Ni3-5-4 Charles Parsons Nicholas


    Ni3-5-4 Charles Parsons Nicholas was the son of George Nicholas IV (Ni3-5) and Evelyn Belle Thompson,
    grandson of  George Nicholas III (Ni4) and Mary Anna Pope (Po4)

    .Born: 15 September 1903 in Shelbyville Ky.

    Married: Frances Young Allen in Louisville, Ky., on 26 Dec. 1930.
    Died: 1975/6
     

    My father was a staunch Republican and during and after Watergate he wouldn't discuss Nixon with me anymore but just maintained a stony silence. Also, he defended the Vietnam War to the end, at least partly out of loyalty to William Westmoreland who was his friend and former math student.
     
          I knew "Westy" when he was superintendant at West Point. He was a charming man and taught me how to waterski. His daughter Margaret and my daughter Francie hated each other when they were six years old. His son, "Ripper", attended the Berklee School of Music in Boston and probably became a rock musician. He had another daughter - I think her name was Stephanie - and someone I knew in Maine said they thought she was living in a cabin in the woods somewhere because she didn't want anyone mentioning the Vietnam War to her.
     
          "Westy" was undoubtedly sincere in trying to win the war in Vietnam but I doubt that anyone anticipated having to deal with such matters as the Viet Cong's virtual underground city in the Cuchi tunnel, stretching all the way to Saigon from the Cambodian border. This kind of thing didn't lie within the realm of traditional warfare.  
     
         I was in Guatemala recently. That country is a fine example of our CIA's rape of Latin America where we set up a succession of military dictatorships with death squads roaming the country - allegedly in the interest of containment, but more motivated by greed than anything else.
         I think the discord within the CIG had much to do with interdepartmental rivalry in a hastily assembled peacetime organization that had no idea what it wanted. My father, representing the military viewpoint, had little patience with "civilian" mentality and having to deal with types from the State Department probably drove him up the walls. Despite his many fine qualities (he could be witty and charming and was a brilliant mathematician) there was a steely side to his personality that invariably emerged whenever anyone disagreed with him. I have books in my home library in Maine that quote some of the dialogue that took place within the CIG but unfortunately have no access to them here.  
      


           I find it interesting that the IG Farben building in Berlin became our CIA's new headquarters there during the Reconstruction, with many Farben higher-ups left in place to run the government. And some of the other Farben types escaped trial at Nurenberg when our CIA spirited them to the U.S. in a cloak-and-dagger operation called "Paperclip". But then, we needed those scientists, didn't we - to invent improved weapons that might prove vital to protecting the world against the spread of Communism by wiping out the USSR. 

         One of the more notorious Nazi war criminals that Operation Paperclip brought to this country was Otto Ambros. He was a Director of I.G. Farben and oversaw construction and slave labor at Auschwitz. An interesting outgrowth of Operation Paperclip was MK-ULTRA, which choreographed experiments in mind control at the Federal Narcotic Addiction Hospital in Lexington, KY.

    I've often wondered if my father had any connection with Operation Paperclip and may never be able to find out. His involvement was more as the War Department liaison for the Alsos Mission which went about the business of rounding up nuclear physicists towards the end of the war. Before that the OSS had embarked on a more cloak-and-daggerish project when they hired a Major League baseball player named Moe Berg to try to track down Werner Heisenberg and kill him. Fortunately for this country, Berg never succeeded. That episode reflects more than anything the panic in the U.S. thinking that Germany was ahead of us in the nuclear arms race when actually the opposite was true.
     
    CPN may have asked for a transfer back to West Point to avoid involvement in the CIA dirty tricks that were to be played in North Vietnam after the French pull out in 1954.
       You have an interesting theory (that he applied for his return to West Point on the one hand to do more about control of ethics there and on the other not to get involved in CIA dirty tricks) about his return to West Point - one that hadn't occurred to me, but it could well be true. He never talked to me about the CIA and I always wondered why he picked West Point over an assignment as military attache to Venezuela. I would have thought he would have held a paternalisic interest in the CIA but books I've read describing the discord among its founding members in the CIG tell me otherwise. That same discord continued during his final tour of duty at West Point, and long after his retirement there his successor in the math department told me that everyone on the academic board had been scared stiff of him. He mellowed out a lot in his old age and I've often wondered if my continual confrontations with him had something to do with this. Or maybe it was just reduced testosterone.

    My father liked to bake and one of my treasured memories was joining forces with him when I was nine and making a lemon meringue pie. He would try just about anything as long as he could invent a way of avoiding too much chopping or too much cleanup. One of his best inventions we called "Pop's Paella", which utilized dried onions and other dried veggies instead of the real thing. You could make it in a single pan. It wasn't paella, but it was quite good.
    My father also died of stroke. I hate to think that it runs in the family.

    .

    Gen. Charles Parsons Nicholas and Frances Young Allen had a daughter:

    (Ni3-5-4-1) Frances Young Nicholas, born 15 Sept. 1933 in Louisville.


    Frances Young Allen and Gen. Charles Parsons Nicholas,
    Portrait is of (Ni5-8) Margarette Gailbraith Nicholas (1789 Aug.13, 1819) married first Gen. J.C. Bartlett, second Gov. Thomas Fletcher, died without issue. She was portraited by Jewet.
    Source: List of Descendeant of George and Mary Anny Pope Nicholas, issued by Gen. Charles Parsons Nicholas (Ni3-5-4)
    Frances Yound Nicholas