Ec24 Simeon de Eychingham

    Simeon de Eychingham was the son of William de Eychingham (Ec25) and unknown
    Born: about 1160
    Married: Alice, daughter of  Joscelyn FitzReinfred, younger brother of Roger Fitz-Reinfred.
     

    Died: after 1217
    Simon (Ec24), son and heir acceded to his father William's (Ec25) estate after 1183.
     
     

    Simon resided first at Bedington, which had been granted to him by his father in 1183.
     

    As his elder son, William (Ec23-1),  is returned as holding the "third part of a fee at Preston, in Northumberland, four knights' fees at Echington, two knights' in Pykenden, Sussex, of the honour of Aquila, and seven knights' fees at Echyngham, of Alicia, Countess of Ewe" in a document early in the reign of Henry III we may assume that Simon died between 1217 and the date of this document.
     

    Simon gave the monks at Battle Abbey an annual rent of three and a half marks of silver, to be received yearly of Thomas, son of William de Haremere, and his heirs, reserving to himself the donation of the chapel at Watlington. His name appears as a witness to the charter of Ralph Yssonden, Earl of Ewe, who died 3rd Henry II = 1217, enlarging and confirming the gifts of Alice, his widow to the Abbey of Rothersbridge.
    An extract from the Oblata, or Fine Rolls: "An. 9th Johann A.D: 1207, Sussex. Robert de Hastings gives 20 marks; that 12 lawful Knights of the Rape of Hastings, who best know the truth of the matter and will not conceal it out of fear or favour, and who are neither Men nor Tennants of Robert Hastings, or Simon Echyngham, and who are in no way connected with either of them, may be before the Justices of our Lord and King at Westminster in three weeks from the day of St. John the baptist, ready upon oath to recognize which of the two - viz. Robert or Simon - has the greater right to the Stewardship of the Honor of the Earl of Augi (Ewe) in the Rape of Hastings; or whether William, the father of the aforesaid Robert, was seised in his demesne as of fee on the day on which he died of the aforesaid stewardship as in frank marriage with his wife Ida, daughter of the Earl of Augi (Ewe)." The ultimate decision of the court does not appear, as the suit was twice respited at the Easter and Michaelmas terms of the same year. But it seems Robert de Hastings was the son of a free marriage between William de Hastings and Ida, daughter of the Earl of Augi. The question of fact to be resolved was apparently whether the Earldom had been granted to William during his lifetime as husband of the heiress, or whether Simon was true claimant. This would have been the case if first the Earldom was subject only to male inheritance, and second if Simon were a direct and legitimate male descendent of either Ida's grandfather or great grandfather etc., i.e.Simon's father would have had to be a descendent of the de Ewe's in the direct male line.

    Anno 16th Johann A.D. 1214 Simon is also included as one of the securities for ten marks, for "Robert le Sauvage in his agreement to pay the King one hundred pounds and one palfrey within the first year after his return to England, that he may have the lands in Steineby and Ruthethorn, with their apputenances, which belonged formerly to William, son of Walkelin, and were the hereditary estateof the sons which he had by his marriage with the daughter of the aforesaid William."

    and had issue:
    (Ec23-1) William de Eychingham ( - 1252), married Margaret, eldest daughter and coheiress of Will de Montecute, died without issue before 1257.
    By the inquest post mortem, 37th Henry III, A.D.1252, MS Harl. 4120, it appears that  (Ec21-1) Sir "William de Eychingham Held of the inheritance of his wife, Margerie, one moiety of the manor of Chorlebergh of our lord the King in capite -'per baroniam' together with Ralph la Haye, who holds the other moiety of the aforesaid manor in right of his wife. Non constat de herede." By another dateless deed he granted a feoffment to the Abbey of Battle of an annual rent arising from lands held of Manasseh de Herst, witnessed by hid brother Simon. It is uncertain exactly when his wife, Margaret, died seized of Preston Manor, Northumberland, but a writ dated 42nd Henry III, A.D. 1257 states: "Whereas when the King received homage of Thomas de Audhm, who married Isabella, sister and heir of Margaret, the wife of William de Echyngham, of all the lands and tenements which she had helld of the King in capite, and which Margaret and Isabella were the heirs of Katherine and William de Montacute, the King did not know whether Katherine and William aforesaid held of the Crown 'per baroniam' or by military service." The Barons of the Exchequer are therefore commanded to search the Rolls of the Exchequer and to cause the legal relief to be levied. Upon which was ordered, "That Thomas de Audhm and Isabella should have full seisin of all the lands and tenements of which aforesaid Margaret was seised in her desmesne as of fee on the day on which she died, and which were now in the King's possession." 
    (Ec23) Simeon de Eychingham

    Echingham Coat of Arms:
    Azure fretty Argent.
     
    Source: Echyngham of Echyngham, by Spencer Hall, librarian to the Athenaeum
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