|Robert Nicholas and Warborow Gore had issue:
Ni14-1-2-1-1 John Nicholas,
heir of Roundway, born 25 July 1559.
Ni14-1-2-1-2 Griffin Nicholas, d. 13 March 1635, Will 18 Oct. 1634.
Ni14-1-2-1-3 Anna Nicholas,
Ni14-1-2-1-4 Jane Nicholas, m. Richard Filke of Southbroom 9 June 1584.
Ni14-1-2-1-5 Petronella Nicholas, m. Humphrey Paradice of Southbroom.
Ni14-1-2-1-6 Elianora Nicholas, m. Daniel Elson of Southbroom 1 Aug. 1597.
Ni14-1-2-1-7 Gabriel Nicholas,
Ni14-1-2-1-8 Ambrose Nicholas,
Ni14-1-2-1-9 Gabrill Nicholas, bur. 18 Nov. 1588
1553 - NEWCASTLE TRIES TO ANNEX GATESHEAD
Newcastle annexes Gateshead from the Bishop of Durham
and plans are afoot to create a new bishopric at Newcastle, with Nicholas
Ridley as bishop, out of part of the area covered by the Bishop of Durham.
All changes are stopped by the death of Edward VI.
1553 - BLOODY MARY IS QUEEN
Mary I, Roman Catholic daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine
of Aragon, becomes Queen of England. She is known as Bloody Mary because
of her ruthless persecution of Protestants. The Northumbrian-born Nicholas
Ridley is one of many burnt at the stake in Ox ford (1555).
1558 - QUEEN ELIZABETH I
Elizabeth I ascends to the throne following the death
of Mary. She is the daughter of Henry VIII’s second wife Anne Boleyn.
February 22, 1560 - TREATY OF BERWICK
English and Scottish Protestants sign a treaty and
agree to expel French Catholic forces north of the border.
1560 - ELIZABETHAN DARLINGTON
Darlington, like many Northern towns, is an agricultural
centre and most of its inhabitants are employed in farm-related industries
like weaving, leather, tanning and fulling (cloth-making). Unfortunately,
Darlington is also renowned for unpaved streets and will come to be known
as Darnton i’ the Dirt.
1561 - FIRST PROTESTANT BISHOP
James Pilkington is the first Protestant Bishop of Durham.
He removes all superstitious books and statues of idolatry from the cathedral.
1568 - SCOTS QUEEN HELD
Mary, Queen of Scots, seen as a dangerous focus for Catholic
rebellion, is imprisoned on the orders of her cousin Queen Elizabeth. She
is imprisoned at Castle Bolton in Wenseydale but will
be held in many other places in the North in the coming years.
1569 November - RISING OF THE NORTH
(Raby Castle and Brancepeth)
The Nevilles of Durham and Percys of Northumberland plot
to overthrow Elizabeth I and reinstate Roman Catholicism in “The Rising
of the North”. The rising is planned at meetings in Brancepeth and Raby
Castle. The rebels capture Durham and reinstate Catho lic mass in the cathedral
before marching south to Tutbury near Nottingham where Mary Queen of Scots
is imprisoned. During the journey many rebels lose their nerve and flee.
George Bowes, a steward of Elizabeth, defends his castle at Barnard Castle
again st the rebels but is defeated.
December 8, 1569 - ROOKHOPE RAIDS
(Weardale and Tynedale)
Tynedale livestock rustlers raid Weardale while many
Weardale men are away assisting the Rising of the North. The remaining
Weardale men see them off.
1570-72 - REBELS EXECUTED
Rebels from the Rising of the North flee to Scotland.
Raby and Brancepeth are confiscated from the Nevilles by the Crown and
60 people are executed at Durham. Many other executions occur in nearly
every town and village from Wetherby to Newcastle. In 157 2, Charles Neville
of Raby is executed at York for his part in the rising.
1571 - HARROGATE SPA
A spring is discovered at Harrogate which will attract
1579 - NEWCASTLE PLAGUE
Plague is so bad at Newcastle that the Mayor writes to
Yarmouth warning ships not to visit Newcastle for coals.
1582 - HARTLEPOOL WITCHCRAFT
A sourcerer from Hart near Hartlepool is serving penance
by sitting in Durham Market Place, Hart Church and Norton church while
wearing a paper hat.
1585 May 7, - DARLINGTON FIRE
273 houses are destroyed in a Darlington fire. The fire
affects High Row and Skinnergate, leaving 800 people homeless. Figures
may have been exaggerated to encourage charitable donations but flames
could be seen from Roseberry Topping.
1586 - MARY EXECUTED
Mary Queen of Scots is executed at Fotheringhay Castle
on Elizabeth’s orders.
1588 - NORTHERN PLAGUES
A Hartlepool plague killed 89 last year. 1,726 die in
Newcastle this year.
1588-94 - PRIESTS AND CATHOLICS EXECUTED
In 1588, three Roman Catholic priests are executed at
Durham, the first of many during the reign of Elizabeth I, who forbids
Roman Catholic priests from practising. In 1593, a member of the Lambton
family is executed at Newcastle for being a Roman Cathol ic priest. In
Durham John Speed, a layman, and John Bost, a Roman Catholic priest, are
executed. Other executions take place at Gateshead and Darlington.
1590 - GRAMMAR SCHOOLS
Yarm Grammar School is established. Recently established
schools include Newcastle (1525), Berwick (1559), Guisborough (1561) and
1597 - MORE PLAGUE
Plague has ravaged Newcastle, Darlington (killing 340),
Aycliffe, and Chester-le-Street. It will return to Durham and Darlington
1603 - QUEEN DIES
Elizabeth I dies and is succeeded by James VI of Scotland,
son of Mary Queen of Scots. He is the first king of both England and Scotland.
1603 - KING JAMES UNITES THE CROWNS
James VI of Scotland becomes James I King of Scotland
and England following the death of the childless Elizabeth I.