Ni18 John Nicholas

    The earliest member of the family that can be traced is a William Nicholas (Ni20) who was probably alive at the end of the 13th century. William was succeeded by / Thomas Nicholas (Ni19), and Thomas by John Nicholas (Ni18). John's son, John Nicholas (Ni17) and heir of the same name died in 1434. During his Lifetime the family had owned land in Roundway computed at 2/5 of a knight's fee. He was succeeded by a third John Nicholas (d. 1461) (Ni16).

    Time line:
    The Hundred Years’ War began between King Edward III of England and Philip VI of France which resulted, on and off, in a series of wars with France about the possessions in France of the English kings.

    King Edward III invaded France and won a number of battles.

    The English army defeat the French at the Battle of Crecy.

    The Black Death ravaged Europe. It got its name from the black tumors it caused on the body. In England alone, this bubonic plague wiped out close to one third of the population. It is said the plague was spread by blood-sucking fleas that lived on rats. The fleas then transferred to humans when the rats died. Infected houses were marked with a cross and doctors were forced to wear leather masks to protect themselves.

    King Edward III captured the French King at Poitiers and forced him to concede large areas of France by a treaty signed in 1360.

    Edward III and his son, The Black Prince, won a famous battle at Crecy, seized the town of Calais and captured the French King at Poitiers.

    Edward III died at Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey on 21st June after reigning for 50 years and was buried at Westminster Abbey, Middlesex. He was 64 years of age and his 10 year old grandson Richard II succeeded him and was crowned King of England on 16th July at Westminster Abbey, Middlesex.

    The peasants revolted in England against their landlords and their 14-year-old King Richard II. The people were heavily taxed to pay for wars in France. Rioting took place in many towns throughout England. They marched to London, led by Wat Tiler and rioted in the streets, broke into the Tower of London, stole from merchant's houses and set houses on fire. King Richard met the rebels and promised to help them, but later he punished them.