Li10 Mary Lisson


    Li10 Mary Lisson
    Born: probably born in Bristol about 1615 to 1620
    Married: 
    1st Nathaniel Pope II (Po10)
    2nd William Bridges (probably the son of nephew of Hercules Bridges)
    3rd Lewis Nicholas
    4th David Wickliffe/Wycliffe/Whettley/Whitliffe, who was the first Protestant child to be born in the Maryland Colony.
    5th John Rossier II
    Died: after 1705
     
    For decades Mary's maiden name was widely thought to be Sisson or Sissons. But a website about the Washingtons and Popes and also calling by this name went on to mention her brother, Captain Daniel Lisson, who took the Northumberland Oath in 1652. This was the break through to learning more her real family name.

    Mary (Lisson) Pope, alias Bridges, gave a calf to her son Nathaniel Pope, alias Bridges, in 1675. As Mary Nicholas, widow of Lewis Nicholas, she made presents in 1677 to her son Nathaniel Pope, alias Bridges, and to her son Lewis Nicholas. She married again, Daniel Whitley, who promised to keep her children "so farre at school as to write and reade". Mary Nicholas refers to her brother and sister, Captain Daniel Lisson and Jane, his wife. The will of John Rosier (will, September-October,1705) leaves land to Nathaniel Pope, clerk of Stafford and practitioner at law; and the rest of the estate is given to his wife, Mary Rosier, who was Mary Pope, alias Bridges. 
    Lawrence Washington purchased the Daniel Lisson estate.


    Nathaniel Pope and Mary Lisson had issue:
    (Po9) Nathaniel Pope III b about 1665 
    Lewis Nicholas and Mary Lisson haad issue:
    (Li10-2) Lewis Nicholas.
    David Wickcliffe and Mary Lisson had issue:
    (Li10-3) David Wickliffe
    The marriage with John Rosier seems to have been without issue, as Nathaniel and Mary Lisson were named as John's heirs.
     

    Captain Daniel Lisson acted as interpreter for the indians.

    Governor Berkeley’s treaty of peace after the end of the 1646 War with Opechancanough prohibited all emigration to the north side of the Rappahannock River. This restriction was repealed in 1648, and immigrants poured in from England, Maryland, New England, and previously settled portions of Virginia.[1] Hercules Bridges, Henry Brooks and Nathaniel Pope were the early patentees of the Mattox Neck area (of three creeks, Mattox, Bridges, Popes) destined to become part of Westmoreland County.

    The Henry Brooks patent of 1657, reissue 1662, included 1,020 acres (4.1 km2) bounded: “on the northwest side to a marked corner hickory with a creeke [unnamed Bridges] that divideth this land and the land now in possession of Daniel Lisson on the northeast side with potomack river on the southeast side with the Creeke [unnamed Popes] dividing this land from the land of Colo. Nathaniel Pope to a marked red oake on the southwest thence with a line of marked trees running west and northwest 60 poles northwest half a point more westerly 310 poles and west northwest somewhat more westerly 140 poles to the aforementioned hiccory and place.”

    Source: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~bkivak/stoweandrelatedfamilies.htm



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    Researcher's Note:  A. L. Kennedy wrote the following about Mary LISSON.  Note
    other researcher's have put her name as SISSON, SESSIONS or variations.  I left her surname off this list until I received Ms. Kennedy's information that states,

    Mary LISSON (not SISSON) was the second wife of David WICKLIFFE.  (The problem with the spelling of Lisson was the way the L's were written at the time, if you look at texts on graphology. For Wickliffe, there was also probably still a reidue of old Angle/Saxon dialect in some people's pronunciation in the 17th century, where some still spoke the gutteral "gh" in "Leigh" but others could not and followed the Norman fashion clipping it or shifting it to "ff", so Whightleigh would become either Wickliff or Whiteley, depending on which clerk had the ordeal of writing down the illiterate person's name)  The following will send you to the approprite records:
    From WESTMORELAND COUNTY, VIRGINIA DEEDS, PATENTS, ETC.
    1665-1677, PART THREE, compiled by John F. Dornan:
    "20 Feb. 1675/6.  Elizabeth WHITLIFFE, aged 25 years or thereabouts, sayeth that about five yeares since your deponent's husband David WHITLIFFE did buy a servant woman of Mr. Patricke SPENCE who asked David...

    Eliza: Whettley"

    It should be noted that it is not unusual for the surname WHETTLEY to be used in referring to the WICKLIFFE family.  In at least two other court records, David WICKLIFFE is referred to as both David WHITLEY and David WHITLIFFE (or other variant) in the same entry.  Note also the correct usage of the name in the record narrative - such variations in spelling are common in records of the period.  Therefore, it must be concluded that David was married prior to his marriage to Mary LISSON.
    From WESTMORELAND COUNTY, VIRGINIA DEEDS, PATENTS, ETC.
    1665-1677, Part Four, Abstracted and compiled by John Frederick Dorman,
    published by John Frederick Dorman, Washington, DC, 1975.

    "25 July 1677.  Mary NICHOLAS, widdow, hath by three severall deeds of gife made over to her chilldren Nath. Pope alias Bridges and Lewis Nicholas severall goods and chattles.  Mary hath invested me, David WHITLIFE, doe bind me that the children shall be brought up soe fare at schoole as to writt and reade.  It shall be lawful for Marry at her owne plasure to remove the children to the care of whome shee pleaseth.
        There is intention of marradge between Mary and myself.
            David (W) WHITLIFE
        Wit:  John WASHINGTON, Danniell LISSON, Anthony BRIDGES.
        20 Sept. 1677.  Recorded."
    (Pg 6)
    If you check the records far back enough, you find that Mary LISSON was the sister of Daniel LISSON.  She was never the wife of any Robert LISSON or SISSON.  The confusion may come in the reading of Daniel LISSON'S probate records, as he died without issue, and his relatives from Bristol, England had to settle his estate.  One of them was named Robert, and had a wife named Mary, but this was after David WICKLIFFE married Mary LISSON.

    Mary LISSON was not a SISSON by either marriage or birth.  She was b. Mary LISSON, as per the following:

    Westmoreland Co. Deeds, Patents, etc.
    20 July 1677, Mary NICHOLAS, widow, to my loving son Lewis NICHOLS (here listed property).  In case it shall please the Almighty to take to himselfe my sonne Lewis NICHOLAS...then all the aforesaid estate to my loveing sonne and his brother-in-law (meaning stepbrother) Nath: Pope alias BRIDGES (because he was the stepson of a man named BRIDGES),...If my sonnes should depart this life before the age aforesaid and myself be deceased alsoe, then the whole estate both of Nath: and Lewis to be equally divided between the surviving children of my brother and sister Mr. Danill LISSON and Jane LISSON.

    There is a similar entry on the same date regarding her son Nathaniel's estate.  This establishes her maiden name as LISSON.
    She was married to Nathaniel POPE, by whom she had a son Nathaniel. She then married someone named BRIDGES, and then Lewis NICHOLAS.
    There are many court records to support this, but this one contains
    three husband's names in one record:

    8 June 1675
    Mary BRIDGES of Westmoreland Co. unto my loving sonne Nathaniel POPE alias BRIDGES. (The term alias was used frequently in the colonial records, sometimes to identify a woman by both her maiden name and married name simultaneously, as when the first Nathaniel POPE transferred property to his then married daughter as "Ann POPE alias WASHINGTON", or because a stepson was sometimes identified by his stepfather's name)...For natural affection.  One mare...Below the entry is added on 25 August 1675. Acknowledged by Lewis NICHOLAS who married Mary POPE alias BRIDGES after his marriadge.
    After Lewis NICHOLAS died she married David WICKLIFFE:
    "25 July 1677.  Marry NICHOLAS, widdow, hath by three severall deeds of gife made over to her chilldren Nath: POPE alias BRIDGES and Lewis NICHOLAS severall goods and chattles.
        Mary hath invested me David WHITLIFE with the care and tuition of Nathaniell and Lewis and allsoe with there estate.  I, David WHITLIFE, doe bind me that the children shall be brought up soe fare at schoole as to writt and reade.  It shall be lawfull for Marry at her owne plasure to remove the children to the care of whome shee pleaseth.
        There is intention of marradge between Marry and myself.
            David (W) WHITLIFE
        Wit:  John WASHINGTON, Danniell LISSON, Anthony BRIDGES.
        20 Sept. 1677. Recorded.



    from http://www.combs-families.org/combs/assoc/original.htm
    Mary Lisson/SISSON, sister of Robert Lisson/SISSON, Nathaniel POPE (II), dying early and intestate, left an only son, Nathaniel(III), who, by virtue of his mothers marriage to a Mr. BRIDGES, became known as Nathaniel POPE alias BRIDGES. He received a patent of land from his mother Mary (SISSON) BRIDGES (POPE) 25 Aug 1676 and, after her remarriage to Lewis NICHOLAS, a second patent of land from Mary (SISSON) NICHOLAS (BRIDGES) (POPE) 20 Feb 1677. [She was widowed yet again and married David WHITLIFFE [or WICKLIFF, with a son named after her brother Robert], the first Protestant born in MD who came as a refugee to VA.] Nathaniel(III)’s children were *William; Mary {m. Joseph WEEKS}; *Lewis; John (d. 1735) {m. Elizabeth, dau. of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (PIERCE) POPE}, Jane; WORDEN (d. 1749) {m. Hester ? NETHERTON} [On 26 Sep 1748 he made a deed in gift to his ’cuzin’ (i.e. niece) Margaret RALLS, Daughter of George WILLIAMS, [an iron] founder of Stafford Co and Jean his wife, of a negro boy, Ben]; and Elizabeth {m. Bowen PRICE, King George County, VA.} [* = probably died in childhood.] [$$ Thomas POPE (in Virginia in 1623 ) “of London, haberdasher” V.M. XIX, 132] See Also the 1705 Westmoreland Co VA Will of John ROSIER, Jr., s/o John & Elizabeth HILLIER Rosier (Bridges), h/o Mary WILLIAMSON, d/o James & Ann UNDERWOOD Williamson.



    from http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mysouthernfamily/myff/d0071/g0000053.html
    Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Volume I, IV--Burgesses and Other Prominent Persons:
    "Andrew Monroe ancestor of President Monroe, was an early resident of Maryland, where he commanded a pinnace in the service of Cuthbert Fenwick, general agent of Lord Baltimore. He was a Protestant, and when Richard Ingle declared for parliament in 1645, Monroe took sides against Lord Baltimore's government and eventually settled like other refugee Marylanders at Mattox Creek, in Westmoreland county, under the Virginia authority. He died there in 1668."

    "The Englishmen on the banks of the Potomac mingled elegant pleasures with rude labors and perilous enterprises. There is a record of a contract in 1670 between John LEE, son of Col. Richard LEEE, then deceased, Henry CORBIN, Isaac ALLERTON, and Dr. Thomas GERRARD, for building a banqueting house at or near their respective lands. The English colonist acted as far as the circumstances would permit, precisely as he would in London. It was a rare thing if the richer settlers did not visit the mother country once during the year...
    Among those who resided in the "suburban" area (Westmoreland Co. VA) above Machodic, at Nomini Creek, were: Walter BRODHURST, Edmund BRENT, Nicholas SPENCER, Valentine PEYTON, Maj. John HALLOWES(HOLLIS), Above Nomini esided at Appomattox Creek (now Mattox) Col. John WASHINGTON, his father-in-law, Col. Nathaniel POPE, William BUTLER, the minister, and ANDREW MONROE, who lived in Maryland, in 1643. Still further up the river, beyond Nomini, were Samuel HAYWARD, , Col. Giles BRENT, and his famous sister, Margaret BRENT, at "Peace" on Acquia Creek. Other settlers were Capt. John ASHTON, Capt. John LORD, brother of Rich'd LORD, of Hartford, New England; Capt. William HARDWICH, a tailor from Maryland, brother-in-law of Mrs. Anna Pope WASHINGTON; Thomas STURMAN, of Maryland; Daniel HUTT, formerly of London; John ROSIER, minister, Anthony BRIDGES, Capt. George MASON (born in 1629), John HILLILER, Capt. Thomas EWELL, Col. Gerrard FOWKE, Col. Thomas SPEKE, Capt. William PIERCE, Capt. John APPLETON, Col. Tomas BLAGG, Capt. Alexander BAINHAM, Col. John DODMAN, Lewis MARKHAM, Clement SPELMAN, William BROWNE, of Plymouth, Daniel LISSON (brother of Col. Nathaniel Pope's daughter-in-law), Robert VAULX, and Capt. Thomas and William BALDRIDGE. " ( Genealogies of VA Families" from Wm. & Mary Quarterly, Vol. V, p.903-907.)
    Pat Obrist

    "Genealogies of Virginia Families", Wm & Mary College Qtrly Historical Magazine Vol 3, says that Andrew probably came to Maryland first, then to Virginia.
     



     
     

    COL. JOHN WASHINGTON.

    FURTHER DETAILS OF HIS LIFE FROM THE RECORDS
    OF WESTMORELAND CO., VIRGINIA
     

    BY THE EDITOR.

     

     The important paper of Mr. Stanard in the last issue of the "Quarterly"
    concerning the Washington family may be supplemented by other information.  It
    appears from the records of Westmoreland County that the Washington Family
    from the earliest times was one of great distinction in the Northern Neck.  John
    Washington, (1) the emigrant, was a leading Justice and military character, who
    like most of the men of wealth was a loyalist in Bacon's Rebellion.
     That celebrated commotion in Virginia was preceded by difficulties with
    the Indians in Stafford County.  In the summer of 1675, a herdsman named
    Robert Hen was slain there by a party of the hostile tribe of Doegs.  Col. George
    Mason and Capt. Brent with some militia pursued the offenders, and in the
    hostilities some Susquehannocks, a friendly tribe, were slaughtered.  These latter
    had been recently expelled from their own country at the head of the
    Chesapeake Bay by the Senecas, a tribe of the five nations.  Encompassed on
    all sides they took refuge in an old fort erected by Maryland for the protection
    of the frontier.  At the invitation of Maryland this fort was besieged in the letter
    part of 1675, by a joint army of Marylanders and Virginians.  The Marylanders
    were commanded by Major Thomas Truman and the Virginians by Col. John
    Washington and Major Isaac Allerton.  Before the siege commenced five Indian
    chiefs came out for a parley; they were seized and put to death.  This action can
    hardly be justified by the rules of war, and it goaded the savages to desperate
    valor and occasioned a universal Indian war.  But it is sufficiently proved by these
    papers that Washington and his Virginians were not responsible for the deed:----
     June ye 14th, 1677.  A narrative of ye Susquehannocks ffort soe fare as I
    know concerning ye killing of ye five Indians.  As soone as our Virginia forces
    were landed in Maryland we found five Susquehannoh Indians under a guard &
    inquireing ye reason of their restraint were answered they endeavoured an
    escape & thereof were secured till our comeing in ordr to a treaty wee informing
    ye Marylandrs our businesse was first to treat & require satisfaction for ye murder
    perpetrated before wee declared ourselves open enemies and proceeded to
    hostile actions.  Lt. Coll. John Washington and Major Isaac Allerton upon this
    information thought it convenient to have them stronger guarded & themselves
    alsoe during ye treaty weh being done & Coll. Washington & Major Allerton
    accordingly treating there first demand was satisfaction for ye murder & spoyles
    committed on Virginnia shore Major Trueman in ye interim remaining silent.  After
    long debate somethings therein-made by Coll. Washington & Major Allerton ye
    Indians disowned all ye was Aledged to them & imputed it all to Senecas.  Coll.
    Washington & Major Allerton urged ye sevrall Cannoes loaded with beefe & port had bin carried into there
    fort alleadging yt there enimyes would not be so kinde as to supply with
    provisions & farther yt some of these men had a little before bin taken on
    Virginnia side who had ye Cloathes of such as had bin a little before murdered
    upon there backes, which made it appeare that they had bin the murderers, for
    these reasons Major Allerton & Coll. Washington demanded satisfaction or else
    they must proceed agt them as enimyes & storm there fort, and commanded the
    interpreter to bid them defiance.  During ye time of this treaty Major Trewman
    came & asked ye Gentl whether they had finished, saying when you have done I
    will say something to them.  And when Coll. Washington & Major Allerton had
    ended their treatie he send and commanded his interpreter, John Shanks, to ask
    them how theire Indians came to be buried at Hursons & after a little further
    discourse caused them to be bound & told them he would carry them to ye place
    & show theire nine Indians where they lay dead.  Major Allerton asked him what
    he did intend to doe with them?  Afterwards Majoy Trewman answered he
    thought they deserved ye like to weh Major Allerton replyed, I do not think soe.
    Noe sooner was this discourse ended between Major Allerton & Major Trewman
    than ye Marylandrs carried away these five Indians & before they hardly got five
    hundred yards distance from the place of this discourse & treaty spoken of, ye
    Marylandrs killed them & further saith not.
    JOHN GERRARD
     Sworne before us by virtue of an ordr to us from ye right Honble ye
    Govenor.
     NICHO SPENCER, June ye 13th, 1677, recorded.
     RICH. LEE.

    41

     June ye 14th, 1676.  A narative of Treatment at ye Susquihano ffort soe
    fare as they concern ye killing of ye five Indians.  As soon as we were landed in
    Maryland wee found five of ye Susquihano Indians under a guard of two files of
    Marylandrs.  Coll. Washington & Major Allerton enquired the Reason of it and
    were answered yt they had endeavored to gett away, the Coll. Washington &
    Major Alerton acquainted Major Truman, there orders were to treat with them and
    demand satisfaction before they proceeded in a hostile way & after they had
    drawne a strong guard about ye said Indians they began to demand satisfaction
    for ye murthers and spoyles don in Virginia, but they would owne nothing, saying
    ye mischieffs were done by the Senecas & not by them.  While this lasted, Major
    Truman said severall times Genttl have you done, for I resolve to say nothing
    untill you have donne.  Answer was made him by our Genttl when wee have
    donne, we will give you notice.  Our Gentl having done, Major Truman called one
    John Shanks his interpreter & began to demand satisfaction for ye murders
    donne and thereupon ye weh our Gentl withdrew themselves & after Major
    Trueman had treated with them sometime, he called unto Coll. Washington, Are
    not these impudent Rogues to denye the murders they have done when there
    Indians ly dead on Hurston's plantacon being killed in a fight there, to ye weh C.
    Washington replyed, it would be very convenient to carry them up thither and
    show them there Indians yt are theire buried.  Major Trueman replyed, and soe I
    will.  This is all yt heard spoken by our Gentl concerning ye five Indian prissoners
    yt were killed wee being by them all ye time of ye discourse untill they parted &
    yet Indians were conveyed away by Major Truman's men & killed weh was occation yt much amaized & startled us & our
    Comanders being a thing yt was never imagined or expected of us & further saith
    not.  Daniel Lisson, Interpreter.
    Robert Massey,
     Sworne before us by vertue of an ordr to us from ye Right Honble ye
    Govnr.
         Nicho Spencer,
            Rich.Lee
         June ye 13th, 1677.  Recorded.
     Interrogations by Mr. Danll Lisson, Mr. John Garrard & Capt Robert
    Massey, Exa.
     Were you present at ye examination of ye five Indians at ye Susquehanoh
    fort all ye time of the examination.

         To ye first afermitive,

     Did you know of any Councill of warr yt was called by ye officers of
    Virginia & Maryland, wherein it was resolved these Indians should be put to
    death.

         To ye second negative,

     Did you hearr either Coll. Washington or Major Allerton or any other officer
    advise, psuade or vehemently urge yt these sd Indians shall be put to death.

         To ye third negative,

     Had not Lt. Coll Washington or Major Allerton ye first treaty with them
    concerning ye murders & inuries donne on Virginia side & did not Major Trewman
    say he would say nothing to them till they had donne.

         To ye fourth afermative,

     Did Major Trewman say when Lt. Coll. Washington & Major Allerton told
    they had done wth them, now I have something to say to them.

         To ye fifth afermative.
     Did not Major Trewman after some short discourse cause them to be
    bound saying he would send them to Hurson's plantacon & shew yt some of
    these Indians were killed at ye front (?) of ht house to convince them yt it was
    their Indians had done it weh they denied.
         To ye sixth afermative.
     Mr. Step:  Mannering Warrant to Danniel Whitte.
     By virtue of a warrant by me received from ye Honble Genll Tho:
    Goodwiche for ye impressing of all ye pvisons belonging to ye delinquents &
    secureing of ye estates of all those yt are fledd Till further ordr from ye Right
    Honble Nathaniell Bacon, General of his Majts forces in Virginia, and heareing yt
    Coll. John Washingtons overseers are conveying of Corne, meat & Tobacco in a
    sloope or sloops over to Maryland and being myselfe at this instant goeing
    against ye Indians.  These are therefor in his Majts name to will & require you
    Daniel White upon sight hereof immediately to goe to ye plantacon of ye sd
    Washington by ye river side & cease & impresse all ye corne & pvision, Tobacco,
    stocke or stocks yt belong to ye sd Washingtons either one yt plantacon or one
    ye other plantacon called ye Round hills & to command ye overseer of both
    pantacons In his Majts name not to suffer any corne, cattle, horses, mares,
    servants, or any other things to be conveyed away by any pson or psons till
    further order form ye Generall & to cease yt sloope or sloops yt shall in any wise
    attempt ye takeing pvision conveying any p't or parssells of goods yt either
    belong to the said Washington or any other delinquent yt are fleed fayle not
    hereof as you will answer ye contrary at yr utmost pill.  Given under my hand this
    21st of October, 1676.
    STEPHEN MANRING
     This warrant was recorded June ye 19th, 1677.

    44

     Mr. Stephen Manring warrant to Daniel White:  These are his Majts name
    to Impower Mr. Daniel White to take into his custody two young mares belonging
    to Jno. Griffin & them reserve till further order from ye Generall or Lt. Generall, or
    till such time that ye sd Griffin hath cleared himself of trespasse committed
    against ye sd Lt. Generall & yt he shall not have anything to doe at ye plantacon
    of Coll. Spencer till farther order.  Given under my hand this 6th day of November,
    1676.
    STEPHEN MANRING.
     June ye 19th 1677, this warrant was recorded.
     Stephen Manring, Joseph Hardwick & Rich: Bartton, Rich: Donahan
    confession:
     fforasmuch as wee Stephen Manring, Joseph Hardwick, Rich: Bartton,
    Rich: Donahan have bin currently notoriously actors in ye late horrid rebellion sett
    on foot by Nathaniel Bacon Junr to ye great dishonor of God, perturbacon of ye
    peace, wellfare & safety of his Majts Collony of Virginia & to evill example of our
    fellow subjects within the same.  Wee ye said Stephen Manrring, Stephen
    Hardwick, & Richard Barton, Richard Donnaham doe upon our bended knees
    humbly, heartily & unfeignedly confesse & acknowledge the saide, traiterous &
    rebellious practises.  Whereby wee have rendered ourselves lyable to ye most
    severe punishmt, but doe humbly crave & implor mercy & pardon of God
    Almighty, the King's most excellent Majty, His most sacred Majtys Governor &
    other inferior officers & all other our fellow subjects within this Collony for such
    our horrid, treasonable & rebellious practices, heartily & unfeignedly resolveing
    with ourselves & humbly begging assistance from God Almighty, never to
    perpetrate, attempt or consent to ye like.

    45

     This recognitr wee desire to bee Recorded this 19th of June, 1677.

            Joseph Hardwick,
            Richard Barton,
            Richard Donnahan,
            Stephen Manring.

     The Depo of Mr. William Armiger(1) & Jno. Deeres taken this 26th day of
    July, 1677 as followeth:
     That being at Coll. John Washingtons house there came into the company
    one Stephen Manring & haveing some discourse about ye sd Armiger, takeing off
    some prsoners in ye sd Washington's house in ye time of Backen's Rebellion ye
    sd Manring Issued out these following viz:
     That ye Chief Officers of his Matles Pt then in distress, run away from their
    commissions.
     The sd Armiger desireing him to take a care of what he had said, his
    answer was yt he had Already suffered ye Law & now he cared not a ----- for any
    man.
     Then sd Armiger told him he acted by a false commission & how durst he
    be soe forward upon so treacherous designe as he well knew whereupon he replied he did it to destroy
    ye heathen & if it were to Doe againe he would doe it.
     Then Armiger demanded of him why hee did not lay downe his arms when
    one Miller came in, his answer was yt hee had a letter from Coll. Goteredge
    [Goodrich] yt his houses was burnt, his wife & family robbed & his wife & children
    forced to ly on straw & he himselfe to be hanged if taken, wheh forced him, as
    sayes, to goe to ye other pty he Replyed yt there General Ingram was a
    cowardly, treacherous dogg for laying downe his armes or otherwise he would
    die himself at ye face of his Enemies & severall other such expressions attending
    to ye same purpose.  Said Armiger told him he begged his commission, weh he
    swore bitterly it was fallse & would force ye sd Armiger to prove it.
     This is ye whole truth of what we can remember of this Idle discourse.

            WILLIAM ARMIGER,
            JNO. DEERES.

     Mr. Daniell White's Letter to Coll. Nicho Spencer.
     Sr you forced me ye last court to give security to ye good behaviour for
    what I know not unlesse thereby I might be ye more awd to give my estate to
    Coll. Washington weh I have donne, or at least soe much of it as he was pleased
    to demand, or If he be not satisfied if he please to demand more I am ready to
    give it knoweing yt there is Almighty pvidence yt doth rule or govern all actions
    And yt I may not [a word indecipherable] seeke my owne revenge, but rather say
    with Daniel ye Lord hath bidden him:  who himselfe hath pmised by ye words of
    St. Paul to be the avenger of all such things  And I

    47

    did aske Coll. Washington to be there with me & not demand the rigger of sd
    bonde in appeareing ye next cortt because I am a poore man & labour hard for
    my living & ye neglect thereof is much damage to me & my children weh hee
    would not doe unlesse I would Right to you because you were please to tell me I
    was a contemner of Authority and in not appeareing I might soe be pved weh
    words you had noe reason at all to speake because there hath never bin ye least
    misdemeanor pved agt me by any pson in this County, though I have bin now a
    house-keeper therein this 20 yeares neither have you or any pson in authority
    ever scene any such thing by me Although it may be some honourlicke (?) men
    whom I have not bin over fond in adoring (not as they were magistrates), but, as
    they were proud men & may inform you as much, but their malice ought not to be
    believed for itt did sufficiently appeare agt me in there life time, but it hath
    pleased God to remove them & now feareing ye Devill will alwayes be intrigueing
    agt me my request to yor Honors is to be pleased to Judge more favourably than
    formerly you have doone & Consider I Labor hard & that ye yeare is more then
    ordinary laborious & if I have no horse 4 or 5 dayes must needs much hinder my
    businesse & labour in travellinge & be pleased to excuse my not appearing this
    Court without urging any Contempt agt me so yt forfeiture of my bond & I will
    attend ye next Court to know further of your pleasure who am your servant,

             DANIEL WHITE,
            July ye 24th, 1677.
     This letter was recorded ye 29 Sept., 1677.

    48

    Major Allerton's petition:
     To The worpll Justices for Westmoreld Coty.  The humble peticon of Isaac
    Allerton sheweth that ye Rebell Garrison held at Coll. Washingtons of weh ye
    cheife were Joseph Hardidge, Richard Barton, Thomas Oakley, William Head &
    Jno. Athill cum ceteris have damnified yor petn in his estate to ye value of
    thirteen thousand pound tobo. & Caske as by ye acctt annexed doth appeare he
    humbly craves to be Reimbursed ye sd Tobaccoe weh damages & costs and hee
    shall pray.
     This petn was recorded August ye 25th 1677.
     Wee finde yt Joseph Harwick, Richard Barton & ye Rest of ye Rebells yt
    keept ye garrisons are guilty of atakeing & not returneing goods belonging to
    Majr Allerton to the value of six thousand foure hundred pounds of tobo & costs,
    but for ye two feather beeds, rugge, wool beed & bushells salt wee finde not
    anything not having proofs or acknowlegmt.

        The Jury,
     Patrick Spens,   Daniel Lisson,
     William Clement,   Orginall Brown,
     Anthony, [signed] Williams, John Butler,
     Daniel [W] Hurt (?)   John Newton,
     Edward ffranklikn,   Sam Bodam,
     Robert Edwards,   William Hardidge.
        This was Recorded the 25th of August 1677.

     Att a Comitty (by order of ye Grand Assembly) for laying a Levy in the
    northern neck for ye charge in Raisinge ye forces thereof for suppressing ye late
    rebellion mett at Capt Beales ye 14th of August, 1677 being present:
     Coll. Wm Ball, Coll. Jno Washington, Mr. Wm Preseley, Major Ed. Dale,
    Major Isaac Allerton, Mr.

    49

    Peter Presley, Coll. Wm Travers, Coll. Samll Griffin, Coll. Geo. Mason, Mr. Martin
    Scarlet.
     Itt is by them ordered yt ye county of Rappk p Westmerld, pay for 802
    Tythabls at 31lb of Tobo p poll 25,025 lb (sic) Tobo to ye sevrall psons
    hereinafter pticularly menconed.
     
    (1) From his deposition, he was about 45 years of age in 1674.
    (1) Examined separately, Armiger said The sd Manring demanded of ye Armger how many men did take
    psoners at Coll. Washington's House & ye sd Manring askt what armes they had & sd Armiger replied
    14 gunns loaden upon weh ye sd Manring replyed G ----d----- him were hee there wth 14 men he
    would uphold the house from five hundred men, or else die at their feet.
         And sd Armiger then told him he was a foole, then said Manring to ye sd Armiger he was bound to
    he peace & durst not challenge him, but stamped with is foote & so I doe not challenge you, but come
    out if you please.
    Madam Washington said to ye Manring if you were advised by your wife you need not acome to this
    passe he answered G ---- d---- my wife if it were to doe I would doe it againe.
             WILLIAM ARMIGER.
              This Depo was recorded the 25th of August, 1677.