richard West, 4th Baron de West
Th16? y Thorley b c 1460

we16-1-1 Katherine Berkeley
Ec15 Margaret Echyngham b 1443 in Etchingham Sussex d after 1482 m 1463 Sir William Blount Bl15
Th15? y Thorley b about 1500

Bl14 Elizabeth Blount m Andrew de Windsor, 1st Baron Windsor
Th14? y Thorley b about 1530

Wi13-1 Elizabeth Windsor
Wi13-2 George Windsor
Wi13-3 Eleanor Windsor
Wi13-4 William Windsor (2° Baron Windsor of Bradenham)
Wi13-5 Andrew Windsor b c 1492
Wi13-6 Edmund Windsor b c 1494 d. aft Jan 1553
Wi13-7 Anne Windsor
Wi13 Edith Windsor m George Ludlow, Sheriff of Wiltshire, had issue.
Wi13-9 Thomas Windsor

Lu12-1 Sir Edmund Ludlow d before 1625 m1 Bridget Coker dau of Henry Coker of Maypowder
Lu12 Thomas Ludlow m Jane Pyle

Lu11 Gabriel Ludlow bap 1587 in Dinton m Phyllis Wakelyn d on 18 Dec 1657 in 1607 dau of Albon Wakelyn and Anne Washington
Th13? y Thorley b about 1555

Lu10 Sarah Ludlow b c 1635 d by 1664 m John Carter of Corotoman, Lancaster Co Virginia
Th12 Edward Thorley b about 1590 d ABT FEB 1679 m Mary x

Ct9 Robert "King" Carter 1663 - 1732 m1 Judith Armistead
Th11-1 Edward Thorley
Th11-2 John Thorley
Th11-3 Samuel Thorley
Th11 Mary Thorley b c 1615 d aft 1662 m1 c 1640 probably in Maryland, Thomas Keene b 1592/3 d 1653/9 and had issue m2 Henry Raynor (-BEF 22 MAR 1658)
Pe25-2. Hamon Pecche,
Pe25 =24 Hugh Pecche b c 1214 Corby Glen, Lincolnshire d 1292
m Ida de Hastings
b by 1218 Ashill Swaffham Norfolk d 2 Mar 1289 in London bur Grey Friars, London she m2 Sir Stephen de Seagrave
+1 William de Hastings, Steward to Henry II b 1165 Fillongley Warwaickshire d 28 Jan 1226 Ashill Swaffham Norfolk
m Margaret/Margery de Bigod b c 1180
Pe24 =23 Sir John de Peche b c 1260 Warwickshire d 1335 Honley Warwickshire
-1 Sir John de Peckham Pe22 b c 1290 m Marjorie Aldham
-1-1 Sir John de Peckham Pe21 b c 1320 Horton, South Gloucester
m Ellen Bokeland b c 1320 Kent dau of James Bokeland b c 1290 and Joan
-1-1-1 Sir James de Peckham Pe20 b c 1340 Horton Gloucester d 1400 Wrotham Kent
m Margaret
-1-1-1-1 Reginald de Peckham Pe19 b 1360 d 1407 Kent
m Alice Wykham Wy19 b c 1370 Kenrt d c 1407
-1-1-1-1-1 James Reynold de Peckham Pe18 b c 1400 Yaldham d 1454 Sussex
m Alice Wypeham Wy18 b 1414 Wrotham Kent d 1462
-1-1-1-1-1-1 Reginald Peckham
-1-1-1-1-1-2 William de Peckham
-1-1-1-1-1-3 James Peckham b c 1435 Wrotham Kent m Margaret Burgoine dau of Thomas Burgoine
-1-1-1-1-1-4 Laura Peckham Pe17 b c 1440 Yaldham Wrotham Kent d 1520 Bethersden
m William Lovelace Lo17 b c 1435 d 3 Sep 1496 London

-1-1-1-1-1-5 Elizabeth Peckham b c 1445 m John Ashburnham
Pe25-4. Robert Pecche,
Pe25-5. Thomas Pecche,
Pe25-6. William Pecche
Pe25-7 Eve Pecche b c 1240 Boume ?Lincolnshire
m Bobert de Valoines b 1254 Thurston Suffolk son of robert de Valoines b 1221 and Roesia le Blount b 1217

-2-1 Cecily de Valoignes b c 1281 Thurston d 16 Jul 1325 Thuston m Robert d'Ufford b 1279 Thurston d 1316 son of Robert d'Ufford b 1234 d 9 Sep 1298 and Mary de Say

-2-1-1 Robert d'Ufford b 10 AUG 1298 Thurston d 1369 m Margaret de Norwich
-2-1-2 Alice (Alicia d'Ufford b c 1310 Thurston m Thomas Pagenham
-2-1-3 Eve d'Ufford b 1312 Thurston d aft 5/1370 m John Braose
Pe27.3. Maud Pecche b c1135, a 1185
Pe28-2. Basilia Pecche of Marleyprobably of this marriage
Not sure by which wife were ...
Pe26-3.+ other issue a 1130, dsp - Simon, Ralph of Cheveley
Pe18 John Pecche represented London in Parliament in 1361 was probably of this family but his exact relationship has yet to be established. Seems the same asSir John Peche 1st of Lullingstone Castle b about 1310 d 1371= 4th of Richard II
Pe17 Sir William Peche, b before 1325 accompanied king Edward III on the invasion of Scotland 1340
Pe16 Sir John Pech 'of Lullingston', Sheriff of Kent b about 1355 a 1429
Pe15 Sir William Peche of Lullingstone Castle, Sheriff of Kent b about 1405 d 1487 who appparently married ...
m m Beatrix Chichley dau of John Chichley of Wimple
Pe14-1 Sir John Peche of Lullingstone Castle d unm
Pe14 Elizabeth Peche b about 1450
m John Hart of Westmill, Hertfordshire, later of Lullingstone Castle
Pe17-2 Sir Robert Peche, b before 1325 accompanied king Edward III on the invasion of Scotland 1340

Main sources:
1 BP1934 Pasley
2 BEB1841 Putt of Combe, TCB vol IV, Put or Putt of Combe
3 TCP Pecche

LULLINGSTONE.
ADJOINING to Eynsford Southward lies Lullingstone, called in the Textus Roffensis, Lullingeston, and in Domesday, Lolingestone.
This parish is but small, it has no village, there being but two houses in it besides Lullingstone-house. Nearly the whole of it is the property of Sir John Dyke; this seat stands in the valley at the eastern boundary of the park, on the western bank of the river Darnent, a situation too low and damp to be either pleasant or healthy; almost adjoining to it on the north side is the church, hence the chalk hills immediately rise, both to the east and west, where, though more barren, it yet becomes more healthy. Through this park, close by the antient gateway to Lullingstone-house, is a public and acknowledged road leading from Eynsford to Shoreham.
THIS PLACE, at the time of taking the survey of Domesday, was part of the vast estate of Odo, bishop of Baieux, half-brother to William the Conqueror; and it is accordingly thus described in it, under the general title of that prelate's lands.
Godfrey de Ros holds of the bishop of Baieux Lolingestone. It was taxed at 1 suling. The arable land is In demesne there is 1 carucate, and 4 villeins, with 1 cottager, having 2 carucates. There are 7 servants and 6 acres of pasture; wood for the pannage of 20 hogs. When he received it, it was worth 60 shillings, now 100 shillings. The king has in his hand what is worth 10 shillings. Brixi Cilt held it of king Edwards the Confessor.
Malgerius holds of the bishop of Baieux Lolingestone. It was taxed at half a suling. The arable land is. In demesne there is 1 carucate, and 3 villeins, with 1 borderer, having 1 carucate. There are 5 acres of meadow.
And a little afterwards:
Osbern Peyforer holds Lolingestone of the bishop of Baieux for half a suling. The arable land is. In demesne there is 1 carucate, and 3 villeins, with 1 borderer, and 1 servant, having 1 carucate. There are 5 acres of meadow, wood for the pannage of 5 hogs, and 1 mill of 15 shillings, and 150 eels. The king has a wood of a late gift of the bishop, and it is worth 3 shillings. The whole manor was worth 60 shillings, now 77 shillings. Sewart Sot held it of king Edward the Confessor, and could turn himself over with his land whenever he would.
The former of these estates being thus held by the family of Ros, acquired from them the name of the manor of Lullingstone Ros, as the latter did from being owned by that of Peyforer, the name of Lullingstone Peyforer. In the beginning of the reign of king Edward I. they were both in the possession of the family of Rokesle. Gregory de Rokesle held them in the 7th year of king Edward 1. being then lord-mayor of London; and that year he obtained a grant to himself and his heirs of free-warren for his lands in Lullingstone. fn. 1 In the 20th year of king Edward III. his grandson, John de Rokesle, rector of the church of Chelsfield, paid aid for it as one knight's fee, viz. the manors of Lullingstone Rosse, Fokysparsrere, and Cokerhurst, fn. 2 which William de Rokesle before held in Lullingstone of Margery de Rivers. John de Rokesle died in 1361, and lies buried in this church. His arms, as on his grave-stone, were, A cross, in the dexter quarter a rook. His seoffees conveyed all his estates in this parish to Sir John Peche, descended from Gilbert de Peche, who was summoned to parliament in the 13th year of king Edward II. fn. 3 =1320 He had two sons, Sir William Peche and Sir Robert Peche, who both accompanied king Edward I?III =1340. in his victorious expedition into Scotland, in the 28th year of his reign, and assisted at the siege of Carlaverock in that kingdom, for which service they, with their company, received the honour of knighthood.
Sir John Peche, the same year that hebought Lullingstone, obtained a charter of free-warren to his lands here, which was the next year again confirmed to him. fn. 4 He died in the 4th year of king Richard II 1371. possessed of Lullingstone, when it was also found, by inquisition, that he was then possessed jointly with Mary his wife, of a messuage, with divers lands, woods, and rents of assize, in Lullingstone and Peyfrere, of the feoffment of John Constantyn, Edmund de Cleye, and Richard Peche, which premises were held of the king as of the honor of Ledes, as the fourth part of one knight's fee, by the service of one pair of gilt spurs, of the price of six-pence. fn. 5 He was succeeded in his estates here by his son, Sir William Peche, whose widow, the lady Joan, died possessed of them in the 11th year of king Henry IV. and lies buried in St. Mary Woolnoth church, in London. fn. 6 Their son was Sir John Peche, sheriff of Kent, anno 8 Henry VI. whose figure habited in his surcoat of arms, and kneeling on a cushion, with his hands joined in a praying posture, and his head uncovered, was formerly pictured in one of the windows of Ashford church. He left a son, Sir William Peche, sheriff of this county in the 2d and 3d years of king Edward IV. who at his death in 1487, was found to die possessed of the manor of Lullingstone Rosse, and Lullingstone, Payfrere, and Cokerhurst, with their appurtenances, which were held of the king as of his duchy of Lancaster. fn. 7 He left a son, Sir John Peche, and a daughter Elizabeth, who married John Hart, esq.
Sir John Peche was a man of great reputation at that time, being created a knight banneret, and made lord deputy of Calais. He was sheriff in the 10th year of king Henry VII. in which year, when the lord Audley and the Cornish men, who had risen in support of Perkin Warbeck, would have collected provisions and men in this county, he with other gentry of it, opposed them, and obliged them to turn towards London; soon after which they were vanquished on Blackheath. During his life-time he paid five hundred pounds into the hands of the wardens and masters of the Grocers company in London, of which he was free, for the performing of certain almsdeeds, and works of piety for his soul's health, as will be further mentioned hereafter. He died possessed of Lullingstone manor, leaving his wife, the lady Elizabeth surviving to whom king Henry VIII. of his special favour, in his 31st year, granted an annuity of ten marcs during her life.
On his death without issue, Elizabeth, his sister, was found to be his heir; upon which her husband, John Hart, esq. of the Middle Temple, counsellor at law in her right became entitled to this estate.
This family of Hart was originally of Westmill, in Hertfordshire, where Stephen Hart resided in the reign of king Edward III. His son, Hanekin Hart, left a son William, who removed from Westmill, to Abbotsbury, and thence to Papworth, in Cambridgeshire; his son and heir, William Hart, returned into Hertfordshire. His descendant, William Hart, died in the 9th year of king Henry VII. leaving by Alice his wife, widow of Robert Sutton, of London, one son, John Hart, who was of the Middle Temple, and married Elizabeth, sister and heir of Sir John Peche, knight banneret, as above mentioned. He left, by Elizabeth his wife, who survived him, and afterwards married George Cobham, brother of the lord Cobham, and dying in 1543, lies buried in St. Mary Cray church, a son, Sir Percival Hart, who was chief sewer and knight harbinger to king Henry VIII. king Edward VI. queen Mary, and queen Elizabeth, whose lands were disgavelled by the act of the 31st of the for mer of those reigns. On his mother's death in 1543, he became possessed of this manor of Lullingstone; for at this time the two manors before-mentioned seem to have been accounted but as one; when he quitted his seat, afterwards called Barkhart, in Orpington, and removed hither to Lullingstone-house, where he kept his shrievalty for this county in the 37th year of king Henry VIII. He died in 1580, and lies buried in this church, having had by Frediswide, his wife, one of the sisters and coheirs of John, lord Bray, twelve children. Of whom Henry, the eldest son, married Cicely, daughter of Sir Martin Bowes, and died without issue; and Sir George, the second son, and at length heir to his father, on his brother's death, was of Lullingstone, and was sheriff of this county, anno 25th Elizabeth; by Elizabeth his wife, daughter of John Bowes, esq. of Elford, in Staffordshire, he left several children, and died in 1587. His eldest son, Sir Percival Hart, resided at Lullingstone-house, and was twice married; first, to Anne, daughter of Sir Roger Manwood, chief baron of the exchequer, by whom he had one son, William; his second wife was Jane, daughter of Sir Edward Stanhope, of Grimston, by whom he had Sir Henry Hart, K.B. who died in his father's lifetime, having married Elizabeth, daughter of Burdet, and widow of Sir Simon Norwich, by whom he left Percival Hart, and several other children.
William Hart, esq. the only son of Sir Percyval, by his first wife, succeeded his father in the possession of this place, and died in 1671. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Anthony Weldon, of Swanscombe, who died in 1677, and lies buried there, by whom he had no issue. Upon which this estate descended to Percyval Hart, esq. eldest son of Sir Henry Hart, eldest son of Sir Percyval Hart, by his second wife, as before-mentioned. He was afterwards knighted, and left by Anne his wife, one son, Percival Hart, esq. who was of Lullingstone, and was sheriff in 1707, and served in parliament for this county in the 9th and 12th years of queen Anne's reign. He died in 1738, and was buried, as were his several ancestors before-mentioned, in this church. This family of Hart bore for their arms, Per chevron azure and gules, three barts tripping or. Over the monument of Percyval Hart, esq. last-mentioned, are forty-four different shields of arms, which he quartered in his own and his wife's right. He left by Sarah his wife, youngest daughter of Edward Dixon, esq. of Hilden, an only daughter and heir, Anne, then married to her second husband, Sir Thomas Dyke, bart. of Horeham, in Sussex.
Sir Thomas Dyke was descended of a good family, who had been sometime seated in Suffex; of whom Thomas Dyke, second son of Sir Thomas Dyke, by Catharine his wife, one of the daughters of Sir John Bramstone, of Skreenes, in Essex, was created a baronet March 3, 1676, anno 29 king Charles II. He resided at Horeham, in Suffex, and served in parliament for that county in 1685, and for East Grinsted several times. He married Philadelphia, the eldest daughter and coheir of Thomas Nutt, of Selmiston, in Suffex, and died in 1706, having had by her Philadelphia, who married Lewis Stephens, D.D. Elizabeth married to John Cockman, M. D. and Thomas, who was his only surviving son, who married Anne, daughter and sole heir of Percyval Hart, as before-mentioned. The family of Dyke bear for their arms, Or, three cinquefoils sable.
He quitted his family seat at Horeham, and entirely resided at Lullingstone-house, which he first dignified with the name of Lullingstone-castle, by which name it has been called ever since. For as to Lullingstonecastle, the reader will find an account of it under the parish of Shoreham; it being evident, from all records and antient writings, that it was the same as is now known by the name of Shoreham-castle, the ruins of which appear near the river, at a small distance from the south gate of Lullingstone-park. Sir Thomas Dyke died in 1756, and lies buried here, having had by Anne his wife, one daughter, Philadelphia, married to William Lee, esq. of Totteridge, son of the lord chief justice Lee, and three sons; Thomas Hart, who died unmarried; John Dixon, the present baronet; and Percyval, who died in 1740, unmarried. He left his wife, lady Anne Dyke, surviving, who possessed this manor and seat during her life, and dying in 1763, lies buried in this church; on which Sir John Dixon Dyke, bart. her only surviving son, became entitled to them, by virtue of his father's will in tail male. He married, in 1756, Philadelphia Payne Horne, only daughter and heir of George Horne, esq. late of London, by whom he has three sons, Thomas, Percival, and George Hart; and two daughters, the eldest of whom was married in 1790, to Beaumont Hotham, esq. and the youngest, Harriot, in 1791, to Charles Milman, esq. now of Farningham.
Sir John Dixon Dyke now resides here, and has been for several years improving this seat, and the park and grounds about it.
Lambarde mentions a park at Lullingstone, in the reign of queen Elizabeth; fn. 8 after which there seems to have been none used as such for many years. In the time of the late Mr. Percyval Hart, it was used as a warren for conies, and Sir Thomas Dyke restored it to its present state as a park again.
LULLINGSTANE was formerly a parish of itself, though it is now united to Lullingstone. It is situated at the north-east corner of Lullingstone-park, between that and Eynsford. This place was held in the reign of king Edward I. by Simon de Echingham, of Richard de Rokesle, as half a knight's fee; soon after which, it came into the possession of the family of Cobham, a younger branch of which owned it in the reign of king Edward III.
Sir Reginald de Cobham paid his respective aid for this manor of Lullingstane, as half a knight's fee, in the 20th year of that reign, which Simon de Echingham before held here of Richard de Rokesle, and he of the king, as of his honor of Ledes. He died in the 35th year of the above reign, possessed of it at his death. fn. 9 His son Reginald was lord of Sterboroughcastle, in Surry. fn. 10
His grandson, Sir Thomas Cobham, left a sole daughter and heir, Anne, who carried this estate in marriage to Sir Edward Borough. Their son and heir, Thomas, was summoned to parliament as lord Borough, anno 21 king Henry VIII. and left Thomas, his son and heir, who bequeathed it to his youngest son, Sir William Borough, and he in the beginning of queen Elizabeth's reign, conveyed it by sale to Percyval Hart, since which it has descended in the same way that Lullingstone manor has, to Sir John Dixon Dyke, bart. who is the present owner of it.
This parish was united to that of Lullingstone, by Richard, bishop of Rochester, in the year 1412, as will be more fully mentioned hereafter in the ecclesiastical account of it.
The church of Lullingstane, after its being united to Lullingstone, became neglected and fell to ruin. It stood in a field by the road side, on the west side leading from Eynsford to Lullingstone, a few rods from the gate, and about a quarter of a mile from the parkgate. The remains are obscured with briars and nettles; from the smallness of the building it should seem to be of Saxon architecture, and built with slints and Roman bricks, the west end being chiefly of the latter, several of which have been dug up near these ruins, and in digging a hole for the third post of the paling, from the park gate, part of a tesselated pavement was discovered, and Roman coins and instruments have at times been found near these ruins. fn. 11
Charity.
SIR JOHN PECHE, knight banneret, in king Henry the VIIth's time, gave by deed 500l. to the Grocers Company, to be paid from land in this parish, for the keeping of the solemn o BIT on the 1st of January yearly in this church, and for the payment of 53s. 4d. yearly to the parson of the parish, and his successors, in consequence of which the above-mentioned Company pay 9l. 4s. to this parish yearly.
THE PARISH OF LULLINGSTONE is within the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction of the diocese of Rochester, and deanry of Dartford. The church is dedicated to St. Botolph. It consists of one isle and two chancels, having a low pointed steeple at the west end.
This church, to the credit of the patrons of it, who for a long succession of time have resided in the family seat almost adjoining to it, is remarkable for the neat and decent state in which it is kept. It is paved with white and black marble, the pews are regularly wainscoted, the windows adorned with coloured glass, and the cieling ornamented with stucco. The antient screen which separates the nave from the chancel, yet remains entire. It is of oak, and a most beautiful piece of gothic work, with a balustrade at top. The several monuments, which are fine, are in excellent order and preservation, insomuch, that it resembles a nobleman's costly chapel, more than a parochial country church, and affords an example worthy of the imitation of the patrons of other churches.
In the chancel, among others, is a grave-stone for Galfridus, once rector of this parish; another, with a brass plate, for John de Rokesle, once lord of Lullingstone, obt. 1361; arms, a cross, a rook in the dexter quarter; another, with the figure of a man armed, and a lion at his feet in brass, inscription in black letter, for Sir William Peche, obt. 1487, at the corner of the stone are four shields of brass, containing those of Peche, being azure, a lion rampant ermine, crowned, or double queved furchee, with its quarterings and impalements. On the south side of the altar is a most sumptuous and losty monument, and under the roof of it, which is richly adorned with gilt roses, &c. a sarcophagus, on which lies the figure of a man in armour, with his crest at his head and feet, being a lion ermine crowned, or, beside him is his lady, and above an inscription for Sir Percyval Hart, heir to the Peche, who lived in the service of four princes, under the first of whom he was knighted, and chief sewer and knight haringer under all; he matched into the family of the lord Bray, and had by his lady twelve children, he died æt. 84; above the inscription are the arms of Hart and Peche quarterly; on each side, Hart and other quarterings. On the north side is a most magnificent monument of stone, which separates the two chancels, it is enriched with great variety of gothic work; at the bottom, under an altar table of stone, supported by small pillars, lies the figure of a knight in armour, with his head resting on his crest, being a demi lion rampant remine crowned, with a gorget of flowers round the neck, and his feet against a lion couchant crowned, on his tabard, the arms of Peche as above, and the motto, Prest a faire; in different places about the monument, are shields of Peche, with its impalements and quarterings, and the arms and supporters of the Grocers Company. This pile of excellent sculpture for that age, is in memory of Sir John Peche, knight-banneret, who in king Henry the VIIIth's reign, was constable of Dover-castle, lord deputy of Calasis, &c. He founded the alms-houses at Lullingstone, and gave 500l. to other pious uses, to be performed by the Grocers Company, of which he was free.
Under the window at the east end is a noble tomb of alabaster, on which lie the figures of a man in armour and his lady, in the dress of the time, with their hands conjoined, at their heads is a lion couchant ermine, crowned, or; at their feet a garb of arrows argent, being for Sir George Hart, second son of Sir Percyval Hart, and two daughters, obt. 1587, æt. 55, on it the arms of Hart and of Bowes; a grave-stone for William Hart, esq. eldest son of Sir Percival Hart, obt. 1671, æt. 77; arms, Hart and Peche quarterly. On the west side of the chancel, which it entirely covers, is a beautiful monument executed in the gothic taste in stucco, in the form of a screen, and ornamented with a great number of shields of arms. In the centre, on which marble, arched in the form of an entrance or door-way, which reaches to the pavement, is an inscription for Percyval Hart, esq. the munificent repairer and beautifier of this church, representative in parliament for this country in the two last parliaments of queen Anne, obt. 1738, æt. 70; the shields of arms on the monument are numerous, being forty-four different ones of Peche and Hart, with their impalements and quarterings. On the north side is a very elegant mural monument, with a profile head of a lady encircled with figures and ornamental sculpture; on each side are two fine urns of brown marble, in memory of dame Anne Dyke, who died in 1763, æt. 71, only child of Percival Hart. esq. of this place; she was twice married, first, to John Bluet, esq. of Holcomb-court, in Devonshire, and afterwards to Sir Thomas Dyke, bart. of Horeham; Mr. Bluet died in 1728, æt. 29, and was buried here. Sir Thomas Dyke died in 1756, æt. 58, and lies buried in this chancel; above, in a lozenge, are the arms of Hart, impaling on the right Bluet; on the left, Dyke. The several windows are filled with painted glass, in compleat preservation, much of them of scripture history, intermixed with shields of arms, belonging to the above families of Peche, Hart and Dyke, erected at different times, one by Sir Thomas Dyke so late as 1754. fn. 12
In the 15th year of king Edward I. the church of Lullingstone was valued at twelve marcs. fn. 13 Richard, bishop of Rochester, in the year 1412, united the parish and church of Lullingstane to this of Lullingstone, with the consent of Sir Reginald de Cobham, lord and patron of the former; and of John Peche, lord and patron of the latter, and all others interested in them; by reason that the parishioners of Lullingstane had decreased to two families only; and that the income and revenue of the church was become so small, as not to afford a decent support to the rectors of it; and the bishop, by his decree, added the parishioners of the parish church of Lullingstane to that of Lullingstone, together with the cure of souls, and families, with oblations, and all and singular the tythes, excepting those of sheaves, hay, wood, and underwood, fn. 14 whatsoever, which he decreed should remain as before to the church of Lullingstane, and that they should continue to be parishioners of the church of Lullingstone, until new parishioners should return, and again increase in the parish of Lullingstane; and further, that notwithstanding the above decree, the rector of the church of Lullingstane should sustain entirely, as he had before been wont to do, all the burthens belonging to it, as well relating to divine service as otherwise, excepting what has been before-mentioned, and which belonged to the parishioners to sustain. fn. 15
By virtue of the commission of enquiry into the value of church livings, in 1650, issuing out of chancery, it was returned, that Lullingstone was a parsonage, with a house, without glebe land, and worth thirty-eight pounds per annum, if Lullingstane was laid to it, which was eight pounds per annum.
And again, that Lullingstane was a parsonage, the church fallen down; one master Cockerell enjoying it, but performed no duty. fn. 16
In the year 1712, Percyval Hart, esq. patron of the parish church of Lullingstone, and also of the vicarage of Lullingstane, and Edward Tilson, clerk, rector of Lullingstone, presented their petition to Thomas Spart, then bishop of Rochester, setting forth, that the true value of that rectory, as certified into the queen's court of exchequer, amounted to the value of 39l. 1s. 3d. yearly, and no more; and that the true value of that vicarage, then vacant, amounted to ten pounds yearly, and no more; which vicarage was without cure of souls, having neither church nor chapel belonging to it, nor inhabitant dwelling within it, and that it was not valued in the queen's books of the first fruits and tenths; and that the rectory abovementioned was not distant from it a quarter of a mile, and humbly prayings, that the rectory and vicarage might be united and consolidated for ever. In consequence of which, the bishop united and consolidated them for ever. And he further granted license to the rector of the before-mentioned church and his successors, to take actual possession of the vicarage then vacant, and to take and receive the rents, profits, oblations, tythes, and other revenues whatsoever of it, and to convert and apply the same to the use and commodity of the rector of the church of Lullingstone, for the time being, who should be subject to and discharge all burthens whatsoever of the vicarage, ordinary and extraordinary, which the vicars of it were bound and accustomed to be subject to and discharge, before the union of this rectory and vicarage. fn. 17

From: 'Parishes: Lullingstone', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 2 1797, pp. 539-552. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=62833 Date accessed: 15 June 2010.

Sources:
1 Visitation Hampshire, 1530+1575+1622-34, Gifford
2 Visitation Gloucestershire, 1623, Poole
3 BP1870 Dyke
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