Lu12-3 Roger Ludlow

    Lu11-3 Roger Ludlow Was the son of Thomas Ludlow and Jane Pyle
    Roger Ludlow
    Born: Feb/Mar1590 in Dinton
    Bapt. 7 Mar. 1590, Dinton Wilts. m. , Chard, Somerset, Eng. ,. 
    Married: 1624, Chard, Somerset, Eng. Mary Cogan, dau. of Philobert Cogan and Anne Marshall, b. a.1604
    Died: It is not known when Roger Ludlow died, but it was probably about 1665-1666. 
    bur. 3 June 1664, St.Michan's parish , Dublin, Ireland.

    He matriculated at Balliol College, Oxford in 1609 or 1610, and was admitted to the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple in 28 Jan. 1613.
    "18 Dec. 1624 Roger Ludlowe of Warminster, Wilts, gent., and Mary Coggan of Chard, spinster. To be married at Chard. Bondsman - William Atwell of Wells, tanner, William Sage of Wells, gent." [ref. Somerset Rec. Off. D/D/01 23, p. 69, Robin Bush]

    Ludlow sailed to America in May 1630 aboard the ship Mary & John"which was called Ludlow's vessel"  with his wife Mary Cogan, a sister-in-law of Governor John Endicott of Massachusetts.

    He was chosen an Assistant of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. 
    Roger Ludlow first settled in Dorchester, MA and for the first four years was a member of the Court of Assistants. At a meeting of the Governors and Assistants at Boston in 1632. At this meeting Roger Ludlow "thereupon flew into passion and said then we should have no government, continued stiff in his opinions and though the matter was cleared to the satisfaction of the rest, protested he would then return to England".

    The previous Governor and Assistants were rechosen, including Roger Ludlow. He was rechosen in 1633 and 1634. He was elected Deputy-Governor in place of Thomas Dudley who was promoted to Chief Magistrate. In 1635 disappointed when the people elected John Haynes, Governor, and Richard Bellingham, Deputy-Governor was not. He turned his attention to the emigration to Connecticut. Massachusetts Bay Colony appointed him to govern the people of Connecticut for the next year. In 1635 Roger Ludlow joined with other Puritans and Congregationalists who were dissatisfied with the rate of Anglican reforms, and sought to establish an ecclesiastical society subject to their own rules and regulations. The Massachusetts General Court granted them permission to settle the cities of Windsor, Wethersfield, and Hartford in the area now known as Connecticut. The Ludlows settled into Windsor.[3] However, ownership of the lands for the new towns along the Connecticut River was called into dispute by the English holders of the Warwick Patent of 1631 that had been granted by Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick.
    The Massachusetts General Court established the March Commission to mediate the dispute between the Connecticut colony and the Saybrook Colony, and named Roger Ludlow as its head. The Commission named 8 magistrates from the Connecticut towns to implement a legal system. The March Commission expired in March 1636, after which time the settlers continued to self-govern.

    He was the first Governor of the Connecticut Colony. Held the first court there on 26 Apr. 1636. He instituted trials before jurors. People voted on who could join the colony but church membership was not a requirement for citizenship. He was called the "Father of Connecticut Jurisprudence". He was determined to establish a separate and independent colony. He began to establish a form of government that constituted a public state or commonwealth. This was the first example in history of a written constitution--a distinct organic law, constituting a government and defining its powers. The constitution was that of an independent state, that continued in force with very little change for 180 years.


    In the first election Ludlow was elected Deputy-Governor. In 1646 he was asked to draw up a body of laws for the government and present them to the General Court. This he completed and in 1650 and they were entered on the public records. Known as "Ludlow's Code" and were the foundation of the written laws of Connecticut.
    In late 1636 and early 1637 the burgeoning Connecticut colony faced armed conflict in the Pequot War. The Connecticut towns decided to send a force of more than 70 soldiers along with Narragansett and Mohegan collaborators into an attack upon a Pequot settlement on May 26, 1637. While Ludlow did not participate in what became known as the Mystic massacre, his role in the General Court meant that he took part in the decision to send the force.
    On May 29, 1638 Ludlow wrote to Massachusetts Governor Winthrop that the colonists wanted to "unite ourselves to walk and lie peaceably and lovingly together." Ludlow was a framer of a document called the Fundamental Orders, which was adopted on January 14, 1639. The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut is the world's first written constitution for a self-governing people.

    Roger Ludlow was a magistrate in 1637 and 1638, and was then named as the first Deputy Governor of Connecticut. He was also chosen as a Magistrate in 1640, and every year from that date until he left the colony in 1654, except in 1642 and 1648, when he was again chosen Deputy Governor. In 1643 Ludlow was one of the representatives from Connecticut in the negotiations which led to the con-federation of the colonies.

    In early 1639 Ludlow's political rival from Massachusetts John Haynes who had since settled in Connecticut was elected Governor of Connecticut. Ludlow then chose to take leave from Hartford and Windsor and obtained a charter from the General Court to begin a settlement at "Pequannocke" (present day Bridgeport). He left with a group of like minded settlers from Windsor, Watertown, and Concord to purchase property along the coast of Long Island Sound west of the New Haven Colony. While on this task Ludlow recalled the attraction of the salt marshes west of the Pequonnock River near "Unquowa" and purchased land there from the native Sachem and founded the town of Fairfield, Connecticut. Ludlow settled his family in the new town of Fairfield, but returned to Hartford in the fall of 1639. In a session of the General Court held October 10, 1639 Ludlow was censured and fined by the Court for having exceeded the terms of the charter granted to settle areas that were to have been east of Fairfield. Governor Haynes and Thomas Wells visited Fairfield to investigate the settlement and apparently found that it was acceptable.
    In 1646 Ludlow was asked by the Connecticut General Court to draft a comprehensive set of laws "grounded in precedent and authority and fitted to the necessities of the new civilization." The result was “The Code of Laws of 1650”, or Ludlow Code, which is archived in the Connecticut Colonial Records.

    Chosen Commander-in-Chief when the Dutch in New Amsterdam threatened the English Colonies. He raised a force at Fairfield and declared war on the Dutch. When he asked for support from the New Haven Colony, he was refused and he was accused of over-stepping his authority. Some feared his ambition might tempt him to establish another colony which would be under more control from the Mother Country. Believing his chances for greater authority in the Colony were at an end he decided to take his family to Virginia. There he said farewell to his brother, George Ludlow.  Then Ludlow left Virginia to return to England and made it to Ireland by September 1654. Ludlow settled at Dublin and in November of 1654 was appointed to serve the Council as an adjudicator of matters relating to property law. The appointment may have been made at the request of Oliver Cromwell. He served on the commission from 1654 to 1658. A new commission was appointed and Ludlow was again assigned to it in 1658. He was also appointed to the post of Master in Chancery in Ireland.



    Lu11-3-1 John Ludlowe - bpt. 4 Oct. 1629, Chard. [Robin Bush]

    Lu11-3-2 Jonathan Ludlow - [marriage license, 17 June 1665, to marry Sarah Davis.] Went to Ireland with his father.

    Lu11-3-3 Joseph Ludlow - bu. 30 Apr. 1667, St. Michan's, Dublin, Ireland

    Lu11-3-4 Anna Ludlow b after 1630 d after 1655 - Went to Ireland with her parents

    Lu11-3-5 Mary Ludlow - Went to Ireland with her parents

    Lu12-3-6 Roger Ludlow - Went to Ireland with his parents. Possible connection 

    Lu11-3-7 Sarah Ludlow - Went to Ireland with her parents, possibly m. Nathaniel Brewster, son of Francis Brewster. Other descendents by this Sarah Ludlow


    On 14 December, 1657, a proclamation was made in pursuance of an act whereby Roger Ludlow with others, was again appointed to hear claims resulting from the attainder of "rebels" in Ireland. He was also a master in chancery.

    About 10 July, 1659 Lieut. General Sir Edmund Ludlow, then just appointed Commander-in-Chief in Ireland, arrived at Holyhead in Wales preparatory to crossing to Dublin. Sir Edmund notes in his Memoirs that at this place he met his cousin Roger Ludlow, "who was then newly landed from Ireland, but finding us ready to sail, he returned thither with us". On 16 December, 1659 he may not have been in good health, for the Receiver-General's accounts state that Mr. Jonathan Ludlow was to have, by a warrant dated on that day, twenty pounds "for ye use of Roger Ludlow for his care and pains taken in several publique services.

    On 11 February, 1660 Roger Ludlow, calling himself of Dublin, brought proceedings in Chancery in London against his nephew Thomas Ludlow, respecting the distribution of the estate of his brother, George Ludlow who had died in Virginia. 
    He was a resident and member of St. Michan's Church in Dublin. His wife Mary died and was buried on June 3, 1664 according to records kept at the parish church. Parish records of his death in Dublin (presumed to have taken place between 1664 and 1668) no longer exist.

    A Hawkins Genealogy, p.12.
    Search for the Passengers of the Mary and John 1630, Vol. I, p. 44