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    Ho20 Sir Robert de Holand

    Ho20 Sir Robert de Holand, 1st Baron de Holand, was the son of Sir Robert de Holand (Ho21) and Elizabeth de Salmesbury
    Born:  abt 1282, Upholland, Lancashire, England, 
    Married: Maud la Zouche (Zo20) about 1311, Winchester, Hampshire, England, daughter of Alan la Zouche and Eleanor de Segrave.
    Died: 7 Oct 1328, Boreham Wood, Hertfordshire, England (Beheaded by partisans).
    Buried: Greyfriarschurch, Preston, Lancashire, England 

    He married, about 1311, certainly before August 1314, Maud, daughter and coheir of Alan (LA ZOUCHE), LORD ZOUCHE, with whom he acquired extensive estates, including the manor of Brackley, Northants. He died as aforesaid, 7 October 1328, and is said to have been buried in the Grey Friars' Church at Preston, Lancs, to which he had been a benefactor. At the Queen's request provision was made for the wife and children while his lands were in the King's hand. His widow, who was going on a pilgrimage to Santiago in 1336, died 31 May 1349, and was buried at Brackley. [Complete Peerage VI:528-31, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

    (c) This Sir Robert was son of Thurston, son of Robert de Holand. He m. before 1276, when he and his wife were involved in a suit about Salmesbury. The date of his death is uncertain, probably about 1300. His widow was living 1311.

    Knight of the Garter
    Sir Robert de Holand, 1st Lord (Baron) Holand, so created by writ of summons 29 July 1314 (b. c 1270; in retinue of Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster (grandson of Henry III), who substantially advanced his career and with whom he sided (though not apparently without tergiversation) in the latter's disputes with Edward II, notably at the final battle between Lancaster and the royal forces at Boroughbridge March 1321/2; after Boroughbridge his lands were confiscated but were restored him on Edward III's coming to the throne; knight 1307; Justice of Chester intermittenly 1307-20, Governor of Beeston Castle, Cheshire 1312; served in Scottish campaigns 1314 and 1316; commissioner of Array of Lancaster 1316; among his many grants of land was the Manor of Thorpe Waterville, Northants, which he acquired 1319; he also held land in Pendleton, Lancs, from the Priory of St Thomas Stafford; decapitated 7 Oct 1328 by followers of his old leader Lancaster, who not unnaturally resented his less than whole-hearted support, after being taken in Boreham Wood, Herts), son of Sir Robert de Holand, of Upholland, Lancs (son of Thurstan, son of Robert de Holand), by Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of William Samlesbury. [Burke's Peerage]
    Children of Sir Robert de Holand and Maud la Zouche were:

    (Ho20-1) Sir Robert de Holand b 1312, of Brackley, Northamptonshire. 
    (Ho19-2) Thomas de Holand b 1314 of Broughton, Earl of Kent, b 1314, d 26/28 Dec 1360; married Joan Plantagenet. 
    (Ho19-3) Otho de Holand, , of Brackley, Northamptonshire
    (Ho19-4) John de Holand, b about 1318, of Brackley, Northamptonshire
    (Ho19) Maud de Holand b abt 1316, prob Upholland, Lancashire, England, d Dec 1361. She md Sir Thomas de Swynnerton, Lord Swynnerton, abt 1328, son of Sir Roger de Swynnerton, Lord Swynnerton, and Maud/Matilda. 
    (Ho19-6) Alan Holland, b about 1326, of Brackley Northamptonshire.
    (Ho19-7) Elizabeth de Holand b abt 1324, Upholland, Lancashire, England, d 13 Jul 1387. She married Sir Henry Fitz Roger, Knight, bef 23 May 1340, son of Roger Fitz Peter, aka Roger Martel, and Daughter de Urtiaco. 
     (Ho19-8) Margaret de Holand b abt 1313 ?1322, Upholland, Lancashire, England, d Aug 1349; married Sir John de La Warre abt 1324, Lancashire, England. 
    (Ho19-9) Jane Holland b about 1326, of Brackley.
    (Ho19-10) Alianorede holland, b about 1327 of West Derby, Lancastershire.
    (Ho19-11) Isabella Holland b about 1328, of Brackley

    In 1292 his father settled upon him a tenement in Pemberton and Orrell. He became a favourite official of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster and thus grew in importance and wealth. He was a Commissioner in 1303; in 1304 had charters for free warren in his demesne lands of Upholland, Hale, Orrell and Markland in Pemberton, and for a market at Hale; in 1307 a charter for free warren in Nether Kellet, and in 1315 one for lands in Dalbury. He was a Knight in 1307, and was present at the Dunstable Tournament of 1308/9; had licence to crenellate his manor house of Upholland in 1308, and that at Bagworth, co. Leicester, in 1318; and in 1308 was employed by the Earl in a settlement of his manor of Melbourn, co. Derby. He was justice of Chester several times between 1307 and 1320, and in 1312 was Governor of Beeston Castle, co. Chester. In 1310 he founded a college of priests in the Chapel of St. Thomas at Upholland, but eight years later altered it to a Priory of Benedictine monks. He acquired various other manors and lands-e.g., West Derby in 1316, and Mottram in Longdendale (by exchange) in 1318 ; and in 1321 procured from the Earl a curious variation in the tenure of his hereditary manors, by which in future he and his successors were, without relaxing the ancient services, to hold Upholland and the rest by distributing for the Earl's soul each 29 December (St. Thomas the Martyr) certain charities. In September 1313 he had a safe conduct for attending Parliament at Westminster. He was summoned for military service against the Scots at Newcastle August 1314 and in 1316, in which latter year he was a Commissioner of Array in Lancashire, and was called on to attend musters 1317-19. He was summoned to Parliament from 29 July (1314) to 15 May 1321, by writs directed Roberto de Holand, whereby he is held to have become LORD HOLAND. He took sides with his patron the Earl of Lancaster in his various contentions with the King, being pardoned in 1313 for complicity in the death of Piers de Gavaston; in 1315 he assisted in suppressing the rising of Adam Banastre in Lancashire and in 1318 was again pardoned for adherence to the Earl. In the Earl's final rising, in February and March 1321/2, he is said to have played a cowardly or treacherous part. On the Earl's flight northward, before the battle of Boroughbridge, he surrendered to the King at Derby, and was sent to Dover Castle. He appears, however, to have fought at Boroughbridge, surrendering after the battle and was certainly treated as a rebel, all his lands being taken into the King's hand. He was imprisoned in various places. At the accession of Edward III he petitioned for the restitution of his lands, and this was granted to him on 23 December 1327. On 7 October 1328 he was captured in Boreham Wood, Elstree, Herts, by some adherents of his patron, Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, who, for his treachery, cut off his head [g].

    [g] They sent his head to Henry, Earl of Lancaster, at Waltham Cross by Sir Thomas Wytherand and others.

    That this family was of great antiquity in the county of Lancaster is evident from the register of Cokersand Abbey, to which religious house some of its members were benefactors in King John's time. The first person of the name of any note was Robert de Holand, who was in the wars of Scotland, 31st Edward I [1303] and who owed his advancement to his becoming secretary to Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, for previously he had been but a "poor knight." In the 1st Edward II [1307], he obtained large territorial grants from the crown, viz., the manors of Melburne, Newton, Osmundeston, Swarkeston, Chelardeston, Normanton, and Wybeleston, in the county of Derby, and the same year had a military summons to march against the Scots. In the 8th Edward II [1315], he was first summoned to parliament as a baron; and in the 10th and 12th, he was again in the wars of Scotland, in which latter year he had license to make a castle of his manor house of Bagworth, co. Leicester. Upon the insurrection of his old master, Thomas, Earl of Lancaster (15th Edward II), his lordship promised that nobleman, to whom he owed his first rise in the world, all the aid in his power, but failing to fulfill his engagement, Lancaster was forced to fly northwards and was finally taken prisoner at Boroughbridge, when Lord Holand rendered himself to the king at Derby and was sent prisoner to Dover Castle. For this duplicity he became so odious to the people that, being afterwards made prisoner a second time, in a wood near Henley Park, toward Windsor, he was beheaded on the nones of October, anno 1328, and his head sent to Henry, Earl of Lancaster, then at Waltham Cross, co. Essex, by Sir Thomas Wyther and some other private friends.

    His lordship m. Maud, one of the daus. and co-heirs of Alan le Zouch, of Ashby, and had issue, Robert, Thomas, Alan, Otho, Jane, and Mary. Robert, Lord Holand, was s. by his eldest son, Sir Robert Holand, 2nd baron. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, pp. 278-9, Holand, Barons Holand]

    Source: Visitations