|Born: about 1550 to 1565
Married: 1581 in Wiltshire Jane Pyle (Py12) b 1560 daughter of
Pyle (Py13) and sister of Sir Gabriel Pyle (Py12-1)
He was a gentleman of Hill Deverhill and Dinton. In his Will he bequeathed
100 pounds to daughter Anne, annuity out of lands at Butleigh, Somerset
to his wife, and household goods at Butleigh and Warminster, Wiltshire
to his wife. He named his brother-in-law, Sir Gabriel Pyle, Knight, overseer.
He was married to Jane PYLE in, England.
Jane Pyle left a will on 10 Dec. 1646; proved 6 July 1650.
Dinton is about twelve miles ESE of Hill Deverill, so Thomas was able to maintain close contact with his brother, Edmund, who inherited Hill Deverill Manor. The brief history of Dinton here shows that the lands were owned by the Abbey in Shaftsbury, but there were Saxon tenents on it. Henry VIII expropriated the Abbey's lands in Dinton in 1540 and transferred them first to Sir Thomas Arundel and later to Sir William Herbert in 1547. As the latter's staff made a complete detailed survey of his estates 20 years later, hence about the time of Thomas Ludlow's appearance in Dinton, it seems likely that our Thomas Ludlow was on or headed this staff.
This all the more so since his son, Gabriel, rose to become receiver of one third of Charles I's possessions until his resignation in 1639.
Although Dinton is and always has been a small town it did house a number
of notables at this time:
Sir Nicholas Hyde entered Parliament in 1601 and soon became prominent as an opponent of the court of James I, though he does not appear to have distinguished himself in the law. Before long, however, he deserted the popular party, and in 1626 he was employed by George Villiers, duke of Buckingham, in his defense to impeachment by the House of Commons. In the following year he was knighted and appointed chief justice of the king's bench, in which office it fell to him to give judgment in the celebrated case of Sir Thomas Darnell and others who had been committed to prison on warrants signed by members of the privy council, which contained no statement of the nature of the charge against the prisoners. In answer to the writ of habeas corpus the attorney-general relied on the prerogative of the crown, supported by a precedent of Queen Elizabeth I's reign. Hyde, three other judges concurring, decided in favour of the crown, but without going so far as to declare the right of the crown to refuse indefinitely to show cause against the discharge of the prisoners.
In 1629 Hyde was one of the judges who refused bail to the seven members
of the House of Commons (including John Eliot, Denzil Holles, and Benjamin
Valentine) whom the king imprisoned for sedition for their actions in the
1629 Parliament. The judges refused to admit the members' plea that they
could not be called upon to answer out of Parliament for acts done in Parliament.
When the Saxon kingdom was settling down and Christianity had spread over the country, great religious houses began ",to spring up and large estates were granted to them for their maintenance. This fulfilled a public service, for taxation as we know it did not exist, and these houses provided what hospital service there was, built and maintained roads and bridges, gave education of the standard of' the day, and offered lodging and food to wayfarers.
The Abbey of Benedictine nuns of Shaftesbury dates from Alfred the Great' s time and his daughter, Aelgiva, was its first Lady Abbess. Its properties were widespread and Dinton was the most easterly of the manors it held and with it much of the village. To the south and east was the property of the Abbess of Wilton. William the Conqueror' s Domesday Survey (A.D. 1086) gives details of all these holdings, and Dinton was then much the same size as it is today. There was still a large Saxon element in the population, for a list of jurors and tenants of the 12th century contains a high proportion of Saxon names; and that these tenants were reasonably well to do is borne out by the fact that in 1225 the Abbey had 378 sheep in Dinton. and Teffont and the tenants 1181. Sheep and the wool trade were the foundation of England's rising prosperity.
Tt is impossible to see the village as it was in those distant times as there is no trace of the buildings then existing, except the Church, of which more later, and only meagre hints from surviving records. But the most important must have been the Abbess's Manor house, a normal monastic manor. A statement that a cell for six nuns of Shaftesbury existed here is perhaps supported by the record that in 1298 the Bishop of Salisbury authorised the rector to enjoin a penance on certain repentant nuns whom he had ex-communicated. The Bishop himself stayed at the manor later on. There is a great square dovecote close to Hyde' s House which may well have formed part of the Abbess's estate.
There were two mills in Dinton in Domesday. It is recorded that in 1337
Sir Thomas Hungerford acquired Dalwood Mill, and fifty years later Roger
de Karentham held the messuage, mill and meadow of Dalwood of the Abbess
of Wilton. That would be near the present railway station, and as both
of these were families of some standing, no doubt this messuage was a house
of good quality. From time to time appear the names of free tenants of
considerable holdings in Dinton, but it is not till Henry VIII’s time,
with the dissolution of the monasteries, that a more complete picture of
the village begins to shape itself.
In the old pre-reformation records, certain names appear which are perpetuated
today in field names, Mawduytts, Gerard, Upton and others; but from the
middle of the sixteenth century the Church registers commence and we begin
to come across names which are well known here still: Jesse, Cotterell,
Hyde, Lawes, Baker, Combes, Toomer, Fitz and many more, and we feel the
unbroken continuity of the English village community. From those days not
many houses rernain;
Manor Farm, the home of the late Mr. Daniel Combes, at the Eastern end of Dinton, where there still is an ancient dovecote, probably marks the site of an old manor, for in 1593 Edward Combe, a tenant of the Earl of Pembroke in Somerset, bought from John Willoughby of Knoyle and Baverstock for eighty marks, three messuages, 13 dovecote and 13 good deal of land and orchard in Dinton and Barford St. Martin.
With the change of ownership from monastic to lay hands, many new tenancies
seem to have taken place and new names appear in the registers. Three families
that made their mark in one way or another came to Dinton. The Hydes, who
occupied the old rectory - now Hyde‘s
Towards the end of this century the Wyndhams appeared in Dinton, and by an early date in the 18th century they owned 1 ,000 acres in the parish. The Earl of Pembroke owned 1,500. The Wyndhams replaced the old manor house in the Park at the beginning of the 19th century with the present Philipps House (N.T.) built by the architect, Wyattville, which they sold in 1915 to Mr. Bertram Philipps, by whose widow it was given to the National Trust.
With the discovery in the17th and early 18th centuries of the system
of “floating” the water meadows, large sums were sunk in their development.
Earlier grazing and bigger haycrops led to a big increase in dairy herds,
and the improved farming brought an increase
|Thomas Ludlow and Jane Pale had issue:
(Lu11-1) George Ludlow, bapt.7 Sept. 1583 at Dinton, died before 1596.
(Lu11) Gabriell Ludlow, bapt. 10 Feb. 1587 at Dinton
(Lu11-3) Roger Ludlow, bapt. 1590 at Dinton, admitted to the Inner Temple 28 Jan. 1613,
(Lu11-4) Anne Ludlow, bapt. 1591 at Dinton, bur. 8 July 1613 at Dinton.
(Lu11-5) Thomas Ludlow; baptized 3 Mar 1593 at Baverstock,
co. Wilts, England; m. Jane Bennett, daughter of John Bennett, 1624 at Warminster, co. Wilts, England; d. 1646 at Warminster, co. Wilts, England. He resided at Warminster, Wiltshire, England. His inventory taken 16 Jun 1646. According to ysearch.org/CJXHA he had a son, Gabriel Ludlow b about 1634 in England d about 1690 and grandson b about 1634 emigrated to NY and d. there in 1736.
(Lu11-6) George Ludlow, bapt. 1596 at Dinton, acquired 1/16th share of the Mayflower, emigrated to Virginia.
The following pedigree was published at http://www.geocities.com/mbrani/ludlow.html and has only been corrected to show the names codes otherwise given in the Hester/Nicholas Pedigree and some data added:
I. William Ludlow or Ludstrow (Lu17) of Hill Devrill, Wilts. m. Margaret Rymer, dau. and heiress of William Rymer. He was a Butler for King Henry IV, V and VI.
A. John Ludlow (Lu16) - See below
B. Margaret Ludlow (Lu16-2) - m William Sandes
C. Margery Ludlow (Lu16-3)- m. William Earle
D. Joan Ludlow (Lu16-4) - m. 1) John Norwood. 2) Thomas Ringwood of Southampton
E. Margaret Ludlow (Lu16-5) the younger - m. Thomas Trapnel.
II. John Ludlow (Lu16) - m Lora Ringwood, dau. of Thomas Ringwood of Ringwood, Hants.
A. John Ludlow - See below.
III. John Ludlow (Lu15) - m. Phillipa Bulstrode, dau. and heiress of William Bulstrode of London.
A. William Ludlow (Lu14) - See below.
B. Edmund alias Edward Ludlow (Lu14-2) - unmarr.
IV. William Ludlow (Lu14) - m. Jane Moore, dau. of Nicholas Moore of Withford, Southampton.
A. George Ludlow (Lu13)- See below.
B. Mary Ludlow (Lu13-2) - m Richard Scrope of Castle Combe, Wilts.
V. George Ludlow (Lu13) - married 1543 Edith Windsor (Wi13), dau. of Sir Andrews Lord of Stanwell (made 1st Baron Windsor by Henry VIII when the latter took personal use of Windsor Castle), Middlesex and Elizabeth Blount. George Ludlow was High Sheriff in 1567.
A. Sir Edmund Ludlow (Lu13-1) - m. 1) Bridget Coker, dau. of Henry Coker
of Maypowder, Dorset. Bur. Sept. 1587, Hill Deverhill, Wilts. m. 2) Margaret
Manning, Viscountess Howard of Binden, Wid. of Thomas Lord Howard Viscount
Binden, dau. of Henry Manning and Katherine Kirkener.
1. Henry Ludlow - b. 1577. m. Lettice West, dau. of Thomas West, Lord De La Warre.
2. George Ludlow - d.y.
3. John Ludlow - possibly m. Catherine Manning, dau. of Henry Manning and Katherine Kirkener. Sister to his step-mother.
4. Anne Ludlow - d.y.
5. Elizabeth Ludlow
6. Lucy Ludlow
7. Margaret Ludlow
8 . Bridget Ludlow
9. Jane Ludlow
10. Frances Ludlow - bpt. 15 Sept. 1587, Hill Deverill, Wilts.
Children by MARGARET MANNING
11. Sir Henry Ludlow - b. 1592, Maiden Bradley, Wilts., bur. 6 Nov.
1660, St. Andrews, Holburn. m. Elizabeth Phelips, dau. of Richard Phelips,
a. Sir Edmund Ludlow - b. 1616. He was one of the King Charles I's judges. Commander of the forces in Ireland and died in exile in 1693 at Vervay.
b. Robert Ludlow - b. 1621, d. 1643, prisoner of war.
c. Thomas Ludlow -
d. Nathaniel Ludlow - b. 1624, d. a. 1701.
e. Frances Ludlow - b. 1626, d. 1632.
f. Philip Ludlow - b.1628, d. 1650 at sea.
g. Henry Ludlow - b. 1629, ancestor of the Earls of Ludlow.
h. Elizabeth Ludlow -
12. Thomas Ludlow - more to come.
13. Anne Ludlow - m. Thomas Hall, gent of London
14. Margaret Ludlow - m. Robert Vaux
15. Jane Ludlow - m. _____ Bassett
16. Mary Ludlow - m . Hugh Ryley, gent of New Sarum.
17. Ursula Ludlow - m. Rev. William Earth, Rector of Mildenhall, Wilts.
18. Phillipa Ludlow - m. Thomas Zouch, knight of Dorset.
VI. THOMAS LUDLOW (Lu13) - Bur. 25 Nov. 1607, Dinton, Wilts. m. Jane Pyle, dau. of Thomas Pyle.
A. George Ludlow - bpt. 7 Sept. 1583, Dinton, Wilts, d.y.
B. Gabriel Ludlow (Lu12) - bpt.
10 Feb. 1587, Dinton. m. Phyllis ______. Administrator to the Inner Temple,
London,1610 then described as of Bulleigh, Somerset.
1. Gabriel Ludlow - bpt. 13 Aug. 1622, Warminster. Killed at Battle
of Newbury, 1644.
2. Thomas Ludlow - bpt. 1 Nov. 1624, Warminster - See will of George Ludlow. Apparently Thomas was in Yorke County Virginia. Did he or did he not marry Rebecca Hurst????
3. Francis Ludlow - bpt. 10 Sept. 1626, Warminster
4. Anne Ludlow - bpt. 4 Dec. 1628, Warminster
5. Elizabeth Ludlow - bpt. 18 Oct. 1632, Maiden Bradley, Wilts.
6. John Ludlow -
7. Sarah Ludlow (Lu11), married John Carter of Corotoman, Virginia
C. Roger Ludlow - See below.
D. Anne Ludlow - bpt. 5 July 1591, Dinton, Wilts, bur. 8 July 1613.
E. Thomas Ludlow - bpt. 3 Mar. 1593, Baverstock. m. Jane Bennett, 15
Feb. 1624, Warminster, dau. of John Bennett of Steeple and Smallbrook.
1. Thomas Ludlow - bpt. 3 Mar. 1631, Warminster. m. Sarah Sutton, 18 Aug. 1658.
2. Gabriel Ludlow - bpt. 27 Aug. 1634, Warminster. Said to be the ancestor of the New York Ludlows.
F. George Ludlow - See below.
VII. Roger Ludlow - bpt. 7 Mar. 1590, Dinton Wilts. m. 1624, Chard, Somerset, Eng. Mary Cogan, dau. of Philobert Cogan and Anne Marshall, b. a.1604, Chard, Somerset, Eng. ,bur. 3 June 1664, St.Michan's parish , Dublin, Ireland.. It is not known when Roger Ludlow died, but it was probably about 1665-1666.
18 Dec. 1624 Roger Ludlowe of Warminster, Wilts, gent., and Mary Coggan of Chard, spinster. To be married at Chard. Bondsman - William Atwell of Wells, tanner, William Sage of Wells, gent. [ref. Somerset Rec. Off. D/D/01 23, p. 69, Robin Bush]
His wife's sister, Elizabeth Cogan was wife of Gov. John Endicott.
Roger matriculated at Balliol College, Oxford, 16 June 1610 and was admitted to the Inner Temple, London, Nov. 1612. Chosen an Assistant of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He came on the "Mary & John" in 1630, "which was called Ludlow's vessel" with his wife.
He first settled in Dorchester, MA and for the first four years was a member of the Court of Assistants. At a meeting of the Governors and Assistants at Boston in 1632. At this meeting Roger Ludlow "thereupon flew into passion and said then we should have no government, continued stiff in his opinions and though the matter was cleared to the satisfaction of the rest, protested he would then return to England".
The previous Governor and Assistants were rechosen, including Roger Ludlow. He was rechosen in 1633 and 1634. He was elected Deputy-Governor in place of Thomas Dudley who was promoted to Chief Magistrate. In 1635 disappointed when the people elected John Haynes, Governor, and Richard Bellingham, Deputy-Governor was not. He turned his attention to the emigration to Connecticut. Massachusetts Bay Colony appointed him to govern the people of Connecticut for the next year.
He was the first Governor of the Connecticut Colony. Held the first court there on 26 Apr. 1636. He instituted trials before jurors. People voted on who could join the colony but church membership was not a requirement for citizenship. He was called the "Father of Connecticut Jurisprudence". He was determined to establish a separate and independent colony. He began to establish a form of government that constituted a public state or commonwealth. [This was the first example in history of a written constitution--a distinct organic law, constituting a government and defining its powers. The constitution was that of an independent state, that continued in force with very little change for 180 years.] In the first election Ludlow was elected Deputy-Governor. In 1646 he was asked to draw up a body of laws for the government and present them to the General Court. This he completed and in 1650 and they were entered on the public records. Known as "Ludlow's Code" and were the foundation of the written laws of Connecticut.
Chosen Commander-in-Chief when the Dutch in New Amsterdam threatened the English Colonies. He raised a force at Fairfield and declared war on the Dutch. When he asked for support from the New Haven Colony, he was refused and he was accused of over-stepping his authority. Some feared his ambition might tempt him to establish another colony which would be under more control from the Mother Country. Believing his chances for greater authority in the Colony were at an end he decided to take his family to Virginia. There he said farewell to his brother, George Ludlow and then sailed home and settled in Dublin, Ireland in 1655.
On 14 December, 1657, a proclamation was made in pursuance of an act whereby Roger Ludlow with others, was again appointed to hear claims resulting from the attainder of "rebels" in Ireland. He was also a master in chancery.
About 10 July, 1659 Lieut. General Sir Edmund Ludlow, then just appointed Commander-in-Chief in Ireland, arrived at Holyhead in Wales preparatory to crossing to Dublin. Sir Edmund notes in his Memoirs that at this place he met his cousin Roger Ludlow, "who was then newly landed from Ireland, but finding us ready to sail, he returned thither with us". On 16 December, 1659 he may not have been in good health, for the Receiver-General's accounts state that Mr. Jonathan Ludlow was to have, by a warrant dated on that day, twenty pounds "for ye use of Roger Ludlow for his care and pains taken in several publique services.
On 11 February, 1660 Roger Ludlow, calling himself of Dublin, brought proceedings in Chancery in London against his nephew Thomas Ludlow, respecting the distribution of the estate of his brother, George Ludlow who had died in Virginia.
A. John Ludlowe - bpt. 4 Oct. 1629, Chard. [Robin Bush]
B. Jonathan Ludlow - [marriage license, 17 June 1665, to marry Sarah Davis.] Went to Ireland with his father.
C. Joseph Ludlow - bu. 30 Apr. 1667, St. Michan's, Dublin, Ireland
D. Anna Ludlow - Went to Ireland with her parents
E. Mary Ludlow - Went to Ireland with her parents
F. Roger Ludlow - Went to Ireland with his parents.
G. Sarah Ludlow - Went to Ireland with her parents, possibly m. Nathaniel
Brewster, son of Francis Brewster.
"grants of land [to George Ludlow] aggregating some 17,000 acres are of record in the Virginia Land Registry, the first being dated 21 August 1638 [Waters 173]
Will dated 8 September 1655, proved 1 August 1656.
"George Ludlowe of the County and Parish of Yorke in Virginia, Esq."
"to my nephew Thomas Ludlow, eldest son to my brother Gabriel Ludlowe Esq. deceased, all my whole estate of lands and servants &c. that I have now in possession in Virginia, to him and his lawful heirs...also my sixteenth part of the ship Mayflower...which part I bought of Mr. Samuel Harwar of London, merchant."; my executor "yearly...during the natural life of my now wife Elizabeth Ludlowe to pay unto her 50 pounds sterling in London"; "my crop...consigned to Mr.William Allen of London, merchant, and on Mr. John Cray" overseers of "my estates in England"; moneys due from Mr. Samuel Harwar at the Sun and Harp in Milk Street, London; to "my brother Gabriels all his children now in England 100 pounds apiece"; remainder of the money (in England) to my brother Roger Ludlowe's children equally and Mr. Thomas Bushrode to be paid 75 pounds.; whereas my brother Roger Ludlowe hath consigned diverse goods to me...as debts in New England and in Virginia...to my said brother the 100 pounds I lent him; to my cousin Samuel Langrish three thousand pounds tobacco &c; to George Bernard, son of Col. William Bernard, my great silver tankard with my arms on it &c; to George Webster, son to Capt. Richard Webster of Jamestown, the silver tankard that Mr. Bowler brought in the year 1655; to Col. William Bernard, Major William Gooch and Capt. Augustine Warner 10 pounds apiesce, and nominate them to be overseers here in Virginia; to Doctor Henry Waldron all the debt he owes me on book and the physic I have sent for him. To Mr. Bushrode 5 pounds; to my man Archyball a cloth suit; to Jane Greenham my servant one year of her time; to Mrs Rebecca Hurst all the clothes that I have sent for her in full of her time being with me in my house."
Codicil dated 23 October 1655
"Col. George Ludlowe" notes that "my nephew Thomas Ludlowe intends to intermarry with one Rebecca Hurst that is at this present living in my house"; my overseers here in Virginia take into their custody all my whole estate and dispose of the same until they can send to Ireland to my nephew Jonathan Ludlowe eldest son to my brother Roger, who lives in Ireland in Dublin. Now in case my aforesaid nephew Thomas shall marry with the said Rebecca then it is my will that I give and bequeath unto my said nephew Jonathan all the estates that I did formerly give unto my nephew Thomas Ludlowe and make and constitute the said Jonathan my full and sole executor and heir."
"On the first day of August in the year of Our Lord 1656, there issued
forth letters of administration to Roger Ludlowe Esq. the father of curator
lawfully assigned to Jonathan, Joseph, Roger, Anne, Mary and Sarah Ludlowe,
minors, the nephews and nieces and residuary legataries in this will, during
the miniority of the said minors; [blank] [blank] for that no executor
is therein named as touching the said deceased's estate in England" [Waters