Ni14-1 Richard Nicholas

    Esquire of Roundway
    was the son of  John Nicholas (Ni15), Esquire of Roundway, and Agnes Gore (Go15), daughter and coheiress of John Gore of Hinton, Wiltshire, and the grandson of John Nicholas (Ni16) and Alice Enoch (En16), daughter and coheiress of Thomas Enoch
     
    Born: 1471 in Roundway
    Married: Isabella of Robert Pead at Ford of Bromham, Wiltshire
    Died: 1498
    This Richard Nicholas was 15 when Henry VII won the Battle of Bosworth and slew Richard III on 22 August 1485, 17 when the Battle of Stoke and the defeat of the first pretender, Lambert Simnel, took place, 26 when Perkin Warbeck, the second pretender, was captured, and and only 27 at his death in 1498. There is still a lot to research here; for both Richards seem to have played a role in the developments of their day. Henry VII faced two insurrections during his reign, which are likely to have brought Richard Nicholas and his son, Richard Nicholas (Ni14-1-1) into battle and cost them theirs lives.
    Richard Nicholas and Isabella Pead had issue:
    (Ni14-1-1) Richard Nicholas, slain in London
    (Ni14-1-2) John Nicholas, heir
    (Ni14-1-3) Margarie Nicholas, m. Willi Bound de Compton Chamberline in Wilts.

    This Richard may have had a daughter Jane
    The Visitation of 1565 shows Isabel, the wife of Richard, as the daughter of Robert Afford of Bromham

    Each insurrection centered around "pretenders" who claimed a closer dynastic link to the Plantagenets than Henry. Lambert Simnel posed as the Earl of Warwick, but his army was defeated and he was eventually pardoned and forced to work in the king's kitchen. Perkin Warbeck posed as Richard of York, Edward V's younger brother (and co-prisoner in the Tower of London); Warbeck's support came from the continent, and after repeated invasion attempts, Henry had him imprisoned and executed. Henry greatly strengthened the monarchy by employing many political innovations to outmaneuver the nobility.
    The household staff rose beyond mere servitude: Henry eschewed public appearances, therefore, staff members were the few persons Henry saw on a regular basis. He created the Committee of the Privy Council ,a forerunner of the modern cabinet) as an executive advisory board; he established the Court of the Star Chamber to increase royal involvement in civil and criminal cases; and as an alternative to a revenue tax disbursement from Parliament, he imposed forced loans and grants on the nobility. Henry's mistrust of the nobility derived from his experiences in the Wars of the Roses - a majority remained dangerously neutral until the very end. His skill at by-passing Parliament (and thus, the will of the nobility) played a crucial role in his success at renovating government. Henry's political acumen was also evident in his handling of foreign affairs. He played Spain off of France by arranging the marriage of his eldest son, Arthur, to Catherine of Aragon, daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella. Arthur died within months and Henry secured a papal dispensation for Catherine to marry Arthur's brother, the future Henry VIII ; this single event had the widest-ranging effect of all Henry's actions: Henry VIII's annulment from Catherine was the impetus for the separation of the Church of England from the body of Roman Catholicism. The marriage of Henry's daughter, Margaret, to James IV of Scotland would also have later repercussions, as the marriage connected the royal families of both England and Scotland, leading the Stuarts to the throne after the extinction of the Tudor dynasty. Henry encouraged trade and commerce by subsidizing ship building and entering into lucrative trade agreements, thereby increasing the wealth of both crown and nation. Henry failed to appeal to the general populace: he maintained a distance between king and subject. He brought the nobility to heel out of necessity to transform the medieval government that he inherited into an efficient tool for conducting royal business. Law and trade replaced feudal obligation as the Middle Ages began evolving into the modern world. Francis Bacon, in his history of Henry VII, described the king as such: "He was of a high mind, and loved his own will and his own way; as one that revered himself, and would reign indeed. Had he been a private man he would have been termed proud: But in a wise Prince, it was but keeping of distance; which indeed he did towards all; not admitting any near or full approach either to his power or to his secrets. For he was governed by none." 

    Sources: Wiltshire Visitation Pedigrees, 1623.
    "Nicholas Family of Roundway and Ashton Keynes, Wilts" private printing by E. Kite, located in the Library at Devizes, Wiltshire