The U.S. State Dept. is not compensating
the author for a violation of his human rights.

Protest against this by clicking here!

Spacious house in

sunny Sarasota

to rent by the week or month
image 1
e-mail, German, French and Spanish also spoken, airport pick-up in Tampa or Sarasota on request.
Search this 5000 page website with
search tips advanced search
site search by freefind

List of pedigrees
Bland of Northern Neck Va.
Nicholas of Roundway
Hester of Fleming Co Ky
Author's DNA match comparisons
Visitors since 22nd March 2009:

It is really something to sing and dance about.
Dig up those old bones and get them dancing!

Change the two party system
so people against something like abortion
but for something like environmental protection never again get bigger and badder storms
and two bankrupting wars instead.

Find your roots!
Get DNA tested too!

Send contributions, additions and corrections and report faulty links!

Please use this blank formating file for additions and corrections in HTML and copy it into your e-mail!
If you want your entire peidgree to be posted in the InternetPlease fill in this free blank table pedigree with your pedigree data using you NotePad continuous text editor and attach it to an e-mail to the author of this site!

    Cumming of Lingamore Hills Maryland

    William Cumming was possibly the son of David Cumming and Elizabeth Huston of Inverness Scotland then born in 1709 and rather old to fight in the Am. Rev. or more likely of George Cumming and born in 1729 or one of the six other William Cummings born inbetween. In the latter case he would been 16 at the Battle of Culloden and 47 at the beginning of the Revolution, young enough to be itching to get a shot at the "Redcoats", but the marriage of a 7 year old seems highly unlikely but not unknown. The parish entry speaks for either the first or last, while the questionable marriage entry speaks more for the former, unless performed for mere children and not consummated until 15 years later.
    William Cumming bap 1729 baptized 3 Jul 1729 St Andrews Inverness, Highlands, Scotland

    Married: Sarah Coppage probably 1750 in Maryland.
    Death: 1793 Place: Linganore Hills, Fred., Md

    Children of William Cumming and Sarah Coppage are:
    (Cu8-1) Anna Cumming, b. 1751; d. 1813; m. John Campbell, JR..
    (Cu8) Elizabeth Cumming, b. 15 Oct 1752 d 29 Mar 1836, married 1st Nicholas Hobbs, 2nd .
    (Cu8-3) Major General Robert Cumming, b. 1754; d. 14 Nov 1825.
    (Cu8-4) Sarah Cumming, b. Abt. 1754, Frederick Co., MD; d. 1811, KY.
    (Cu8-5) Jane Cunning, b. Abt. 1756; d. Abt. 1838.
    (Cu8-6) Catherine Cumming, b. Abt. 1758.
    (Cu8-7) Thomas Cumming, b. 30 May 1765; d. 05 Mar 1834.

    Circular Pedigree Owners and William Cumming Descendants;;;;;;

    Cu10. George Cumming b c 1695, glassier of Inverness
    m Isbelle MacIntosh were presumably the parents of
    In Aug 2012 I managed to view the microfilm of the baptismal records of St. Andrews in Inverness for the period beginning 1720 until 1756. Details will be forthcoming but I managed to establish that this couple had several in the period from 1720 to 40. Most seem to have been stillborn, but William had an elder brother James who seems to have taken ver the father's business as glassier and had children in the 1740's/50's. And he had a sister, Elizabeth born 3 years later, perhaps the reason for naming his eldest child Elizabeth. This same William Cumming seems to have died young or left the area since no children of his were baptized there before 1756.

    Culloden is about 10 miles to the East of Inverness and William was nearing 17 at the time of the battle. A high spirited patriotic Scot so near the scene could hardly have resisted supporting Bonnie Prince Charlie. And even without participating in the battle his chances of being suspected of it after the battle by the victorious forces of King George II are rather great. Some innocent youths may have been captured and deported too.

    Cu9-1 James Cumming b about 1722 Inverness m and had issue
    Cu9 William Cumming, Birth: 1729; baptized 3 Jul 1729 St Andrews Inverness, Highlands, Scotland, Death: 1793 Place: Linganore Hills, Fred., Md. Death: Mar 1793 Place: at home in Lingamore Hills. DAR Library. Letters from Montgomery Cumming to Allen Dorsey, 1903, 1904, in Genealogy and History of These Families: William Cumming, Dorsey, Black, Weisel by Edith L Burrell, Findlay OH. ?One of Our Ancestors in Culloden Battle,? by IN Heminger, Findlay (OH) Republican-Courier, undated. DAR Lineage Book, Vol 20, p 39: private in the MD line, received a land grant for service. Private, 7th MD Regiment, enlisted Apr 23 1778, discharged Nov. 1, 1780. DAR Supplemental application, Edith Burrell, #247303, approved Sep 30 1937. Will, Frederick Co MD, Docket G-M-2-folio, p 466-469. Dated 3 Dec 1790. Codicil dated 8 Jan 1793. Will proved 1 Apr 1793. The will mentions daughters Anna Cumming, Elizabeth Hobbs, Sarah Dorsey, Jean/Jane Michaelfish/Mackelfresh/McIlfresh, and Catherine Simpson, and sons Robert and Thomas Cumming. Account of the estate made by Jane McIlfresh, 11 Oct 1797. per: Montgomery Cumming, Washington, D.C. 1905: William Cumming. "Born near Inverness about 1725, made a prisoner at the battle of Culloden, reached Maryland the year thereafter, married Sarah Coppage, of an old Eastern Shore family, who died in 1765, became a large landed proprietor in Frederick County, and died near the end of March, 1793, at his home in the Linganore Hills."
    m Sarah Coppage probably 1750 in Maryland. Virkus, Vol 1, p 909. ?Table of the Descendants of William Cumming,? DAR Library. Letters from Montgomery Cumming to Allen Dorsey, 1903, 1904, in Genealogy and History of These Families: William Cumming, Dorsey, Black, Weisel by Edith L Burrell, Findlay OH. Miss Burrell states that Sarah Coppage of an old Eastern-shore MD family. Mitochondrial HVR1 Mutations 16295T and 16519C transmittable in the maternal line H haplotye. Mitosearch with these mutations
    Cu8-1 Anna Cumming b 1751 d 1813
    Cu8 Elizabeth Cumming, b. 15 Oct 1752; d. 29 Mar 1836, in Anchorage, Kentucky.
    m1 ,Nicholas Hobbs (Ho8)
    m2 John? Campbell
    Ho7 Sarah Hobbs, b 03 Jul 1769; d. 19 Sep 1829;
    m SAMUEL Lawrence, 29 Jun
    1790; b. 28 Sep 1764, Maryland; d. 17 Sep 1822, Jefferson County Kentucky. son of Benjamin Lawrence (La8) and Urith Owings (Ow8).
    La6 La6 Urith Owings Lawrence (1791 - 1854). Died: 1854, January 2, Jefferson County, Kentucky. Buried in Brown Grave Yard, in Browns Lane, above St. Matthews, Kentucky. Sources:: Copy of Lawrence Bible at Filson Club, Louisville Ky..
    m James Brown III. (Br6)
    La5 Sarah Lawrence Brown b. July 12, 1810 - 1884, February 22. Buried in Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville, Kentucky Will approved 3rd March 1884. Sarah Lawrence Brown (Br5) survived her husband Patrick Henry Pope (Po5) by a number of years.
    m Patrick Henry Pope (Po5) , Ju1y 19,1827 to US Congressman
    Po4-1 Elizabeth Thruston Pope (twin 1828-1883), married Dr. Thomas Galt
    Po4-2 Urath Lawrence Pope (twin 1828-1884), married I. Fry Lawrence
    Po4-3 James Brown Pope (1830-?) ¬
    Po4-4 Ellen E. Pope (1831 ? - ?), married Dr. John Thruston
    Po4-5 Mary Emmeline Pope (1832 ¬-?)
    Po4-6 Worden Pope (1836 - ? )
    Po4 Po4 Mary Ann Pope (1838 - 1897) Died 1897, June 7, Shelby County, Kentucky at Fairview. Buried; in Grove Hill Cemetery, Shelby County, Kentucky.

    She lived in Jefferson County Kentucky, in Louisville and later in Shelbyville, Kentucky. She was a woman of strong mind and more than average intelligence (as characterized in Evelyn Thomas Nicholas's notes).

    m George Nicholas (Ni4) 29 January 1857 in Louisville, Kentucky, to .
    Ni3-2 Samuel Smith Nicholas (16 March 1862- 14 April 1864)
    Ni3-3 Mary Emeline Nicholas (7 Sept 1863 - 8 Sept.1863)
    Ni3-4 Worden Pope Nicholas (1864-1942) who had issue
    Ni3-5 George Nicholas (1866-1926) who married Evelyn Belle Thompson in Shelbyville, Ky., who compiled the extensive genealogical notes on which this part of the genealogy is based. They had 3 sons and a daughter.
    Ni3-6 Sarah Lawrence Nicholas (16 June 1868- 13 June 1935 in Camrose Alta, Canada, bur. in Edna Texas)
    Ni3-7 Ni3-7 Patrick Pope Nicholas (1869-1941)
    Ni3-8 Thomas Prather Nicholas (4 March 1872- 30 Sept. 1942) married 29 Dec. 1897 Deborah Shannon
    Ni3-9 Lawrence Nicholas (19 March 1874-June 1942)
    Ni3-10 Cary Nicholas (1876-1897)
    Ni3 Ni3 Matilda Prather Nicholas (1878-1954 ) married Dr Thomas Eugene Bland
    Ni3-12 Mary Anna Nicholas (1880-1915)
    Ni3-13 Samuel Smith Nicholas (1881-1927)
    Po4-8 Alfred T. Pope, died young. (1840 ¬-?)
    La6-2 Elizabeth C. Brown
    La6-3 Samuel L. Brown
    La6-4 Caroline Brown
    La6-5 Alfred Brown
    La6-6 Mary Ann Brown
    La6-7 Theodore Brown
    La6-8 Emeline Brown
    La6-9 James L. Brown
    La6-10 Francis C. Brown
    La6-11 Arthur Brown
    La6-2 Benjamin I Lawrence (1793-1794).
    La6-3 Benjamin II Lawrence (1795-1874).
    La6-4 Elhannon or Elbannon Lawrence (1797-1798).
    La6-5 Elias Dorsey Lawrence (1799-1828).
    La6-6 Washington Lawrence (1800-1S01).
    Ho7-2 Deborah ?Anna Hobbs
    Ho7-3 William Cumming Hobbs, m. Christina Schnertzell.
    Ho7-4 Brice Hobbs, m. Anna.
    Ho7-5 Rachel Hobbs, m. (1) William Dorsey; m. (2) Lander Grimes.
    Ho7-6 Rhesa Hobbs.
    Ho7-7 Ezra Hobbs.
    Ho7-8 Upton S. Hobbs.
    Ho7-9 Mary E. Hobbs, m. Samuel R. Hobbs.
    Ho7-10 Basil Nicholas Hobbs, b. 1786; d. 1837 d AFT 1870 in Galveston, Texas
    m. Mary Ann "Polly" Dorsey; Do11-4-1-2-3-4-1 b 1791 d 1833
    -1 Susan Evaline Hobbs b: 18 JUN 1809 in Kentucky.
    Census 1850 - District 78, St Charles, Missouri
    Alfred Luckett - 49 - farmer - $5,000 - Va.
    Susan E. - 41 - KY
    Emeline - 20 "
    Basil - 18 " - deputy sheriff
    Ed - 17 "
    Alfred - 13
    Wm. - 11
    Ludwell - 9
    Thomas - 7
    Humphrey - 4
    Henry - 2
    1860 - District 2, Jefferson, Kentucky
    Susan E. Luckett - 49 - $8,000 + $25,000 - b. KY
    Eveline H. - 26
    Ludwell D. - 18
    Thomas D. - 16
    Powell H. - 14 - Missouri
    Henry H. - 12 "
    Louisa - 8 "
    Susan Luckett owns 9 slaves
    1870 - Galveston Ward 2, Galveston, Texas (may be running boarding house)
    Susan Luckett - 65 - keeping house - b. KY
    Emeline - 40 - KY
    John - 36 - clerk in store - KY
    Alfred - 34 " "
    Maggie - 34 Ala
    Lou S. - 18 - fe MO
    other family
    Ho7-11 Harriot L. Hobbs
    m Benjamin Head.
    Ho7-12 Elizabeth C. Hobbs, m. Peter Crapster, Abt. 1805; b. 1785; d. 11 Apr 1849.
    Ho7-13 ANN HOBBS.
    Cu8-3 (Cu8-3) Major General Robert Cumming, b. 1754; d. 14 Nov 1825.
    m Mary Allan Coates
    Cu8-3-1 William B.4 Cumming.
    Cu8-3-2 David A. Cumming, m. (1) Ruth Hunter, first; m. (2) Anna Maria Exceen
    Cu8-3-3 JOHN Cumming, m. ANN LOUISA SPURRIER.
    Cu8-3-4 Thomas Cumming.
    Cu8-3-5 Robert Cumming.
    Cu8-3-6 Mary Cumming, b. 1787; m. THOMAS Hammond, 11 Mar 1814, Frederick Co., VA; b. 22 Jan 1790, Frederick Co., MD. Either Mary Cumming did not die in 1818 or Thomas Hammond remarried and wife is unknown.
    Cu8-4 Sarah Cumming, b. Abt. 1754, Frederick Co., MD; d. 1811, KY.
    m c 1777 EDWARD Dorsey Do11-4-1-2-2-2-1 b c 1750 d 1825. Notes for EDWARD Dorsey: Moved to KY ca 1796. Washington Co KY Deeds, 1, f 181; f 424. Genealogy and History of These Families: William Cumming, Dorsey, Black, Weisel by Edith L Burrell, Findlay OH.: At this generation, we leave the well-trod grounds of early Dorsey generations and reach a family not included in Dorsey-Nimmo. Burrell gives as reference for Edward?s parentage and marriage Anne Arundel Gentry by Harry Wright Newman, 1933, p 89. This book has the unfortunate statement that ?Edward Dorsey married Sarah, dau. of William and Sarah (Coppage) Cummings [sic], removed from MD and d.s.p.? Edward received ?Hawknest? in his father?s will. Need to check: "Washington Co, Kentucky Bicentennial History", p 263.
    +1 EDWARD Dorsey Do11-4-1-2-2 b c 1725 in Anne Arundel Co MD d 1782 in Baltimore Co., Md or AFT 1788
    m DEBORAH MACCUBBIN b c 1729 in Anne Arundel Co Md 8 JUN 1745 in Rev. West, St. Pauls, Baltimore, MD
    +2 Edward Dorsey Do11-4-1-2 b c 1701 in Anne Arundel County, MD 11 NOV 1767 in Anne Arundel County, MD Note: Inherited from his grandfather in 1717 Dorsey's Adventure and Whitaker's Purchase
    m Sarah Todd b c 1705
    +2 Zachariah Maccubbin b 11 Jul 1712 St Anne Parish AA Co MD d 30 Jan 1791 Baltimore
    m Sarah Norwood
    +3 Edward Dorsey Do11-4-1 b c 1677 in Anne Arundel, MD d 1701 Anne Arundel Co MD
    m 1693/?9 Ruth Katherine Hill b c 1674 in Anne Arundel Co MD
    +3 Lancelot Todd b 1674 in Anne Arundel, MD and Elizabeth Rockhold b 1692 in Baltimore Co MD
    +3 John Maccubbin
    m Susanna Deborah Howard
    +4 John Dorsey b c 1658 d. 22 March 1714/5 d 21 JUN 1688 in will probated Anne Arundel Co MD
    m Pleasance Ely
    +4 Richard Hill b 14 SEP 1634 in London, England
    m Milcah Clarkson b c 1639
    +4 John Maccubbin
    m Eleanor Darnall
    +4 Samuel Howard
    m Catherine Warner
    +5 Edward Dorsey b 1619, probably in Ireland or England, immigrated about 1642 to Virginia, d 2 Aug 1659, drowned near the Isle of Kent, Anne Arundel Co MD at age 40. 15 Dec 1642 - Cornelius Lloyd received a grant of land for bringing 60 persons to the colony and Edward Dorsey was among them.
    m 1638 Anne ?HOWARD b c 1625 d after 26 Sep 1694 in Annapolis, MD
    +6 Matthew HOWARD b 19 Jun 1609 in England
    m Anne Hall b c 1610 in England
    Cu8-4-1 WILLIAM Cumming Dorsey, b. Abt. 1776, MD; d. 23 Apr 1830, Somerset Co., PA * Note: His parents moved to KY ca 1796; en route this son William met a girl, married and stayed in PA
    m c 1800 in PA MARY BLACK b c 1779 PA d 31 Aug 1840, Somerset Co PA
    Cu8-4-1-1 James Black Dorsey b: 9 DEC 1800
    Cu8-4-1-2 David Dorsey b: 11 DEC 1800 in Somerset Co PA
    Cu8-4-1-3 Elizabeth Dorsey b: ca 1800-1806
    Cu8-4-1-4 William Cummings Dorsey b: 14 MAY 1804
    Cu8-4-1-5 Edward Dorsey b: ABT 1806 in PA
    Cu8-4-1-6 Jane Dorsey b: 15 APR 1808
    Cu8-4-1-7 Henry Dorsey b: ABT 1810
    Cu8-4-1-8 Cordelia Dorsey b: ABT 1812
    Cu8-4-1-9 Lloyd Dorsey b 12 MAR 1813 in Somerset Co PA
    Cu8-4-1-10 Sarah Dorsey b 28 JUL 1814
    Cu8-4-1-11 Lewis Dorsey b say 1816
    Cu8-4-1-12 (infant son) Dorsey b 1800-1820
    Cu8-4-2 DEBORAH Dorsey b c 1777 Frederick Co MD d c 1825 m1 JOHN WELCH, d. Bef. 1825 m2 y LARUE, m3 HUGH MCELROY, JR., 21 Oct 1797, first, Washington Co., KY d c 1816, Washington Co KY.
    Cu8-4-3 ROBERT Dorsey, b. 1795, Frederick Co., MD d. 1845; m. PHEBE MYERS, 20 Apr 1825.
    Cu8-4-4 RICHARD Dorsey b 1784 m LUCY JEFFRIES, 10 Sep 1808, Washington Co., KY; b c 1791 VA d 05 Mar 1871, Washington Co KY
    Cu8-4-5 THOMAS Dorsey, b. Abt. 1782, Frederick Co., MD m AMELIA GLOVER, KY.
    Cu8-4-6 JOHNSA Dorsey b 1786 m REBECCA SILVERS, 17 Nov 1807, Washington Co., KY; d. Bef. 1840.
    Cu8-4-7 ANNIE Dorsey, b. 01 Aug 1793, Frederick Co., MD; d. 18 Jul 1860, Hardin Co., KY;
    m. JOHN H. GEOGHEGAN, 07 Oct 1809, Washington Co., KY; b. 06 Feb 1782, Baltimore Co., MD; d. 11 Jan 1854, Hardin Co., KY. son of Ambrose Geoghegan b 30 Mar 1753 Dblin Ireland/Md and Margaret Sellman. Haycraft's History of Elizabethtown page 128 "John H Geoghegan, the last and youngest son of A.D.Geoghegan,Sr.,inherited the old homestead, Hynes' Station, and lived there until he died, on the 11 day of January, 1854, aged 75 years. He was a correct, upright citizen of regular habits.He was rather peculiar in his habits and manner of life; wrote a beautiful hand, and took note of all passing events that he deemed worthy of remembering; was fond of a gun; kept a good one, and by the way of recreation, made havoc of small game, but was too systematic to let it interfere with his business, which was that of farming and he was a model farmer. He reared a considerable family--six sons and 2 daughters. His house and his hand were open to his relations and friends. He raised his sons to work, and in their younger days worked side by side with his colored servants. He was a kind master and provided bountifully for their wants, and allowed them great privileges. He gave his sons as good an education as the country afforded."
    Cu8-4-7-1 Dr. Thomas D. Geoghegan,b 1811
    Cu8-4-7-1 Dr. Thomas D. Geoghegan,b 1849
    Cu8-4-7-2 Dr. Ambrose E Geoghegan,
    Cu8-4-7-3 Dr. Denton Geoghegan,
    Cu8-4-7-4 Robert D. Geoghegan,
    Cu8-4-7-5 John H. Geoghegan
    Cu8-4-7-6 William S. Geoghegan.
    Cu8-4-7-7+ two daughters
    Cu8-5 Jane Cumming, b. Abt. 1756; d. Abt. 1838.
    m JOHN McElfresh, JR. Abt. 17 Mar 1780, son of JOHN McElfresh and RACHEL Hammond. He was born Abt. 1760 in Frederick Co., MD, and died Bef. 1799.
    Cu8-5-1 LLOYD McElfresh.
    Cu8-5-2 SARAH McElfresh.
    Cu8-5-3 JOHN McElfresh.
    Cu8-5-4 Ann Cumming McElfresh, b. 06 Jan 1787, MD; d. 10 Apr 1856, OH;
    m1 NICHOLAS HALL, Bet. 09 - 13 Sep 1805, Frederick Co., MD; b. 21 Feb 1784, MD; d. 22 Feb 1817, MD;
    m2 DAVID SCOTT, 16 May 1820, Baltimore, MD; b. 12 Oct 1782, Ireland; d. 10 Jan 1853, OH.
    Notes for DAVID SCOTT:
    Timeline for David Scott
    10-12-1782 Born in Ireland, son of James Scott and Sarah Bell Carpenter, Armagh Co.
    5-2-1786 Anthony Chambers & Brown – deed for 21 acres in Tanderagee
    27.9.1790 Will of Anthony Chambers (Will Index, Dublin Public Records, Armagh, p.34, 252)
    Nov. 1804 Lease for land from Arthur Noble (Castleblaney, County Monaghan) to William Hardy (Margaret.’s uncle)
    4-13-1809 Marriage to Margaret Chambers, daughter of Mary Hardy Chambers Kerr and Anthony Chambers of the city of Armagh
    3-23-10 Son William Chambers Scott born and baptized 4-13-10
    5-4-11 David & Margaret sail from Belfast on the schooner Africa for America 6-9-11 Arrive in New York, then go to New Jersey
    8-30-11 Newlyweds borrow 157 pounds from Uncle William Hardy & he’s to collect rent on Tanderagee property till debt is paid
    9-1-12 Daughter Mary Jane is born and baptized 12-13-1812
    5-20-18 Margaret dies in Baltimore, after giving birth to David Bell (3-23-18) 1-29-1819 Commissioner David (et al) submit report to Maryland Governor re. The building of the Washington and Baltimore Turnpike Road
    5-18-1820 David marries Ann Cummings Mackelfrish Hale in (Baltimore ) Maryland 1826 David becomes a US citizen. About this time in Belmont County, Ohio 1830 . Family in Zanesville, Ohio (Muskingham County, census)
    3-18-1830 Mary Jane marries in Presbyterian Church, Zanesville`
    1831 David tries to get back rent on Tanderagee property with help of brother James
    5-7-1846 David goes to Ireland March 1847 David received $2,660.75 in settlement, with balance of $2071.03 to be Divided among 3 children (Highland County Ohio Court case 10-12-49) April 29, 1947 David leases land to Fenisc for farming August 1847 David returns from Ireland July 3, 1848 William Smyth, son-in-law and coworker of David’s, dies in bridge Accident, Urbana ,Illinois
    3-6-1849 William buys brother David Bell’s share of the real estate and, therefore wants 2/3 of the $6,500. With no answer from his father, David, he sues him. 1845+-1855 Tax records show David “living” in Dodson Township, Highland County, Ohio 1848 Daughter Mary Jane moves close to David & Ann in Dodson Twp., Highland County, Ohio. Her twins born that December in Hillsboro.
    1-10-1853 David dies (Bible says both “ 1853, aged 73” and “1857, aged 76” (crossed through) (Kerry Smyth reports in that he died 1-10-59
    4-10-1856 Ann C. Scott died (Bible says, at age of 69)
    4-25-1857 Memorial of an indenture of assignment, signed by 3 children of David (sold land to William Fenix?) 5-8-57 Son William C. Scott dies, (Bible says aged 47, ) 11-11-1857 Registry of Deeds, Armagh City, says David is deceased James Scott (David’s eldest by Ann) of Delaware City witnessed William Herd (Delaware City, Delaware State, New Castle County, also noted on deed (attorney?) 1861 Mary Jane’s daughter, Mary Jane, marries in Highland Co. 1865 Mary Jane has boarding house in Cincinnati
    Cu8-5-5 Rachel H. McElfresh.
    Cu8-6 Catherine Cumming, b. 1763 MD d 1871 NC
    m Richard Simpson, JR..
    Cu8-6-1 Sarah Simpson
    Cu8-6-2 Catherine Simpson b 1813 NC d 16 Jan 1869 TN m Lewis Carden b Siloam Springs Surry NC d 26 Sep 1887 Manchester Coffee TN -1 William Columbus Carden b 14 Feb 1840 Manchester d 24 Mar 1890 Capell Valley Napa CA m Mary Windham b 1850 d 1911 -1-1 Leander Columbus Carden b 17 Aug 1871 Rocky Ford AL d 29 May 1933 Oakland CA m Lillian Rowley b 1876 d 1935 -1-1-1 Merle Carden b 1898 d 1960 m Maren Hansen b 1907 d 1979
    Cu8-7 Thomas Cumming, b. 30 May 1765; d. 05 Mar 1834. He was Mayor of Augusta, GA.
    m c 1787 Ann CLAY b16 Oct 1767, and died 01 Feb 1849
    Cu8-7-1 WILLIAM CLAY Cumming b. 27 Jul 1788; d. 18 Feb 1863, GA. He graduated from the College of New Jersey at Princeton and studied law at Gould's Law School, Litchfield, Connecticut. Colonel in the War of 1812. The town of Cumming, GA is named for him.
    Cu8-7-2 Joseph Cumming, b. 06 Sep 1790; d. 05 Dec 1846
    m1 Caroline Auze'
    m2 Bef. 1820, MATILDA ANN POE, first b Abt. 1795 d Abt. 1827 + 7 ch
    m3 SUSAN JONES MAXWELL, Abt. 21 Nov 1838, Third. The notes for Susan Mary Jones, show birthdate of 22 Oct 1803 in Liberty County, GA and marriage to Joseph Cumming on 21 Nove 1838 in Liberty County, GA. Also that Susan Mary Jones died on 16 Sept 1890 in Marietta, GA
    Cu8-7-2-1 Thomas Cumming
    Cu8-7-2-2 Frances Ann Cumming
    Cu8-7-2-3 William Henry Cumming b 1821
    m Elizabeth Reid McDowell b 1821
    -1 Edward H Delavan Cumming b c 1850
    -2 Montgomery Cumming
    -3 Annie Clay Cumming
    -4 Wallace Cumming
    -5 Susan Stewart Cumming
    -6 William H Cumming Jr b 26 May 1864 Savannah GA ?= Rev Presbyterian Church Winchester KY from 1899 until 1919 m Illa x
    -7 Charles Stewart Cumming
    -8 Robert Alexander Cumming
    -9 Elizabeth Reid Cumming
    -10 Mary Nisbet Cumming
    -6?-1 Rev Bruce Alexander Cumming b 1899 Baltimore d Jan 1988 Orlando FL
    -6?-2 Lucy Cumming
    -6-1-1 Laura Virginia Cumming m y Tester
    -6-1-2 Ponte Vedra Cumming m y Beach
    -6-1-3 Mary Cumming m y Jakway
    -6-1-4 Cutler Ridge Cumming b c 1925

    -6-1-4-1 Edris Cumming m Dirk Mantenga
    Cu8-7-2-4 Mary Cuthbert Cumming b 1822 m Thomas Cooper Nisbet
    Cu8-7-2-5 Montgomery Cumming b Jul 1824 d 23 Jun 1870
    m m Rosalie Wade -1 Montgomery Cumming (Author of pedigree that connects with mine which had not included this generation before.)
    Cu8-7-2-6 Wallace Cumming b 16 Mar 1827 d 6 Feb 1877
    m Harriet Alexander
    Cu8-7-2-7 Carolyn Joseph Cumming d y
    Cu8-7-3 Thomas Cumming, b. 20 Nov 1792 d unm
    Cu8-7-4 Robert Cumming, b. 15 Mar 1794 d unm
    Cu8-7-5 John Habersham Cumming, b. 07 Jan 1796; d. 17 Apr 1837.
    Cu8-7-6 Mary Cuthbert Cumming, b. 20 Dec 1797; d. 02 Nov 1876 Summerville, Richmond Co GA
    m Rev Samuel Stanhope Davis 5 Jan 1825 Augusta Richmond Co GA b. 12 Jul 1793, Ballston Center, Saratoga Co., NY d 21 Jun 1877 Summerville Richmond Co GA
    Cu8-7-7 Henry Harford Cumming b 15 Oct 1799, Augusta, Richmond Co GA d. 14 Apr 1866, Augusta, Richmond Co GA
    m 24 Feb 1824 JULIA ANN BRYAN b 1804 d May 1879 + 8 ch
    m Elizabeth Randall

    Brig. Gen. Alfred Cumming
    Cu8-7-7-2 Gen Alfred Cumming b 30 Jan 1829 d 5 Dec 1910 Rome GA CSA
    Cu8-7-7-7 Dr Hartford Montgomery Cumming

    Gov Alfred D Cumming
    Cu8-7-8 Gov Alfred D Cumming b 4 Sep 1802 mayor of Augusta GA Gov of Utah 1860
    Cu8-7-9 Ann Elizabeth Cumming no ch
    m Peter Smith.
    Cu8-7-10 Sarah Wallace Cumming d unm
    Cu9-3 Elizabeth Cumming bap 15 Oct 1730 St Andrews Inverness.
    George Cumming glassier in Inverness and _ McIntosh his spouse had a child baptized by Robert Jamieson called Elizabeth / William Cumming Surgeon & Robert Smith McIntosh.
    Cu10-2. William Cumming b about 1705 surgeon and apothecary Since a William C of this profession was obviously a witness and godparent in the above baptism for Elizabeth and had his own first child baptized a few years after this it is presumed he was the younger brother of George, the father of Elizabeth. There is a stillborn Cumming in June 1730, presumably not a child of George but of this William, his first apparent child.
    Cu10-2-1 Janet Cumming bap 13 Mar 1732 in St Andrews Inverness.
    William Cumming surgeon in Inverness & Mary Forbes his spouse had a child baptized by Mr. Mark Fraser called Janet w Robert Light of Altorlies Alex? Munro Fommisser George McEvan Mir & James Cumming of ?Dolobahage ??sta (this is more guessing than deciphering)
    Cu10-3. James Cumming b about 1710 Since a James C was obviously a witness and godparent in the above baptism for Janet and had his own first child baptized a few years after this it is presumed he was a younger brother of George, the father of Elizabeth, and William. There is a stillborn Cumming in June 1730, presumably not a child of George but of this William, his first apparent child.
    Cu10-? probably of this family and generation was:
    y Cummins b about 1750
    Cu?10-?-1 y Cummins b about 1785
    Cu?10-?-1-1 y Cummins b about 1815
    Cu?10-?-1-1-1 William H Cummins b 1858 Catskill Green Co NY d there 1882 -1 Nellie Cummins b 1879 Catskill d 1965 Essex Co NJ m Abraham Duryea -1-1 Rene Marion Duryeab b 1900 Hoboken NJ d Warwick NY m Eugene Everett Cook
    -1-1-1 Beulah Cook b 1921 NJ d 2003 m Clifford Lutter
    -1-1-1-1 David Lutter b c 1949, ancestor of DNA match
    -1-1-1-1-1 Jody Lutter b c 1980

    The catalogued British marriage and birth records show the following entries for Inverness county for the period from 1600 till 1800, but the line for the marriage William Cumming and Sarah Coppage is coded with a capital and small Greek delta and the event type has an S instead of an M and an approximate date and the register is coded FS instead of M. The capital delta means Entry altered from source and the small delta means relatives named in source. This could mean that Sarah Coppage herself had the entry altered, unless the FS indicates something else liking someone tampering with the Mormon files. If William was deported in 1745/6 as legend goes she may have needed marriage papers to be sent along, so if it had been a common law marriage she might have had to arrange this. The entries would have to be checked for her birth in the area to confirm this marriage and exclude other tampering. William's birth is another open question: Assuming he was born at least 15 years before the marriage and that he was not over 90 at his death in 1793 there are five possible christenings that could be his. Assuming further that our Elizabeth Cumming was named after his mother, three couples remain as possible parents and the other two entries would make him rather young for marrying in 1735. The name of a son is likely to be the same as his father's. On the other hand the birth dates for the children begin 5 years after the date of deportation and would be compatible with a period of indenture and a later marriage, unless children born before the Battle of Culloden remained in Scotland. This consideration makes a later birth and marriage seem more likely. With the eldest son named Robert, it seems more likely. But following the tradition that his father was David the earlier birth has been marked. The records should be checked for earlier births of other children in Scotland though.
    Name father / mother / spouse or relative Type Date town, parish source/sheet
    Villiam Cuming
    Vm. Cuming
    Magie Neindonchie
    William Cuing
    M 5Jun1610
    C 28Jun1612
    Inverness Inverness
    Inverness Inverness
    William Cuming
    William Cuing
    Christain Fraser
    James Cuing Nans Kar
    M 10Aug1794
    C 23Sep1613
    Inverness Inverness
    Inverness Inverness
    William Cuming
    William Cuming
    William Cuming
    David Cuming
    George Cuming/Lilias Kav
    Georg Cuming/Hanna McBaine
    C 20Nov1690
    C 31Jul1694
    C 23Oct1695
    Inverness Inverness
    Inverness Inverness
    Inverness Inverness
    William Cuming *
    William Cuming *
    David Cuming / Elliz. Huston
    Alexr. Cuming / Elizabeth Geddes
    C 23Mar1709
    C 10Oct1708
    Inverness Inverness
    Inverness Cromdale/Inverallen/Advie
    William Cuming *
    William Cuming *
    John Cuming / Elspet Grant
    William Cuming / Janet Grant
    C 2Dec1711
    C 24May1716
    Inverness Cromdale/Inverallen/Advie
    Inverness Cromdale/Inverallen/Advie
    William Cuming * James Cuming / Mary Glass C 26Jan1720 Inverness Cromdale/Inverallen/Advie C110932/1601
    William Cuming
    William Cuming #
    Cristan Grant
    Robt. Cumine / Jean Blair
    M 11Oct1720
    Inverness Cromdale/Inverallen/Advie
    Inverness Cromdale/Inverallen/Advie
    William Cuming
    William Cumming
    James Cuming
    George Cumming
    C 9Aug1726
    C 1729
    Inverness Petty
    Inverness Inverness
    William Cumine
    William Cumine
    Janet Grant
    Alexr. Cumine / Anne Stuart
    M 31Oct1730
    C 6Jun1734
    Moray, Abernathy/Kincardine
    Iverness Cromdale/Inverallen/Advie
    William Cumming
    William Cumine
    Dd spouse Sarah Coppage
    Alexr Comine /Isobel Grant
    S ABT 1735
    C 7Sept1735
    Inverness, Cromdale/Inverallen/Advie
    William Cummine Donal Cummine 7 Marjory Grant C 25 Aug1727 Moray, Abernathy/Kincardine C111242/0218
    William Cumming
    William Cumming
    Alexander Cumming / Mary MacPherson
    Alexander Cumming / Mary MacPherson
    C 5Jun1741
    Inverness / Alvie
    William Cuming
    William Cuming
    David Cuming / Mary McIntosh
    Margt Fraser
    Inverness Inverness
    Inverness Inverness
    William Cumming
    William Cumming
    William Cumming or More
    William Cumming / Mary Forbes
    Isabel McIntosh
    James Cumming or More / Elizabeth Grant
    C 17Jul 1749
    M 8 Mar 1756
    C 15Jan1760
    Inverness Inverness
    Inverness Inverness
    Inverness Kirkhill
    William Cumming James Cumming or More/Elizabeth Grant C 15Jan1761 Inverness Kirkhill C111032/0335
    William Cumming
    William Cumming
    Janet MacLeod
    William Cumming / Elspet McDonald
    M 17Dec1771
    Inverness Uruhart
    Inverness Uruhart
    William Cumming
    William Cumming

    Data from a list of probate entries at
    indicates a later date of death
    623. William Cumming deceased account of Jane McILFRESH executor. Paid Elizabeth HOBBS administrator of Nicholas HOBBS. 11 Oct 1797.

    William Cumming and Sarah Coppage had about six children that married and had further issue:
    (Cu8) Elizabeth Cumming
    The unsubstantiated family legend is that William Cumming fought as Lord Grant's chief piper at the Battle of Culloden and was deported as so many other supporters of Bonnie Prince Charlie. Also that he later became general, although the height of his militia career in Maryland seems to have been sergeant.

    The following is from Anne Arundel County Judgment Records 1703-1765 and shows that in June 1743 a certain William Cumming signed a petition for a number of slaves by the name of Fisher to be freed. (This seems incompatible with the above data and may be only a cousin of our William Cumming)

    14 June 1743

    p.7, present Judith Savoy for bastardy

    pp.11-12, "Ann Fisher, Robert Fisher, James Fisher, Richard Fisher, Mary Fisher, Frances Fisher, Edward Fisher, and Charles Fisher by William Cumming their attorney Preferred to the Court here the following petition vizt. To the Worshipfull his Lordship's Justices of Anne Arundel County Now in Court sitting. The petition of Ann Fisher, Robert Fisher, James Fisher, Richard Fisher, Mary Fisher, Frances Fisher, Edward Fisher, and Charles Fisher Humbly showeth that your petitioners are all the sons and Daughters of a Certain Mary Fisher of Ann Arundel County a free Woman and a slave that the afsd. Mary Fisher your Petitioner's Mother is the daughter of a certain Mary Molloyd Born in Ireland who came into this Province a servant for a term of years and served part of her servitude with Madam Vansweringen and the rest with Mr. Thomas Beale since Deceased. That during the last of the afsd. servitude the afsd. Mary Fisher your petitioner's Mother was born of the afsd. Mary Molloyd her Mother who then Declared and Charged a certain Peter an East India Indian who then lived with the Lord Baltimore in the City of St. Mary's to have been the Father and begetter of the afsd. Mary Fisher that the afsd. Mary Fisher for many years was unjustly Detained by John Beale of Ann Arundel County, Gentleman, son of the aforesaid Thomas Beale, a Slave, that during that time your Petitioners were born, and a certain Richard Fisher a Negro slave is said to be reputed Father to your Petitioner. That your Petitioners are advised that as their said Mother was the issue of a white Woman that by Law they are no slaves but are entitled to their freedom. But so it may please your Worships, your petitioner Ann Fisher by Thomas Gassaway of Baltimore County, Gentleman, upon petition of Robert Fisher, by Thomas Jennings of Anne Arundel County, Gentleman, your petitioner James Fisher by John Dorsey, son of Caleb Dorsey of Ann Arundel County aforesaid Gentleman, your petitioner Richard Fisher by Richard Dorsey of Anne Arundel County afsd. Gentleman, your petitioner, Mary Fisher by Richard Warfield Junr. of Anne Arundel County afsd. Gentleman, your petitioner Frances Fisher by Colonell Henry Ridgely of Anne Arundel County afsd., your petitioner Edward Fisher by Philip Hammond of the County afsd. Esquire, and your petitioner Charles Fisher by Elizabeth Beale of the County widow are all hindered of their liberty and are kept as slaves by the respective forementioned Persons. In order that your Petitioners May have a fair and impartial tryal and may be releived in all the singular the Premises according to law and Justice. May it Please your Worships to grant your Petitioners have that Summons's may issue to the afsd. Thomas Gassaway, Thomas Jennings, John Dorsey, Richard Dorsey, Richard Warfield, Junr., Colonell Henry Ridgely, Philip Hammond, and Elizabeth Beale to appear at a certain day to answer the premises and to stand and abide to such order and Decree as shall be made therein with the liberty to summons such evidences as your petitioners shall conceive materially to appear at a Certain day and your petitioners pray, etc. Signed William Cumming June 7, 1743.

    Which aforegoing Petition being read and heard the same is by the Court here rejected. Whereupon the said Petitioners by their attorney afsd. pray an appeal to the Provincial Court to be held in Annapolis the third Tuesday of October Next."

    25 August 1730


    warrant issue to the sheriff against Anthony Hill (a Mallatto man) said to belong to Capt. Richard Smith to answer for runaway time due from him to his said master Elizabeth Smith wife of said Richard, Quaker, said Anthony while servant six years last past unlawfully absented himself for six months. by his attorney William Cumming objected against any claim of servitude due from him alledging he was a Mallatto born of a white woman & that persons in his Circumstances ought not to serve for runaway time. considered by justices is not lyable to serve for any time he absented himself before his arrival at the age of 31 years ... seemeth to the same Justices that this is a Case ? out of the act of assembly relating to servants & slaves. It is ordered that a representation of it be laid before the assembly next sessions

    p.462 Process Lord Proprietary against Negro or Mallatto Frank be Struck off the Dockett


    Box: 22 Fold: 40 Revolutionary War
    1775 - 1805

    DESCRIPTION: Revolutionary War - letters by participants - 1775-1805. Correspondents include Col. Charles Read (1776), Samuel Forman (1776), Adam Babcock (1780), Nehemiah Hubbard (1782), A. Dunham (1782), Daniel Clymer (1783), Col. ? Cumming (1788), and John Dexter (1805).

    William Cumming Compact Disc #66 Pin #692412
    Sex: M
    Birth: 1725 Place: Inverness, Highland, Scotland
    Birth: 1725 Place:
    Death: 1793 Place: Linganore Hills, fred., Md
    Death: Mar 1793 Place: AT HOME IN LINGAMORE HILLS
    Father: David Cumming Disc #66 Pin #692988
    Spouse: Sarah Coppage Disc #66 Pin #692413

    Marriage: 1750 Place:
    Notes and Sources:
    Notes: Available on CD-ROM Disc# 66
    Sources: None
    William Bowyer HANDLEY
    Marriage: 1750

    David Cuming
    Male Family
    Birth: < 1682> <Inverness, Inverness, Scotland>
    Spouse: Elliz. Huston Family
    Marriage: < 1707> <Inverness, Inverness, Scotland>

    The History of Clan Cumming

    When William the Conqueror came to England he had a companion named Robert of Comyn, believed to have been so named from Comines in Flanders, whom he made Earl of Northumberland in 1069. When David I came to Scotland, Robert’s grandson Richard came with him, and was made Chancellor of Scotland in 1133.

    The speed with which the Comyns established themselves and their power is notable. They settled in Badenoch where the clan’s chiefs were known as Lords of Badenoch, ruling from the impregnable island castle in Lochindorb.

    Richard married Hexstilda of Tynedale, grand-daughter of King Donald Ban. Their son William became Earl of Buchan through marriage, and his son from a previous marriage became Earl of Menteith and Lord of Badenoch.

    When King David I’s line ended in 1286, the Comyns were the most powerful family in Scotland, and had claim to the empty throne on two counts. However the crown went to King John in 1292. He was the son of Devorguilla, David’s great-grand-daughter, and John Balliol, founder of Balliol College in Oxford and another of Scotland’s most powerful men.

    When King John was deposed the Balliols left Scotland and again the most powerful man in the country was a Comyn. Devorguilla’s grandson was known as ‘The Red Comyn’ and ruled with complete self-interest, sometimes fighting for Scotland and at other times for England.

    He represented the legitimate royal line and so Robert the Bruce stabbed him to death in the Church of the Minorite Friars at Dumfries in 1306. The following War of Independence saw Bruce become King the next month and the Comyns destroyed and powerless by 1308.

    The Red Comyn’s only son John died trying to avenge his father at Bannockburn. In that Dumfries church in 1306, Sir Robert, John’s uncle, was also murdered. He was not descended from Devorguilla and his descendants were not as persecuted as their cousins. This branch acquired Altyre in Moray and, using the spelling Cumming, it has remained the clan’s chief seat to this day.

    Descendants of Robert Comyn
    David Thaler
    10605 171st Ct. NE, Redmond WA 98052, (425) 869-3814
    Send questions and corrections to:

    HTML generated by Issue v1.3.3 on 24 April 2006
    From Thaler_export.ged

    Generation One
    1. ROBERT1 COMYN has an unknown birthdate.
    Child: + 2 i. JOHN COMYN2.
    Generation Two
    2. JOHN COMYN2 (Robert COMYN1), son of (1) Robert1 COMYN, has an unknown birthdate.
    Child: + 3 i. WILLIAM3 COMYN.
    Generation Three
    3. WILLIAM3 COMYN (John Comyn2, Robert COMYN1), son of (2) John Comyn2 _____, was born between 1011/7 and 1168/74, and died between 1066/72 and 1278/84.
    Child: + 4 i. RICHARD4, d. in 1176/82; m. (AJH-3) HEXTILDA OF TYNDALE.
    Generation Four
    4. RICHARD4 COMYN (William3, John Comyn2, Robert COMYN1), son of (3) William3 COMYN, was born between 1068 and 1162/8, and died in 1176/82[1]. He married (AJH-3) HEXTILDA OF TYNDALE, daughter of (AJH-2) Huctred and (E-12) Bethoc (of SCOTLAND) TYNDALE. [3, 12]
    Child: + 5 i. WILLIAM5, d. in 1233; m. (NR-2) SARAH FITZ HUGH.
    Generation Five
    5. WILLIAM5 COMYN (Richard4, William3, John Comyn2, Robert COMYN1), son of (4) Richard4 and (AJH-3) Hextilda (of TYNDALE) COMYN, was born between 1123 and 1183/9, and died in 1233[1]. He married (NR-2) SARAH FITZ HUGH, daughter of (NR-1) Robert FITZ HUGH, who died after 1204[1]. [2, 12]
    Child: + 6 i. RICHARD6, LORD OF BADENOCH, d. in 1244/9.
    Generation Six
    6. RICHARD6 COMYN, LORD OF BADENOCH (William5, Richard4, William3, John Comyn2, Robert COMYN1), son of (5) William5 and (NR-2) Sarah (FITZ HUGH) COMYN, was born between 1137 and 1228, and died in 1244/9[1]. [4]
    Child: + 7 i. SIR JOHN7, b. before 1242, d. after 1273; m. AMABILIA.
    Generation Seven
    7. SIR JOHN7 COMYN (Richard6, William5, Richard4, William3, John Comyn2, Robert COMYN1), son of (6) Richard6, Lord of Badenoch, was born before 1242[1], and died after 1273[1]. He married AMABILIA, who died after 1280[1]. [5]
    "The Red Comyn #1" [1]
    Child: + 8 i. JOHN8, BLACK COMYN, d. circa 1303; m. (CI-9) ALIANORA DE BALIOL.
    Generation Eight
    8. JOHN8 COMYN, BLACK COMYN (John7, Richard6, William5, Richard4, William3, John Comyn2, Robert COMYN1), son of (7) Sir John7 and Amabilia, was born between 1193 and 1292, and died circa 1303[1]. He married (CI-9) ALIANORA DE BALIOL, daughter of (CI-7) John and (OU-7) Devorguilla (of GALLOWAY), (Countess) BALIOL. [6, 9]
    "The Black Comyn," seen 1281, claimant of the Crown of Scotland on descent from Donald Bane. [1]
    Child: + 9 i. JOHN9, RED COMYN, d. on 10 Feb. 1306; m. (WS-20) JOAN DE VALENCE.
    Generation Nine
    9. JOHN9 COMYN, RED COMYN (John8, John7, Richard6, William5, Richard4, William3, John Comyn2, Robert COMYN1), son of (8) John8, Black Comyn and (CI-9) Alianora (de BALIOL), was born between 1244 and 1285, and died on 10 Feb. 1306[1]. He married (WS-20) JOAN DE VALENCE, daughter of (WS-17) Sir William and (ZW-2) Joan (de MUNCHENSI). [7, 10]
    Child: + 10 i. ELIZABETH10, b. on 1 Nov. 1299, d. on 20 Nov. 1372; m. (AHU-4) SIR RICHARD TALBOT.
    Generation Ten
    10. ELIZABETH10 COMYN (John9, John8, John7, Richard6, William5, Richard4, William3, John Comyn2, Robert COMYN1), daughter of (9) John9, Red Comyn and (WS-20) Joan (de VALENCE), was born on 1 Nov. 1299[1], and died on 20 Nov. 1372[1]. She married (AHU-4) SIR RICHARD TALBOT, son of (AHU-3) Gilbert and Anne (le BOTILER) TALBOT, who was born circa 1305[1], and died on 23 Oct. 1356[1]. [11, 8]
    Child: See (AHU-4) Sir Richard TALBOT

    The grandeur of solitude that surrounds ancient castles in the Highlands is awesome, writes Leonella Longmore, in her book Land of Castles, published by the Inverness Courier newspaper. The book is an introduction to 16 lesser-known yet fascinating strongholds within easy driving distance of the Highland capital - ruinous and surviving castles not on the usual tourist trail.
    One such stronghold is Lochindorp Castle, near Grantown on Spey, the 13th century island fortress-home of the "Celtic Attila", the Wolf of Badenoch. To get to the now-ruined castle means crossing the destitue landscape of Dava moor, until suddenly an expanse of water appears in the distance. In the middle of the loch is Lochindorp.

    The 13th century was a time when the Comyns (Cummings) ruled virtually supreme in the Highlands. They were said to be descended from Charlemagne, the de Comines came over with William the Conqueror, under whose influence they soon rose to power.

    In the year 1230, a Comyn is thought to have been residing at Lochindorp, with the castle dominating a large part of Moray as it guarded the passes and the routes to Inverness. The powerful family was hated and feared in Strathspey and Badenoch.

    But at the beginning of the 14th century, a John Comyn joined the Scots patriots in an effort to drive the English out of Scotland. But he picked the wrong time and chose to fight against the wrong king - Edward I, the Hammer of the Scots.

    Edward moved north with the object of destroying the power of the rebellious family and captured the castle. There, for a few weeks, he stayed to receive the homage of the warring chiefs - and also enjoyed the hunting available in the vast surrounding forests.

    The 19th century Elgin archaeologist and historian, Dr James Taylor, paints a picture of a king enjoying the delights of the banquet, feasting on the spoils of the hunt and surrounded by his nobles. And as the wine was passed around, minstrels sang of love, chivalry and war.

    "This idyllic 19th century idea of the Middle Ages omits to mention the barbarity that went hand in hand with the idealism of the age of chivalry," says Leonella Longmore. "For those keen enough to row ever to the island itself, a search for the Water Pit Vault in the west wall might reveal a more realistic appreciation of life in medieval Scotland."

    The Water Pit Vault descended to the level of the loch and had about three feet of water covering its paved bottom. Entry was by means of a narrow opening from an adjoining courtyard. Carousing spectators could look through a stone trapdoor and see the Pit's victims who had to be lowered down by means of a rope into the vault, there to stand, shiver and freeze thigh-deep in water - any other position leading to certain death by drowning.

    Alexander Stewart, the Wolf of Badenoch, became one of Lochindorb's most famous, or infamous, residents. He was the fourth son of King Robert II and was granted the Lordship of Badenoch, and with it the castle, in 1371. Some say he was called the Wolf because of the animal that adorned his heraldic crest - a fitting emblem for a medieval terrorist, says Leonella Longmore.

    She continues, "His wild exploits have fired the imagination of writers through the ages. Not all agree with the picture of the wolf as a 'half-human, half-bestial baron', depicted as being of huge stature, florid complexion and flowing jet black hair with beard to match. In usual epic fashion, he was always clad in bright armour, mounted on the obligatory black horse and surrounded by a bodyguard of well-armed spearman."

    The Wolf , apparently, never saw eye-to-eye with the Bishop of Moray over lands owned by the church, and the tensions came to a head when he ditched his wife, Euphemia, Countess of Ross, for a lady by the name of Mariota Athyn. The Bishop pronounced in favour of the Countess and ordered the Wolf's new love out of the castle. But the Wolf took this rebuke to heart and started plundering church lands, so the Bishop promptly excommunicated him. A luckless monk, sent to inform the Wolf, was thrown head first into the Water Pit Vault.

    The Wolf then went on the rampage and burnt the town of Forres. A few weeks later, he did the same to Elgin, destroying the town's beautiful cathedral and mansions belonging to the canons and chaplains, and which contained many priceless books, charters and documents.

    The castle's turbulent span came to an end, ironically, not long after the island fortress was strengthened, in 1455. The work was carried out by Archibald Douglas, Earl of Moray, who was later killed in battle when he raised the standard of rebellion against James II of Scotland. For James saw the strength - and the danger - which Lochindorb represented, and had it demolished.

    There are four listings for Cumming and one for Coppage at the Rose Hill Cemetery in Macon Georgia, and I remember some genealogical association with the Cummings in Georgia, so I presume that some of them left Maryland for Georgia about the time of the revolution.

Cu24. Robert Cumine (a 1305)
m. x Cumine (dau of _ Cumine of Lochaber)
Cu23 Thomas Cumming d temp David II who r. 1329-1371
m. Helen Arbuthnott (dau of Hugh, baron of Arbuthnott)
Cu22 Sir Richard Cumming (a 1368)
m Agnew Grant (dau of Sir John Grant of that ilk)
Cu21 Ferquhard Cumming of Altyr a 1384
m Janet Cameron (dau of John Cameron of Lochyell)

Eleanor Douglas b c 1385 d 1425
Cu20 Sir Thomas Cumming of Altyr b c 1380 a 1419
m Margaret Gordon
Cu19-1 James Cumming of Altyr dsp
m. Mary Gordon (dau of Sir Alexander Gordon of Midmar, son of Alexander, Earl of Huntly)
Cu19 Alexander Cumming of Altyr b c 1420
m Janet Fraser dau of
+1 Sir William Fraser of Philorth
m c 1404 Elinor Douglas b c 1385 d 1425
+2 Sir Alexander Fraser of Cowie and Durris b c 1339, 1st of Philorth, Sheriff of Aberdeen d by 1411
m1 1375 Joanna/Janet of Ross b c 1345 dau of->
+2? James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas
+3 Sir William Fraser of Cowie and Durris b c 1318, d Durham 1346
m Margaret Moray a 1364, dau of->
+3 William, 5th Earl of Ross, Lord of Skye
+3 William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas, Earl of Mar b c 1340 d 1384
m Margaret, Countess of Mar b c 1350, d by 19.10.1393, dau of->
+4 Sir Alexander Fraser of Touchfraser and Cowie, Sheriff of Stirling, Lord Chamberlain b c 1276 d Dupplin 1332§D
m 1316 Mary Bruce d 22.09.1323, dau of->
+4 Sir Andrew Moray of Bothwell
+4 Sir Archibald Douglas of Liddesdale, Cavers, etc. Regent of Scotland, b c 1297 d Halidon Hill 19.07.1333
m Beatrix de Lindsay d before 1352, dau of->
+4 Donald, 8th Earl of Mar
+5 Sir Andrew Fraser, younger of Touchfraser, Sheriff of Stirling dvp by 1306
+5 Sir Robert de Bruce, 6th Lord of Annandale
+5 Sir Alexander de Lindsay of Crawford
+6 Sir Richard Fraser of Touchfraser a 1307
+6 Reginald le Chen of Duffus
Cu18 Sir Thomas Cumming of Altyr b c 1460 a 1512
m Margaret Gordon b c 1465 dau of->
+1 Patrick Gordon of Methlick and Haddo)
m Margaret/Marion Ogilvie
+2 James Gordon of Methlic b c 1400
m Canea Harper b c 1400
+2 Sir James Ogilvey of Deskford and Findlater
m Margaret Innes, of Innas
Cu17 Alexander Cumming of Altyr b c 1500 d after 06.1550
m Janet Brown dau of George Brown of Coulston
Cu16-1 Robert Cumming of Altyr dsp
m x Forbes dau of _ Forbes of Tolquhoun
Cu16 Thomas Cumming of Altyr b c 1525 d before 1601)
m Margaret Gordon dau of Alexander Gordon of Strathavon
Cu16-3 Alexander Cumming
Cu18-2 Ferquhard Cumming ancestor of Cummings of Kellas, later Ferquhardsons
Cu15? possibly of this branch and family was:
x Cumming
m son Wade b 1490 ?=
Wa14 Armagil/Armigel Wade/Waad b 1514 in Kilnsey, near Coniston, Yorkshire d June 20, 1568 educated at Magdalen College, Oxford, degree 23 Jan 1531/2. In 1536 a voyager to Newfoundland aboard the ship "Minion" as recorded in Hore's "Voyages."
m1 Alice Patten b 1515 d 1568, dau of Richard Patten b 1490
m2 Anne Marbury wid of Edward Bradley d 1558 According to Waad's epitaph he had 20 children by his two wives, 14 of whom predeceased him. All his surviving children were from his first marriage
Wa13 William Wade b 1546 d 21 Oct 1623 m Anne Waller b 1571 d 1589 London dau of of Owen Waller b c 1540
Wa13-2 Thomas Wade, b 1547, who became "reader of the law"
Wa13-3 Joyce Wade b 1549
Wa13-4 Ann Wade b 1551.
Wa12-1 Jane Wade b 1595 Dublin IRE m Robert Ware b 1595
Wa12. Edward Wade b c 1611 London d 9 Nov 1675 Hampton Parish York Co Va believed to be the son of William Wade named above m 1635/?8 Jane Dorothy Maulson b 1615 Wilmington Parish York Va d 1675 New Kent Co Va
-1 Robert Ware
Wa11 EDWARD WADE II b c 1640 York Co Va d Bef. 1682 in York Co VA. m1 x + 2 ch m2 Aft. 1670 in Wilmington Parish James City Co MARY HAMPTON + 4 ch dau of THOMAS HAMPTON
Wa10-1 EDWARD WADE III b 1660 in Va, d in James City Co VA m ELIZABETH PASQUE, b 1660, d 28 Jun 1696 in Charles Parish, York Co VA dau of PETER PASQUE
Wa10-2 JAMES WADE SR b 1665/?7 New Kent Co VA d 1740 Hanover Co VA m1 1683 MARGARET ?Mosby b 1665 d 1700 + ?9 ch ?m2 Mary Hampton
Wa10-3 THOMAS WADE b c 1670
Wa10-4 Andrew Wade
Wa10 James Wade

Wa9 Joseph Wade b c 1690, James City Co Va lived Culpeper Co Va. and Orange Co NC. d between Jan and Mar 1757, Orange Co NC (son of Wa10 = either James Wade Wa10-2, Andrew Wade Wa10-4 below or Edward Wade Wa10-1 b about 1665 above) m Sarah Willis, dau of John Titus Willis and Sarah Willis
Wa8-1 Mary Willis WADE b 1723 d 1797 m John Dabney Strother
son of Francis Strother and Susannah Dabney granson of William Strother b c 1652 Richmond Co d 26 July 1726 Richmond Co and Margaret Thornton b 2 Apr 1678 (dau of Francis Thornton and Alice Savage)
Wa8-2 James Wade b c 1720
Wa8-3 Elizabeth WADE b Abt 1725 d after 1767 m Samuel TALLEY b Abt 1720 d 1791
Wa8-4 John WADE b Abt 1720/?7
Wa8-5 Susannah WADE b Abt 1729 d Aft 1767 m ?y HART b Abt 1720
Wa8-6 Lucy WADE b Abt 1733 d Aft 1767 m Joseph POWELL b Abt 1720 d Aft 1767
Wa8 Sarah WADE b Abt 1735 d Aft 1767 m about 1740 Rev. Peter Fontaine b Abt 1720
Fo7-3 Moses Fontaine b 1742 Va
Fo7-4 Sarah Fontaine b 1744 Charles City Co
Fo7-5 Elizabeth Fontaine b 1747 Va
Fo7 Aaron Fontaine b Nov 30, 1753 d 1823
Fo7-7 Abraham Fontaine b 1756
Fo7-8 JOSEPH FONTAINE b 1748, Westover, Charles City Co VA d 1 Sep 1813, Christian Co KY m 8 Feb 1813, Mecklenburg Co VA MARY GOODE b. Va d Va
Fo6-1 Peter Fontaine b Dec 15 1774 d 8 Apr 1813 m 30 Mar 1798 Catherine Taylor, she m2 John Nelson.
Fo6-2 James Terrell Fontaine b 1776, March 19 in Va. m 31 Mar 1799. Deborah Hobbs b 25 Jul 1778, d 4 Nov 1867) in Shelby Co Ky on March 31 bur Fontaine cemetery Brandenburg dau of Joseph Hobbs Ho8-2 and Ann Maynard grandau of John Hobbs Ho9 b 1712 Anne Arundel Co Mdand Elizabeth Brice The Hobbs family came from Md d 1840, 11 children. James T. Fontaine is bur Fontaine cemetery in Brandenburg Ky
Fo6.3 Mary Ann Fontaine b 1778, October 14
Married 1795, November 19 to Fortunatus Cosby, Louisa Co. These are ancestors of Wm. Frank Carpenter's and Nan Pope Smith, his wife's family.
Fo6 Matilda Fontaine b 18 Sep 1782 d 1850, Thanksgiving Day m 1800, February 12 to Thomas Prather III Pr7
Fo6-6 Martha Minor Fontaine (Patsy) b 1786, March 10 m 1806, October 4, to Alexander Pope Po7-2-3 b about 1772 in Va Ancestors of the Humphrey family.. Source:
Fo6-7 Sarah Fontaine b 1787, March 17 m 1810, April 16, to Gov. George Rogers Clark Floyd
Fo6-8 Maria Merwin Fontaine b 1789, February 16 m 1810, June 24 to Sterling Grimes of Greensboro Georgia
Fo6-9 America Fontaine b 1791, March 10 m 1809 Jan10 to William Vernon of Newport, Rhode Island. Ancestors of Mrs. Hutley, Mrs. Robertson, Mrs. Barr etc.
Fo6-10 William Maury Fontaine b 1793, January 16
Fo6-11 Barbara Carr Fontaine b 17 Dec 1794 d 15 Jan 1829 m1 1819, May 1st to Charles S. Cosby of Baton Rouge. Louisiana. m2 1827, October 22 to John W. Sanders.

Fo6-12 Ann Overton Fontaine b 1796, April 19 d 13 Aug 1819 m 1811, June 16 to John Jeremiah Jacob Ancestors of Dr. Curran Pope and Donald Jacob of Louisville, Ky

By his second wife Elizabeth Thruston Whiting Thruston Wh7
Fo6-13 Alexander Madison Fontaine b 1806 m Marion nevin on 18 Mar. 1835
Fo6-14 Henry Whiting Fontaine b 1807 d 1839 m Sarah Elizabeth Bryson on 8 July 1834 in Louisville Ky
Fo6-15 Emmeline/?Evaline? Fontaine b 5 Sept. 1809 - ) m Patrick DILLON on 1 Jul 1830 in Louisville, Jefferson Co KY.
Fo6-16 Aaron Benjamin Fontaine, Jr. b 4 Sept.1811 d 1902 m Mary ELLIOTT b 1813 in Dublin, Ireland d 24 Apr 1904

Cu19-3 John Cumming
(A) John Cumming of Ernside (a 1509) had issue
A site visitor (RS, 20.01.04), after looking into the International Genealogy Index, suggested the following connection ...
Cu19-4 daughter Cumming (Fair Maid of Moray')
m c 1434 Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Huntly (d 15.07.1470)
Cu20-2 John Cumming
Cu20-2-1 Jordon Cumming of Inneralachie (a 1475) had issue
Cu21-2 Duncan Cumming of Lochtervandich (d after 1389)
m. _ Macintosh (dau of William Macintosh of that ilk)
Cu21-2-1 Ferquhard Cumming of Lochtervandich (d 1406)
m. _ (dau of Earl of Mar)
(1) Robert Cumming of Lochtervandich
m. _ Gordon (dau of _ Gordon of Invercurroch)
(A) Alexander Cumming of Lochtervandich
m. _ (dau of laird of Benwall)
(i) Ferquhard Cumming of Lochtervandich
m. _ Leslie (dau of Walter Leslie of Kininvie)
(a) George Cumming of Lochtervandich (d before 1567) m1. Margaret Grant (niece of the baron of Freuchie)
((1)) Duncan Cumming of Lochtervandich (dsp)
((2)) George Cumming of Lochtervandich, Provost of Elgin (d before 1649)
m. Marjory Leslie (dau of William Leslie of family of Kininvie)
m2. _ Gordon (dau of Thomas Gordon of Davin, son of laird of Haddo)
((3)) William Cumming in Mortlach
((A)) William Cumming (clergyman)
((4)) Robert Cumming in Mortlach, later of Raclatich
(b)+ other issue - John in Banff (had issue), Robert (dsp), 7 daughters
(ii) son in Kinloss had issue
B.+ other issue - Ferquhard, Robert

Cu16. Thomas Cumming of Altyr d before 1601)
m Margaret Gordon dau of->
+1 Alexander Gordon of Strathavon
Cu15-1. Alexander Cumming of Altyr (dsp before 1601)
Cu15-2. David Cumming (dsp)
Cu15 James Cumming of Altyr (d c1610
m. Margaret Gordon (dau of Sir Thomas Gordon of Clunie)
Cu14 James Cumming of Altyr b c 1570 d after 1624
m. Margaret or Mary Fraser (dau of Hugh Fraser, Lord of Lovat)
Cu13 Robert Cumming of Altyr b c 1600 d c 1655
m. (1625) Isabel Innes (dau of Sir Robert Innes of Balveny)
Cu12 Robert Cumming of Altyr b c 1635 a 1662
m1 (sp) Jean Burnett (dau of Sir Thomas Burnett of Leys, 1st Bart)
m2 Lucy Gordon Go12 dau of Through this marriage later came the estate of Gordonstoun. +1 +1 Sir Ludovick Gordon Go13, Bart of Gordonstoun
m1 02.01.1644 Elizabeth Farquhar b c 1625 d 1661, dau of->
+2 Sir Robert Gordon Go14, 1st Bart of Gordonstoun b 14.05.1580, d 03.1653, 4th son
m 16.02.1613 Louisa Gordon b c 1590 d 09.1680, dau of->
+2 Sir Robert Farquhar
+3 Alexander Gordon Go15, 12th Earl of Sutherland b 1552, d 06.12.1594
m1 c 1567, div 30.06.1572 Barbara Sinclair b c1535, d c1573, dau of->
+3 John Gordon of Glenluce, Lord of Longormes
+4 John Gordon Go16, 11th Earl of Sutherland b 1525, d 23.06.1567
m2 c 6.8.1548 Helenor Stuart d c11.1564, dau of->
+4 George Sinclair, 4th Earl of Caithness
+5 Alexander Gordon Go17, Master of Sutherland b c1501, dvp 15.01.1529-30
m Janet Stewart St17 b 1500, dau of->
+5 John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Lennox
+6 Adam Gordon Go18, Lord of Aboyne, 'Earl of Sutherland' d 17.03.1537-8
m 1500 Elizabeth, Countess of Sutherland d 09.1535, dau of John, 8th Earl of Sutherland
+6 John Stewart, 2nd Earl of Atholl
m Janet Campbell d c 02.02.1545-6, dau of Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll
Cu11 Alexander Cumming of Altyr b c 1660
m 1694 Elizabeth Brodie b 1663 dau of->
+1 James Brodie of that ilk 1st Marquis of Lothian b 1637 d 1708
m 1659 Mary Kerr b 1640 d 1708
+2 Alexander Brodie "the good" 15th Thane b 1617 d 1679 Law Lord JP, covenanter, diarist
m Elizabeth Innes of Innes d 1640
+2 y Kerr
+3 David Brodie 14th Thane b 1586 d 1632
m Katherine Dunbar
+3 Sir James Innes of Innes Baronet
m Grizel Stewart
+4 David Brodie 13th Thane b 1553 d 1627
m Janet Hay of Park and Lochloy d 1607
+4 Thomas Dunbar of Grange Ean of Moray
m Grizel Crichton sis of James "the admirable" Crichton
+4 "the bonnie" Earl of Moray
+5 John Hay Baron of Park, Baron of Lochloy
m Janet Sutherland of Duffus
+6 Alexander Brodie "the rebel" 12th Thane
m 1553 Marjorie Dunbar
+6 William Sutherland of Duffus
+7 Thomas/Thomam Brodie de codem 11th Thane k 1540 Battle of Pinky
m Agnes Shaw
+8 Alexander 10th Thane d c 1540
m Janet Douglas
+9 John Brodie +10 Johannes Brody de codem d c 1511 9th Thane of Broyd +11 Alexander Body of that Ilk d c 1491 8th Thane +12 Johne of Brode of that Ilk "the courteous" K Battle of Blar-na-Parc 1466
Cu10-1 James Cumming of Altyr (dsp 1754)
Cu10-2 Alexander Cumming of Rosehill b about 1695
m Anne Wortley (dau of John Wortley of Shrewsbury)
Cu10-2-1 Alexander Cumming of Altyr b about 1725
m Grace Pearce (niece of John Penrose of Penrose)
Cu10-2-1-1 Sir Alexander Penrose Cumming, 1st Bart of Altyre and Gordonstoun (b about 1755 d 10.02.1806)
m 09.09.1773 Helen Grant (d 01.01.1832, dau of Sir Ludovick Grant, Bart of Grant)
Cu10-2-1-1-1 Sir William Gordon Cumming, later Gordon-Cumming, 2nd Bart of Altyre and Gordonstoun (b 20.07.1787, d 25.11.1854, 2nd son) had issue
m1. (11.09.1815) Eliza Maria Campbell (d 1842, dau of John Campbell of Shawfield and Islay)
m2. (19.12.1846) Jane Eliza Mackintosh (d 06.01.1897, dau of William Mackintosh of Geddes and Hilton)
Cu10-2-1-1-2 Charles Lennox Cumming, later Cumming-Bruce b 20.02.1790)
m Mary Bruce (dau of James Bruce of Kinnaird)
-1 Mary Elizabeth Cumming-Bruce d 07.07.1843
m 22.04.1841 James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin, 12th Earl of Kincardine, Viceroy and Governor General of India (b 20.07.1811, d 20.11.1863)
Cu10-2-1-1-3 Margaret Cumming
m Major y Madden
Cu10-2-1-1-4 Helen Cumming
m Sir Archibald Dunbar, Bart of Northfield
Cu10-2-1-1-5 Louisa Cumming d 11.07.1845
m 05.08.1802 John Hay Forbes of Medwyn (b 09.1776, d 1854, Senator as Lord Medwyn)
Cu10-2-1-1-6 Edwina Cumming d 18.03.1857
m Thomas Miller of Glenlee
Cu10-2-1-1-7+ other issue - George (d unm 1800), Jane Marianne (d 02.10.1857), Emelia, Mary (d 1835), Sophia (d 28.02.1861) and others (d young - Alexander, James, John, Edward, Charlotte)
Cu10-2-1-2 Jane Cumming
m. Rev. Jonathan Rashleigh of Silverton
Cu10-2-1-3 Mary Cumming
m William Veale of Trevelian
Cu10-2-1-4 Emilie Cumming d 1842
m. (1780) John Quick of Newtown (b 06.03.1759, d 12.06.1830)
Cu10-2-1-5+ other issue - John Penrose, Edward, George (d 1834), William, James b about 1765
Cu10 George Cumming of Altyr b about 1697 ?=
m Isbelle MacIntosh (The immediate ancestry of the George Cumming of this marriage may branch off as a junior line of the Cummings of Altyr, but we see an aunt of this George marrying Patrick Cumming, surgeon in Inverness, so we are barking up the right tree.)
?Cu9-1 James Cumming b c 1722 Inverness m and had issue
?Cu9 William Cumming b 1729 bap 3 Jul 1729 St Andrews Inverness, Highlands, Scotland d 1793 Place: Linganore Hills, Fred., Md
m c 1750 in Maryland Sarah Coppage of an old Eastern-shore MD family Mitochondrial HVR1 Mutations 16295T and 16519C transmittable in the maternal line H haplotye. Mitosearch with these mutations
?Cu9-3 Elizabeth Cumming bap 15 Oct 1730 St Andrews Inverness
Cu8-1 Anna Cumming b 1751 d 1813 m John Campbell Jr
Cu8 Elizabeth Cumming, b. 15 Oct 1752; d. 29 Mar 1836, m1 Nicholas Hobbs m2 John? Campbell
Cu8-3 Major General Robert Cumming b 1754 d 14 Nov 1825.
Cu8-4 Sarah Cumming b c 1754, Frederick Co MD d 1811 KY.
Cu8-5 Jane Cunning, b c 1756 d Abt. 1838.
Cu8-6 Catherine Cumming b c 1758.
Cu8-7 Thomas Cumming b 30 May 1765 d 5 Mar 1834
Ho7 Sarah Hobbs b 3 Jul 1769 d 19 Sep 1829 m 29 Jun 1790 SAMUEL Lawrence, b 28 Sep 1764, MD . 17 Sep 1822, Jefferson Co KY son of Benjamin Lawrence La8 and Urith Owings Ow8 La6 La6 Urith Owings Lawrence (1791 - 1854). Died: 1854, January 2, Jefferson County, Kentucky. Buried in Brown Grave Yard, in Browns Lane, above St. Matthews, Kentucky. Sources:: Copy of Lawrence Bible at Filson Club, Louisville Ky Br5 Sarah Lawrence Brown b. July 12, 1810 - 1884, February 22. Buried in Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville, Kentucky Will approved 3rd March 1884. survived her husband
m Patrick Henry Pope Po5, Ju1y 19,1827 to US Congressman James Brown III Br6
Po4 Po4 Mary Ann Pope b 1838 d 1897, June 7, Shelby Co Kentucky at Fairview. bur in Grove Hill Cemetery, Shelby Co KY m 29 Jan 1857 in Louisville George Nicholas Ni4
Ni3 Ni3-11 Matilda Prather Nicholas b 15 May 1878 d June 1954 ) mon 20 June 1906 Dr. Thomas E. Bland
Bl2 Anna Pope Bland, b 26 Jun 1908 Shelbyville d 15 Feb 1970 Saginaw MI m Dr. Eustace Grange Hester (author's parents)
Bl2-2Levicy Jane Bland, b. 28 Aug. 1910 d unm 15 Mar 1985
Cu11-2 John Cuming of Piteveach, later of Logie
m Barbara Cuming (dau of _ Cuming of Birness)
Cu11-2-1 Robert Cuming of Logie
m Margaret Lesly (dau of Andrew Lesly of Glens)
Cu11-2-1-1 Alexander Cuming of Logie
m1. (sps) Lucy Dunbar (dau of Dunbar of Burgy)
m2. Grace Grant (dau of James Grant of Rothymurchus)
Cu11-2-1-1-1 daughter (eldest)
m. John Rose of Holm
Cu11-2-1-1-2+ other issue including Robert
Cu11-2-1-2+ other issue - James (d unm), William (had issue)
Cu11-2-2 William Cumming (minister)
m x Shepherd
(A) William Cumming (dsp, doctor)
Cu11-2-3 Jean Cumming
m William Sutherland of Rosehaugh
Cu11-2-4 daughter Cumming
m Robert Innes of Mondole
Cu11-2-5+ other issue - David (d unm), Barbara (dsp)
Cu11-3 Jean Cumming
m. James Cuming of Relugas
George Cumming of Lochtervandich, Provost of Elgin (d before 1649)
m. Marjory Leslie (dau of William Leslie of family of Kininvie)
1. William Cumming of Lochtervandich, later of Auchry and Pittullie (b 1634)
m1. Isabel Gordon (dau of John Gordon, Provost of Banff)
A. John Cumming of Auchry
m1. (sp) ??
m2. Christian Forbes (dau of _ Forbes of Pitnacaddell)
i. Joseph Cumming of Auchry
m. Jane Garden (dau of Garden (not Gordon) of Troup)
a.+ issue - John, Frank, Peter, Archibald, Jean, Anne, Sally, Nelly
ii. Mary Cumming
m. William Forbes of Blacktown
m2. (sp) Jean Sandielands (dau of James Sandielands of Cotton)
m3. Christian Guthrie (dau of Sir Henry Guthrie of Kinnedwood)
B. George Cumming of Pittulie
i. ?? Cumming of Pittulie
m. _ Urquhard (dau of _ Urquhard of Burdsyards)
a. William Cumming of Pittulie
b. Mary Cumine (d 1763) dau of George Cumine of Pittullie, possibly of this generation
m. (1742) Alexander Ogilvie, 3rd of Auchiries (b 1727, d 1791)
2. George Cumming (minister at Essle)
m. _ Geddes (dau of _ Geddes of Essle)
A.+ issue - George (clergyman), Archibald (clergyman)
3. son (dsp)
4. Margaret Cumming
m. William King of Newmills, Provost of Elgin
5. Barbara Cumming
m. John Hay (dean of Murray)

From the book Cummings Genealogy, Isaac Cummings 1601-1677 of Ipswich 1638 and Some of his Descendants, compiled and published by Albert Oren Cummins, Montpelier, Vermont, 1904.


Isaac Comings, according to tradition, was of Scottish ancestry, claiming descent from the "Red Cumin", of Badenoch, in the southeastern district of Inverness-shire, a wild mountainous country, presenting wide stretches of bleak moorland. Here the clan flourished from 1080 to 1330, and then began to decline. Some deduce their origin from Normandy and others from Northumberland.

According to the Chronicle of Melrose, the first of the name who figured prominently, was slain with Malcom III at Alnwick in 1093, leaving two sons, John and William. From John, all the Cumins in Scotland are said to be descended. Sir John, the Red Cumin or Comyn, was the first Lord of Badenoch, and in 1240 was an ambassador from Alexander II to Louis IX, of France.

His son John, called the Black Lord of Badenoch, was inferior to no subject in Scotland for wealth and power, and was one of those who vowed to support Queen Margaret, daughter of Alexander III in her title to the crown. At her death he became a competitor for the crown of Scotland, "as the son and heir of John, who was son and heir of Donald, King of Scotland". The son of the Lord, called, in turn, the Red Cumin, as the last Lord of Badenoch of the surname of Cumin.

In 1335 a number of the Cumin clan was slain in the feudal battle of Culbleau, in Glenwick, where a stone now marks the spot.

The badge of the clan, in Gaelic, was "Lus Mhic Cuiminn", in English, The Cummin Plant.

Another TRADITION runs: Comines - Comynges - Comyns - Comings - Cumyn -Cumings - Cummings; "a family which rose to great power and eminence in Scotland and England. The name was taken from the town of Comines near Lille, on the frontier between France and Belguim.

In 1445 one branch of the family gave birth, in the old chateau, to the historian, Phillipe di Comines. Another branch followed William of Normandy to the conquest of England.

In the year 1069, Robert of Comines, or Comyn, with 700 horse from William the Conqueror, seized Durham and held it 48 hours, but the people rose up against him and he perished in the flames at the burning of the Bishop's Palace.

His nephew, William, became Chancellor of Scotland in 1133. The Chancellor's nephew, Richard, inherited the English possessions of the family and married the Countess of Athol, grand-daughter of Donald Bane, King of Scots, and his son, William, in 1210, became Earl of Buchan by marrying the Celtic heiress of North Eardom.

By this marriage he became the father of Elexander, Earl of Buchan, who married the daughter of Roger-de quenci, Earl of Winchester.

By other marriages the family obtained the Earldom of Angus and Athol, so that by the middle of the 13th century there were in Scotland on Lord, four Earls, and thirty-two belted Knights by the name of Comyns.

Within 70 years this great house was entirely overthrown, there were none left of them, save those who took refuge in the "Monks of Deer", a monastery founded in 1219 by William Cumyns, Earl of Buchan.

John Cumyns, son of the Earl of Badenoch, who was in 1291 an unsuccessful competitor for the crown, was a descendant of Donald Bane, king of the old Celtic dynasty. John Cumyns, Earl of Buchan, was defeated by Bruce in a pitched battle in 1306.

Such of the Cumyns as escaped the sword found refuge with their wives and children in England, where, although they were so poor as to be dependent upon the bounty of the English Court, they married into the best families, so that their blood circulated through the nobles in other kingdoms and descendants of Henry IV.

The Earl of Shrewsbury was the representative of the Lord of Badenoch, who was at the head of the race."

Another TRADITION from an educated American who spent much time in Rome, "The Cummings family is a very old family; as far as can be gathered, the family lived in Lombardy, northern Italy during, and prior to the fourth century, it then came over the Alps, and settled in Provence, and then went to the Gironde country in the southern part of France, and thence to the north of France, on the borders of Belgium, where was founded the town of Commines, where lived Phillip of Commines, whom Hallan called the father of Ancient History, thence they went to Scotland and England and Ireland.

An educated native of Rome insists that the original family of Commines was a family once well known in Lombardy, that he had traced them to France, and it is a fact established by ancient history that they were a strong family during the great’ Hearth' war, which lasted for many years, and that Earl do Cumminges was perhaps the principal factor in bringing on and continuing the war. History tells us they went to England about the time of the invasion by William the Conqueror," etc.

Although these traditions are given as such, it will be noticed that they carry many indications of having been compiled by fertile brains from the many historical books extant.

I too well recollect of my grandfather, who was born in 1768, caressing me, in my childhood and calling me "a little Scotchman," and a large majority of the traditions, and circumstantial evidence, strongly indicate that we are of Scotch descent. From what I have learned in the six years of my researches of the Cummings records, I have formed the opinion that Isaac came to America from England, but that he was of Scotch origin, though all my efforts to make a connection with his ancestors have been futile.

In the second tradition given is a mention of the historian "Phillipe de Comins", and there was published in Paris in 1552 a French work on a man of that name, at the close, or end, of which are many genealogical Comines trees, and I have made considerable effort to obtain a copy of the book, but it being out of print, have not been able to secure one. Also, some 150 or more years ago there was published in England a Commins genealogy, but that is also out of print.

From the book Genealogical and Family History of the State of New Hampshire, by Ezra S. Stearns, assisted by William F. Whitcher and Edward E. Parker, published by the Lewis Publishing Company of New York & Chicago in 1908.

"The origin of the Cummings family is uncertain; the name was taken from the town of Comines, near Lille, on the frontier between France and Belgium. Various traditions account for earlier origin of the family, but all of them are entitled to no more credit than mere traditions. The name has been variously spelled Comines, Comynges, Comyns, Comings, Comyn, Cumings and Cummings. Tradition states that the emigrant ancestor of this family descended from "Red Cumin" of Badenoch in the southeastern district of Ivernessshire, a wild mountainous country presenting wide stretches of bleak moorland. Here the clan flourished from 1080 to 1330, and then began to decline. According to the Chronicle of Melrose, the first of the name who immigrated permanently, was slain with Malcom III, at Alnwick, in 1093, leaving two sons, John and William. From John, all the Cumins in Scotland are said to be descended. Sir John, the Red Cumin of Comyn, was the first Lord of Badenoch, and in 1240 was an ambassador from Alexander II to Louis IX of France. His son John, called the Black Lord of Badenoch, was not inferior to any subject in Scotland for wealth and power, and was one of those who vowed to support Queen Margaret, daughter of Alexander III in her title to the crown. At her death he became a competitor for the crown of Scotland. "As a son and heir of John who was son and heir of Donald, King of Scotland." The son of this Lord, called, in turn, the Red Cumin, was the last Lord of Badenoch of the surname of Cumin.

In 1335 a number of the Cumin clan were slain in the feudal battle of Calbleau, in Glenwick, where a stone now marks the spot. The badge of the clan, in Gaelic, was "Lus Nhic Cuiminn," in English, the Cummin plant.

SPELLING OF THE CummingS NAME by Barry C. Moravek

Various spellings of Isaac Cumming's name in the records include: CummingS, COMINGS, CUMMENS, CUMMINS or with a single 'm', with, or without the 's', and COMYNS. Both of the above books talk about the spelling of the name having taken on various forms over time. The Mooar book mentions that SOME OF THE FAMILIES HAVE RETAINED THE SPELLING OF COMINGS, as if this is the original spelling in this country.

For record keeping purposes, I have used the spelling of CummingS, since it seems to correspond with published works, and most of the descendants have used this spelling. There are several exceptions that I have made for the spelling - These are the same lines that have different spellings in the Mooar book or some other book:

1. The first is for Samuel COMINGS (Samuel, John III, John II, John I, Isaac) and his descendants. The Mooar book uses this spelling for his descendants. The History of Cornish New Hampshire refers to him with the spelling of COMINGS, and his children are also listed with this spelling. It seems to be at this point that this spelling was adapted by most of his descendants. Since this is our own family line, I want to try to determine at which point in time this spelling became the accepted spelling. -- NOTE that per the History of Cornish, NH, Daniel Morris Comings, his grandson the son of Warren, changed the spelling of his name to CummingS.

2. The second is for Daniel CUMMINS (Jacob, Joseph, John, Isaac, Isaac) and his descendants. The Mooar book uses this spelling for his descendants. -- It should be noted that this is the line of A. O. CUMMINS, who arbitrarily used the 'Cummings' spelling in his own book, even for his own line! NOTE that A.O. Cummins used the 'Cummings' spelling so consistently throughout that even when a daughter would give a first or middle name of 'Comings' or 'Cummins' to a child, A.O. Cummins would print this first or middle name as 'Cummings', while Mooar would use the actual spelling!

3. The third is for Free COMINGS (Jacob, Joseph, John, Isaac, Isaac) and his descendants. The Mooar book also uses this spelling for all of his descendants.

4. The fourth is for David COMINGS (David, Ephraim, Thomas, John, Isaac) and his descendants. According the History of Cornish, NH, this line also spelled their name 'Comings'.
Blair Castle
Description: Blair Castle has been the ancient home and fortress of the Earls and Dukes of Atholl for over 725 years. Situated in the wide Strath of Garry, it commands a strategic position on the main route through the Central Scottish Highlands. Like most very old houses, Blair Castle has been transformed a number of times by successive generations, and it is now quite difficult for visitors - especially from the inside - to tell when each part was built. In fact, there have been three main stages of development: medieval, Georgian and Victorian.
Records begin in 1269 when the Earl of the day retured from the crusades to find that he had acquired a squatter. He wrote to the king complaining that a neighbour, John Cumming of Badenoch, had moved on to his land in his absence and started building a tower. Today, seven hundred years later, Cumming's Tower still stands and is the oldest and tallest part of the Castle. In 1530, the 3rd Earl extended the building south from Cumming's Tower with a Great Hall (now the Dining Room) built over a series of vaulted chambers.
The next major change was begun in 1740 by the 2nd Duke and continued after the interruption of the 1745 Jacobite Rebellion, during which the Castle was occupied by Hanoverian troops and besieged by the Duke's brother, Lord George Murray, who put seven cannonballs through the roof. James Winter, architect, removed the turrets and castellations and remodelled the Castle as a Georgian mansion with pitched roofs, chimney stacks, and fine interiors by the stuccoist Thomas Clayton of Edinburgh. In the 1870's, influenced by Queen Victoria's love of Scotland and the dawning of the age of the Scottish baronial pile, the 7th Duke commissioned Edinburgh architect David Bryce to remodel the Castle. The towers and crenellations removed during the Georgian remodelling were put back, a new entrance hall and front gates were added, as well as a splendid Ballroom. The present family's connection with Blair Castle began in 1457 when King James II rewarded his half brother, Sir John Stewart of Balvenie, with the vacant Earldom of Atholl. The service rendered for this reward was to quell the troublesome Macdonalds of the Isles. For several generations, the family lived uneventfully. In the 16th century, the 3rd Earl built the Great Hall. His son, the 4th Earl, received Mary Queen of Scots there in 1564. When the 5th Earl died without sons in 1595, his grandson, John, eventually inherited the title in 1629. His mother, Dorothea, had married Sir William Murray of Tullibardine, Thus, John became the first Murray Earl of Atholl, and the title has remained in the Murray family ever since. Following King James VI of Scotland's accession to the English throne in 1603, it was hard even for Highlanders to ignore events in England. During the Civil War, both the 1st Earl and his son, the 2nd Earl, were staunch supporters of the monarchy and King Charles I. Together with its strategic location on the road north to Inverness, this made Blair Castle a prime target for Cromwell's forces. They captured the Castle in 1652 and held it until the restoration of King Charles II in 1660. For his loyalty to the crown, the 2nd Earl was created a marquis in 1676. The 2nd Marquis continued to support the monarch, by now in the person of Queen Anne, and was created 1st Duke of Atholl in 1703. The new Duke, however, was not prepared to lend his support to the Act of Union of 1707. Many of the members of the Scottish Parliament accepted English bribes to support the Union, so it was very much to his credit that he held firm and pressed for better terms for Scotland. His obstinacy resulted him being placed under house arrest at Blair Castle for several months in 1708. The Jacobite cause saw the Murray family divided. In the 1715 Rising, the 1st Duke and his second son, James, supported the government, while his eldest and youngest sons, William and George, followed the Stuart cause. When the Rising failed, William was stripped of his title and lands and exiled to France. In his absence, James became 2nd Duke on their father's death in 1724. George was pardoned in 1725.When Charles Edward Stuart, Bonnie Prince Charlie, landed in Eriskay in the Outer Hebrides on 24th July 1745, William Murray was one of the Seven Men of Moidart who landed with him. Shortly after raising his standard at Glenfinnan the Prince and his small but growing Jacobite army entered the lands of Atholl, compelling Duke James, still loyal to the Hanoverian cause, to flee. The Prince stayed at Blair Castle for a few days and enjoyed William's hospitality there. William's youngest brother, Lord George Murray, joined the Jacobite army at Perth, and was pivotal to the campaign from that moment. However, his relationship with Charles was soured by frequent rows. When the Jacobite army reached Derby, it was Lord George who led the support for the retreat to Scotland instead of marching on to London. It was that fateful decision, taken on false intelligences regarding the strenth of the government forces, which led the Jacobites north to Culloden Moor. On 15th March 1746, Lord George returned with the Atholl Brigade to the lands of Atholl. In a series of early morning raids he captured thirty military blockhouses without the loss of a single Highlander. He then laid siege to Blair Castle, which was occupied by Hanoverian troops, but had insufficient time to capture it before he had to rejoin the main Jacobite army near Culloden.The Battle of Culloden, on 16th April 1746, saw the end of the Jacobite dream. The Highland army was routed and massacred. In the aftermath, Charles lived as a fugitive for five months before he escaped to France. William was captured and died in the Tower of London in July. Lord George escaped and lived in exile in Holland until his death in 1760. The most famous of the Murrays of Atholl, he was never Duke himself, but his son, John, became 3rd Duke on the death of James in 1764. James Murray, 2nd Duke of Atholl inherited the sovereignty of the Isle of Man through his grandmother, Lady Amelia Stanley. The resulting income from rents and patronage was put to good use when he returned to Blair Castle after the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745 and completed its conversion into a grand Georgian mansion. Having no sons, James was obliged to marry off his second daughter to her first cousin, John Murray, son of the exiled Lord George Murray. John duly became 3rd Duke in 1764. He almost immediately sold the Manx sovereignty to the government for £70,000.The 4th Duke sold the remaining properties and privileges in 1828 for the then astronomical sum of £417,000. In 1844, Queen Victoria stayed at Blair Castle for a three-week holiday. In appreciation of the vigilence of the Athollmen who attended her, she granted the 5th Duke and his men her colours and the right to bear arms. This was how the Atholl Highlanders came into being, and today they are the only remaining private army in Europe. During the First War, the Castle was used as a hospital. In the Second, it became home to a prep school and Glasgow evacuees. When the 9th Duke died childless in 1957, the title passed sideways to Iain Murray, a direct descendant of the 3rd Duke.




IT IS PAINFUL to have to recur to the extraordinary barbarities which formed the sequel to this decisive battle, on the issue of which hinges so much of our subsequent national history. Excuses have been offered, even of late years, for the Duke, as if the cruelties practised — ere no more than a somewhat excessive degree of severity dictated by a sense of duty; and the go-by has been attempted to be given to the circumstantial and accredited narratives of these atrocities, as if they were little else than mere Jacobite fictions; but the enormities were of a nature no such palliation can serve to extenuate ate, and the means of proof are such as can with no propriety be disregarded.

Local tradition in the Highlands is unvarying as to the excesses committed by the English soldiery under the express orders of the Duke of Cumberland; or under circumstances which leave the responsibility upon him. It could not be for fictitious or exaggerated cruelties that the Duke of Cumberland's name was branded as it has been. Contemporary annals must at all times be held worthless, should such singularly circumstantial and well-attested evidence as has been preserved of the atrocities perpetrated, be deemed unworthy of credit. The truth is, not only was there a deal of coarseness and brutality among the common soldiers and seamen of the period, but the like features were strongly characteristic of all ranks in both services. It is of the British army Swift writes to Wogan, as a fraternity "where the least pretension to learning, to piety, or to common morals, would endanger the owner to be cashiered."

On the topic of the cruelties perpetrated after the battle, the most detailed repertory is a very remarkable MS. series of memorabilia, now in the Library of the Faculty of Advocates, Edinburgh, extending to ten volumes, bound in black, with black-edged leaves, and quaintly styled, The Lyon in Mourning. The collection was formed with much pains and industry during the twenty years ensuing upon the event, by the Rev. Robert Forbes, Episcopal minister at Leith, and latterly (titular) Bishop of Ross and Caithness, and known as Bishop Forbes. The Bishop seems to have been extremely solicitous to arrive at the exact truth from his correspondents; and while he "nought extenuates," he "nought sets down in malice." The disclosures seem, therefore, worthy of due credit, corroborating, as they do, the general statements of tradition and history; and they certainly reveal a systematic perpetration of barbarities such as the tortures practised by the most savage Indian tribes on their victims can hardly exceed in atrocity — such as were scarcely credible had they not been well authenticated. Dr. Robert Chambers made use of the collection when compiling his Jacobite Memoirs in 1834; and The Lyon in Mourning was printed in extenso by the Scottish History Society in 1895-96.

Of the Duke of Cumberland, Lord Mahon, in his History of England, vol. iii. p. 436, says:

"The Royal Duke, destined to wield so decisive an influence over the fortunes of his cousin and competitor, was of very nearly the same age, being only four months younger. (The Prince was then in his twenty-sixth year.) He had not, however, the same graces of person, being corpulent and unwieldy to a remarkable degree, and in his manner rough and displeasing. His character was adorned by considerable virtues — honesty of purpose, adherence to his promises, attachment to his friends. He was a dutiful son and a liberal patron; as a soldier, he was enthusiastically fond of his profession; he had closely studied its details, and might even be lauded for capacity, in an age which, to England at least, was singularly barren of military merit. His unwearied activity, and his high personal courage would, however, at any period, have justly claimed applause. But, as one of his own friends complains, 'his judgment is too much guided by his passions, which are often violent and ungovernable.' Against his foreign adversaries he displayed no undue asperity, and towards his soldiers he could sometimes show compassion. Thus, for instance, on arriving at Edinburgh, he immediately arrested the course of Hawley's savage executions, yet even his own army often murmured at his harshness and rigour; and as to any rebel, he treated him with as little mercy as he would a wolf. Never, perhaps, did any insurgents meet a more ungenerous enemy. From the deeds of blood in Scotland — committed by his own order in some cases and connived at in many more — his contemporaries branded him with a contemptuous by-word — THE BUTCHER — and the historian, who cannot deny the guilt, must confirm and ratify the name."

Home's History, though fair and candid so far as it goes, is tainted with suppressio veri. It is materially different from what it had been before publication; is silent as to the manner in which the battle of Culloden was used — a reticence ascribed to his having unadvisedly resolved to dedicate it to the King; and great public disappointment was expressed in Scotland when it appeared. Home, too, had submitted his narrative to the correction of both Whigs and Jacobites. They were both profuse in their compliments, but each struck out such anecdotes as made against their own party. "Thus," as has been quaintly remarked, "if he imitated the confidence, so he shared also the fate, of the unhappy man and his two mistresses — the one with an utter antipathy to grey, and the other to black, hairs — who, on committing his abundant but mixed locks to their discretion, soon found himself completely despoiled of both."

"The bravery of the Duke of Cumberland," says Macaulay, "was such as distinguished him even among the princes of his brave house. The indifference with which he rode about amidst musket-balls and cannonballs was not the highest proof of his fortitude. Hopeless maladies, horrible surgical operations, far from unmanning him, did not even discompose him. With courage, he had the virtues which are akin to courage. He spoke the truth, was open in enmity and friendship, and upright in all his dealings. But his nature was hard; and what seemed to him justice, was rarely tempered with mercy. He was, therefore, many years one of the most unpopular men in England. The severity with which he treated the rebels after the battle of Culloden had gained him the name of 'The Butcher.' His attempts to introduce into the army of England, then in a most disorderly state, the rigorous discipline of Potsdam, had excited still stronger disgust. Nothing was too bad to be believed of him. Many honest people were so absurd as to fancy that, if he were Regent during the minority of his nephews, there would be another smothering in the Tower."—(Essays: Chatham).

Hill Burton (History of Scotland, vol. ii. p. 523) says of him:

"What he did was, we may be assured from his character, not done in a spirit of wantonness, but after a sense of duty. But that duty led him to severity. He was a soldier, according to the German notions of a soldier, and a rebel province was a community to be subjected to martial law. The Duke, brought up in the German military school, seems to have been unable to distinguish between a rebellion suppressed in constitutional Britain, where all men are supposed to be innocent but those proved to be guilty, and a revolted German province, where every awarded grace to the unfortunate people proceeds from the will of the conqueror. Thus there was a propensity to subject all the northern districts to something too closely resembling military law or licence."

One of the first spectacles which the inhabitants of Inverness had to endure, was the execution of no fewer than thirty-six unfortunates as deserters. To this, however, perhaps no reasonable exception can be taken. But what is to be said for the following occurrences:—

"Immediately after the conclusion of the battle, the men, under the command of their officers, traversed the field, stabbing with their bayonets, or cutting down with their swords, such of the wounded of the defeated party as came under their notice. This was done as much in sport as in rage; and, as the work went on, the men at length began to amuse themselves by splashing and dabbling each other with blood! They at length looked, as one of themselves has reported, more like so many butchers than an army of Christian soldiers."—(Chambers's 6th edit., p. 258; Scots Magazine, vol. viii. p. 192).

"Riding over the field, attended by some of his officers, the Duke observed a young wounded Highlander resting on his elbow and staring at the Royal party. He asked the man to whom he belonged; and received for answer, 'To the Prince.' He instantly called to an officer to shoot 'that insolent scoundrel.' The officer — Major Wolfe — declined the task, saying that his commission was at the disposal of his Royal Highness, but he could never consent to become an executioner. The Duke asked several other officers in succession to 'pistol' the wounded man, but with the like result. Then, seeing a common soldier, he asked him if he had a charge in his piece, and the man answering in the affirmative, he commanded him to do the required duty, — which was immediately performed. The youth thus slain was Mr. Charles Fraser, younger of Inverallochy, lieutenant-colonel of the Master of Lovat's regiment. The officer who first refused was afterwards observed to decline in favour with his commander." — (Chambers, p. 258; "Critique upon 'Home's Hist. Reb.'" in Anti-Jacobin Review, vol. xiii., p.125, by the late Sir Henry Steuart of Allanton, Bart.; Jacobite Memoirs, p.255).

"All the wounded on the field of battle were killed on the Thursday; and the wounded in houses were carried to the field on Friday, where they were killed."

"Upon Thursday, the day after the battle, a party was ordered to the field of battle to put to death all the wounded they should find upon it, which accordingly they performed with the greatest despatch and the utmost exactness, - carrying the wounded from the several parts of the field to two or three spots of rising ground, where they ranged them in due order, and instantly shot them dead.

"Upon the day following (Friday) parties were ordered to go and search for the wounded in houses in the neighbourhood of the field, to carry them to the field, and there to kill them."

"John MacLeod of MacLeod, junior, Esquire, has had the honesty and courage to declare, oftener than once, that he himself saw seventy-two killed in cold blood."

"At a small distance from the field, there was a hut for sheltering sheep or goats in cold and stormy weather. To this hut some of the wounded men had crawled, but were soon found out by the soldiery, who (immediately upon the discovery) made sure the door and set fire to several parts of the hut, so that all within perished in the flames, to the number of between thirty and forty persons, among whom were some beggars who had been spectators of the battle in hopes of sharing in the plunder. Many people went and viewed the smothered and scorched bodies among the rubbish of the hut. Among the number was Colonel Orelli, a brave old gentleman, who was either in the French or Spanish service."—(Jacobite Memoirs: Lyon in Mourning).

The house to which this hut belonged is still to be seen — ("Old Leanach," already mentioned) — within the inclosure of one of the Leanach fields, between the Graves and the Duke's Stone, near the former.

Mr. Chambers makes the number butchered on the Thursday to be 70, and on the Friday, 72; burnt in the hut, 32.

"I myself was told by William Rose, who was then grieve to my Lord President, that twelve wounded men were carried out of his house and shot in a hollow, which is within a very short distance of the scene of action. William Rose's wife told this fact to creditable people, from whom I had it more circumstantially: — She said that the party came to her house and told the wounded men to get up, that they might bring them to surgeons to have their wounds dressed; upon which, she said, the poor men, whom she thought in so miserable a way that it was impossible they could stir, made a shift to get up; and, she said, they went along with the party with an air of cheerfulness and joy, being full of the thought that their wounds were to be dressed; but, she said, when the party had brought them the length of the hollow above mentioned, which is at a very short distance from her house, she being then within the house heard the firing of several guns, and coming out immediately to know the cause, saw all those brought out of her house under pretence of being carried to surgeons, were dead men."

"Upon the same day the party was despatched to put to death the wounded men in and about the field of battle, there was another party detached, under the command of Colonel Cockeen, to bring in the Lady MacIntosh prisoner from her house at Moy. Though Cockeen himself was reckoned a most discreet, civil man, yet he found it impossible to restrain the barbarity of many of his party, who, straggling before, spared neither sex nor age they met with; so that the lady has told many that she herself counted above fourteen dead bodies of men, women, and children, betwixt Moy and Inverness" — 12 miles — (Jacobite Memoirs: Lyon in Mourning, ii. 188).

Mr. Ronald MacDonald of Belfinlay (a cadet of Clanranald's family) narrates that, being shot in both legs, "he remained likewise in the field all night, after he was strips of all his clothes, — his very shirt and breeches being taken from him; and as he was young and of a robust constitution, he lived till next morning, when he saw that cruel command coming to execute their bloody orders, and saw many of his unhappy companions (the number is elsewhere stated to be 17] put to death in cold blood."—(Lyon, id. 4).

The following is the description of the well-known massacre of a group of wounded officers, taken from a vault in Culloden House, and of the remarkable escape of one of their number, Alexander or John Fraser, commonly called MacIver:—

"This man was an officer of the Master of Lovat's regiment. He was very early shot through the knee at the battle of Culloden: he was carried off in the heat of the action, and left at a dyke-side pointing towards Culloden House. Some hours after the defeat of the Highland army, he, with other seventeen wounded officers of that army (who were either carried or made their escape towards a little plantation of wood near to the place where Fraser lay), were carried to the close and office houses of Culloden, where they remained for two days, wallowing in their blood, and in great torture, without any aid from a doctor or surgeon, though otherwise kindly entertained by Mr. Thomas Stewart, chamberlain and chief housekeeper to the late Lord President, and this he did to some at the hazard of his life. The third day, Fraser and the other seventeen wounded officers were, by a party of soldiers under the command of a certain officer, put on carts, tied with ropes, and carried a little distance from the house to a park dyke, when the officer who commanded the party ordered Fraser and the other prisoners to prepare for death; and all who were able bended their knees and began to pray to God for mercy to their souls. In a minute, the soldiers who conducted them were ordered to fire, which they did; and being at the distance of only two yards from the breasts of the unhappy prisoners, most of them all expired in an instant; but such was the humanity of the commanding officer, as, thinking it right to put an end to so many miserable lives, that he gave orders to the soldiers to club their muskets and dash out the brains of such of them as he observed with life, which accordingly they did; and one of the soldiers, observing John Fraser to have the signs of life after receiving a shot, he struck him on the face with the butt of his musket, broke the upper part of his nose and cheek-bone, and dashed out one of his eyes, and left him for dead. In this miserable situation a certain young nobleman (Lord Boyd), riding out by the House of Culloden and park-dyke, observed some life in Fraser, and, calling out to him, asked what he was. He told him he was an officer in the Master of Lovat's regiment. This young lord offered him money, saying he had been acquainted with his colonel; upon which Fraser told him he had no use for money, but begged, for God's sake, either to cause his servant to put an end to his miserable life, or carry him to a cot-house, which he mentioned, at a little distance. This the young lord had the humanity to do; and Fraser, being put in a corn kiln-logie, where he remained for three months, and with the assistance of his landlord, is so far cured as to be able to step upon two crutches, and is now a living object, and witness of all I relate to you."— (Lyon, ii. 328).

The late Rev. Alexander Campbell of Croy, in his account of that parish, thus attests this shocking incident:— "The man died near Beauly, about the year 1796, where many are still living who may have known him; but to put the bloody deed beyond the shadow of doubt, the writer of this account knew for several years a John Reid, who fought that day in the second battalion of the Royal Soots, and heard from his lips that he saw the cruel deed, and thanked God that he had nothing to do with the black work. John fought at the battles of Dettingen and Fontenoy, and only died about the year 1807, in the 105th year of his age, and in the full enjoyment of all his mental faculties. He was a lively little man, and retained a correct and vivid recollection of what he had seen and heard." — (New Stat. Account xiv.).

The spot where this wholesale butchery took place is well known, and is marked by a large stone in the wood in the hill face, about half-a-mile nearly right above Culloden House, and due south of the west end of the village of Balloch. It is a very large, flattish boulder, fifteen paces in circumference, and situated a little below and to the east of the westerly group of old pine trees previously mentioned, higher than the rest of the wood, and is nearly in a line on the hill face with the park- dyke east of the Dog Kennel. The victims are usually described as having been ranged against the park-wall; but the late Sandy Bain Sage, Smithton of Culloden, son of one of the men in the President's service who were compelled to drive the carts with the unfortunates, often told Culloden and his brother that this stone was the actual shambles.

A significant testimony to the wanton cruelty of the English troopers existed to a comparatively recent period, in the person of Provost John MacIntosh of Inverness, father of the late Mr. Charles MacIntosh of Aberarder. Being an infant of eighteen months at the time of the Prince's stay at Inverness, he had been sent with his nurse, to be out of the way, to a house somewhere in the neighbourhood of Culloden. A few days after the battle a party of dragoons had gone into the house in the nurse's absence, and, finding the child in a cradle, they, after pillaging the house, placed the cradle, with the infant in it, on the fire. When found by the nurse, the embryo magistrate was a good deal scorched: and till his dying day he bore the marks on his arms. In convivial moods, Provost MacIntosh used jocularly to boast that he had been wounded at Culloden.

The treatment of the prisoners was of a piece with the foregoing details.

"When we had filled all the jails, kirks and ships at Inverness with these rebel prisoners, wounded and naked as they were, we ordered that none should have any access to them, either with meat or drink, for two days. By this means, no doubt, we thought at least the wounded would starve, either for want of food or clothes, the weather being then very cold. The two days being passed, there was a quorum of officers pitched upon to go and visit them, in order to take down their names and numbers, which was diminished pretty well, without having the least regard to order the remaining part either meat or drink to support nature. Amongst the number I was myself; but oh, heavens! what a scene opened to my eye and nose all at once! The wounded weltering in their gore and blood ... Their groans would have pierced a heart of stone; but our corrupt hearts were not in the least touched; but, on the contrary, we began to upbraid them the moment we entered their prison. Doctor Lauder's case of instruments was taken from him, for fear he should aid any of the wounded; and one John Farquharson of Aldlerg, who was, I believe, a kind of a Highland-blooder, his lances was taken out of his pocket, for fear he should begin to blood them, after his Highland way, to save some few of the wounded to have fallen in fevers. That night it was determined in the Privy Council that each person should have half-a-pound oatmeal per day (but Hawley thought it too much); and, accordingly, they sent some of their commissaries to distribute the meal. I could not help laughing, in the time of the distribution, when the poor things had nothing left them to hold their meal but the foreskirt of their shirts ... Some were handcuffed, especially Major Stewart and Major M'Lachlan. Their handcuffs were so tight that their hands swelled, and at last broke the skin, so that the irons could not be seen. I can compare their case to nothing better than a horse sore saddle-spoiled ...

"In this excessive agony were they kept ten days notwithstanding all the application they made, only to get wider handcuffs, or their being changed and put upon their other hands. Amongst the rest I saw a Frenchman in the agonies of dying, lying in nastiness up to his stomach, and I myself put a great stone under his head, that he might not be choked, which he lay on. We always took care not to bury their dead until such time as we had at least a dozen of them. Only imagine to yourself what for an agreeable smell was there ..."

"Amongst the wounded I pitied none more than one Cameron of Callort, who was a gentleman. He had his arm broke, — a great many friends in the place, even im our army; notwithstanding all, he could not have a surgeon to dress him for ten days' time; that at last Mr. Menzie, at Inverness, made stolen marches to see his friend. The Sunday se'n-night after the battle, there was orders given that all the prisoners should be reviewed publicly in the streets of Inverness; and accordingly there were two lines of our men from one end of the Bridge Street to the other, and 'twixt these two lines the prisoners were to pass muster. Such a scene was never seen; some entirely naked, others in their shirts, and their meal tied as before; the wounded even behoved to come out; neither cries nor entreaties would save them; and those who were not able either to stand or walk, were carried by their fellow- prisoners, amongst the loud huzza of officers and soldiers, none more delighted than Mr. Bruce." — (Jacobite Memoirs; p. 339; Lyon iii. 155).

Numbers were sent to London by sea. The system of torture was continued on board.

"Gentlemen, — This comes to acquaint you that I was eight months and eight days at sea, of which time I was eight weeks upon half-a-pound and twelve ounces oatmeal, and a bottle of water in the twentyfour hours, which was obliged to make meal-and-water in the bottom of an old bottle. There was one hundred and twenty-five put on board at Inverness, on the 'James and May' of Fife. In the latter end of June, we was put on board of a transport of four hundred and fifty ton, called the 'Liberty and Property,' in which we continued the rest of the eight months, upon twelve ounces of oat sheelin as it came from the mill. There was thirty-two prisoners more put on board of the said 'Liberty and Property,' which makes one hundred and fifty-seven; and when we came ashore there was only in life forty-nine, which would have been no great surprise if there had not been one, conform to our usage. They would take us from the hold in a rope, and hoisted us up to the yardarm, and let us fall in the sea, in order for ducking of us; and tying us to the mast and whipping us if we did anything however innocent that offended them: this was done to us when we was not able to stand. I will leave it to the readers to judge what condition they might be in themselves with the above treatment. We had neither bed nor bed-clothes, nor clothes to keep us warm in the day- time. The ship's ballast was black earth and small stones, which we was obliged to dig holes to lie in to keep us warm, till the first of November last, that every man got about three yards of gross harn filled up with straw, but no bed-clothes. I will not trouble you more till I see you. There is none in life that went from Elgin with me, but William Innes in Fochabers; James Brander in Condloch died seven months ago; Alexander Frigge died in Cromarty Road; John Kintrea, that lived in Longbride, died also. Mr. James Falconar is well, and remains on board of a ship called the 'James and Mary,' lying off Tilbury Fort. — I am, gentlemen, your most humble servant,
(Signed) WILL. JACK.
"Tilbury Fort, March 17th, 1747."Jacobite Memoirs, p. 299; Lyon, iii. 15).

"But at last, by hunger, bad usage, and lying upon the ballasts and 'twixt decks, exposed to all weathers, they were seized with a kind of plague which carried them off by dozens; and a good many of those who would have outlived their sickness were wantonly murdered by the sailors by dipping of them in the sea in the crisis of their fevers. This was the sailors' diversion from Buchanness Point till we came to the Nore; they'd take a rope and tie about the poor sicks' waists; then they would haul them up by their tackle, and plunge them in the sea, as they said, to drown the vermin, but they took special care to drown both together; then they'd haul them up upon deck, and tie a stone about one of the legs, and overboard with them. I have seen six or seven examples of this in a day. After we brought them up the river Thames, we got orders to separate their officers from what they called soldiers, and bring the officers to Southwark New jail, and leave the commons at Tilbury Fort without meat, drink, money, or clothes; and actually they would have starved, had it not been for the charity of the English, the government not giving them one sol to live upon, except those few that turned evidence; it's no great wonder if they had all turned evidence to get out of this miserable situation, the prospect of which behoved to appear worse than death, for, in my opinion, nothing could come up to it, save the notion we conceive of hell; and I do not know if hell itself be so bad, only that it may be of a longer duration. But to return to our gentleman officers: they were brought up in rank and file, exposed to the fury of a tumultuous mob, who neither spared them with their outrageous words, spittles, dirt, and even stones and bricks, and in that manner carried through all the streets in Southwark, and at last delivered over to the hands of a jailer, who neither had the least fear of God, nor humanity, — a creature entirely after their own heart, who loaded them, the moment they entered his gates, with heavy irons and bad usage.

"After every execution the mangled bodies were brought back to the jail, and remained there some days, to show the remaining prisoners how they were to be used in their turn. I am very sure nothing could be more shocking to nature than to see their comrades, their friends, brought back in such a condition all cut to piece - the very comrades they parted with about an hour-and-a-half before in perfect good health and top spirits. They had even the cruelty to keep up the reprieves of those that were to be saved till some hours before their execution." — (Jacobite Memoirs," p. 343; Lyon, iii. 167).

The Rev. George Innes, Forres, in communicating to Bishop Forbes the above letter, which was from a William Jack, who had been a merchant in Elgin, to his friends there, writes:—

"From this letter you may easily see wherein consisted the great lenity of the Government to their unfortunate prisoners, viz., in starving and murdering them in the most barbarous manner that it might not be said there were many brought to public execution. And, indeed, their public executions were the least part of their cruelty."

One peculiarly discreditable act was committed by the Duke at Inverness — the seizure, on some specious pretext, of sixty-nine men from Glenmoriston, and twelve from Glen Urquhart, who, induced by the Laird of Grant to come to Inverness to surrender, were made prisoners and put on board ship; and such as did not die there, were sent to Barbadoes, where, three years after, only eighteen of the whole number were surviving. Certain of these atrocities — the stripping of the wounded prisoners naked, and leaving them to die of their wounds, without the least assistance; the taking from the Prince's surgeons of their instruments, and preventing them from giving professional aid to their fellows; the lingering tortures in which the wounded died on board ship (the "Jean of Leith"); the scrimp allowance there of oatmeal — half-a-pound a-day, sometimes increased to, but never exceeding, a pound; the starvation of numbers to death; the compelling of the poor sufferers to sit on large stones, denying them even the indulgence of lying on planks — are thus solemnly and emphatically attested in the dying declaration, dated 28th November, 1746, of Mr. James Bradshaw, an English gentleman, previous to his execution:-

"These are some of the few cruelties exercised which, being almost incredible in a Christian country, I am obliged to add an asseveration to the truth of them; and I do assure you, upon the word of a dying man, as I hope for mercy at the day of judgment, that I assert nothing but what I know to be true."—(Anti-Jacobin Review, vol. xiii. p. 126).

But enough of such details.

"The Duke of Cumberland now fixed his headquarters near Fort-Augustus, in the very centre of the insurgent districts. It would have been a task welcome to most generals, and not unbecoming in any to have tempered justice with mercy; to reserve the chiefs and principal delinquents for trial and punishment: but to spare, protect, and conciliate the people at large. Not such however, was the Duke of Cumberland's opinion of his duty. Every kind of havoc and outrage was not only permitted, but, I fear, we must add, encouraged. Military license usurped the place of law, and a fierce and exasperated soldiery were at once judge, jury, executioner. In such transactions it is natural and reasonable to suppose that the Jacobites would exaggerate their own sufferings and the wrongs of their opponents; nor, therefore, should we attach weight to mere loose and vague complaints. But where we find specific cases alleged, with names and dates, attested on most respectable authority, by gentlemen of high honour and character, by bishops and clergymen of the Episcopal Church — in some case even by members of the victorious party — then are we bound not to shrink from the truth, however the truth may be displeasing. From such evidence, it appears that the Rebels' country was laid waste, the houses plundered, the cabins burnt, the cattle driven away. The men had fled to the mountains, but such as could be found were frequently shot, nor was mercy always granted to their helpless families. In many cases the women and children, expelled from their homes, and seeking shelter in the clefts of the rocks, miserably perished of cold and hunger; others were reduced to follow the track of the marauders, humbly imploring for the blood and offal of their own cattle, which had been slaughtered for the soldiers' food! Such is the avowal which historical Justice demands " — Lord Mahon's History of England, iii.).

To the same purport Smollett expresses himself as follows:—

"In the month of May the Duke of Cumberland advanced with the army into the Highlands, as far as Fort-Augustus, where he encamped, and sent off detachments on all hands to hunt down the fugitives, and lay waste the country with fire and sword. The castles of Glengarry and Lochiel were plundered and burned; every house, hut, or habitation met with the same fate without distinction, all the cattle and provisions were carried off; the men were either shot upon the mountains like wild beasts, or put to death in cold blood, without form of trial; the women, after having seen their husbands and fathers murdered were subjected to brutal violation, and then turned out naked, with their children, to starve on the barren heaths. One whole family was inclosed in a barn, and consumed to ashes. Those ministers of vengeance were so alert in the execution of their office that in a few days there was neither house, cottage, man, nor beast, to be seen in the compass of fifty miles — all was ruin, silence, and desolation."

"Yet when the rage of battle ceased,
The victor's soul was not appeased,
The naked and forlorn must feel
Devouring flames and murdering steel!
"The pious mother, doomed to death,
Forsaken wanders o'er the heath;
The bleak wind whistles round her head;
Her helpless orphans cry for bread.

"Bereft of shelter, food, and friend,
She views the shade of light descend;
And, stretched beneath the inclement skies
Weeps o'er her tender babes — and dies.

"While the warm blood bedews my veins,
And unimpaired remembrance reigns,
Resentment of my country's fate
Within my filial breast shall beat."

Tears of Scotland.

In Dr. Chambers's words: "Before the 10th of June the task of desolation was complete throughout all the western parts of Inverness-shire; and the curse which had been denounced upon Scotland by the religious enthusiasts of the preceding century, was at length so entirely fulfilled in this remote region, that it would have been literally possible to travel for days through the depopulated glens, without seeing a chimney smoke, or hearing, a cock crow."

"It is generally allowed that the Duke himself, though the instigator of these cruelties, did not show so much open or active cruelty as some of the more immediate instruments of the Royal vengeance. General Hawley was one of the most remorseless of all the commanding officers, apparently thinking no extent of cruelty a sufficient compensation for the loss of honour at Falkirk. The names of Lieutenant-Colonel Howard, Captain Caroline Scott, and Major Lockhart, are also to be handed down as worthy of everlasting execration."

The mansions of Lord Lovat, Cluny, Keppoch, Kinlochmoidart, Glengyle, Ardshiel, and many others, were plundered and burnt; those of also many inferior gentlemen, and even the huts of the common people, were destroyed.

A very flimsy excuse was attempted for all these outrages. This was the allegation, that an order signed by Lord George Murray had been found on the person of a Highlander, that no quarter was to be given to the Duke's troops. Had this been a fact, it would have indeed been but a sorry solvent to wash out the blood-marks of such doings. But, in truth, the pretended order was never produced. It is certain that no such order was issued to the Insurgent army. There is no trace of any such; and the story was repeatedly and emphatically denied by the prisoners. Had there been, it would, beyond all question, have been noticed in the official documents of the time; while the atrocities never were contradicted. The tenor is quite at variance with all the previous actings of the Insurgents, which had been marked by the very reverse of cruelty in cold blood.

Had an order for no quarter been actually issued, the Prince would have been not without a plausible justification. From his ambulatory army being constantly in motion, it was a very perplexing problem how to dispose of the numerous prisoners made from time to time. They were constantly making their escape, and reappearing in arms; so that the Insurgents had to encounter anew the same men whom they had vanquished, and whose lives they had spared.

But this is not all. With regard to the many officers discharged upon parole, — some of whom, having been appointed to reside in different places in Forfar and Fifeshire, had been released by parties of the country people, and brought ostensibly by force to Edinburgh, — "incredible as it may appear," to use Dr. Chambers's words, "this Prince (the Duke of Cumberland), declaring their oath and parole to be dissolved, commanded them to return to duty in his army, and sent similar orders to all who still remained 'non-delivered,' threatening them with the loss of their commissions if they refused. A small number, including Sir Peter Halket, Mr. Ross, son of Lord Ross, Captain Lucy Scott, Lieutenants Farquharson and Cumming, refused compliance remarking that the Duke was master of their commissions but not of their honour. But the greater number rejoined their regiments, and served during the remainder of the campaign."

Chevalier Johnstone says that the expedient had been suggested of cutting off the thumbs of the right hands of the common soldiers, to render them incapable of holding their muskets; but the proposition was not entertained. It is to the honour of George II., "that the conduct of Sir Peter Halket and the few gentlemen who, like him, adhered punctually to their parole, was approved of by that monarch."

On the other hand, Captain John MacPherson, Strathmashie, has left it on record, in a letter to Bishop Forbes (Lyon in Mourning, id. 92), after detailing the capture of the Athol garrisons by Lord George Murray,—

"I must observe to you that among some papers found with the officers at Kynachan, there was ane order subscribed (if I well remember) by General or Colonel Campbell, setting furth it was the D--- of C---ds peremptor orders, if they could meet with any party of the rebels, whom they could at all expect to overcome, to engage them, and to give them no quarter, as they would be answerable. That of Kynachan was the attack assigned me, and this order I saw upon the word of ane honest man, and coppied, which coppy I kept, and had the bad luck since to lose it, by the iniquity of the times, as I did many more things; but it's possible it may come to my hands yet. The prin|| Cluny kept."

So far from any likelihood of such an order, the Prince on several occasions exhibited undue clemency, while even in the matter of plunder, discipline and general conduct had been preserved during the march into, and though doubtless with less complete success, even on their retreat from, England—the taking of horses for carrying their baggage and for sick men being what the Highlanders committed greatest excess in. These, however, when identified, were restored and all possible care was taken to restrain such noted thieves, as no army is free of, in which respect an army of Highlanders at that time was not singular.

"The Highland army were utter strangers to military discipline; but its place was supplied by implicit obedience to the will of their chiefs, who were many of them men of education and urbanity. No symptom of outrage, no ebullition of insolence, was discernible in the deportment of these lawless mountaineers. They regularly paid for everything they got. They left behind them neither sick nor stragglers; and we ourselves can attest that, from the Prince himself down to the private man, the correctness of their conduct was, many years after, recorded with applause, and advantageously compared with the excesses of the regulars, in the several towns through which both had passed. From these facts two things are apparent, — first, the astonishing influence and authority of the chiefs, and, secondly, the humane and generous motives by which they must have been actuated." — (Anti-Jacobin Review, vol. xiii.)

The bearing of the Royalist leaders was scarcely more conciliatory towards the friends than merciless to the enemies of government. The following occurrences in their intercourse with the civic rulers of Inverness are well known. The narrative is from one of the letters in the Jacobite Memoirs, p. 331; Lyon in Mourning, iii. 72.

"I am afraid I have been too long upon the gloom, and therefore I shall shift the scene a little, and touch upon something that is farcical, if I dare take upon me to call anything farcical that rubs upon dignities. But if dignities will affront and insult dignities, let them answer for it at whose door the blame lies.

"When John Fraser, Esq., the then Lord Mayor (in Scotch, Provost) of Inverness, and the aldermen (attended by Mr. Hossack, the then late Lord Mayor), went to pay their levee to the Duke of Cumberland, the Generals Hawley and Husk happened to be deliberating and making out orders about slaying the wounded upon the field of battle, etc. Mr. Hossack (a man of humanity, and the Sir Robert Walpole of Inverness, under the direction of President Forbes) could not witness such a prodigy of intended wickedness without saying something, and therefore, making a low bow to the generals, he spoke thus:— 'As His Majesty's troops have been happily successful against the rebels, I hope your excellencies will be so good as to mingle mercy with judgment.' Upon this General Hawley bawled out, 'D--n the puppy! Does he pretend to dictate here? Carry him away?' Another cried, 'Kick him out! kick him out!' The orders were instantly and literally obeyed; for good Mr. Hossack received kicks upon kicks, and Sir Robert Adair had the honour to give him the last kick upon the top of the stair, to such purpose that Mr. Hossack never touched a single step till he was at the bottom of the first flat, from which he tumbled headlong down to the foot of all the stair, and then was he discreetly taken up and carried to the provost-guard. A notable reward for zeal! — on which Mr. Hossack was warm enough, but with discretion and good-nature, as I was informed.

"But this is not all. Mr. Mayor himself (John Fraser) behoved to have a specimen of their good sense and genteel manners; for he was taken from dinner at his own table by an officer and some musketeers, with a volley of oaths and imprecations, to a stable, and was ordered to clean it instantly upon his peril. Mr. Mayor said he never cleaned his own stable, and why should he clean that of any other person? After some debate upon the dirty subject, Mr. Fraser was at last indulged the privilege to get some fellows to clean the stable. However, he was obliged to stand a considerable time almost to the ankles in dirt, and see the dirty service performed. Oh! notable treatment of a king's lieutenant!

"This singularity of military conduct towards Messrs. Hossack and Fraser is the more amazing, as none in Great Britain can be more firmly attached to the present establishment, as settled in the illustrious House of Hanover, than they are; but whether or not this unaccountable treatment has thrown a dash of lukewarmness into their zeal, I shall not take it upon me to determine. Had it been my case, I am afraid my zeal would have fumed as chill as ice itself.

"The wanton youngsters, in and about Inverness, distinguish these two gentlemen by the names of the kick provost, and the muck or dirt provost.

"Several others who were zealous friends to the government were thrown into jail at the same time with Mr. Hossack. Liberty and property with a witness! Mere empty sounds without a meaning.

"In the north of Scotland I happened to fall in with a venerable old gentlemen, an honest Whig, who, looking me seriously in the face, asked if the Duke of Cumberland was not a Jacobite. 'A Jacobite,' said I; 'How comes that in your head?' 'Sure,' replied the old gentleman, 'the warmest zealot in the interests of the Prince could not possibly devise more proper methods for sowing the seeds of Jacobitism and disaffection than the Duke of Cumberland did!'"

Besides the hundreds of victims who were put to death in the north of Scotland, without form of law, numbers were brought to trial in England for high treason. Immediately after the battle, the passes to the Highlands were carefully guarded by troops and militia, and the coasts vigilantly watched by ships of war, and many prisoners were secured and lodged in various prisons throughout Scotland. Measures of the utmost severity were instigated by the Duke of Cumberland on his return to England. The proceedings took place at St. Margaret's Hill, Southwark, at Carlisle and at York. With reference to the trials at Carlisle, Mr. Chambers says:—

"About the beginning of August, a herd — for such it might be termed — of these ill-fated persons was impelled, like one of their own droves of cattle, from the Highlands towards Carlisle, where, on being imprisoned, they were found to amount to no less than three hundred and eighty- five. To try so many individuals with the certainty of finding almost all of them guilty, would have looked something like premeditated massacre, and might have had an effect on the nation very different from what was intended. It was therefore determined that, while all the officers and others who had distinguished themselves by zeal in the insurrection should be tried, the great mass should be permitted to cast lots, one in twenty to be tried, and the rest to be transported. Several individuals refused this extrajudicial proffer of grace, and chose rather to take their chance upon a fair trial."

In all, about eighty persons selected from the condemned, suffered death — the executions taking place at Kensington Common, Carlisle, Brampton, Penrith, and York. The sufferers of highest rank were Lords Kilmarnock, Balmerino, and Lovat, and Charles Ratcliffe, taking upon himself the title of Earl of Derwentwater. These were beheaded, and the composure and courage with which they met their fate have been frequently recorded with circumstantial detail. Of the others;—

"According to the atrocious treason-law of Edward III., the culprits were only allowed to hang three minutes (in the later executions the period was lengthened). Then with life scarcely extinct, their bodies were placed on a block, disemboweled, and beheaded, the viscera being thrown into a fire. All these unhappy individuals are said to have behaved throughout the last trying scene with a degree of decent firmness which surprised the beholders. Every one of them continued till his last Moment to justify the cause which brought him to the scaffold; and some even declared that, if set at liberty, they would act in the same way as they had done. They all prayed in their last moments for the exiled Royal family, particularly for Prince Charles, whom they concurred in representing as a pattern of all 'manly virtues, and as a person calculated to render the nation happy should it ever have the good fortune to see him restored." — (Chambers).

Acute diseases require sharp remedies, and the public men of that day are entitled, at the bar of posterity, to the benefit of such plea. The character of the insurrection, too, was sufficiently formidable to prompt, at the inspiration of a panic fear a stamping-out policy, which, however, though as judicious as effective in the treatment of a public calamity like the cattle plague, must be rigidly judged when applied to human beings, much more to fellow-countrymen.

"Few probably," Mr. Chambers remarks, "would deny that the late attempt to disturb a settlement in which the bulk of the nation acquiesced, called for some exercise of the law's severity; but I would hope that, in the present age, there are still fewer who can behold unmoved a cruel death falling as a punish ment upon men, who, so far from being actuated by the spirit of crime, had been prompted by nearly as high a sense of duty as the mind of man ever experiences. The conduct of the men themselves, in their last moments, and the declarations they left behind them, form a most affecting commentary on the laws which dictate death and ignominy for offences of mere sentiment and opinion."

"The reader will naturally expect," as remarked by Sir Walter Scott in the already mentioned Review of the Culloden Papers,

"to hear of the rewards and honours which were showered on President Forbes, for his admirable conduct during a period so difficult and dangerous. Of these we learn nothing. But we suspect that the memory of his services was cancelled by the zeal with which, after the victory, he pressed the cause of clemency. We have heard that, when this venerable judge, as well became his station, mentioned the laws of the country, he was answered, not, as the editor supposes, by the Earl of Albemarle, but by a personage greater still, 'What laws - By God, I'll make a brigade give laws to the land!' — that his repeated intercessions in favour of those who, from prejudice of education, or a false sense of honour, had joined the Chevalier, were taken in bad part; and his desire to preserve to the Highlanders a dress fitted to their occupations, was almost construed into disaffection; — in fine, that he died broken in spirit by witnessing the calamities of his country, and impoverished in estate by the want of that very money which he had, in the hour of need, frankly advanced to buy troops for the service of Government. But he left behind him a name endeared, even in those days of strife and bitterness, to enemies as to friends, and doubly to be honoured by posterity, for that impartiality which uniformly distinguished between the cause of the country and political party. By a sort of posthumous ingratitude, the privilege of distilling, without payment of duty, upon his barony of Ferintosh, — an immunity conferred to compensate his father's losses and reward his services at the Revolution, and hence termed by Burns, 'Loyal Forbes's chartered boast,' — was wrenched from the family by Government in 1785, for a most inadequate recompense."

In like terms, Sir Henry Steuart, in the AntiJacobin, thus expresses himself:—

"As to the Lord President Forbes, it deserves to be recorded, to the honour of that excellent judge and disinterested patriot, that, by his zeal, his prudence, and his unwearied assiduity, he, beyond question, saved the Highlands. From his extensive influence among the Highland chiefs, he was enabled to encourage the loyal, to overawe the timid, and to confirm the wavering; and, in fact, he generously exhausted an opulent fortune in the public service. It was owing to his countenance and timely counsels that the MacDonalds of Skye, the MacLeods of MacLeod, and many other families, preserved their loyalty, together with their estates, amidst the dangers and intrigues of a disastrous period. If Parliament with propriety voted £25,000 of additional annuity to the Duke of Cumberland for gaming the battle of Culloden, by what measure of remuneration should it have recompensed the man by whose previous exertions that victory was achieved, and but for whom. the Pretender would in all probability have brought into the field a force greatly superior to the Royal troops? For, from the first day of the Rebellion to the last, the President's exertions were unremitted, and frequently successful in stopping the infection of Jacobite principles, and in usefully strengthening the hands of government. How he was recompensed may be seen from the following anecdote, which we are desirous should be preserved in our pages. Although well-known, as we believe, to Mr. Home, it is not to be found in his book. But it is important in marking the temper of the times, and the astonishing violence of party spirit.

"When the Lord-President went to London, in the end of the year 1746, for the purpose of settling his accounts, and recovering the large sums he had expended in the Royal cause, he, as usual, went to Court. The King, whose ears had been offended with repeated accounts of the conduct of the military after the battle of Culloden, thus addressed the president:— 'My Lord President, you are the person I most wished to see. Shocking reports have been circulated here of barbarities committed by the army in the north: your Lordship is, of all men, the best able to satisfy me.' 'I wish to God,' replied the President, with a noble firmness, 'that I could, consistently with truth, assure your Majesty that such reports are destitute of foundation!' The King, as was his custom when exceedingly displeased, turned abruptly away from the President, whose accounts, next day, were passed with difficulty; and, as report says, the balance, which was immense, was never fully paid up."

Bishop Forbes, too, is not far wrong in the remark, that "the liberation of Rattray and Lauder (two medical officers of the Prince's army) was the only favour the President ever received for his extraordinary services." — (Lyon, ii. 313).

So ruinous had been the private outlays of the President that, to save the family estate, his son and successor, John Forbes, on the death of his father, repaired to Hampstead, where, for the long period of sixteen years, he lived in retirement, paying off debts incurred by the President in his efforts to suppress the Rebellion.

Several Acts were now passed with the view of suppressing the system of clanship, and to make it impossible for the Highlanders again to take up arms against the lawful government of the country. After the Rising of 1715 a disarming Act had been passed; but while obeyed by the Whig clans, it had been evaded by those favourable to the exiled family. In 1747-8 various important Acts were promulgated which struck at the root of the authority of the chiefs. One Act enforced that already in existence for disarming the Highlanders. By another the Highland dress and the very tartan were proscribed; an enactment which occasioned the most violent indignation throughout the Highlands. Heritable jurisdiction and wardholding (of which last military tenure was an essential) were abolished.

Episcopacy, which had already been marked as the religion of the Jacobites, was still further discountenanced by additional severe penal laws, which were not removed till 1792. Ordination, excepting by Bishops of the English or Irish Church, or deriving their orders from them, was declared inadequate to qualify for the pastorship in Scotland. All nonjuring Episcopalian clergymen, officiating to five or more persona, were made subject to imprisonment; and for repetition of the offence, to transportation to the American plantations; and the laity were required, under pain of fine and imprisonment, to give notice of resort to an illegal Episcopal meeting house. An Act of Indemnity, but excepting certain individuals, was passed in 1747. The forfeited estates were put under the charge of Scotch commissioners, and were, after a time, generously and judiciously restored.

The progress of Scotland since the middle, more particularly towards the close, of the eighteenth century, has been almost unexampled. It seems perfectly astonishing, at this time of day, to look back and reflect what an anomalous state of society had existed within little more than a century and a half, in a portion of the British islands; such a segregation of the inhabitants of the different glens and valleys of the Highlands of Scotland from the rest of the community, and from other tribes, all living under a peculiar patriarchial system, and ever ready to take up arms at the bidding of their chiefs. How different now! Proverbially none of His Majesty's subjects are more peaceful and loyal than the Highlanders of Scotland, whom the halo of romance, round the setting rays of the days of other years, invests with an interest in keeping with the attractions of the varied scenery of their "land of mountain and flood," which may render this attempt at a compendious compilation of the story of the Battle of Culloden not altogether labour misapplied.

This is from:






Digital Edition © 2004 by Richard Bingham

ISBN 1-930968-57-4


To the
Descendants of
Isaac Cummings,
Whose long line of descent has
received but a meagre
record, this volume
is sincerely



Explanation vii
Introductory ix
Traditions xi
First Mention of Isaac Cummings in records of Essex Co. xiv
Isaac Cummings' Will xvi
Cummings-Hobbs-Bell House 10
Expeditions against the Indians 15
Facsimile of record of family of Joseph Cummings 27
Mary (Town) Estey's letter to Gov. William Phipps 28
Salem Witchcraft Craze 30
Prudence (Cummings) Wright's capture of Torrey Whitney 45
Copy of Will of Eleazer Cummings 62
Cummings—Batchelder Homestead 91
Banishment of Thomas Cummings 124
Early hardships of family of Jotham Cummings 129
Portrait of Judge David Cummings 225
" Daniel Erastus Cummings 255
" Rev. George Philander Cummings 271
" Abigail Cornelia (Walker) Cummings 272
" Benjamin Cummings 297
" five of Benjamin and Lucy (Whitaker) Cummings' children 298
" Rev. Charles Cummings 408
" Elisha Cummings 415
" Rachel (Eddy) Cummings 416
" Lorinda (Cummings) Bowen 418
" Lucius Cummings and wife 418
" Luman Cummings 418
" Samuel Merrill Cummings 458
" George Perkins Cummings 516
" Oren Cummings 543
" Betsey (Wheeler) Cummings 544
" family of Oren and Betsey (Wheeler) Cummings 545
" Mrs. Mary F. (Ellis) Cummings and grandson Edmund P. Howe 557
" Burton Albert Cummings 559
" Harle Oren Cummings 560
Unconnected Cummings Families 561


This compilation makes no effort to appear as a literary work, but my sole endeavor has been to gather together as much of the records of the descendants of Isaac Cummings, the emigrant, as could be found during the time I have been engaged in its compilation.
Also, to insert only such as bore evidence that they were reliable and correct, not doubting that errors would be included.
No person who has not made an attempt to trace a line of genealogy can conceive the obstacles to be encountered.
The first records made in the early settlement are of a very crude, superficial character, and difficult to find.
Many of Isaac's early descendants have merely their names, with dates of birth given, when they seem to have disappeared into space or been swallowed by an earthquake, as nothing more has been found, relating to them.
The custom of naming so many children for their fathers has been a fruitful source of confusion very many times, the records not being definite enough to designate which is intended, the father or son.
For the first one hundred years there was no system of indexing records, and then none only in the large towns, thus making a search very difficult, and tedious, as the records of every transaction to be recorded were promiscuously mixed in their order of occurrence, necessitating reading the entire records to find what was desired.
I have many times noted the indifference shown when inquiry was made of Cummingses relative to their ancestors, or descendants, it seeming to be a subject in which they had little, or no, interest; nevertheless I expect I shall be held strictly responsible for any omission, or errors, made in names or dates.
But I am happy to be able to state that I have met or corresponded with many who have seemed to take great interest in the work, and rendered valuable service, and thanks are due to my many friends who have ably and willingly assisted in supplying records.


Notably among them are George Francis Dow, Sec'y of the Essex Institute, Salem, Mass., Kimball Webster, Hudson, N. H., Henry Poole Saunderson, Manchester, N. H., William H. Ballou, Providence, R. I., J. Frank Bancroft, Tyngsboro, Mass., William Freeman Sparrow Cummings, Atlantic, Mass., Robert N. Adams, Portland, Me., Miss Nellie L. Morse, Portland, Me., Walter Davidson, Worcester, Mass., Miss Alice J. Cummings, Painsville, O., Hon. Henry H. Cummings, Tidiout, Pa., Joseph H. Pullen, Houma, La., Charles H. Danforth, Boston, Mass., Ezra S. Stearns, Fitchburg, Mass., Charles H. Cummings, New York City, Luther Bradley Cummings, Cape May City, N. J., Charles Bradley Cummings, Boston, Mass., and W. H. Child and Fenno B. Cummings, of Cornish, N. H.
Also to many others in various parts of the country, too numerous to be personally designated, who have willingly and ably contributed matter which gives interest and worth to the
Montpelier, Vt., March 4th, 1904.


The small index figure placed above a name indicates the generation from Isaac, the first emigrant, thus: William Cummings,4 signifies that he was of the 4th generation, i. e., a great-grandson of Isaac, the emigrant.
When two or more index figures are placed above one name it signifies that the name occurs two or more times, thus: Isaac,1 John,2-3 Ebenezer, should be read, Isaac,1 John,2 John,3 Ebenezer, thus avoiding a repetition of "John."
Names in italics and enclosed in parenthesis, following a name, are the names of the ancestors, in the order of births, thus: Cyrus Cummings5 (Jonathan,4 Thomas,3 John,2 Isaac1), is read: Cyrus Cummings,5 son of Jonathan, son of Thomas, son of John, son of Isaac,1 the emigrant.
The abbreviations used signify, b., born, m., married, d., died, dau., daughter, bapt., infant baptism, which comes from Church Records, when no record of date of birth could be found, pub., published, m. int.. marriage intentions, rem., removed, res., resides, res'd, resided, unm., unmarried, ch. rec., church records.
The numerals at head of a family is their family number or paragraph.
The numbers on the left hand margin of the pages, preceding the names, is the family number, or paragraph, of the man before whose name it is placed and will be found farther along in the book in its numerical order, where his family is tabulated.
Wherever the maiden surname of a married woman occurs, it is enclosed in parenthesis, thus: John Cummings, m. Sept. 13, 1680, Elizabeth, dau. of Samuel and Hannah (Bracket) Kinsley; 1. e., the maiden name of the bride was Elizabeth Kinsley, and the maiden name of her mother was Hannah Bracket. (See No. 4 on page 5.)
Whenever the surname of a female Cummings changes, by marriage, her family, if known, is duly recorded under the new name, but no effort is made to trace her descendants farther; although when known, occasionally another generation is given.


The order of birth of families of children is designated by numbering before each name, wherever the name is Cummings, Roman figures are used as I., V., and where the name is other than Cummings, Arabic numerals are used, as 1,5, etc.
N. B. The figures in the index do not refer to pages, but to family numbers, or paragraphs; thus, in Nathaniel Cummings 49 (on page 61) his name will be found between 49 and 50, occupying less space than one page, but with the name Gilman Taylor Cummings 90, on page 121, his name appears between 90 and 91, which occupies more than one page.

Note: In this Digital Edition, the superscripted numbers have been omitted as being redundant. Likewise, all but the first of the names originally in italics and enclosed in parenthesis have been omitted, largely superceded by lineage-tracking hyperlinks.


In the year 1610 the church of Rev. John Robins of England having become dissatisfied with the English laws regarding church government emigrated to Leyden, Holland, where a portion became equally dissatisfied with their surroundings, and again agitated a change, which resulted in less than one-half of their number deciding to emigrate to the unexplored shores of America. Accordingly a vessel was procured in 1620 and they returned to the mother country, where they arrived on July 2nd, 1620.
Having engaged another vessel, the Mayflower, they, on Sept. 6th, embarked for America, where they arrived on the 11th of the following November, landing at the noted "Plymouth Rock."
Occasional tramp vessels visited the new colony, bringing a few additional settlers, but with the great mortality incident to the hardships they encountered, and the severity of our rigorous New England winters to which they were unaccustomed, with the inroads made upon them by the savage Indians, their numbers increased but little for the next few years, until in 1627 when another colony was formed and came over to America.
These landed at Salem and commenced another settlement there and in what are now the adjoining towns of Topsfield and Ipswich, in Essex Co. There is no log of the vessel on which this colony came, therefore the names of its passengers cannot be ascertained, but among them, doubtless, was Isaac Cummings. He was the first Cummings whom I have been able to learn emigrated to New England.
In a deposition made by him in March, 1666, he gave his age as 65 years, thus establishing his birth in 1601. The Probate Records of Essex county show copy of his last will and testament, dated "8th of 3d mth., 1677," also an inventory filed "this 22 Maye 1677", and his will was probated June 14, 1677, thus establishing his death between "8th of 3d mth., and Maye 22, 1677."
Of his wife nothing is known, except that she died before him, no mention being made of her in his will, but he left four children as will be seen later.


The spelling of the name has long been a bone of contention, and I have found it spelled in all o£ the following ways: Cumin, Cummin, Cumins, Cummins, Cumens, Cummens, Cuming, Cumming, Cumings, Cummings, Comens, Comins, Comen, Coming, Comings, Commings.
The last is the spelling used by Joseph Cummings (number "24," this book, b. in 1689, and died in 1729), in making a record of his living children, as appears by facsimile in connection with his genealogy in this book. The original record is in my possession, having been handed down to me through five consecutive generations, covering over 175 years. Until some one produces an older Cummings record, made by the man himself, I shall claim this the oldest one in existence.
It being next to impossible for me to give each person, and family, their own personal spelling, or to tell when, or by whom the several changes have been made, I have adopted the uniform spelling of Cummings, as it is the spelling of much more than one-half of all the records I have been able to collect, leaving us all to continue our usual mode of spelling, without prejudice.
Another much mooted question is from whence Isaac came, and his nationality. I will say from all my researches in that direction I have failed to find a single scrap of record evidence tending to establish either fact, but have found very much of tradition, which I give in part, but as tradition only.


Isaac Cummings, according to tradition, was of Scottish ancestry, claiming descent from the "Red Cumin," of Badenoch, in the southeastern district of Inverness-shire, a wild, mountainous country, presenting wide stretches of bleak moorland. Here the clan flourished from 1080 to 1330, and then began to decline. Some deduce their origin from Normandy and others from Northumberland. According to the Chronicle of Melrose, the first of the name who figured prominently, was slain with Malcom III., at Alnwick, in 1093, leaving two sons, John and William. From John, all the Cumins in Scotland are said to be descended. Sir John, the Red Cumin or Comyn, was the first Lord of Badenoch, and in 1240 was an ambassador from Alexander II to Louis IX, of France.
His son John, called the Black Lord of Badenoch, was inferior to no subject in Scotland for wealth and power, and was one of those who vowed to support Queen Margaret, daughter of Alexander III., in her title to the crown. At her death he became a competitor for the crown of Scotland, "as the son and heir of John, who was son and heir of Donald, King of Scotland." The son of this Lord, called, in turn, the Red Cumin, was the last Lord of Badenoch of the surname of Cumin.
In 1335 a number of Cumin clan was slain in the feudal battle of Culbleau, in Glenwick, where a stone now marks the spot.
The badge of the clan, in Gaelic, was "Lus Mhic Cuiminn," in English, the Cummin plant.

Another tradition runs: Comines—Comynges—Comyns— Comings—Cumyn—Cumings—Cummings; "a family which rose to great power and eminence in Scotland and England. The name was taken from the town of Comines near Lille, on the frontier between France and Belgium.


In 1445 one branch of the family gave birth, in the old chateau, to the historian, Phillipe de Comines. Another branch followed William of Normandy to the conquest of England.
In the year 1069, Robert of Comines, or Comyn, with 700 horse from William the Conqueror, seized Durham and held it 48 hours, but the people rose up against him and he perished in the flames at the burning of the Bishop's Palace.
His nephew, William, became Chancellor of Scotland in 1133. The Chancellor's nephew, Richard, inherited the English possessions of the family and married the Countess of Athol, grand-daughter of Donald Bane, King of Scots, and his son, William, in 1210, became Earl of Buchan by marrying the Celtic heiress of the North Earldom.
By this marriage he became the father of Elexander, Earl of Buchan, who married the daughter of Roger-de Quenci, Earl of Winchester.
By other marriages the family obtained the Earldom of Angus and Athol, so that by the middle of the 13th Century there were in Scotland one Lord, four Earls, and thirty-two belted Knights by the name of Comyns.
Within 70 years this great house was entirely overthrown, there were none left of them, save those who took refuge in the "Monks of Deer," a monastery founded in 1219 by William Cumyns, Earl of Buchan.
John Cumyns, son of the Earl of Badenoch, who was in 1291 an unsuccessful competitor for the crown, was a descendant of Donald Bane, king of the old Celtic dynasty. John Cumyns, Earl of Buchan, was defeated by Bruce in a pitched battle in 1306.
Such of the Cumyns as escaped the sword found refuge with their wives and children in England, where, although they were so poor as to be dependent upon the bounty of the English Court, they married into the best families, so that their blood circulated through the nobles in other kingdoms and descendants of Henry IV.
The Earl of Shrewsbury was the representative of the Lord of Badenoch, who was at the head of the race."


Another tradition is from an educated American, who spent much time in Rome. “The Cummings family is a very old family; as far as can be gathered, the family lived in Lombardy, northern Italy during, and prior to the fourth century, it then came over the Alps, and settled in Provence, and then went to the Gironde country in the southern part of France, and thence to the north of France, on the borders of Belgium, where was founded ' the town of Commines, where lived Phillip of Commines, whom Hallan called the father of Ancient History, thence they went to Scotland and England and Ireland.
An educated native of Rome insists that the original family of Commines was a family once well known in Lombardy, that he had traced them to France, and it is a fact established by ancient history that they were a strong family during the great "Hearth" war, which lasted for many years, and that Earl de Cumminges was perhaps the principal factor in bringing on and. continuing the war. History tells us they went to England about the time of the invasion by William the Conqueror," etc.
Although these traditions are given as such, it will be noticed that they carry many indications of having been compiled by fertile brains from the many historical books extant.
I too well recollect of my grandfather, who was born in 1768, caressing me, in my childhood and calling me "a little Scotchman," and a large majority of the traditions, and circumstantial evidence, strongly indicate that we are of Scotch descent. From what I have learned in the six years of my researches of the Cummings records, I have formed the opinion that Isaac came to America from England, but that he was of Scotch origin, though all my efforts to make a connection with his ancestors have been futile.
In the second tradition given is a mention of the historian, "Phillipe de Comins," and there was published in Paris in 1552 a French work on a man of that name, at the close, or end, of which are many genealogical Comines trees, and I have made considerable effort to obtain a copy of the book, but it being out of print, have not been able to secure one. Also, some 150 or more years ago there was published in England a Commins genealogy, but that is also out of print.
I have had an order for the last three years, with Bernard Quaritch, 15 Picadilly, London, a dealer in rare and ancient books, for a copy of the English Commins genealogy, but he has been unable to secure one. My


personal researches have been confined to our American records of Historical, Genealogical, and Antiquarian Societies, Public Libraries, Civil and Probate Court records, Church, and Town records, and a very exhaustive correspondence for several years; with visits to cemeteries and ancient "grave yards," in localities where the descendants of Isaac Cummings are known to have lived and died, and I have decided to go to press with the following records, leaving the collection of the missing records of other descendants of Isaac for a younger man. The first mention in Essex County records of Isaac Cummings, is an entry made by the town clerk of Watertown, where his name appears in the records of land grants, as receiving a grant of 35 acres in the earliest general land grants in 1636; called the "Great Dividends." Also we find a record made by the Town Clerk at Ipswich, showing that he owned a planting lot near Reedy marsh, in that town, previous to July 25, 1638.
On the 9th of the 2nd month, 1639, he also owned a house lot in Ipswich village, on the street called the East End, next the lot owned by Rev. Nathaniel Rogers. He was a commoner in 1639, and the same year sold land near the highway leading to Jeffrey's Neck. He also possessed, in 1639, land adjoining John Winthrop and William Goodhue, the farm being partly in Ipswich and partly in Topsfield. He was made a freeman, May 18, 1642, and was a proprietor in Watertown the same year, and at Topsfield afterward, where he was one of 30 commoners.
As an Ipswich commoner he was one of those "that have right of commonage there the last of the last month, 1641."
On the first day of the second month, 1652, Isaac Cummings, for £30, bought of Samuel Symonds, 150 acres of land, "being the North-east corner of his farm called Ollivers." This lot of land was in Topsfield and bounded on the west and north-west by land lately of John Winthrop, on the south and west by land of Francis Peabody, and on the south by land of Daniel Clark.
This farm began at what is known as the Hobbs-Bell place, and continued down both sides of the brook, then called "Winthropps," to what is now called Hewlett's brook, one hundred acres lying on the westerly side, and fifty acres on the easterly side, probably joining other land belonging to him.
The Essex county court records have the following items:
Goodman Isaac Cummings, of Topsfield, had suit brought against him by John Fuller, March 28, 1654.


Isaac Comings, senr., was witness against Wm. Duglas, March, 1656.
Isaac Commins, senr., was sued for debt by Zerobabell Phillips, of Ipswich, March, 1657.
Isaac Cummings, senr., brought suit against John Fuller for damage done in his corn by swine belonging to said Fuller, Dec. 31, 1656. etc.
Isaac Cummings was chosen grand juryman in 1675 and was moderator of the Town Meeting in 1676. He was deacon of the church in Topsfield for many years.



"I being sencabl of my approaching desolution being att present weak in body yet perfect in my vnderstanding haueing by the grace of god bene helped to provid for my future state in another world: doe now in ordering of what god hath heen pleased to bestow vpon me of the blessings of this life, take Care and order that in the first place my debts be duly payd: nextly I doe by this my last will and testament confirme to my son Ifaac the ten Acres of division Land on the south side of the great river be more or less: nextly I do giue vnto my son in law John Jewet ten pounds part in Cattel and part in houshovld goods: nextly I do will and bequeath to my grandson Isaac the son of my son Isaac one year old heifer oh little sow the indian corne which he hath planted for himself and the flax which he hath sowne, item I doe giue vnto him my chest the 2d in bignes with lock and key: item my history book with such books as are his owne: ie. a bibl and testament, item I do giue him ten pounds to be payd at seuenteen years of age in Covntry pay — item I doe giue vnto my son in Law John pease thirty povnds to be pay out of the stock of Cattel and hovshovld goods as much as maybe att present and the rest in two years — item I doe make my son John my sole executor and doe giue vnto him my house and lands being fovrty Acres more or less Consisting of vpland and meddow with all the priviledges emmolvments therof and apvrtainces thervnto belonging: provided that this land shall stand bovnd in part and in wholl for the payment of these legacyes and in case that the said legacyes shal not be payd according to this my will: the land shall be sovld and payment made out of the price thereof: and the remainder shall , be the executors: item my will fvrther is that if any of these my children shall throvgh discontent att what is done for them in this my will: Cause trovbl to arise to the executor then there shall be nothing payd to him or them but the legacy or legacyes willed to them shall return too and remain in the hands of the executor as his proper right, dated the 8th of the 3d mth 1677.


My desir farther is that Isaac ffoster and Thomas Dorman would take Care that this my will be duly performed.
Isaac Cumings Sr.
Witneses the mark \ of John poore Sr
Thomas Dorman
Isaac ffoster.
Probated June 14, 1677."

The Inuentory of all the Goods & Chattls of Isake Comings senior Late of Topsfeild deceased tacken and apprised by us whos names ar under writen this 22 maye 1677.

it a Cloth Sute 40: 2:00:0
it a Grey Sute 35 1:15:0
it 6 yards of cloth with butons silk & thread as they cost at the marchants 1:19:3
it an old Grat Coat 9s: wascot 6s 0:15:0
it a payer of Gren brchis & two payer of drawers 0:09:0
it 3 payer of shoos 1s: 5 payer of stokins 8s 0:09:0
it 4 shirts 10s: 7 Caps 7s: one slke Cape 4s 1:01:0
it 10 bandes 10s: 7 handcovehrs 3s 0:13:0
it 4 hates 8s: a cloth hood & Startups 1:6d 0:09:6
it a fether beed & bolser & pillow 4:00:0
it a nu Couerlit 24s: an old couerlit 5s 1:09:0
it Curtins & valants, beedsted cord & matt 1:10:0
it a smale beed with a pilow & a Rugge 1:15:6
it one payer of sheetes 30s & other payer 16: 2:06:0
it one payer of sheets 18s one sheet 7s 1:05:0
it 3 pilow bers 6s: 3 napkins 3s 6d 0:09:6
it 2 table cloths 5s 6d 7 toweles 5s 6d 0:11:0
it two sacks and willit one bage 0:10:0
it 3 Small Remnants of cloth 0:02:6
it flax and tow 0:06:0
it 6 pound of cotton woole 0:06:0
it a broad howe 2s one broad how 3s 6d 0:05:6
it an iron foot is 6d: 3 haye forks 4s: 6d 0:06:0
it an iron spitt 3s & ades 5s a hand sawe 2s 6d 0:10:6
it axe 3s 6d: & old spad 3s botle & 4 wedgis 6s 0:12:6


it a mare 40s: a yearling Colt 15s: a sadle & a panel with a bridle & gurte & cropper 20s 3:15:0
it a brafs pott 20s one iron pott 9s two payer of potthooks 1:12:0
it an old ketle 6s: 3s 6d a bras cantllstik 4s potlid 1s 0:14:6
it in pewter 18s tine 9d: one glac 1s: 5 spons 2s 1:01:9
it earthen ware 6s 8d: tramell tongs Bellis 12s 0:18:8
it hamer pinchers 5s: fann 3s chern 5s 0:13:0
it a nu powdering tub 3s 6d: 4 paiels 7s 8d 0:11:2
it 2 Kelors 4s: old powdring tub 1s two old barels 2s 0:07:0
it half bushel: a peck: halfe peck 0:03:6
it 4 trayes 4s 4 bouls 4s dishes & ladle 1s 8d 0:09:8
it one duz trenchers 1s two barels 5s 0:06:0
it 3 siues 3s 3 chayers 7s A litle table & form 4s 0:14:0
it a desk 6s one chest 11s 6d two old chests 4s 1:01:6
it 3 books 10s a chest 5s two books 10s 1:05:0
it Corn 10s malt 6s 0:16:0
it baker 3s kneding trof 2s 0:05:0
it A worming Pann frying pann 0:10:0
it eight swine 5:00:0
it 3 cowes 12l: one two year old ster, one yearling 16:06:0
it bowsing and Lands with all prueledges & apurtenceses: upland & meado is abought 40 accers 100:00:0
it depts due to the eftat 4:00:0
John Whipple 125:12:0
John How 40:09:6
depts due from the est at aboute 19:16:5

John Comings testified vpon oath before the worshipfull Samuell Symonds Esqr Dep; Govr. & maior Gen'll Esqr & the clarke being present the 14th of June 1677 and testified vpon oath this to be a true Inventory of the estate of his late ffather deceased to the best of his knowledge & if more appeare to ad the same
As attest. Robert Lord Cler.


1. ISAAC CummingS, b. 1601, d. May 1677.
2. i. John, b. 1630.
3. ii. Isaac, b. 1633.
iii. Elizabeth, m. April 2, 1661, John Jewett of Rowley, born about 1761. By deed dated February
28, 1661-2, Isaac Cummings conveyed a farm of 40 acres, to John Jewett of Rowley, "for and in consideration of marriage with my daughter Elizabeth." She died in Ipswich, July 9, 1679, and he m. 2nd, 1680, Elizabeth (How), widow of Benjamin Chadwell of Lynn.
1. Elizabeth Jewett, b. Jan. 5, 1661-2, m. May 16, 1687, John Hidden. She m. 2nd,
Cornelius Davis.
2. Hannah Jewett, m. Jan. 20, 1684-5 Joseph Plummer of Newbury.
3. Isaac Jewett, m. Dorcas Hovey.
4. Sarah Jewett, b. March 7, 1668.
5. Abigail Jewett, b. Nov. 27, 1670, d. Aug. 3, 1672.
6. Samuel Jewett, b. Sept. 12, 1672, m. Elizabeth Reyner, cooper.
7. Abigail Jewett, b. Sept. 13, 1675, d. Nov. 14, 1675.
8. David Jewett, b. April 3, 1677.
9. Mary Jewett, b. May 27, 1679, pub. 1709 to Philip Nealand of Ipswich. Had Daniel,
Jonathan, Dorcas and Rebecca by second marriage.


iv. Ann, m. Oct. 8, 1669, John Pease of Salem, (it being his 2nd marriage) son of John. He came
in the Francis, from Ipswich, Suffolk Co., England, in 1634. He m, 1st, Mary ---, who d. Jan. 5, 1668. He d. July 8, 1689. His wife, Ann, d. June 29, 1689. They removed to Enfield, Conn., in 1681.
1. James Pease, b. Oct. 23, 1670.
2. Isaac Pease, b. July 15, 1672.
3. Abigail Pease, b. Oct. 15, 1675, d. July 9, 1689.
He had John, Robert, Mary, Abraham, and Jonathan by his first marriage.

2. JOHN CummingS, (Isaac) b. 1630, m. Sarah, dau. of Ensign Thomas and Alice (French) Howlett of Ipswich, Mass. He received by his father's will, the homestead, consisting of 40 acres, with houses, barns, orchards and fences, and in 1680 sold the same to Edward Nealand. (Kneeland). This farm was bounded by land of the above Nealand, and by Tobijah Perkins and the Ipswich common land. About 1658 he removed to Boxford. He was made freeman in 1673. Both he and his wife were members of the church in Topsfield, Dec. 7, 1685; "voted dismission to John Cummings without commendation and dismissed his wife with commendation to the church to be shortly gathered at Dunstable." — (Topsfield Church Records.) He removed with his family to Dunstable, Mass, about 1680, where he was one of the first settlers. He was a selectman in 1682, and a member of the church in 1684. He died Dec. 1, 1700, and his wife died Dec. 7. 1700.
4. i. John, b. 1657, in Boxford.
5. ii. Thomas, b. Oct. 6, 1658.
6. iii. Nathaniel, b. Sept. 10, 1659.
iv. Sarah, b. Jan. 27, 1661, m. Dec. 28, 1682, Lieut. Samuel, son of Lieut. William (and
Elizabeth) French, b. Dec. 3, 1645, (one of the first settlers in Dunstable.)


1. Sarah French, b. Feb. 7, 1684.
2. Samuel French, b. Sept. 10, 1685, d. Nov. 4, 1727.
3. Joseph French, b. Mar. 10, 1687, m. Elizabeth Cummings. (No. 4. iii.)
4. John French, b. May 6, 1691.
5. Ebenezer French, b. Apr. 7, 1693. Killed by Indians at Naticook, N. H., Sept. 5, 1724.
6. Richard French, b. Apr. 8, 1695.
7. Alice French, b. Nov. 20, 1699.
8. Jonathan French, b. Feb. 1, 1704, d. Nov. 17, 1757. (Was a Deacon.)
7. v. Abraham.
vi. Isaac, d. Nov. 2, 1688. Killed by Indians and remained unburied until Nov. 28, 1688.
vii. Ebenezer, d. Nov. 2, 1688. Killed by Indians and remained unburied until Nov. 28, 1688.
viii. William, b. Aug. 5, 1671, d. Mar. 30, 1672.
ix. Eleazer, b. Aug. 5, 1671.
x. Benjamin, b. Feb. 23, 1673.
xi. Samuel, b. Dec. 28, 1677.

3. DEA. ISAAC CummingS, (Isaac) b. in 1633, m. Nov. 27, 1659, Mary, dau. of Robert and Grace Andrews. She was b. 1638. He received, in 1663, by deed from his father a farm of 100 acres lying on both sides of Winthrop's brook, being a part of the original purchase of Samuel Simonds. He built his house near the site of the "Hobbs-Bell" house. He was elected deacon of the church June 13, 1686, and was an influential man in the town. His name frequently appearing on the records. He made a deposition in 1696, in which he states that his age was 63 years, thus establishing the date of his birth. He is styled "Sergeant" m the list of those who took the oath of allegiance in 1678. He also served as selectman, treasurer, constable and tithingman. He was made a freeman in 1673, and in 1675 was impressed for the Narragansett expedition. In his will dated in 1712,


and probated June 19, 1721, and he gives to son Isaac, Jr., £30 and land in Boxford; to his son John, land on the south side of the river, "where he now dwells," and also "my homestead house and land * * * in Consideration of what he hath Done Towards mine & my Wives Support while my wife Lived, &'upon Consideration Yt he maintaines mee honorably During my Naturall Life." Thomas, the other son "for whom I have Done Considerably already in helping him purchase land," received "My English Dictionary." He died in 1721, his wife having died before 1712.
i. A son, b. and d. Aug. 28, 1660.
ii. A son, b. and d. Nov. 2, 1661.
iii. A son, b. and d. Dec. 6, 1662.
8. iv. Isaac, b. Sept. 15, 1664.
9. v. John, b. June 7, 1666.
10. vi. Thomas, b. June 27, 1670.
vii. Mary, b. Feb. 16, 1671, m. July 14, 169-, Daniel, son of Daniel and Faith (Bridges) Black, b.
Aug. 24, 1667, of Boxford. She d. Dec. 16, 169-. He was a weaver and lived in Boxford until his wife died.
viii. Rebecca, b. Apr. 1, 1694, m. Jan. 13, 1695-6, Thomas, son of William and Mary (Perkins)
Hewlett. He d. Feb. 10, 1713; and Dec. 20, 1711; she m. 2nd, Michael Whidden of Portsmouth, N. H.
ix. Abigail, m. Mar. 28, 1693-4, Samuel, son of. Samuel and Ruth (Trumbull) Perley, b. May 28,
1667 and d. in Rowley, Jan. 29, 1724-5. She d. Jan. 22, 1725-6.
1. Abigail Perley, b. Aug. 8, 1695.
2. Susannah Perley, b. Nov. 19, 1697.
3. Abigail Perley, b. July 14, 1700.
4. David Perley, b. Oct. 25, 1702.
5. Patience Perley, b. Mar. 1, 1704-5.
x. Stebbins, b. Feb. 27, 1680. "Dyed by the hands of the Indians third day of July, 1706."


4. JOHN CummingS, (John) b. in Boxford, 1657, and lived in Dunstable; m. Sept. 13, 1680, Elizabeth,* dau. of Samuel and Hannah (Brackett) Kinsley, b. in Braintree Nov. 22, 1657. (She was called "Goody" Cummings.) They settled on the Nathaniel Cutler place in the south part of Nashua, where his wife was killed by the Indians, July 3, 1706. He was also wounded (arm broken), but escaped to a swamp about ½ mile south and near the present state line and remained in hiding over night, then made his escape to "Farwell block-house," near now 1904, Fay Bros.' "Hermitage." Belknap, I, 173.
11. i. John, b. July, , 1682.
12. ii. Samuel, b. Oct. 6, 1684.
iii. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 5, 1687; m. Joseph, son of Samuel and Sarah (Cummings) French, b.
Mar. 10, 1687. (2 iv.)
1. Capt. Joseph French, b. July 28, 1713; d. Apr. 21, 1776.
2. Elizabeth French, b. 1715.
3. Sampson French, b. July 28, 1717.
4. Josiah French, b. Feb. 24, 1723; d. Jan. 28, 1742.
5. Thomas French, b. June 29, 1724.
6. Benjamin French, b. July 6, 1726.
7. Samuel French, b. July 14, 1728; d. Jan. 11, 1730.
8. Samuel French, b. Aug. 10, 1730.
iv. Hannah, b. May 20, 1690, in Groton. (See Groton Hist.)
v. Ebenezer, b. in Woburn, Sept. 17, 1695, d. Sept. 5, 1724, killed by the Indians with seven
vi. Anna, b. Sept. 14, 1698.
vii. Lydia, b. Mar. 24, 1701; d. Apr. 1701.
13. viii. William, b. Apr. 24, 1702.

* See answer to inquiry in Boston Transcript Jan., 1896, "dau. of Eldad and Mehitable (Morey) Kinsley." from Henry Pool Saunderson, Manchester, N. H.


5. THOMAS CummingS, (John) b. in Boxford, Oct. 6, 1658; m. Dec. 19, 1688, Priscilla, dau. of Samuel and Mercy (Swan) Warner, b. Sept. 25, 1666. He d. Oct. 23, 1722, and was buried in the ancient cemetery at South Nashua where his headstone still remains. (1904)
i. Priscilla, b. Oct. 1, 1689; d. Sept. 13, 1728.
ii. Mary, b. Apr. 25, 1692, m. Lieut. Oliver, son of Henry and Susannah ( Richardson ) Farwell,
b. 1691, who was killed by Indians at Naticook, Sept. 5, 1724; aged 33.
1. Mary Farwell, b. May 8, 1716.
2. Oliver Farwell, b. Nov. 19, 1717, m. in Lunenburg, Dec. 25, 1738, Abigail, dau. of
Jonathan and Rebecca (Brown) Hubbard, Jr. She was b. in Groton, June 25, 1721, and d. Aug. 18, 1789. He d. Oct. 12, 1808, in Dunstable.
3. Benjamin Farwell, b. May 14, 1720, d. Mar. 20, 1772.
4. Sarah Farwell, b. May 8, 1724.
iii. Thomas, b. Oct. 24, 1694, d. June 2, 1695, in Boston.
iv. Sarah, b. Sept. 15, 1696.
v. Ann, b. Feb. 6, 1699
vi. Thomas, b. Apr. 10, 1701. Settled in
Hudson, N. H.
14. vii. Jonathan, b. July 3, 1703.
15. viii. Ephraim, b. Mar. 10, 1706.
ix. Samuel, b. Apr. 12, 1708, d. Jan. 20, 1723.

6. NATHANIEL CummingS, (John) b. in Boxford, Sept. 10, 1659, m. Apr. 14, 1697, Abigail Parkhurst. Settled at Dunstable.


16. i. John, b. Jan. 14, 1698.
17. ii. Nathaniel, b. Sept. 8, 1699.
18. iii. Eleazer, b. Oct. 19, 1701.
iv. Joseph, b. May 26, 1704.

7. ABRAHAM CummingS, (John) b. in Boxford, removed with his father to Dunstable about 1680, where he evidently was living in 1689, he being one of those who contributed to the ministers' "wood rate." He m. Feb. 28, 1687, Sarah, dau. of Dea. Joseph and Elizabeth (Hassell) Wright, of Woburn, where he lived about ten years. He died and his widow m. 2nd Sept. 4, 1707, Aaron, son of Phinehas and Mary (Priest) Pratt, b. in Charlestown, Mass., 1654, and died Feb. 23, 1835, aged 81 years. She was distinguished for her sagacity and energy. She had a very extensive practice in midwifery at Hingham and its vicinity, a branch of the medical profession then largely conducted by females. She d. Dec. 25, 1752, aged 84 years, "lamented by all who knew her."
19. i. Abraham, b. Oct. 7, 1690, in Woburn.
20. ii. Joseph, b. Sept. 1, 1692, in Woburn.
iii. Sarah, b. Feb. 10, 1694, in Woburn.
21. iv. Jacob, b. Jan. 3, 1696, in Woburn.
v. Josiah, b. in Dunstable, July 12, 1698,* m. 2nd about 1737, Miriam ---. He probably lived in
Litchfield for several years, where he established and kept the first ferry over the Merrimack river at that place, which was later known as Lutcick's Ferry, and still later as Thornton's Ferry, as the place is at-present known. At an early date it was called Gumming's Ferry. He was assessed in this town from 1741-56 inclusive, also the years '58, '60 and 1761. About 1740 he settled on a part of the original Joseph Hill's farm, and later owned by Richard Marshall. The house was on the west side of the highway. He was one of the party of Capt.

* Josiah Cummings m. 1st, May 15, 1721, in Woodstock, Conn.. Mary Frissell.


John Lovewell that started from Dunstable in April, 1725, for Pequawket, owing to disability or sickness of his cousin, William Cummings, who was also a member of the same Company, he was ordered home with him. He deeded June 5, 1738, a tract of land to Thomas Colburn of Nottingham West. He d. Feb. 8, 1761. He had one son, Josiah Cummings. He was assessed in this town from 1759 to 1784 inclusive, with the exceptions of 1755-58 inclusive. He conveyed homestead and other lands to Richard Marshall. He d. unm. Oct. 13, 1784. (Death not recorded.)
22. vi. Eleazer, b. April 9, 1704, in Woburn.

8. ISAAC CummingS, (Isaac) b. in Topsfield, Sept. 15, 1664; m. 1st, Dec. 25, 1688, Alice, dau. of Thomas and Alice (French) Hewlett; m. 2nd, Nov. 23, 1696, Frances Sherwin, of Boxford. She d. Mar. 13, 1770. Received by deed from his father in 17°Sj 57 A. of land in Boxford, but he probably never resided on the farm, as in 1712 he was living on a farm deeded him by his wife's grandfather, 'Thomas Hewlett. The farm was the present Alfred Cummings homestead, then situated in Ipswich. There are supposed to have been no less than six different houses on this farm. The first one was situated very near the river and it is said to have been destroyed by the Indians. In 1721 both he and his wife were dismissed from the church in Topsfield, to the church in Ipswich. He d. Aug. 7, 1746.
i. Lydia, bapt. May 4, 1690, pub. Oct. 5, 1723, Stephen Smith of Ipswich.
1. Prudence Smith, bapt. May 23, 1725.
2. Zebulon Smith, bapt. Jan. 1, 1726-7.
3. Adam Smith, b. Mar. 2, 1727-8.
4. Christian Smith, b. Mar. 6, 1730-1.
23. ii. Isaac, bapt. Apr. 24, 1692.


iii. Alice, b. Dec. 10, 1695, pub. Apr. 22, 1725, Thomas Bixbee lived in Boxford and d. before
1. Alice Bixbee, b. Feb. 25, 1725.
2. Sarah Bixbee, b. June 28, 1728.
3. Thomas Bixbee, b. Jan. 28, 1729-30.
4. Pelatiah Bixbee, b. Aug. 9, 1731.
iv. Mercy, b. June 5, 1699, d. Nov. 4, 1731, unm.
v. Jemima, b. July 4, 1704. m. Jan. 1, 1733-4, Jonathan, son of Caleb and Mary (Sherwin)
Foster, of Ipswich, b. Nov. 30, 1704 and she died before 1750.
1. Abby Foster, b. Dec. 4, 1734.
2. Philemon Foster, b. June 11, 1737.
3. Apphia Foster, b. Jan. 16, 1739.
4. Jemima Foster, b. Apr. 1, 1742.
5. Olive Foster, b. Aug. 20,.1744. .
vi. Pelatiah, b. May 15, 1707, d. Nov. 14, 1727.
vii. Jerusha, b. Feb. 17, 1710, pub. Jan. 1, 1735-6, Joshua, son of Lot and Elizabeth Conant, b. in
Rowley, Oct. 19, 1707. He d. in Ipswich, Sept. 3, 1749.
1. Jehoydara Conant, b. Oct. 10, 1737.
2. Pelatiah Conant, b. Jan. 19, 1739.
3. Jerusha Conant, b. Sept. 7, 1743.
4. Lot Conant, b. Dec. 24, 1746.
5. Joshua Conant, b. Feb. 6, 1750.

9. JOHN CummingS, (Isaac) b. in Topsfield, June 7, '666, m. Jan. 23, 1688, Susannah, dau. of Joseph and Phebe (Perkins) Towne. She was b. Dec. 24, 1670, d. Sept. 13, 1766. He executed a will May 8, 1722, which was proved July 16, 1722. He received from his father by will dated May 8, 1722, 100 A. of land, now known


as the "Hobbs-Bell" farm, and 50 A. of land on the south side of the river, "where my son John now dwells." As early as 1694 he began buying land on the south side of the river, until he finally owned over 200 A's. He was living in that part of the town as early as 1714 and probably much earlier. He lived in the old house that stood until its destruction by fire in 1882, on what is now known as the Peterson farm. He held several town offices.
24. i. Joseph, bapt. Jan. 26, 1689-90.
25. ii. John, bapt. July 17, 1692.
iii. Isaac, b. Dec. 25, 1695, m. Jan. 5, 1720-1, Hannah, dau. of Isaac and Abigail (Kimball)
Eastie, b. May 18, 1702. They settled in Stoughton, Mass., where his children were born and then removed to Sutton, in the spring of 1743 and his wife died there June 17, 1743. He m. 2nd in Sutton, Mar. 13, 1744? Susanna Holden.
i. Hannah, b. Oct. 26, 1721; m. in Dorchester, Mar. 23, 1843, Phineas Rice.
1. Nathaniel Rice, b. Sept. 18, 1745.
2. Hannah Rice, b. July 26, 1747.
3. Mary Rice, b. May 1, 1751.
4. Elizabeth Rice, b. July 6, 1753.
5. Abigail Rice, b. Apr. 7, 1755.
6. Ruth Rice, b. Feb. 24, 1758.
7. Noah Rice, ,b. Mar. 15, 1760.
8. Lydia Rice, b. May 29, 1763.
ii. Isaac, b. Feb. 12, 1723.
iii. Mary, b. Sept. 30, 1726.
iv. Mehitable, b. Aug. 8, 1730.
v. Rebecca, b. Sept. 7, 1735.
vi. Ebenezer, b. June 17, 1738.
vii. Sarah, b. July 17, 1740.
viii. Noah, b. Sept. 14, 1742.
ix. Susanna, b. in Sutton, Apr. 14, 1746.



26. iv. David, b. Apr. 75, 1698.
v. Mary, b. May 15, 1700; m. Jan. 24, 1723, Nathaniel, son of Benjamin and Jane (Phillips)
Hutchinson, b. in Salem, May 3, 1698 and removed to Sutton, where she died before 1732, m. 2nd, Joanna Conant, and had 6 children by 2nd m. He d. in Sutton in 1757.
1. Mary Hutchinson, bapt. Mar. 15, 1724, m. Nov. 27, 1745, Jona. Fitts.
2. Susanna Hutchinson, bapt. Nov. 28, 1725, m. May 14, 1752, Daniel Day.
3. Bethia Hutchinson, bapt. July 14, 1730, m. Ebenezer Fitts.
vi. Susannah, b. Jan. 3, 1701-2, m. Feb. 14, 1722, John Whipple, of Salem.
vii. Stebbens, b. Aug. 3, 1706, m. Ruth, dau. of John and Abigail (Raymond) Giles of Salem
Village, b. Sept. 16, 1705. He was probably named for his uncle Steben who was killed at Naticook, N. H., by Indians July 3, 1706. He was a cooper by trade. He sold, in 1732, 52 acres of land and ½ barn which formerly was given to brother John by his father's will and removed to Sutton, Mass. He m. 2nd, Betty Carroll. His will was written Apr. 22, 1760.
i. Ruth, b. in Sutton, May 16, 1732; m. May 1, 1753, Eleazer Hawse.
ii. Mary, b. Oct. 22, 1733; m. Dec. 4, 1752, Fuller, son of Jeptha and Ruth (Ray) Putnam.
He was b. Jan. 13, 1731; she d. 1755 and he m. 2nd, Nov. 23, 1756, Eunice Hayward. (Issue 7 ch. by 2nd m.)
1. David Putnam, b. Jan. 26, 1753; m. Jan. 15, 1781, Martha (Waters.)
2. Eli Putnam, b. Sept. 27, 1754.


27. viii. Samuel, b. Feb. 14, 1708-9.
ix. Rebeckah, bapt. Nov. 1, 1713, m. Feb. 2, 1730-1, Thomas Perkins, b. Mar. 30, 1707. She d.
Aug. 13, 1734. He was married twice afterwards.
1. Enoch Perkins, b. Dec. 16, 1731.
2. Susanna Perkins, b. July 30, 1733.

10. THOMAS CummingS, (Isaac) b. in Topsfield, June 27, 1670; m. Mar. 20, 170:5, Mehitable, dau. of Joseph and Ann (Hathorne) Porter, of Salem Village, b. June 24, 1682. She d. May 9, 1738. He was of Boxford at the time of marriage, and was selectman of that town in 1713-21-28 and 31. By will dated 1749 and proved Dec. 25, 1749, he bequeathed, among other items, land lying in Lancaster, a dictionary and a farrier's book.
28. i. Samuel, b. Apr. 3, 1706.
ii. Mehitable, b. Oct. 21, 1710; m. May 7, 1740, Oliver Andrews, of Middleton. He died in 1767,
was a farmer.
1. Child, a dau. b. Jan. 9, 1740-1. d. in infancy.
29. iii. Jacob, b. Nov. 21, 1714.
iv. Abigail, b. June 5, 1717; m. Nov. 16, 1743, John, son of John and Elizabeth (Stiles) Buswell,
of Boxford. They are supposed to have had two children, Ruth and John Buswell.

11. DEA. JOHN CummingS, (John) b. July 7, 1682; m. Oct. 3, 1705, Elizabeth, dau. of Pelatiah and Ruth (---) Adams, of Chelmsford, b. Apr. 26, 1680. He was an original member of the church here and the first deacon in Dec. 3, 1727. He was moderator of the first town meeting and was chosen one of the selectmen; also town clerk in 1736. His farm included the land around Westford R. R. Station on both sides of the brook, and is now occupied in part by Sarah Cummings and George F. Dupee. His dwelling was probably near Mr. Dupee's and the great elm. His wife d. Apr. 30, 1759. He d. Apr. 27, 1759.


i. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 29, 1706; m. Nov. 26, 1724, James Hildreth.
ii. Mary, b. July 5, 1708; m. Nov. 10, 1732, Timothy, son of Thomas and Sarah (Fletcher) Read,
b. Mar. 21, 1714. He settled in Dunstable, Mass., near Salmon brook. His wife d. in Dunstable Nov. 3, 1778.
1. Elizabeth Read, b. Feb. 2, 1732-3.
2. Mary Read, b. Feb. 22, 1734.
3. Timothy Read, b. Aug. 30, 1736.
4. Catharine Read, b. 1738.
5. Eleazer Read, b. Feb. 2, 1749.
30. iii. John, b. June 1, 1710.
31. iv. William, b. July 27, 1712.
32. v. Thomas, b. Aug. 1, 1714
vi. Abigail, b. 1716, m. Nov. 23, 1732, Samuel, son of Thomas and Jane (Chamberlin) Reed, b.
1711. She d. Mar. 23, 1743 and he m. 2nd, June 22, 1757, Widow Hannah (Wright) Underwood, (wid. of John) dau. of Dea. Henry and Esther (Adams) Wright.
1. Thomas Read, b. Feb. 6, 1733.
2. Samuel Read, b. Jan. 20, 1735; d. Jan. 20, 1755.
3. Silas Read, b. Apr. 2, 1737.
4. William Read, b. Sept. 24, 1739.
33. vii. Samuel, b. Sept. 16, 1718.
34. viii. Ephraim, b. Nov. 30, 1720.
ix. Bridget, 6 b. Nov. 15, 1722; m. June 6, 1744, Lieut. Moses, son of Aaron and Abigail
(Adams) Parker, b. 1718, He d. July 21, 1797. She d. in Weathersfield, Vt.


1. Bridget Parker, bapt. July 6, 1745; d. young.
2. Bridget Parker, b. Oct. 30, 1746.
3. Elizabeth Parker, b. Mar. 8, 1749, d. Feb. 20, 1829, unm.
4. Isaac Parker, b. July 18, 1751; d. June 17, 1753.
5. Lucy Parker, b: July 17, 1753.
6. Moses Parker, b. Aug. 14, 1755.
7. John Parker, b. July 12, 1757; d. Feb. 5, 1778, m. Abigail (---.)
8. Isaac Parker, b. Aug. 22, 1760, m. 1st, Feb. 8, 1785; Bridget, dau. of Timothy and
Bridget (Richardson) Fletcher; m. 2nd, Catharine Wilson. He d. in Byron, N. Y.
9. Aaron Parker, (Capt.) b. Sept. 26, 1762; m. 1792, Joanna (Fletcher.) Settled in Cavendish,
and d. in Byron, N. Y., July 29, 1823. She d. in 1838.
10. Abigail Parker, b. Feb. 10, 1765.
x. Ebenezer, b. July 4, 1726; d. Mar. 5, 1727.

12. SAMUEL CummingS, (John) b. in Chelmsford, Oct. 6, 1684; m. Jan. 14, 1708, Elizabeth Shed of Groton. By act of the Legislature, a proposition, accepted by the town the 7th day of June, 1753, that part of Groton in which Samuel Cummings resided, was annexed to Dunstable, and became that part of the town now known as "Joint-Grass District." He d. in 1718, his widow m. 1720, Robert Robbins, of Littleton.
35. i. Samuel, b. Mar. 6, 1709.
36. ii. Jerahmael, b. Oct. 10, 1711.
iii. James, b. July 14, 1713, (?) assessed in Nottingham West, 1734-35-39-40 & 41. No further
iv. William. No record.


13. DEA. WILLIAM CummingS, (John) b. Apr. 24 1702; m. Sarah, dau. of William and Esther (---) Harwood, b. in Dunstable, June 26, 1706. He was in the second expedition of the famous Capt. John Lovewell, with his cousin Josiah Cummings against the Pequawket Indians that left Dunstable, Jan. 29, 1725, and which triumphantly marched into Dover, and later into Boston with ten Indian scalps stretched on hoops and elevated on poles, for which they received a bounty of £100 for each scalp. William and Josiah were both also in the party of Capt. Lovewell, in his last and fatal expedition that left Dunstable about the 16th day of April, 1725, O. S. or April 27, N. S., which numbered 46 men. The following from Potter's History of Manchester, 1. e., "When out but a short time, Toby a friendly Indian, attached to the expedition, becoming lame was sent back with great reluctance on his part. At Contoocook, William Cummings, of Dunstable, become so lame in consequence of a wound received from the enemy sometime previous, that he was obliged to return home, a kinsman, possibly Josiah Cummings, returning with him to assist him on his way." He settled in that part of Dunstable east of the Merrimack river, now Hudson, his farm lying upon said river. He d. Aug. 29, 1757, and his wife d. 1769.
i. Sarah, b. in Dunstable, Nov. 10, 1728.
37 ii. Ebenezer, b. in Dunstable, Jan. 29, 1730.
38. iii. John Harwood, b. in Dunstable, Apr. 24, 1733.
iv. Dorcas, b. in Dunstable, Dec. 18, 1737.
v. Rebecca, b. in Hudson, N. H., Mar. 17, 1740.
39. vi. Joseph, b. in Hudson, N. H.. Oct. 15, 1742.
40. vii. Thaddeus, b. in Hudson, N. H., May 17, 1745.

14. JONATHAN CummingS, (Thomas) b. July 3, 1703; m. Elizabeth, dau. of Capt. Joseph and Abiah (Hassel) Blanchard, b. in Dunstable, Apr. 25, 1697. He bought about 600 acres of land in Merrimack about two miles west of Thornton's Ferry, and there settled. Sold a part but kept a large


farm bordering on Naticook pond. Very good land but considerably uneven. He was one of the founders of the church in Merrimack, and one of the first two deacons. Was a leading man in affairs of the town, and a deacon many years. The births of his children are recorded in the old Dunstable records. (This was when Merrimack was a part of Dunstable.) He d. in Merrimack, 1791. She d. May 28, 1774.
41. i. Jonathan, b. June 5, 1729.
ii. Susannah, b. Nov. 16, 1730.
iii. Benjamin Blanchard, b. Aug. 15, 1733.
iv. Elizabeth, d. June 7, 1771.
v. Joseph.
42. vi. Simeon, b. in Merrimack, 1739.

15. EPHRAIM CummingS, (Thomas) b. Mar. 10, 1706; m. 1732, Elizabeth, dau. of Deacon John and Elizabeth Butler of Pelham, N. H., b. in Woburn, Mass., Sept. 4, 1704. He settled on land in the south easterly part of what is now Hudson, that was originally laid out to his father Thomas, as a part of "his share of the common lands of Dunstable — he being one of the Proprietors of the township. Ephraim settled here probably a short time prior to the incorporation of the town of Nottingham — he being assessed in Nottingham West, from 1733, the date of incorporation to 1770, inclusive. He was one of the prominent, early citizens of the town of Nottingham West. He was moderator of annual town meetings for several years, was a member of the board of selectmen seven years, and was delegate to the General Court of New Hampshire, in 1760. We find no record of the death of Ephraim or of that of his wife Elizabeth. He died about Mar. 9th, 1771, as by the diary of Nathaniel Merrill, he made his coffin, and he gave the date of the funeral, as Mar. 11, 1771.
CHILDREN: Born in Nottingham West.
43. i. Peter, b. Dec. 8, 1733, m.
ii. Sarah, b. May 12, 1736; m. Samuel Page.
44. iii. David, b. May 20, 1738.
iv. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 26, 1740; m. Nathaniel Hazelton


1. Solomon Hazelton, b. Apr. 13, 1761.
2. Nathaniel Hazelton, b. Sept. 17, 1762.
45. v. Ephraim, b. Apr. 9, 1743.
vi. Hannah, b. Apr. 29, 1745; m. 1768, Joseph Cummings. [See No. 39.]
vii. Priscilla, b. July 7, 1747; m. Jonathan Lund of Dunstable.
1. Jonathan Lund.
2. David Lund, m. Sarah Griffin.
3. Hannah Lund.
4. Priscilla Lund; m. Joel Lund.
5. Oliver Lund.
6. Mary Lund.
7. Samuel Lund.
8. Ephraim Lund.
9. Elizabeth Lund; m. Preston Holmes.

16. CAPT. JOHN CummingS, (Nathaniel) b. Jan. 14, 1698; m., 1736, Elizabeth French, b. 1715, dau. of Joseph and Elizabeth (Cummings) French. He d. Aug. 15, 177°- She d. July 2, 1793. He was a captain of militia, held various offices in the town, and was prominent in church matters.
i. Olive, b. May 15, 1738; m. ,Capt. Leonard, son of Ebenezer and Sarah Butterfield, b. in
Dunstable Nov. 17, 1740, m. 1st Joanna (---) who d. May-36, 1771. He was a soldier of the Revolution.
1. Leonard Butterfield, b. Feb. 28, 1772.
2. Olive Butterfield, b. Apr. 19, 1773.
3. John Butterfield, b. Dec. 1, 1776.
4. Sarah Butterfield, b. May q, 1779.
5. Catharine Butterfield, b. Jan. 18, 1781.


ii. Rebecca, b. Aug. 4, 1740; m. May 28, 1761, Asahel Wyman.
iii. Elizabeth ("Betty"), b. May 28, 1744, in Dunstable, Mass.; m. Nov. 27, 1766,* Jacob, son of
Jacob Jewett of Hollis, b. in Rowley, Mass., in 1745. He was a farmer and trader, was selectman 1773-5-6; soldier in the Revolution 1775 to 7. He resided in Hollis and died there Nov. 2, 1813. Aged 69. She died in Charlestown, Oct. 13, 1831. Aged 86. Both are buried in the churchyard in Hollis, N. H.
CHILDREN: All born in Hollis, N. H.
1. James Jewett, b. Aug. 22, 1767; m. June 16, 1789, Lucy Parley; he d. before 1797 and
she m. Nov. 3, 1797, John She d. Two children.
2. John Jewett, b. July 2, 1769; m. Nov. 29, 1795, Jane Ames; she d. June 14, 1831, and he
d. May 27, 1841. Four children.
3. Jacob Cummings Jewett, b. June 14, 1770. Went to Belknap Co., N. H.
4. Rev. David Jewett, b. Aug. 16, 1773; m. Rebecca Reed, he d. in Waltham, Mass., July 16,
1841, buried in Rockport, Mass.; had son, Rev. Wm. R. Jewett.
5. Elizabeth ("Betty") Jewett, b. Oct. 15, 1775; m. Dec. 31, 1799, Phineas H. Holden, of
Littleton; he d. June 29, 1856, she d. Dec. 18, 1847. Seven children.
6. Lucy Jewett, b. Aug. 9, 1777; m. Jan 1, 1797, Josiah Conant, of Hollis. Both buried in
7. Ralph Winslow Jewett, b. Dec. 8, 1779; m. Dec. 14, 1825, Betty Farley; was selectman
1822, and representative 1822-3. No issue.
8. Rev. Leonard Jewett, b. Oct. 2, 1787; m. Oct. 1, 1833, Sally Rockwood; she b. Jan. 18,
1792; d. Aug. 12, 1884. He d. Feb. 16, 1862. Grad. Dart. Col. 1810; Andover Sem. 1813; Pastor at Temple, N. H., 1833 to 44; removed in 1845 to Hollis and died there. No issue.

* Old. Dunstable, Mass., Record, 27 Nov. 1766, Jacob Jewett, of Hollis, married to Betty Cummings, of Dunstable, Mass.


iv. Easter Cummings, b. Aug. 21, 1745; m. Jan. 1, 1767. Jonas, son of Ebenezer and Sarah (---)
Butterfield, b. Sept. 12, 1742. He was a soldier in the Revolutionary war; called corporal in 1776.
1. Rebecca Butterfield, b. in Dunstable, Oct. 1, 1768.
2. Jonas Butterfield, b. in Dunstable May 24, 1773.
3. Esther Butterfield, b. in Dunstable, Apr. 12, 1778.
4. John Butterfield, b. in Dunstable, Apr. 16, 1780.
v. Molly, b. Aug. 1, 1747, Joseph, son of Dea. Joseph and Elizabeth (Underwood) Fletcher; b.
June 18, 1752. He settled in Dunstable and removed to Pepperell, Mass. He m. 2nd, widow Abigail Read, who d. Dec. 5, 1838. He d. Dec. 26, 1832.
1. Molly Cummings Fletcher, b. Sept. 15, 1775; m. Daniel Lovejoy; settled in Hollis, N. H.
2. Isaac Fletcher, e b. Nov. 23, 1784; m. Abigail Stone. Res. Nashua, N. H. No issue.
3. Elizabeth Underwood Fletcher, b. Feb. 24, 1790; m. William Merrill. Res. Hollis, N. H.;
1 dau.
4. Catherine Fletcher, b. May 6, 1792.
5. Lucinda Fletcher, b. Nov. 26, 1795.
6. Joseph Fletcher, by second wife, b. Sept. 14, 1798; m. Ruth Elliott. Res. Lyndon, Vt; d.
in 1863. 4 boys, 3 girls. (From Fletcher Genealogy, p. 122.)
vi. Lucy, b. June 6, 1748; m. Apr. 30, 1772, Abijah Wright of Plymouth.
46. vii. John, Jr., b. Jan. 13, 1753.
viii. Katy, b. Oct. 21, 1755.


17. NATHANIEL CummingS, (Nathaniel) b. Sept. 8, 1699; m. Elizabeth (Whitney) of Stowe.
47. i. Nathaniel, b. July 7, 1724.
ii. Jeremiah, 5 b. Dec. 27, 1726; m. Mary (---). He d. Oct. 10, 1773. He was selectman of
Dunstable in 1766. A widow, Mary,( supposed to be his) m. Feb. 1, 1776, Benjamin French, b. July 6, 1726 and d. Dec. 15, 1799.
1. Mary, b. Nov. 16, 1760.
48. ii. Jeremiah, b. Oct. 17, 1769.
49. iii. Oliver, b. Apr. 10, 1728.
iv. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 30, 1730; m. Jan. 15, 1761, Asa Davis of Nottingham West; he d. Mar. 27,
1826, aged 89; she d. Nov. 11, 1822, aged 86. He was a prominent man in his town; justice of the peace, representative to the legislature in the years 1777-79-92-3-4-9 and 1800, was moderator, town clerk 1785-95 and 1801-7, selectman 22 years and chairman of the selectmen 18 years. It is said when he heard of the alarm at Lexington he left his plow in the furrow, called his wife to unyoke the oxen, took his musket and hastened toward Lexington, on reaching Billerica he learned that the British forces had retreated, and he retraced his steps to his home.
1. Elizabeth Davis, b. Feb. 4, 1762.
2. Lydia Davis, b. Feb. 21, 1763.
3. Jacob Davis, b. Mar. 19, 1765.
4. Mary Davis, b. Sept. 21, 1769.

NOTE. — Nathaniel had dau. Elizabeth that married Asa Davis. We have birth of only one Elizabeth recorded as far as we know, yet the death, date and age of this record does not agree with the above birth date. Query — Did the first Elizabeth die and was a second dau. named the same, or has an error been made in her age at the time of her death? (as in the age o£ Capt, John, No. 16, the grave stone says he was 75 yrs. old when he died, which would make his birth about two years before his father was married.)


5. Sibbel Davis, b, Feb. 17, 1772.
6. Altha Davis, b. June 12, 1774.
7. Daniel Taylor Davis, b. Dec. 5, 1776.
8. Olive Davis, b. Mar. 12, 1779.
v. Abigail, b. Feb. 12, 1732; m. Mar. 23, 1756, Temple, son of John and Deborah (Richardson)
Kendall; b. Aug 11, 1731. She d. Jan. 9, 1820. He d. Mar. 6, 1822.
1. Abigail Kendall, b. Mar. 19, 1758; m. int. Feb. 14, 1780, Abraham Kendall, Jr.
2. Elizabeth Kendall, b. Feb. 8, 1760, d. July 4, 1797.
3. Isaac Kendall, b. Jan. 9, 1762.
4. Zimri Kendall, b. Sept. 20, 1763;m. Feb. 8, 1788, Lucy (Robbins). Settled in Reading, Vt.
5. Nathaniel Kendall, b. Feb. 22, 1766.
6. Temple Kendall, b. May 28, 1768.
7. Rhoda Kendall, b. Apr. 6, 1770.
8. Olive Kendall, b. Sept. 25, 1772; d. Nov. 9, 1778.
9. Jeremiah Kendall, b. Aug. 28, 1774; d. Nov. 6, 1778.
10. James Kendall, b. Oct. 26, 1778.
50. vi. Eleazer, b. Oct. 2, 1737(?)
vii. Rachel, b. 1741; m. May 28, 1761, Thomas, son of Dea. Joseph and Elizabeth (Underwood)
Fletcher; b. Sept. 11, 1738; she d. Oct. 10, 1810 and he d. Dec. 22, 1802.
CHILDREN: All born in Dunstable.
1. Thomas Fletcher, b. Mar. 19, 1762; m. Hepzibah (Howard) rem. to Sumner, Me.; d. Apr.
25, 1843. (3 ch.)
2. Nathaniel Fletcher, b. Feb. 5, 1764; m. Submit Fisk. He d. 1839.
3. Rachel Fletcher, b. Oct. 28, 1765; m. 1788, Capt. Amos Joy, of Putney, Vt. She d. Aug.
21, 1822.


4. David Fletcher, b. Nov. 6, 1767; m. Feb. 2, 1796, Mary Allen. He d. Nov. 1, 1831. (had 3
5. Elizabeth Fletcher, b. Nov. 8, 1769; m. Jonathan, son of Jonathan and Lucy (Taylor)
Fletcher; m. 2d, James Moore, (Res. Thetford, Vt., 1 son by 2d m.) She d. Aug. 1857.
6. Rebeckah Fletcher, b. Nov. 30, 1771; d. Apr. 5, 1775.
7. Francis Fletcher, b. Nov. 30, 1771; d. Apr. 9, 1773.
8. Francis Fletcher, b. July 27, 1777;d. Oct. 7, 1778
9. Rebecca Fletcher, b. Aug. 7, 1779; d. Feb. 5, 1831; unm.
10. Patty Fletcher, b. Oct. 26, 1781; m. Oct. 27, 1800, Nathaniel, of Townsend, Mass. He was
b. in Westford 1778, son of Nathaniel, and Rebecca (Wilson) Cummings. She d. Dec. 23, 1815.
11. Francis Fletcher, b. Aug. 20, 1788; m. 1st 1818, Hannah (Pope) of Danvers, (3 dau.) m.
2d Jan. 4, 1838, Maria S., dau. of Asa and Susanna Swallow, She was b. Jan. 6, 1811.
51. viii. Simeon, b. 1743.
ix. Lydia, b. 1744; m. June 26, Samuel Pollard, b. in Nottingham West, 1742. He d. Oct. 6, 1800.

18. ELEAZER CummingS, (Nathaniel) b. Oct. 19, 1701; m. 1st July 28, 1734, Mary (Varnum) b. in Dracut 1705; d. Sept. 17, 1759; he m. 2d July 12, 1764, Phebe, dau. of Josiah and Phebe (---) (Richardson,) of Litchfield, N. H.; b. Jan. 19, 1728; d. Dec. 27, 1788. He was a farmer, settled in what is now Hudson about 1728. His farm was situated on the east bank of Merrimack River, directly opposite the present, city of Nashua,


and is now (1903) occupied by the Hon. Kimball Webster. He established the first ferry to Dunstable, across the Merrimack River near "Taylors Falls" and also the first tavern in Hudson. He was on the first board of selectmen in 1733 at the time of incorporation of Nottingham West, now Hudson. He d. Dec. 8, 1780.
52. i. Eleazer, b. June 16, 1765.
ii. Phebe, b. July 8, 1768; m. Nathan, son of Joshua Pierce, b. Sept. 11, 1766, of Hudson, lived in
Litchfield, Hillsboro and Bradford. He d. Jan, 29, 1853. She d. June 14, 1860.
1. Nathan Pierce.
2. Cummings Pierce.
3. Daniel Pierce.
4. Chapin Pierce.
5. Polk Pierce.
6. Susannah Pierce.
The sons lived in Bradford, N. H., and the daughters died unmarried.

19. ABRAHAM CummingS, (Abraham) b. Oct. 7, 1690; m. 1716, Mary (Richardson.) He lived in Attleboro, Mass., where he farmed, and d. in Mar., 1755.
i. Mary, b. in Medford Feb. 19, 1717, published in Attleboro Nov. 2, 1734, to Samuel Fuller.
53. ii. Abraham, b. Sept. 5, 1718.
iii. Joseph, b. Oct. 22, 1720; d. May 16, 1721.
iv. Joseph, b. June 15, 1722.
v. Daniel, b. Oct. 18, 1724.
54. vi. David, b. Oct. 12, 1728.
vii. Sarah, b. Apr. 2, 1731; m. Aug. 2, 1750, Ebenezer Richardson, of Attleboro.
viii. Stephen, b. July 25, 1734; d. June 3, 1736.


ix. Stephen, b. Dec. 28, 1736.
x. Elizabeth, b. July 5, 1741-2; m. Sept. 21, 1768, Joel Fisher; 2 children.

20. CAPT. JOSEPH CummingS, (Abraham) b. in Woburn Sept. 1, 1692; m. Dec. 1, 1714, Sarah, dau. of Isaac and Abigail (Kimball) Estey. She d. 1749-50 and he m. 2d Nov. 11, 1751, Priscilla Lamson. She d. Aug. 19, 1780. At the age of twelve, tradition says, he came to Topsfield to live with Thomas Hewlett, whose wife was Rebecca Cummings, and by whom he was adopted. In 17115 he received by deed the farm east of the Ipswich River, in "thick woods," of recent years known as the Smith farm. He d. Apr. 22, 1794; aged 102 years. To the last his memory was strong and exact — his judgment clear and sound — his retorts equally clear and keen. He had strong mental powers and inquisitive turn of mind, and a tenacious memory had enabled him to acquire and retain a good knowledge of the principal events and public transactions of the last hundred years. Possessed of a rich fund of interesting and entertaining anecdotes, he was a living history of nearly a century. When nearly an hundred, he would readily mount a horse from the ground; and his reason continued to his last moments. Satisfied with living, and with little appearance of any disease than senility, he closed this mortal scene, in the cheerful hope of a blessed immortality. His descendants were two children, 23 grand-children, 116 great-grand-children and 32 great-great-grand-children. Total 173.
55. i. Thomas, bapt. July 15, 1716.
ii. Sarah, b. Aug. 20, 1720; pub. Sept. 18, 1736, to Benjamin Lamson. son of William and Lydia
(---), b. Apr. 8, 1710, and d. in 1753. (Will dated Mar. 29.) They removed to Exeter, N. H. 5 children.

21. CAPT. DEA. JACOB CummingS, (Abraham) b. in Woburn Jan. 3, 1695; m. Mar. 28, 1716, Martha (Brook) in Killingly, Conn. She d. about 1719, and he m. 2d. Nov. 9, 1720? Abigail (Wilson) in Killingly,


Conn. From the church records is taken, "An account of their names who have been received into full communion," "22 Sept. 1716, Jacob Cumins and Martha, his wife." His second wife joined the church in Killingly in 1726. He removed to Ware, Mass, (about 1739-41), soon after the first settlements were made, and was the most prominent man in the Precinct and town for many years. He was one of the first deacons in the church, one of the building committee, was moderator at the first meeting of the Parish, was one of the Precinct committee, and when the town was incorporated in 1762, one of the first board of selectmen and town treasurer. He bought, probably of Stewart Southgate, the farm now owned by Joel Rice, Esq., and the one owned by his great-grandson, the Hon. Joseph Cummings. He d. Feb. 27, 1776, in Ware, Mass.
i. Jacob, bapt. in Killingly, Conn., Mar. 31, 1717; m. Ruth Morse.
i. Nathan, b. Dec. 17, 1841; bapt. July 25, 1842. No more is known of him.
ii. Martha, b. Sept. 7, 1744.
"Jacob had no sons that lived to have a family."
56. ii. Benjamin, bapt. in Killingly, Conn., Mar. 24, 1719.
iii. Abigail, bapt. in Killingly, Conn., Feb. 25, 1722.
iv. Sarah, bapt. in Killingly, Conn., Oct. 27, 1723.
v. James, bapt. in Killingly, Conn., Mar, 6, 1726.
vi. Martha, bapt. in Killingly, Conn., Nov. 26, 1727.
vii. Mary, bapt. in Killingly, Conn., Aug. 10, 1729.
57. viii. Abraham, bapt. in Killingly, Conn., Sept. 2, 1733.
ix. Abigail, bapt. in Killingly, Conn., Feb. 29, 1736.
x. Elizabeth, bapt. in Killingly, Conn., June 11, 1738.
xi. Isaac, bapt. July 15, 1739; m. Sarah Tidd, of Palmer.
i. Isaac, m. Nov. 27, 1800, Olive Hyde.
i. Pamelia, b. Feb. 10, 1802.
58. xii. Solomon, b. in Ware, Mass., Mar. 5, 1743.


22. ELEAZER CummingS, (Abraham) b. in Dunstable, Apr. 9, 1704; m. Sept. 4, 1729, Rachel Proctor, of Londonderry, N. H. Lived in Nottingham West, 1733. He seems to have married a second time, for at the time of his death his widow, Mary, declined to administer on the estate, and his brother Josiah, of Litchfield, was appointed Nov. 19, 1735, administrator instead. Daniel Proctor, of Chelmsford, brother of deceased widow, Rachel, was appointed guardian of the two children. Eleazer, of "Actown," one of these, selected the same person as his guardian Dec. 17, 1845, as did Abraham, of "Chelmsford," Aug. 29, 1848. Mr. Proctor made report of his guardianship in 1751. Mr. Cummings was assessed in the years 1733, 34 and 35. His estate at the proving of the will, is described, as "a holmstead of 55 acres and one-third of 20 acres of meadow —" part of the Joseph Hills farm.
59. i. Eleazer, b. Dec. 15, 1730.
ii. Abraham, b. June 1, 1734; d. May 13, 1756.

23. ISAAC CummingS, (Isaac) bapt. Apr. 24, 1692, in Topsfield; m. Mar. 8, 1716-7, Abigail, dau. of Joseph and Prudence (Foster) Boardman. They lived in Ipswich. In 1744, before the marriage of his son Joseph, he sold to him the westerly half of his homestead, and in 1752 he sold the remaining half to his son Pelatiah, "Yeoman." He d. Oct. 12, 1761. She d. Oct. 12, 1761, "an aged woman."
i. Abigail, bapt. Aug. 2, 1719; m. July 12, 1738, Samuel Potter, of Ipswich.
60. ii. Elisha, bapt. Aug. 2, 1719.
iii. Mary, bapt. Oct. 2, 1720; m. June 4, 1741, Ezekiel Potter, of Ipswich.
61. iv. Joseph, bapt. May 20, 1722.


v. Hannah, b. Jan. 20, 1725; pub. Sept. 30, 1750, Robert, son of Robert and Elizabeth (Towne)
Perkins; b. in Topsfield, Jan. 16, 1727. She d. Jan. 22, 1802 and he d. Nov. to, 1801.
1. Ruth Perkins, b. Oct. 1, 1753.
2. Hannah Perkins, b. May 17, 17^5.
3. Lydia Perkins,'' b. Ma}' 19, 1760.
4. Asa Perkins, b. Jan. 15, 1772.
5. Mehitable Perkins, b. Nov. 24, 1767.
62. vi. Pelatiah, bapt. Oct. 27, 1728.

24. JOSEPH CummingS, (John) bapt. in Topsfield, Jan. 26, 1689-90; m. May 22, 1712, Abigail, dau. of Isaac and Abigail (Kimball) Estey. By his father's will he shared with his brother John his grandfather's homestead, the Hobbs-Bell place. He d. of smallpox Dec. 24, 1729, and seventeen days later his widow followed him with the same dread disease. After the death of the parents the children were placed under guardianship, and on coming of age, at different times, sold their shares in the estate, so that the homestead passed out of the family name.
63. i. Joseph, b. July 27, 1713.
ii. Thomas, bapt. July 15, 1716; d. young.
64. iii. Jacob, b. May 12, 1717.
iv. Sarah, bapt. Aug. 21, 1720; d. young,
v. Abigail, b. Dec. 16, 1721; m. Aug. 25, 1740, Ebenezer, son of John and Zeruiah (Gould)
Sibley, of Sutton, Mass. He was b. Feb. 28, 1717.
1. Ebenezer Sibley, b. Oct. 9, 1745.
2. Abigail Sibley, b, June 22, 1747.
3. Mary Sibley, Aug. 30, 1749.
65. vi. Daniel, b. Dec. 4, 1724.
vii. Moses,* b. Oct. 9, 1726. He was of Ipswich when he was published Nov. 2, 1754, to Esther
Adams of this town, and rem. to Sutton, Mass. He served in the war of the American Revolution. He had a son.

Of record of births of living children, made by Joseph Cummings4 after the birth of Moses, 1726,
And before the birth of Joseph, 1729; it being over 175 years old.

* Sutton History says "Moses m. Abigail ---," and had son Moses below


i. Moses, Jr., b. Jan. 10, 1757; m. June 15, 1780, Patty Harris.


*Abigail Estey was the daughter of Isaac and Abigail (Kimball) Estey, bapt. Jan. 8, 1692-3, in Topsfield, Mass. Her father, Isaac Estey, was a son of Isaac and Mary (Towne) Estey (and he was a son of Jeffrey Estey) and was probably born in England previous to the year 1630, and was quite young at the time of his father's settlement in Salem. He was a cooper by occupation, and the first mention of him is "2-5-1653, Job Hilliard, of Salem, fisherman, hath sold to Isake Esty of Salem, cooper, one house and land adjoining, being nearly half an acre for 20 li. to be paid as follows, 6 li. on the 15th. October next, in Codfish or caske, 8 li. on the 15th October 1654 in fish or mackerel, 6 li. ye 15th October 1655, in fish or mackerel, or Job to have the house and land again as by deed dated 19-5-1653."
Mary Towne was born at Yarmouth, Norfolk Co., England, and baptized at St. Nicholas church, Aug. 24, 1634. We know but little of her life till 1692 when that terrible witchcraft delusion spread over Salem Village and vicinity. Among those to fall a victim was Mary Estey. Her sister, Rebecca Nurse, about thirteen years older, had previously been accused, found guilty and executed on July 19, 1692. Mary Estey was arrested Apr. 21, 1692, kept in jail till May 18, when she was released. On May 21, a second warrant was procured and she was taken from her home at midnight, carried to Salem jail and placed in chains. She was tried, found guilty and condemned to death, and on the 22d of September, 1692, she was executed with seven others.
She was the mother of nine children, a woman of sound judgment and exalted Christian character. In intelligence she was far in advance of her age, as the following petition, written while in prison, amply bears testimony:


"The Humble Petition of Mary Easty unto his Excellency Sir William Phips, and to the Honored Judge arid Bench now sitting in Judicature in Salem, and the Reverend Ministers, humbly showeth, that, whereas, your poor and humble petitioner, being condemned to die, do humbly beg of you to take it in your judicious and pious consideration that your poor and humble petitioner, knowing my own innocency, blessed be the Lord for it; and seeing plainly the wiles and subtility of my accusers by myself, cannot but judge charitably of others that are going the same way of myself, if the Lord steps not mightily m.
I was confined a whole month upon the same account that I am condemned now for, and then cleared by the afflicted persons, as some of Your Honors know. And in two days' time I was cried out upon them, and have been confined, and now am condemned to die. The Lord above knows my innocency then, and likewise does now, as at the great day will be known to men and angels. I petition to Your Honors not for my own life, for I know I must die, and my appointed time is set; but the Lord he knows it is that, if it be possible, no more innocent blood-may be shed, which undoubtedly cannot be avoided in the way and course you go in. I question not but Your Honors do to the utmost of your powers in the discovery and detecting of witchcraft and witches, and would not be guilty of innocent blood for the world.
But, by my own innocency, I know your are in the wrong way. The Lord in his infinite mercy direct you in this great work, if it be his blessed will that no more innocent blood be shed; I would humbly beg you, that Your Honors would be pleased to examine these afflicted persons strictly, and keep them apart some time, and likewise to try some of these confessing witches; I being confident there is several of them has belied themselves and others, as will appear if not in this world, I am sure in the world to come, whither I am now going.
I question not but you will see an alteration of these things.
They say myself and others, having made a league with the Devil, we cannot confess. I know, and the Lord knows, as will * * * appear, they belie me, and so I question not but they do others. The Lord above, who is the Searcher of all hearts, knows, as I shall answer it at the tribunal seat, that I know not the lest thing of witchcraft; therefore I cannot, I dare not, belie my own soul. I beg Your Honors not to deny this my humble petition from a poor, dying, innocent person. And I question not but the Lord will give a blessing-to your endeavors."


She asked not for her own life; only that other innocent blood might not be shed, and for this unconsciousness of self has been called "the self-forgetful." After sentence was executed Isaac Estey did not weakly submit to what seemed to be inevitable, with a keen sense of justice and a recognition of his duties to the martyred wife, he bore in mind the fact that upon him devolved the responsibility of doing all in his power to rescue her name from reproach and his children from disgrace.
After nearly twenty long years had passed away he was in a measure successful; the petitions which he presented to the court were recognized; the verdict annulled, and twenty pounds granted him, in acknowledgment of the injustice of the previous decision.


Dr. Palfrey, in his history of New England says, "The people of Massachusetts in the seventeenth century, like all other Christian people at that time, at least with extremely rare individual exceptions, believed in the reality of a hideous crime called witchcraft.
They thought that they had Scripture for that belief, and knew they had law for it, explicit and abundant; and with them law and Scripture were two absolute authorities for the regulation of opinion and conduct.
That belief was common among all men from the most learned to the uneducated. Pope Innocent VIII, in 1484, issued a bull punishing the crime of witchcraft with death. Martin Luther also had the same belief in an intensified degree and wrote "I would have no compassion on these witches — I would burn them all." Bishop Jewell, preaching before Queen Elizabeth, said "May it please your Grace to understand that, witches and sorcerers, within these few years, are marvelously increased in your Grace's realm."
Lord Bacon, one of the leaders of his day, pronounced "the three declinations from religion" to be "heresies, idolatry and witchcraft."
In 1664 Sir Matthew Hale, afterward Lord Chief Justice of England, sentencing two women to be hanged, said that "the reality of witchcraft was unquestionable," and he was supported in this belief by Sir Thomas Brown, who was present at their trial.


The popular commentary on English law in the seventeenth century, which was the current law manual in New England, recognized witchcraft as a real crime. John Wesley said in 1768 that "giving up witchcraft is, in effect, giving up .the Bible."
During Cromwell's time sixty witches were hanged in a single year in Suffolk county, England. The records show that not less than three thousand were executed in England, while the whole number put to death in the Salem tragedy was but nineteen.
There also appears a record of a woman of Donrock, Scotland, being burned for witchcraft, and still another of Switzerland, as late as 1780 by which we are informed that "women are burned for the imputed offence."

25. JOHN CummingS, (John) bapt. July 17, 1692, in Topsfield; pub. Feb. 18, 1715, Mary, dau. of Isaac and Martha (Towne) Larrabee, of Lynn, Mass. He was a shoemaker by trade. In his father's will shared with his brother Joseph, his grandfather's homestead, the Hobbs-Bell place. In 1727 he exchanged his share with his brother Stebbins for a farm just over the line in Middleton, and removed to Southborough, Mass., where he bought a farm from John Howe. In his will, dated Dec. 19, 1755, he mentions his son John, "if he shall ever return from his Majestie's service." He d. Feb. 29, 1756.
66. i. John, b. Apr. 19, 1717.
ii. Hannah, b. Nov. 6, 1718; m. Dec. 13, 1739, Thomas Goodale. In 1748, he bought a farm in
Southboro, Mass., from John Gould where they resided.
iii. Mercy, b. Oct. 26, 1720; m. July 1, 1740, Thomas Pike.
iv. Benjamin, b. Sept. 12, 1723; d. Nov. 27, 1731,
v. Reuben, b. Jan. 29, 1726; m. 1747, Hannah Booth and resided in Southboro, Mass.; m. 2d
Elizabeth ---.


i. Reuben B., b. May 12, 1749.
ii. William B., b. Oct. 18, 1752.
iii. Hannah, b. Aug. 8, 1757.
iv. Hepzibah, b. Oct. 8, 1759.
vi. Sarah, b. May 30, 1729; was living in 1755.
vii. Benjamin, b. Oct. 7, 1731.
67. viii. Joseph, b. Feb. 5, 1733.

26. DAVID CummingS, (John) b. in Topsfield Apr. 15, 1698; m. Anna ---. She d. Feb. 9, 1741; aged 31. He m. 2d, pub. Oct. 30, 1741, Sarah Goodhue, of Ipswich, who afterwards m. May 25, 1769, Dea. George Bixby. He, with his brother John, gave the "South Side Burying Ground" in Topsfield. He lived on his father's homestead, and at death bequeathed the property to his son Samuel. In his will he gave to his "well beloved wife Sarah," an annual allowance of the various necessities of life, among those named being "five barrels of cider yearly." He d. Apr. 2, 1765.
68. i. David, b. Mar. 26, 1729.
ii. Jonathan, b. Mar. 19, 1730-1; d. Apr. 5, 1731.
69. iii. Samuel, b. Feb. 28, 1731-2.
iv. Anna, b. Oct. 20, 1734; m. Apr. 11, 1754, Moses Perkins; she d. Feb. 9, 1825. He d. Aug. 7,
1. Moses Perkins, b. Dec. 28, 1754.
2. Elijah Perkins, b. July 19, 1756.
3. Thomas Perkins, b. Apr. 12, 1758.
4. David G. Perkins, b. Nov. 17, 1760.
5. Daniel I. Perkins, b. Nov. 27, 1769.
v. Susanna, b. May 8, .1737; m. Dec. 8, 1763, Edmund Towne and rem. to New Ipswich, N. H.


vi. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 19, 1739; d. Feb. 13, 1741.
70. vii. Jonathan, b. Oct. 14, 1743.
viii. Stephen, b. Jan. 27, 1744-5; d. May 27, 1765, "coming home from sea."
ix. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 19, 1746-7; d. Feb. 14, 1746-7.
x. Daniel, b. Aug. 30, 1749. He was a soldier in the Revolution.
71. xi. Archelaus, b. June 1, 1752.

27. SAMUEL CummingS, (John) b. in Topsfield, Feb. 14, 1708-9; m. Nov. 7, 1733, Susanna, dau. of Nathaniel and Joanna (Dunnell) Hood. Lived in Middleton, on a farm occupied in part by his brother John, to whom he transferred all right and title Nov. 23, 1733, and rem. to Stoughton, Mass. Was a soldier in the Louisburg expedition in 1745, and was living in 1767, when his mother's estate was divided. He d. ip Sharon Dec. 11, 1804 and she d. there Jan. 14, 1812; aged ' 98 years.
72. i. Samuel, b. Sept. 12, 1734.
ii. Susanna, b. Dec. 20, 1735;m. Dec. 2, 1762, Samuel Holmes.
iii. Joanna, b. Sept. 19, 1737.
iv. Ruth, b. Aug. 9, 1739; m. Nov. 29, 1759, William Hewins.
v. Solomon, b. May 26, 1741; m. Oct. 7, 1762, Rebecca Coney; d. Jan. 12, 1806.
73. vi. Nathaniel, b. May 8, 1743.
vii. Mary, b. Aug. 20, 1745.
viii. Rebeckah, b. Oct. 14, 1748.
74. ix. Richard, b. Feb. 19, 1750.
75. x. John, b. June 22, 1753.
xi. Joseph, b. 1755; m. Dec. 11, 1783, Mehitable Estey. He was a farmer and resided in Sharon,
Mass., where he d. June 5, 1849. She d. Feb. 8, 1826. He was a Revolutionary soldier and drew a pension.


i. Joseph, b. Aug. 29, 1784; d. 1805.
ii. Oliver, b. Oct. 31, 1786; d. May 16, 1826.
iii. Sally, b. Mar. 19, 1789; d. young,
iv. Hattie, b. 1791.
v. Otis, b. Sept. 13, 1796; d. 1833.
vi. Amos, b. Oct. 22, 1798; m. Jan. 1826, Rebecca Hopkins. He resided in Boston. He was a
grocer and a bank president. Had son Charles A., b. June 26, 1833; m. Oct. 12, 1869, Margaret Kimball. He was an architect. Had 3 children,
vii. Samuel, b. 1800; d. young.
viii. Fanny, b. 1801; d. young.
ix. Joseph, b. 1809; d. young.

28. SAMUEL CummingS, (Thomas) b. in Topsfield Apr. 3, 1706, went from Boxford to Lunenburg when that town was first settled being the third settler. He located in the west part of the town near the Fitchburg line on a farm owned in 1843 by Jacob Proctor. He m. at "Turkey Hill," Sept. 28, 1727, Sarah, dau. of John and Sarah (Fiske) Hastings, of Watertown and Lunenburg; she was b. Nov. 8, 1707. He rem. to Westmoreland, N. H., about 1750 and d. there Oct. 1793. His wife was living there with her dau. Anna, wife of Lieut. Joseph Boyniton, in the winter of 1796-7, when the wife of his son Thaddeus, and grandson Right visited her there.
CHILDREN: All born in Lunenburg.
i. Miriam, b. Oct. 1, 1728; d. July 9, 1740.
ii. Thomas, b. Sept. 23, 1731; d. July 20, 1740.
iii. Thaddeus, b. Dec. 30, 1734; d. July 16, 1740.
iv. Samuel, b. Feb. 13, 1737; d. May 10, 1760; unm.
v. Sarah, b. June 30, 1740; m. Feb. 11, 1765, David, son of David and Leatis Carlisle, and lived
in Walpole, N. H. She d. Oct. 28, 1838. Had several children.
vi. Thomas, b. Feb. 23, 1743; d. Sept. 23, 1746. A child, probably this Thomas, was drowned
when young in "The Walom Pond."


76. vii. Thaddeus, b. June 16, 1746.
77 viii. Jonathan, b. Nov. 20, 1748.
ix. Anna, b. Sept. 24, 1752, in Westmoreland, N. H.; m. Lieut. Joseph Boynton. He d. March
1813, aged 63 years. She lived many years after, and d. there in the 99th year of her age.
1. Sarah Boynton, b. June 18, 1774; m. July 19, 1791, Jonas Wheeler.
2. Joseph Boynton, b. Apr. 7, 1776; m. Oct. 8, 1797, Arethusia Blood.
3. Samuel Boynton, b. Jan. 7, 1778; m. Jan. 27, 1800, Almira Gleason. 7 ch.

29. JACOB CummingS, (Thomas) b. in Boxford, Nov. 21, 1714; m. 1745, Mary ---, who died Dec. 2,
178-. He lived in Boxford. He was a soldier in Capt. Jacob Gould's Company at Lexington; was selectman of Boxford for many years. He d. March 26, 1803.
i. Mehitable, b. Sept. 21, 1746; d. Dec. 5, 1752.
ii. Dudley, b. Feb. 18, 1748; committed suicide by hanging in Willis' woods, E. Boxford, June
25, 1815.
iii. Jacob, b. Apr. 17, 1751; d. Apr. 10, 1757.
iv. Polly, b. Apr. 15, 1752; pub. Mar. 29, 1785, Thomas Andrews.
v. William, b. Sept. 19, 1755; d. Nov. 10, 1776. He was a soldier in the Revolution.
vi. Jacob, b. Jan. 10, 1762; d. Apr. 3, 1769.
vii. Thomas, b. Oct. 12, 1765; d. May 29, 1834, non compos mentis.


30. LIEUT. JOHN CummingS, (John) b. June 1, 1710; m. Jan. 28, 1736, Sarah, dau. of Eleazer and Mary (---) Lawrence, of Littleton. They resided for a long time in Groton, Mass. He served in the French and Indian and Revolutionary wars, receiving there the title by which he was afterward known, and when quite advanced in life rem. to Hancock, N. H. They were among the first seventeen members of the Congregational church. He was buried in Hancock, N. H., church yard, now Pine Ridge cemetery, his grave stone being the first one erected there, in 1790, as his grandson, Asahel, remembered assisting his father, when about thirteen years old, in placing the stone in position. He d.Sept. 20, 1789, and she d. Oct. 3, 1799; aged 83.
78. i. John, b. Mar. 16, 1737.
79. ii. Eleazer, b. May 15, 1739.
iii. Sarah, b. Dec. 11, 1741; m. Feb. 27, 1761, John, son of Joseph and Mary (Coggswell) Gilbert,
and settled, 1748, in Littleton, Mass,
iv. Peter, b. June 5, 1744. He was a pew holder in Congregational church in Hancock, in 1791.
v. Mitty, b. Dec. 25, 1751; m. Oct. 10, 1770, Joseph Simonds, b. Jan. 30, 1746; he was born in
Shirley, was a prominent man in town affairs and held the offices of selectman, town clerk and other important offices in Hancock, N. H. He and wife were original members of the church, and the bell on the present church was tolled for the first time at his death. She d. Jan. 7, 1827. He d. Oct. 15, 1820.
1. Capt. Joseph Simonds, b. in Groton, Sept. 25, 1771; m. Jan. 9, 1794, Hannah, dau. of
Joseph and Molly (Ritter) Dodge, b. in Shirley, Feb. 18, 1772, and d. Sept. 11, 1836. He m. 2d Nov. 28, 1837, Mrs. Esther Baldwin, dau. of Eli and --- (Merrill) Maynard, b. Mar.


19, 1793, and d. Sept. 14, 1843. He m. 3d May 9, 1844, Susan Wright, of Hillsboro, N. H. Had 10 children. He was a farmer and mechanic.
2. Mitty Simonds, (for Submit) b. in Groton Mar. 23, 1774; m. May 25, 1797, Peter, son of
Timothy and Abigail (Dudley) Fox, b. in New Ipswich, N. H., Sept. 15, 1771; rem. to Marlow, about the year 1812; had 9 children.
3. Dea. Asa Simonds, b. in Groton, Apr. 5, 1776; m. in 1805, Betsey Russell, of Woodstock,
who d. Nov. 21, 1843, and he m. 2d Clarissa N., dau. of Elijah and Hannah Newhall, of New Ipswich, who d. Feb. 10, 1861; aged 61 years. He d. July 17, 1858; issue, 3 children.
4. Melia Simonds, b. in N. Ipswich, Oct. 24, 1778; m. Mar. 7, 1799, Capt. Jacob Ames, b.
May 20, 1776; d. in N. Ipswich, June 22, 1825, caused by his falling from a building the week before; was auctioneer, carpenter and a prominent man. She d. Jan. 13, 1836; issue, 10 children.
80. vi. Reuben, b. Jan. 10, 1757.
vii. Sybil, b. Mar. 15, 1760; m. in 1775, Timothy Moors, b. Feb. 2, 1755. She d. Nov. 29, 1829;
and he m. 2d Mrs. Sarah (Brooks) (Bonner) Whitcomb, who d. May 3, 1854. He was of the band that went up in the night to fortify Bunker Hill, and participated in the battle; settled first in Groton, Mass.; rem. to New Ipswich, and thence to Hancock, N. H., in 1780. He d. July 11, 1845.
CHILDREN: All but 3 born in Hancock, N. H.
1. Sarah Moors, b. in Groton, Mass., May 5, 1776; m. June 11, 1799, Hezekiah, sort of
Aaron and Katherine (Newton) Bennett, b. in Groton, Oct. 28, 1772; d. in Bennington, Vt., Dec. 6, 1859; she d. Sept. 25, 1848; issue, 10 children.


2. Olive Moors, b. in New Ipswich, May 27, 1778; d. in Hancock, Apr. 9, 1861.
3. Timothy Moors, b. Sept. 4, 1780; m. Feb. 20, 1806; Mary Moore, b. in Londonderry, Jan.
14, 1785; he d. Dec. 11, 1850. She d. June 30, 1856. Issue, 10 children.
4. Lucy Moors, b. May 25, 1783; m. Mar. 9, 1809, Oliver, son of Peter Farmer, b. in
Tewksbury, Mass., Dec. 17, 1777, and d. in Nashua, N. H., Dec. 28, 1854. She d. in Hancock, Mar. 3, 1867; issue, 6 children.
5. Joseph Moors, b. July 29, 1785; m. Dec. 24, 1812, Marcia Richmond. She d. in the
summer of 1837, and he d. Mar. 14, 1873; issue, 4 children.
6. Betsey Moors, b. Feb. 16, 1788; m. Jan. 26, 1808, Abraham, son of Abraham and
Susanna (Sephens) Moors, b. Apr., 1781, and d. Nov. 13, 1866. She d. in Nashua, 1839; res'd in Peterboro, N. H.
7. Cummings Moors, b. Apr. 12, 1790; d. May 16, 1801.
8. Polly Moors, b. July 15, 1792; d. Feb. 8, 1870.
9. Jeremiah Moors, b. Aug. 2, 1794; d. 1858; m., res'd in Detroit, Mich.; his widow res'd
therein 1861; issue, 2 sons, perhaps 1 dau.
10. Relief Moors, b. Oct. 28, 1796; d. Sept. 1, 1800.
11. David Moors, b. Mar. 22, 1799; d. Aug. 28, 1800.
12. David Moors, b. Apr. 11, 1801; d. May 10, 1803.


13. Friend Moors, b. June 28, 1804; m. Dec., 1828, Tryphena Senter, of Hudson, N. H. He d.
Apr. 2, 1866, and was buried with Masonic honors; issue, 10 children.

31. DEA. WILLIAM CummingS, (John) b. in Westford, July 27, 1712; m., pub. July 12, 1734, Lucy (Colburn.) He rem. from Groton, Mass., and was in West Dunstable in 1744 and chosen Deacon of the Hollis church in 1745. He was ensign in the French war in 1755, in the company of Captain Powers, and all his sons, Ebenezer, William and Philip, were soldiers in the Revolution. He died Sept. 9, 1758. (Hist. of Hollis, N. H., p. 131.)
81. i. Ebenezer, b. April 17, 1735.
ii. Lucy, b. April 18, 1737; m. Jan. 5, 1757, Stephen, son of Capt. Peter and Anna (Keyes)
Powers, b. Oct. 28, 1729 in Coos Co. She d. in Hollis, July 15, 1775.
1. Lucy Powers, b. Oct. 20, 1758; m. Gen. --- Steele, of Peterboro, N. H.
2. Stephen Powers, b. Apr. 13, 1761; d. Apr. 11, 1854.
3. Rebecca Powers, b. Apr. 30, 1763; m. Jonathan Barnes, of Pepperell, Mass.
4. Peter Powers, b. Apr. 29, 1765; m. Feb. 17, 1791, Lucy Lee; she d. Feb. 12, 1813, and he
m. 2d Louisa (---) who d. Jan. 26, 1857 in Pittsford, Vt. He d. Apr. 11, 1854.
5. Bridget Powers, b. Sept. 5, 1767; went to Canada; d. unm.
6. Caleb Powers, b. Sept. 15, 1769; rem. to Canada.


7. William Powers, b. Dec. 28, 1771; m. Parmelia Wright, of Pepperell, b Apr. 19, 1774,
and d. Nov. 27, 1864.
8. Catherine Powers, b. May 1, 1775; m. --- Toole, of Canada.
iii. Bridget, b. Sept. 16, 1739; m. Nov. 13, 1760, John Atwill, of Hollis; she d. June 17, 1794.
Said to have been the 8th settler in Hollis; Revolutionary soldier, marched Apr. 19, in Capt. Reuben Davis' Co., 3 months at Portsmouth, 176, in Capt. Emerson's Co., for R. I., in 1778.
CHILDREN: All born in Hollis, N. H.
1. John Atwill, b. June 6, 1761; m. Jan. 1, 1786, Rebecca Lawrence; 1 ch. m. 2d Feb. 1,
1798, Tabitha Fairchild.
2. William Cummings Atwill, b. May 7, 1763; d. Jan. 6, 1778.
3. Nathan Atwill, b. June 15, 1766.
4. Jonathan Atwill, b. Feb. 21, 1768.
5. Bridget Atwill, b. May 14, 1770.
6. Ebenezer Atwill, b. Nov. 22, 1772.
7. Josiah R. Atwill, b. Mar. 27, 1775.
8. James Atwill, b. Feb. 3, 1777; m. Mar. 4, 1798, Sarah Lawrence.
82. iv. William, b. in Groton, Oct. 12, 1741.
v. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 11, 1743-4; m. May 5, 1763, Francis, son of Capt. Peter and Anna (Keyes)
Powers, b. July 15, 1742. (of Coos Co.) He d. 1796, and she d. in Hollis, 1796.
1. Francis Grant Powers, b. Jan. 8, 1764; d. at Crown Point during the Revolution.
2. Elizabeth Powers, b. 5, 1766; m. --- Kemp, of Hebron, N. H.
3. Anna Powers, b. Feb. 3, 1768; died young.
4. Philip Powers, b. Aug. 17, 1769; went to the Mississippi Valley with wife and children.


5. Anna Powers, b. Apr. 13, 1771; m. Simon Roby, of Dunstable, N. H., where they had a
6. Fanny Powers, b. Apr, 4, 1773; m. --- Doble, rem. to State of Maine where they had a
7. Lucy Powers, b. June 1, 1776; died young.
8. Lucy Powers, b. Mar. 13, 1779; m. --- Hoar, of Dublin, N. H., went to Maine where they
had several ch.
9. James Powers, b. Sept. 15, 1781; went to Maine.
10. Phebe Powers, b. Jan. 1, 1784. n. Francis Powers, b. Apr. 3, 1787; went to Boston and
Charlestown and had family.
12. Levi Powers, b. Mar. 19, 1791; went to Boston and Charlestown.
83. vi. Philip, b. in Groton, Nov. 26, 1745.
vii. Rebecca, b. in Groton May 11, 1748.
viii. Joshua, bapt. in Hollis N. H., Feb. 20, 1757; d. same day. (See Hollis church rec.)

32. THOMAS CummingS, (John) b. in Westford, Mass., Aug. 1, 1714; m. Sept. 26, 1733, Sarah, dau. of Josiah Fassett, of Billerica; b. 1716, and d. July 1, 1799. His will was written, 1782.
84. i. Thomas, b. May 29, 1734, in Westford.
85. ii. Joseph, b. Oct. 21, 1736, in Westford.
iii. Sarah, b. Feb. 21, 1738.
86. iv. Isaac, b. Apr. 13, 1742.
v. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 27, 1743; m. Feb. 6, 1779, Asa Shedd.
vi. John, b. Feb. 1, 1745; d. Sept. 27, 1758.
vii. Bridget, b. July 16, 1749; m. in 1776, Isaac Parker.
87. viii. Timothy, b. Jan. 15, 1752.
ix. Molly, b. Aug. 31, 1755; m. Thomas Rogers; m. 2d Mar. 23, 1782, William Monroe.


33. SAMUEL CummingS, (John) b. in Westford, Mass., Sept. 16, 1718; m. Dec. 1, 1741, Sarah, dau. of Dea. Andrew and Abigail Spaulding; b. June 9, 1723; resided in Westford and Dunstable until 1774, rem. to Cornish, N. H. He was a farmer and d. June 9, 1796. She d. Nov. 23, 1801.
88. i. Samuel, b. in Westford, Mass., Nov. 18, 1742.
ii. Abigail, b. in Westford, Mass., Jan. 23, 1745
iii. Sarah, b. in Westford, Mass., May 18, 1747.
iv. Benjamin, b. in Westford, Mass., Dec. 28, 1749; d. Oct. 2, 1759.
v. Betsy, b. in Westford, Mass., June 28, 1752; m. William Farris. He d. Nov. 22, 1810. She d.
June 5. 1776.
89. vi. Benjamin, b. in Westford, Mass., Mar. 29, 17^5.
vii. Polly or Molly, b. in Westford, Mass., Dec. 16, 1757; m. Feb. 5, 1781, Ebenezer, son of John
and Elizabeth (Foster) Fletcher, b. in New Ipswich, N. H., Feb. 5, 1761. She d. Feb. 26, 1812, and he m. 2d, June 1812, Mrs. Mary, dau. of Asa Rendall, (and widow of Nathaniel Foster, of Ashby, Mass.) b. in Dunstable, Mass., Dec. 29, 1766, and died in Winchendon, Mass., Jan. 25, 1851. He served in the Revolution as fifer in Captain Parr's Co., in Col. Nathan Hale's regiment. He was at Ticonderoga on the approach of the British under Burgoyne, and retreated to Hubbardton, Vt., and in the battle of that place was wounded and taken prisoner. In about three weeks he managed to escape from the British, and, after great hardships, reached home. Recovering from his wounds, he returned to the army, and served through his three years' enlistment.
CHILDREN: All born in New Ipswich, N. H.
1. Ebenezer Fletcher, b. Oct. 9, 1782; m. Sybil Spaulding, and d. in Cornish, N. H., July 21,
1837; issue, 7 sons and 3 daus.


2. Comings Fletcher, b. July 5, 1784; m. Mar. 18, 1803, Sally Wheeler. He d. in Enosburg,
Vt., July 21, 1837. Rem. to Enosburg about 1820; issue, 4 sons and 4 daus.
3 John Fletcher, b. Aug. 14, 1786; m. Sarah Smith. He d. in Michigan, July 10, 1842; issue,
5 sons and 7 daus.
4. Polly Fletcher, b. Aug. 21, 1788, m. Peter Felt, who d. in Illinois; issue, 3 sons and 3
5. Joseph Fletcher, b. May 22, 1790, m. Nancy Hall. He d. Feb. 18, 1868; issue, 2 daus.
6. Betsey Fletcher, b. Dec. 28, 1792; m. Ralph Roby. She d. in Boston, Mass., May 5, 1842,
issue, 1 son and 3 daus.
7. Milly Fletcher, b. Feb. 6, 1794; d. 1794.
8. Sally Fletcher, twin, b. Feb. 6, 1794, m. Hugh Brooks, son of Thomas and Betsey (Hoar)
Fletcher; b. Mar. 9, 1791; d. in Cal., 1856; shed. July 17, 1854; issue, 3 sons.
9. Nancy Fletcher, b. May 22, 1797; m. Mar. 26, 1818, Thomas Davis, who d. July 15,
1869, aged 74; issue, 3 sons and 2 daus.
10. Dexter Fletcher, b. Apr. 19, 1799; m. Mrs. Reed; res'd in Stoddard, N. H,; issue, 1 dau.
11. Susan Fletcher, b. May 30, 1801; d. 1803.
12. Roby Fletcher, b. June 6, 1803; m. Milly Taylor. He d. Dec. 30, 1902; aged 99 yrs., 6
mos., 24 d.; issue, 1 son and 4 daus.
viii. Andrew, b. Feb. 16, 1761; d. Oct. 1, 1775.
90 ix. Warren, b. Oct. 16, 1768.

34. EPHRAIM CummingS, (John) b. in Westford, Mass., Nov. 30, 1720; m. Oct. 12, 1742, Mary Hildreth, (probably from Chelmsford.) Resided in Westford, Mass.


i. Abigail, b. Apr. 27, 1744; d. young.
91. ii. Ephraim, b. Sept. 6, 1747.
iii. Wilson, b. Aug. 12, 1753.
iv. Abigail, b. July 16, 1755.

35. SAMUEL CummingS, (Samuel) b. in Groton Mar. 6, 1709; m. Jan. 30, 1733, Prudence, dau. of Thomas and Prudence Lawrence, of Groton. She was b. Sept. 14, 1715; he was in West Dunstable in 1739 and signed the second petition for the charter. He was the first justice of the peace in Hollis, N. H., and the first town clerk, holding the office for twenty-two different years between 1746 and 1770. At the first town election, Apr. 28, 1746, he was chosen moderator, clerk and selectman; was moderator five years between 1746 and '55; selectman twenty-one years between 1746 and 170; treasurer three years and local surveyor. In 1747 was delegate of the town to the New Hampshire General Court, upon its petition for an act taxing the land of non-residents for the support of the ministry, and also upon the petition of the town for scouts for protection against the Indians; was a sergeant in Capt. Powers' Co., in the French war, 1755, and held his commission of justice of the peace from the King. Of his wife Prudence it is said, "She was very ladylike in appearance, gentle, kind and good, very benevolent, always giving and doing for someone." She d. March 4, 1797. He d. Jan. 18, 1772.
i. Mary, b. Apr. 22, 1734; m. Dec. 27, 1752, Oliver Lawrence, b. 1725. He. d. Apr. 2, 1797;
aged 68.
1. Mary Lawrence, b. Nov. 4, 1753.
2. Oliver Lawrence, b. in Hollis, N. H., Oct. 7, 1755; m. May 7, 1782, Lydia, dau. of Capt.
Reuben and Lydia (Jones) Dow, of Hollis; b. May 18, 1762; was a soldier in the Revolution. Rem. to Hancock, N. H., 1779 and served his town as selectman, constable, etc. He d. Sept. 15, 1843, and she d. Nov. 25, 1835.


3. Peleg Lawrence, b. Aug. 17, 1757.
4. Noah Lawrence, b. Nov. 30, 1760.
5. Daniel Lawrence, b. Apr. 26, 1762; m. May 6, 1790, Polly Johnson of Hollis; rem. to
Hancock, ten years there, and returned; she d. in Hollis, July 8, 1824 and he d. in Hollis, Feb. 21, 1844; issue, 9 ch.
6. Silas Lawrence, b. June 19, 1764. No record.
7. Molly Lawrence, b. May 25, 1767. No record.
8. Amos Lawrence, b. Aug. 6, 1769. No record.
9. Eden Lawrence, b. Oct. 25, 1771.
10. Aaron Lawrence, b. May 5, 1774; m. Mar. 8, 1802, Lucy Putnam, of Stow, Mass; rem. to
Hancock, N. H., and 1820 to Wreston, Vt. He d. Aug. 17, 1838; she d. Aug. 17, 1862; issue, 12 ch.
11. Sarah Lawrence, b. Oct. 4, 1777.
ii. Sibbel, b. Nov. 1, 1736; d. Sept. 10, 1758; unm.
iii. Prudence, b. Nov. 26, 1740; m. Dec. 28, 1761, (by Rev. Daniel Emerson, of Hollis), David,
son of Samuel and Anna (Lawrence) Wright, of Pepper-ell, Mass., b. Nov. 1725. The following abstract is from Sabine's "Loyalists of the American Revolution": — "After the departure of Col. Prescott's Regiment of 'Minute Men,' Mrs. David Wright, of Pepperell, Mrs. Jos. Shattuck, of Groton, and the neighboring women collected at what is now Jewett's bridge, over the Nashua River, between Pepperell and Groton, clothed in their absent husband's apparel, and armed with muskets, pitchforks and such other weapons as they could find, and having elected Mrs. Wright their commander, resolutely determined that no foe to freedom, foreign or domestic, should pass that bridge." * * * "Soon there appeared Mr. Leonard


Whiting on horse-back, supposed to be treasonably engaged in carrying intelligence to the enemy. Whiting, by direction of Mrs. Wright in her assumed character of Sergeant, of the Bridge Guard, was seized, taken from his horse, searched and detained a prisoner. Despatches were found in his boots, which were sent to the Committee of Safety, and Whiting himself was committed to the custody of the Committee of Observation of Groton." * * * "There now stands at the place where the incident took place a stone 2 ½ feet by 3 ½ or 4 feet, with this inscription: — 'Near this spot a party of patriotic women, under the leadership of Mrs. David Wright, of Pepperell, in April, 1775, captured Leonard Whiting, a tory who was carrying treasonable despatches to the enemy at Boston. He was taken a prisoner to Groton and the despatches were sent to the Committee of Safety at Cambridge.'" She d. Dec. 2, 1823. He d. May 22, 1819. Prudence Wright Chapter, D. A. R., of Pepperell, is named for her.
CHILDREN: All born in Pepperell.
1. David Wright, b. Mar. 28, 1763; m. Sept. 21, 1785, Polly, dau. of John Lowell, of
Dunstable. Settled in Brookline, N. H.
2. Prudence Wright, b. Aug. 29, 1764; d. 1799, unm.; aged 35.
3. Cummings Wright, b. Mar. 17, 1766; went to Thompson, Conn.
4. Mary Wright, b. Dec. 27, 1767; d. July 1, 1774.
5. Wilkes Wright, b. Dec. 8, 1769. Probably the Capt. Wilkes, who d. in Newburyport,
1801, leaving widow Elizabeth.
6. Caroline Matilda Wright, b. Aug. 21, 1772; m. Samuel Hart well.
7. Liberty Wright, b. July 19, 1774;d. Mar. 11, 1775.
8. Devard Wright, b. Feb. 10, 1776.
9. Liberty Wright, b. May 30, 1778.


10. Artemas Wright, b. Aug. 14, 1780; m. Prudence (Corey) n. Daniel Wright, b. Apr. 26,
92. iv. Samuel, b. Dec. 10, 1742.
93. v. Thomas, b. Aug. 21, 1748.
94. vi. Benjamin, b. Nov. 25, 1757.

36. ENSIGN JERAHMAEL CummingS, (Samuel) b. Oct. 10, 1711; m. 1736, Hannah, dau. of Henry and Susannah Farwell, of Dunstable, (now Tyngsboro) b. Apr. 4, 1717; was in West Dunstable in 1738 and signed the first petition for the charter. He rem. to Hollis, N. H. At the fourth election of Parish officers, Mar. 1743, O. S., he was elected treasurer and served at various times as assessor. He d. Oct. 25, 1747. (His widow m. 2d in 1752, Stephen Jewett, supposed to have come from Rowley, Mass., in 1751.) Three of her sons by 2d marriage were in the Revolution. He d. Oct. 21, 1747.
i. Hannah, b. July 13, 1737; m. Jan. 27, 1762, Capt. James, son of Peter Hobart, of Hollis, N. H.,
b. Jan 16, 1738-9. He was a soldier in the Revolution. They settled in Plymouth, N. H., being among the earliest settlers.
1. James Hobart, b. Aug. 2, 1766 (and perhaps others). He graduated at Dartmouth in 1802,
having worked his way through by preaching and teaching vocal music. He and his father removed to Berlin, Vt., in 1795 or 6, where he became the first settled minister in Berlin, being ordained and settled in 1798, where he preached in the same church until 1829. He continued preaching at different places until 1860. When preaching in Williamstown, Vt., which is eight miles from his home in Berlin, he always walked to and from his service


until he was 90 years old. He m. Aug. 30, 1804, Betsey, dau. of Zachariah Perrin, of Berlin, b. in Hebron, Conn., Mar. 7, 1783; she d. July, 1862. He d. at his old homestead in Berlin, July 16, 1862; being nearly 96 years of age.
CHILDREN: All born in Berlin.
1. Betsey Hobart, b. Aug. 22, 1805; d. June 27, 1843.
2. James Hobart, b. Mar. 27, 1807; d. Dec. 7, 1897.
3. Samuel Hobart, b. Apr. 22, 1809; d. Sept. 24, 1846.
4. Emeline Hobart, b. Feb. 25, 1811; d. Oct. 14, 1894.
5. Mary Hobart, b. Jan. 17, 1813; d. Apr. 19, 1903.
6. Pamelia P. Hobart, b. Oct. 12, 1814; d. 1890.
7. Harriet N. Hobart, b. 1817; d. May 3, 1834.
8. Julia Hobart, b. July 1, 1819; now living. (1903)
9. David Hobart, b. June 3, 1821; d. Feb. 1, 1901.
10. Hannah Hobart, b. Mar. 1824; now living. (1903)
11. T. Dwight Hobart, b. Dec. 29, 1826; d. Sept. 22, 1853.
12. Isaac W. Hobart, b. Sept. 17, 1829; d. June 25, 1850.
2. Sarah Hobart, b. 1773; m. Job Poor. He was b. Oct. 22, 1767. She d. Oct. 12, 1811; aged
95. ii. Henry, b. Sept. 16, 1739.
96. iii. Jotham, b. Dec. 29, 1741.
iv. Caty, b. Feb. 28, 1744; m. Sept. 27, 1764, Thomas Pratt, of Hollis.


1. David Pratt, b. June 2, 1765.
2. Caty Pratt, b. May 9, 1767.
3. Hannah Pratt, b. July 29, 1769.
4. Jerahmael C. Pratt, b. Apr. 12, 1772.
5. Betty Pratt, b. Jan. 13, 1774.
6. Molly Pratt, b. June 19, 1776.
v. Bettey, b. July 17, 1746; m. Nov. 26, 1767, *Caleb Woods.
1. Caleb Woods, b. Sept 4, 1768.
2. Betty Woods, b. May 16, 1770.
3. Stephen Jewett Woods, b. Nov. 24, 1771.
4. Caty Woods, b. Sept. 12, 1773.
5. Alethea Woods, b. July 23, 1775.
6. Asa Woods, b. Nov. 1776.
7. Noah Woods, b. Aug. 23, 1777.
8. Jonas Woods, b. Mar. 24, 1779.
9. Rebecca Woods, b. Mar. 29, 1781.
10. Henry Farwell Woods, b. June 10, 1784.
11. Hannah Woods, b. Aug. 11, 1786.

37. EBENEZER CummingS, (William) b. in Dunstable, (Hudson) Jan. 29, 1730; m. Sarah, dau. of Stephen and Sarah (Hale) Chase; she d. Nov. 12, 1772, in the 47th year of her age. He m. 2nd, Apr. 12, 1774, Sarah Stevens. He was assessed in Nottingham West, from 1753 to 1803, inclusive. His death, or that of his wife, is not recorded here. He spent all his life upon the old homestead of his father. He was deacon many years and was an influential citizen. Jan. 28, 1788, Ebenezer Cummings was chosen delegate "to sit in the convention at Exeter, on the second Wednesday of February next, in order to consult and examine the Federal Constitution." He was also representative to the General Court the same year.
CHILDREN: All born in Nottingham West.
97. i. Enoch, b. Oct. 19, 1753.

* Groton Town Record is - "Nov. 26, 1767, Caleb Woods, of Groton, married to Betty Cummings, of Hollis, N. H.


ii. Nehemiah, b. in Nottingham West, July 17, 1756; m. May 11, 1780, Philadelphia White of
Swansey, N. H.; shed. June 26, 1849. He d. Mar. 30, 1815. She m. 2nd Oct. 17, 1833, (when nearly seventy years old,) Benjamin Howard, of Stoddard, N. H. He served in the Revolution, and was allowed for military service the same as his brother Enoch, £19.s.5.d.10. He was selectman in 1786.
iii. William, b. Feb. 18, 1759.
iv. Elizabeth, b. Mar. 26, 1761-2; m. Mar. 21, 1782, Samuel Cross, of Nottingham West. Had
two children.
v. Daniel, b. in Nottingham West, Jan. 27, 1766; m. Mar. 6, 1792, Salla, dau. of Pentecost
Stanley, of Swanzey, N. H. She d. Sept. 11, 1851,. over 80 years old, and he d. Mar. 31, 1831. They lived and died in Swanzey, N. H. She lost her eyesight and he used to lead her tenderly about; no issue.
98. vi. Ebenezer, b. Oct. 18, 1768.
99. vii. John, b. Apr. 21, 1771.
100. viii. Moody, b. Oct. 10, 1777.
ix. Samuel, b. Feb. 24, 1779; d. May 6, 1779.
101. x. Samuel, b. Apr. 6, 1781.
102. xi. James, b. Dec. 9, 1784.
xii. Sarah, b. Oct, 3, 1786.

38. JOHN HARWOOD CummingS, (William) b. Apr. 24, 1733; m. May 5, 1763, Sarah (Worcester), of Groton, Mass. He was assessed in Nottingham West from 1757 to 1764, and possibly a little later, but certainly not later than 1768. No records of him are found later, and it is inferred that he left the town for some other place about that time.
CHILDREN: Born in Nottingham West
i. Benjamin, b. Jan 15, 1764.
ii. Amos, b. Sept. 11, 1766.
iii. John, b. 1770.
iv. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 20, 1773.


39. JOSEPH CummingS, (William) b. in Nottingham West, Oct. 15, 1742; m. 1768, Hannah, dau. of Ephraim and Elizabeth (Butler) Cummings, b. Apr. 29, 1745; she d. Dec. 7, 1776 and he m. 2d May 6, 1777, Lucy (Warren.) He settled in Swanzey, and on May 4, 1797, Joseph and Mary Cummings were dismissed to the church in Sullivan, N. H., having been admitted to full communion at the church in Swanzey in Aug., 1778.
CHILDREN: All born in Swanzey, N. H.
i. Hannah, b. Sept. 24, 1769; m. --- Chapin.
ii. Ephraim, b. July 6, 1771; drowned in Pecker Pond, Rindge, N. H., June 12, 1793.
iii. Priscilla, b. Mar. 28, 1773; m. Mar. 11, 1798, Gains Hills, b. July 7, 1773. He d. June 1, 1804.
103. iv. David, b. Feb. 20, 1775.
v. Joseph, b. Nov. 30, 1776;v d. Mar. 4, 1779.
vi. Betty, b. Jan. 19, 1778.
vii. Lydia, b. Aug. 20, 1779.
viii. Sarah, b. Apr. 28, 1781.
ix. Joseph, b. Sept. 11, 1783.
x. Lucy, b. May 25, 1785.
xi. Thaddeus, b. May 28, 1787.
xii. John Warren, b. June 17, 1789.
xiii. Sophia, b. July 14, 1793.

40. THADDEUS CummingS, (William) b. May 17, 1745; m. Nov. 2, 1769, Abigail, dau. of Samuel and Sarah (Spaulding) Cummings, b. Jan. 23, 1744. Thaddeus and Abigail Cummings were admitted to communion with church in Swanzey, Aug. 22, 1770.
i. Henry, b. Sept. 29, 17725111. Oct. 2, 1799, Sally Learned.
ii. Rhoda, b. Mar. 28, 1775; d. May 27, 1829.


iii. Prudence, b. July 3, 1779.
iv. Jonas, b. Mar. 16, 1783.
104. v. John Harrod, b. Jan. 18, 1787.

41. DEA. JONATHAN CummingS, (Jonathan) b. June 5, 1729; m. 1758, (?) Deborah, dau. of Peter and Deborah (Crosby) Russell, b. June 3, 1740. He was deacon and a prominent man in the affairs of the church and town. She d. Sept. 9, 1820; he d. July 10, 1787.
i. Jonathan, b. Mar. 4, 1759.
ii. Deborah, b. June 14, 1761; m. Apr. 17, 1781, James Coombs.
iii. Sibyl, b. May 8, 17635111. Oct. 12, 1783, Samuel Barren; d. Apr. 17, 1811.
105. iv. Thomas, b. Dec. 15, 1764.
v. Rebecca, b. Sept. 28, 1766; d. June 13, 1782.
vi. Susannah b. Sept. 17, 1768; m. Feb. 7, 1793, John Stacey.
vii. Jane, b. Sept. 30, 1770; d. Sept. 6, 1775.
viii. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 12, 1772.
ix. Joseph, b. April 29, 1774; d. May 16, 1774.
x. Benjamin, b. April 29, 1774; d. May 2, 1774.
xi. Rachel, b. May 12, 1775.
106. xii. Cyrus, b. May 21, 1777.
xiii. Mary, b. June 2, 1779; m. Mar. 26, 1823, Doctor Abel Goodrich.
xiv. Sarah C., b. Apr. 25, 1781.
xv. Rebecca, b. Apr. 6, 1783; m. Dec. 24, 1800, Stephen Benson, b. in 1777; d. in 1852; she d.
Dec. 14, 1875.
1. Seth Ellis Benson, b. Nov. 27, 1801.
2. Rebecca Benson, b. Oct. 29, 1803.
3. Sewall Benson, b. Nov. 9, 1806.
4. Benjamin C. Benson, b. Feb. 17, 1809.
5. Russell Chandler Benson, b. Dec. 20, 1811.


6. Mary Ann Benson, b. Sept. 27, 1816.
7. Albert Benson, b. Oct. 30, 1817.
8. George B. Benson, b. May 26, 1824.
xvi. Ruth W., b. July 13, 1785.

42. SIMEON CummingS, (Jonathan) b. in Merrimack, 1739; m. Hannah Bowers. She d. Jan. 31, 1797. He m. 2d Mrs. Smith, widow, whose dau. Phoebe, b. in Dracut, June 2, 1790, went to Merrimack to reside with her step-mother; after his death went to Hollis with her mother to care for her. He was a man of much influence in his native town, and was elected to represent the town in the Legislature from 1797 to 1804 inclusive. He was Justice of the Peace, and served his town in most of the town offices, and served his country in the war of the Revolution. He was elected a delegate from his town to the Constitutional Convention in the year 1781. , He d. Jan. 18, 1810.
i. Sarah, b. in Merrimack, July 28, 1764; m. Mar. 29, 1781, Solomon, son of David and Joanna
(Shed) Danforth, b. in Billerica, Mass., Jan. 12, 1756. "He was a private in Lieut. Benjamin Bowers' Co., that marched from Merrimack to Ticonderoga, June 30, 1777; and in Capt. James Ford's Co., of Moses Nicholas' Regt., raised for more permanent service, July 20, 1777." [N. H. Rec. rolls.] He d. in Merrimack, May 31, 1833, and she d. Jan. 9, 1842.
CHILDREN: All born in Merrimack.
1. Solomon Danforth, b. Mar 17, 1782; m. Nov. 29, 1811, Ruthy, dau. of Benjamin and
Ruth (Tarbell) Nourse, b. Mar. 28, 1784, and d. Oct. 31, 1836. He d. Aug. 20, 1826.
2. Sally Danforth, b. Mar. 20, 1784; m. Sept. 13, 1803, Daniel Chandler, b. Mar. 4, 1777,
and d. Mar. 25, 1849. She d. July 26, 1860.


3. Simeon Cummings Danforth, b. Mar. 31, 1786; m. Feb. 7, 1811, Abigail, dau. of Daniel
and Sarah (Smith) Osgood, b. in Bluehill, Me., Sept. 23, 1793, and d. in Amherst, Feb. 13, 1854. He d. in Amherst, N. H., July 24, 1869.
4. Mary Danforth, b. Sept. 17, 1788; m. Dec. 23, 1813, William McCluer, Jr., b. July 9,
1786, and d. Apr. 12, 1876. She d. Nov. 23, 1860.
5. Rufus Danforth,' b. Feb. 25, 1791; m. June at;, 1817, Sarah, dau. of Charles and Mary
(---) Hubert, b. Dec. 27, 1797, and d. Nov. 7, 1881. He d. in Newburyport, June 23, 1860.
6. Lephe (Relief) Danforth, b. Mar. 21, 1793. d. .Sept. 19, 1814.
7. Joanna Danforth, b. Mar. 21, 1793; m. Oct. 13, 1811, Caleb Woodward, of Concord or
Haverhill, b. Jan. 14, 1792, and d. July 28, 1877. She d. in Haverhill, June 23, 1860.
8. Asenath Danforth, b. Feb. 19, 1796; m. Dec. 27, 1817, Oliver, son of Oliver and Abigail
(Nourse) Spaulding, b. May 23, 1791, and d. Aug. 30, 1875. She d. May 3, 1858.
9. Hannah Danforth, b. July 20, 1798; m. Dec. 2, 1821, Hermon, son of John and Rhoda
(Shed) Rogers, b. in Billerica, June 26, 1792, and d. in Amesbury, Oct. 17, 1878. She d. in Amesbury, Sept. 29, 1868.
10. Dorcas Danforth, b. July 23, 1801; m. Aug. 26, 1824, Nathan Parker, of Merrimack.
He d. Apr. 14, 1876, and she d. June 2, 1832.
11. Sophia Danforth, b. June 7, 1803; m. May 6, 1821, Ephraim Lake, (his 2d wife) of
Haverhill, b. in Haverhill, Sept. 5, 1790, and d. Sept. 14, 1862. She d. Sept. 16, 1842.


12. Sophronia Danforth, b. May 10, 1807; m. Jan. 24, 1833, Walter Reed, of Merrimack, b.
in Westford. Apr. 1, 1807, and d. in Merrimack, Aug. 26, 1881. She d. Dec. 28, 1880.
ii. James, b. Dec. 28, 1766.
107. iii. Simeon, b. Mar. 29, 1769.
iv. Jonathan, b. July 7, 1776.
v. Hannah, b. Feb. 23, 1779; m. Feb. 6, 1806, John Lund.
vi. Leaffy Bowers, b. Feb. 24, 1784.

43. PETER CummingS, (Ephraim) b. Dec. 8, 1733; m. Nov. 22, 1762, Sarah Richardson, of Nottingham West. Peter was assessed in Nottingham West from 1760 to 1769 inclusive, also from 1772 to 1775 inclusive, he probably removed from the town about 1775, as no further record is found of him, nor of his family in the town.
i. Sarah, b. in Nottingham West, Feb. 23, 1765; d. same day.
ii. Peter, b. in Nottingham West, Feb. 18, 1766; d. Mar. 26, 1766.
iii. James, b. in Nottingham West, May 12, 1767.

44. CAPT. DAVID CummingS, (Ephraim) b. May 20, 1738, in Nottingham W.; m. Elizabeth Butterfield. He was at Ticonderoga in 1777, eight days, and at Saratoga, one month, in the same year. He was first assessed in Nottingham West in 1760, and until he died, his death occurring on Feb. 28, 1803; his wife d. June 28, 1793; aged 51.
i. Elizabeth, b. May 12, 1765; m. Jonathan, son of Samuel and Eunice (---) Burbank, of
Nottingham West, b. Mar. 3, 1759. He d. Nov. 4, 1836, and she d. July 18, 1847.


CHILDREN: All born in Nottingham West.
1. Betsey Burbank, b. Dec. 4, 1790; d. Oct. 8, 1858; unm.
2. Samuel Burbank, b. July 9. 1792; m. Harriet Rogers.
3. David Burbank, b. May 2, 1794; A. July 14, 1812.
4. Jonathan Burbank, b. Sept. 16, 1796.
5. Hannah Burbank, b. Sept. 18, 1798; d. Feb. 7, 1826.
6. John Burbank, b. Aug. 8, 1800; d. Mar. 29, 1827.
7. Cummings Burbank, b. May 25, 1805; d. Oct. 21, 1825.
108. ii. David, Jr., b. Aug. 10, 1768.
iii. Sarah, b. July 18, 1770; m. Isaac Hall, m. 2d, --- Follett, of Cornish, N. H.
iv. Mary, b. Apr. 21, 1772; m. Asa, son of Joseph . Gould, Jr., of Nottingham West, b. June 13,
1774. He d. Dec. 31, 1858, aged 84, and she d. Sept. 9, 1858, aged 86.
1. Mary Gould, b. Mar. 22, 1802; m. Paul Hardy.
2. Daniel Cummings Gould, b. Sept. 8, 1805; m. Mary I. Chase.
3. Clarissa Gould, b. Apr. 5, 1809; m. Franklin Wilson.
4. Alfred Gould, b. Aug. 27, 1813; d. unm.
v. Rachel, b. June 15, 1774.
vi. Hannah, b. Dec. 11, 1776; unm.
vii. Ephraim, b. Sept. 18, 1778.


45. EPHRAIM CummingS, (Ephraim) b. in Nottingham West, Apr. 9, 1743; m. Sept. 8, 1768, Betty Bradstreet, dau. of Rev. Nathaniel and Elizabeth (---) Merrill, b. in Nottingham West, Sept. 6, 1741. He was assessed in Nottingham West, from 1769 to 1773- He probably removed to Swanzey about 1773. Ephraim Cummings was again assessed here from 1800 to 1804 and perhaps later, was this the same man returned? No record of death of Ephraim or Betty in Nottingham West.
i. Nathaniel, b. in Nottingham West, June 26, 1770; m. in Cheshire, N. H., Apr. 29, 1793,
Lovina Whipple, she d. Oct. 7, 1855. He d. Feb. 8, 1849.
i. Maynard, b. Sept. 7, 1792; d. young.
ii. Olive, b. May 27, 1794; m. --- James Williams. She d. in Detroit, Mich., aged 90.
iii. Lovina, b. July 2, 1796; m. --- Gale. She d. in 1887.
iv. John Maynard, b. Sept. 22, 1798.
v. Betsey Taintor, b. Aug. 26, 1800; m. John McWhorter.
vi. Harriet, b. May 11, 1803; m. --- Disbrow.
vii. Chauncey, b. Feb. 23. 1806; d. aged 25.
ii. Betty, b. in Nottingham West, Feb. 6, 1772.
iii. William, b. probably in Swanzey, Aug. 22, 1774, d. there Sept. 12, 1777.
iv. Olive, b. probably in Swanzey, Aug. 8, 1776: d. young.
v. William, b. in Swanzey, Mar. 21, 1778.
vi. Oliver, b. in Swanzey, Feb. 6. 1780.
vii. Simeon, b. in Swanzey, Mar. 8, 1782; m. Apr. 3, 1803, Frances Bradford, of Swanzey.
viii. Ephraim, b. in Swanzey, Apr. 24, 1784; m. Feb. 13, 1812, Sarah Secord. She d. in Warsaw,
N. Y., in 1819 and he d. Feb. 13, 1834.


46. JOHN CummingS, (Capt. John) b. Jan. 13, 1753; m. June 8, 1776, Sarah, dau. of Jacob and Rachel (Fletcher) Howard, of Chelmsford, b. 1751. She was a lineal descendant of Edward I, King of England. He lived on the old homestead in Dunstable (now Tyngsboro) upon which his father had res'd. His wife d. Mar. 15, 1845; aged 94 years, and he d. in Tyngsboro, Mass., June 5, 1808.
109. i. John, b. Aug. 27, 1777.
110. ii. Willard, b. July 25, 1779.

47. LIEUT. NATHANIEL CummingS, (Nathaniel) b. in Dnnstable, July 7, 1724; m. Nov. 29, 1749, Katherine, dau. of John and Sarah (Hill) Baldwin, of Billerica, Mass., b. in Billerica, Sept. 25, 1727. Her name takes the place of his on the tax list in 1773. She d. in Dunstable, Nov. 4, 1807. He was a soldier in the Louisburg Expedition in 1754. He d. about 1773.
CHILDREN: All born in Bellerica.
111. i. Nathaniel, b. Feb. 3, 1751.
ii. Sarah, b. June 2, 1753; m. Dec. 1, 1772, Josiah, son of Oliver and Rebecca Crosby, b. Apr.
30, 1746; she d. Aug. 20, 1823; he d. July 26, 1819; no issue.
iii. Kate, b. July 31, 1755.
iv. Patty, b. Mar. 5, 1757; m. Feb. 27, 1777, Benjamin, son of John and Rebecca (Shed) Button,
of Billerica, b. May 3, 1754.
v. Bette, b. Jan. 17, 1761.

48. JEREMIAH CummingS, (Nathaniel) b. in Dunstable, Mass., Oct. 17, 1769; m. Sept. 25, 1789, Rebecca, dau. of Amaziah and Elizabeth (Kendall) Swallow, b. Apr. 24, 1768. He d. 1845.


i. Ebenezer, b. Aug. 16, 1790; m. May 20, 1820, Betsey Jaquith, who d. Oct 24, 1858. He d.
Sept. 17, 1857.
i. Angeline, b. May 11, 1822; m. in 1852, Otis Earle; res'd in Thetford, Vt.
1. Clara Ellen Earle, b. Sept. 4, 1853.
2. Byron Clarence Earle, b. Tan. 14, 1855.
3. Frederick Cummings Earle, b. Nov. 2, 1856.
4. Julia Ann Earle, b. Mar. 17, 1859.
5. Willis Ebenezer Earle, b. Nov. 21, 1863.
ii. Elizabeth, b. Mar. 20, 1830; m. Solon K. Berry.
iii. Ellen M. b. Aug. 26, 1833; m. John E. Johnson; res. in Everett, Mass.
iv. Harlan Page, b. Jan. 19, 1837; m. Jan. 23, 1868, Alpa M. Baxter: res'd in Thetford, Vt.
i. Allen Curtis, b. Nov. 22, 1868.
ii. Elizabeth Angeline, b. Nov. 7, 1870.
iii. Burton Ebenezer, b. Sept. 22, 1873.
iv. Marshall B., b. Dec. 6, 1875.
v. Harlan Page, b. Jan. 6, 1878.
vi. Edith Elizabeth, b. June 14, 1887.
ii. Jeremiah, b. June 16, 1792.
iii. Rebecca, b. June 3, 1794; m. about 1829, Asa Merrill. She d. Apr. 18, 1883.
1. Rebecca Swallow Merrill, b. Sept. 17, 1830.
2. Homer Augustus Merrill, b. Oct. 29, 1832.
3. Abigail Merrill, m.
iv. Zenas, b. Feb. 9, 1798.
v. Clarissa, b. Apr. 7, 1800; m. 1829, Alvah Hall.


1. Asenath Hall, b. Mar. 16, 1831.
2. Jeremiah Cummings Hall, b. Jan. 4, 1833; went west.
vi. Jason, b. June 9, 1802; m. 1833, Mary Chamberlain. He d. Jan. 10, 1880.
i. Edwin P., b. Nov. 25, 183:5; m. July 24, 1858, Nancy Louisa Thompson.
i. Charles E., b. Apr. 5, 1859; d. Nov. 28, 1867.
ii. Mary Ella, b. Jan. 19, 1861.
iii. Frank Edwin, b. Mar. 2, 1869; m. Emma Pietz. Had sons Frank Raymond, William
iv. Nettie Louise, b. Mar. 29, 1871.
ii. Solon Josiah, b. July 11, 1838.
iii. Homer Augustus, b. July 8, 1841.
iv. Mary Elizabeth, b. Dec. 19, 1844.
vii. Walter, b. July 27, 1804; m. Diantha Jaquith; had 1 child.
viii. Edmund, b. May 27, 1809; m. Dec. 17, 1837, Clarissa Russ. He d. in Ridgeland, Ill., Dec. 14,
i. Edmund Augustus, b. in Lowell, Mass., Nov. 29, 1842; m. Sept. 11, 1867, Ellen Miranda
Merrill; res'd in Ill.
i. Charles Edmund, b. July 9, 1868; m. May 11, 1892, Lena Ida Weick, b. Jan. 20,
1870. They res. m. Denver, Col.
ii. Walter Nelson, b. July 28, 1869; d. Oct. 28, 1869.
iii. Mabel Clara, b. July 23, 1871; m. Sept. 13, 1892. Has 3 ch.


iv. John Vincent, b. Jan. 19, 1873; d. July 18, 1895.
v. Nellie Merrill, b. Oct. 3, 1875.
vi. George Moore, b. Mar. 1, 1877; d. Feb. 1, 1878.
ii. Charles Henry, b. May 19, 1845.

49. CAPT. OLIVER CummingS, (Nathaniel) b. in Dunstable, Apr. 10. 1728; m. in Killingly, Conn., Sibyla, dau. of Israel and Hannah (Learned) Whitney, of Groton, Mass., and Killingly, Conn., b. Feb. 4, 1733; "Israel Whitney's estate was valued at £655, April 21, 1761. Oliver Cummings, Sibyla Cummings and the widow Hannah were the only heirs of Israel Whitney and were all of Dunstable, Mass. (No. 739 Whitney Genealogy.) She d. Dec. 16, 1812, and he d. Aug. 15, 1810.
CHILDREN: All horn in Dunstable.
112. i. Oliver, b. July 12, 1757.
113. ii. James, b. May 26, 1759.
114. iii. Josiah, b. Jan. 12, 1763.
iv. Major Nathaniel, b. June 20, 1767; m. Jan. 24, 1793, Esther, dau. of Jacob and Elizabeth
(Cutler) Kendall. She was b. 1767, and d. Nov. 23, 1816; he d. Apr. 17, 1813.
v. Sybil, b. Aug. 14, 1773; m. Jan. 27, 1795, Benjamin, son of Jacob and Elizabeth (Cutler)
Kendall, of Thetford, Vt. They had 10 ch.

50. ELEAZER CummingS, (Nathaniel) b. in Dunstable, Oct. 2, 1737; m. Nov. 26, 1761, Hannah Whitney, b. Apr. 15, 1736. His father having died when he was quite young, his uncle Eleazer, (having no children) took him and brought him up. The uncle made his will bequeathing his property to his nephew, but changed his will when he had children by his second wife. He gave his nephew a farm and settled him in Londonderry, where he lived for several years; he sold his Londonderry farm and bought a large tract of land in


Woodstock, Vt., to which he removed with his family. He was assessed in Nottingham West, in 1760 to 1774. At the time he made his will, Jan. 6, 1779, he was living in Londonderry. He bequeathed his personal property to his wife, except a State note of £985, which was to be divided among his children, Israel Whitney. Hannah, Ezra, Ebenezer and Isaac, and one pair of steers, three years old, and one pair two years old, and two guns, to be divided between Israel Whitney and Nathaniel, his sons. His wife and his brother, Lieut. Simeon were appointed executors. He d. in Londonderry, Feb. 3, 1779. His widow Hannah m. 2d Oct. 15, 1783, Dea. William Hunt, and she d. Oct. 19, 1787. Temple Kendall, of Groton, was appointed, Apr. 1, 1788, guardian for Ezra, "more than 14 years of age," and Isaac, "under 14 years of age," sons of Eleazer, of Londonderry.
115. i. . Israel Whitney, b. in Nottingham West, Aug. 23, 1762.
ii. Nathaniel, b. Oct. 3, 1763; m.; res'd at Thetford, Vt. and later rem, to the State of New York.
i. Thayer.
ii. Whitney.
iii. Betsey.
iii. Eleazer, b. Dec. 1, 1765; d. Dec. 1765.
iv. Hannah, b. July 15, 1767; m. --- Luke French; res'd in Jaffrey, N. H.
116. v. Eleazer, b. Aug. 25, 1769.
117. vi. Ezra, b. May 17, 1772.
vii. Ebenezer, b. Aug. 13, 1773; res'd in Fairlee, Vt. Died in old age.
i. Ichabod, had son, E. W. Cummings, at Bates Divinity School, in 1888.
ii. John.
iii. Stedman,; died in Kansas.
iv. Sarah.
v. Polly.
118. viii. Isaac, b. April 11, 1777.

I, Eleazer Cumings, of Londonderry, in the County of Rockingham, and State of New Hampshire, Husbandman, being sensible of my approaching Dissolution, yet through the mercy of God, at Present of sound Mind & Memory, Do Ordain and make this my last Will & Testament, recommending my Body to the Dust from whence it was taken, and my Soul into the hands of Almighty God, who gave it in hopes of a Resurrection to Life through the Merrits of Jesus Christ; and as concerning all the Estate, Real and Personal, which it hath pleased God of his goodness to Bless me with, it is my Will that all my Just Debts & Funeral Charges be first Paid out of my Estate by my Executors hereafter named.
Item. My Will is, and I do hereby Bequeath to my well-beloved Wife, Hannah, all my Personal Estate excepting
a State Note of Nine Hundred Eighty-Five Pounds, L. M.: meaning ail my live Stock, Farming Utensils, household Furniture. Provisions, &C., excepting one Pair of Stears 3 years old, & one Pair Do. 2 years old, & 2 Guns, which I bequeath unto my Two Sons, Israel Whitney Cumings and Nathaniel Cumings, to be equally divided between them.
Item. I give and bequeath unto my Sons, Israel Whitney Cumings, Nathaniel Cumings, & my Daughter Hannah
Cumings, Eleazer Cumings, Ezra Cumings, Ebenezer Cumings & Isaack Cumings, a State Note of Nine hundred and Eighty-Five Pounds, L. M., bearing date January the 20th, 1779, to be divided equally among them; and I do hereby Ordain and make my Well-beloved Wife, Hannah, and my well-beloved Brother, Simeon Cumings, Executors of this my last Will and Testament, ratifying and confirming whatsoever is afore written.
IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF I have hereunto set my hand & seal this Twenty-Sixth Day of January, 1779.
Signed, sealed, Published
& declaired in Presence of


51. LIEUT. SIMEON CummingS, (Nathaniel) b. 1743-4; m. Sarah (---) b. 1764, and d. Nov. 17, 1815. He was a soldier in the Revolution, and a corporal in his brother, Capt. Oliver's company, in 1776. His father died when he was quite a small boy. He d. Mar. 23, 1817.
CHILDREN: All born in Old Dunstable.
i. Simeon, b. Sept. 18, 1766; d. Oct. 1, 1852. He resided with his sister Rachel until his death;
ii. Jeremiah, b. Nov. 23, 1768; d. Jan. 8, 1776.
iii. Sarah, b. Feb. 20, 1771; d. Feb. 29, 1816.
iv. Elizabeth, b. July 6, 1773; d. Oct. 22, 1778.
v. Rachel, b. Oct. 10, 1775; d. Oct. 11, 1778.
vi. Polly, b. June 18, 1778; m. Nov. 25, 1802, Asa Woods, b. Sept., 1776; d. Oct. 18, 1870, aged
93 years and 11 months, and she d. Aug. 12. 1851.
1. Mary Woods, b. Sept. 26, 1803; m. Apr. 1, 1822, Timothy Kendall. She d. Dec. 6, 1882.
2. Cummings Woods, b. Jan. 6, 1805; d. Apr. 6, 1850.
3. Varnum Woods, b. Dec. 2, 1806; m. Mary D. (---).
vii. Betty, b. Dec. 9, 1780; m. Mar. 24, 1800, Joseph Warren, son, of Samuel, Jr., and Elizabeth
(Swallow) Roby, b. Oct. 22, 1774, and d. Jan. 30, 1854. She d. Mar. 16, 1862. He was a farmer and res'd in Dunstable, Mass.
1. Dexter Roby, b. Jan. 21, 1801; m. --- Roxanna, dau. of Jonas and Hannah (Roby) Taylor,
b. May 10, 1804, and he d. in 1875.
2. Sally Roby, b. Sept, 21, 1803; m. --- Americas, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Kendall)
Parkhurst, b. Apr. 17, 1799; 5 ch.


3. Gilman Roby, b. July 2, 1808; m. Catherine Parker, who was struck by lightning, June
17, and d. June 21, 1838. He d. Nov 1. 1881; no ch.
4. Betsey Roby, b. July 7, 1812; m. Artemas Hill; lived in Carlisle and d. Nov. 20, 1866.
5. Christopher Roby, b. Oct. 8, 1814; m; lived in Chelmsford, and manufactured swords in
1860, and later; he d. about 1892; no ch.
viii. Rachel, b. Apr. 30, 1783; m. June 7, 1804, Joseph, son of Capt. Josiah and Sarah (Blodgett)
Danforth, b. Aug. 16, 1779; d. Nov. 8, 1855. She d. Mar. 10, 1852. They lived in Tyngsboro. He was a farmer and Capt. of Militia in 1813-14; he held several town offices. He m. 2d widow Lucinda Goldsmith, Wilton, N. H.
CHILDREN: All born in Tyngsboro, Mass.
1. Capt. Joseph Danforth, b. Aug. 19, 1805; m. Nov. 26. 1829, Delphia, dau. of Ebenezer
and Mary ( Bancroft ) Swan, of Tyngsboro, b. Apr. 5, 1807. She d. Apr. 26, 1875; he d. Nov. 8, 1885.
1. Lucy Taylor Danforth, b. in Charleston, Oct. 25, 1830; m. Aug. 23, 1854, John True,
son of John and Sally (True) Harris, b. in Poland, Me., May 23, 1824; 2 ch., d. young.
2. Sarah Thompson Danforth, b. in Tyngsboro, Mass., Apr. 6, 1832; m. Feb. 28, 1871,
George Washington Burnham, b. May 23, .1824; d. in Nashua, N. H., May 29, 1883; 1 ch., d. young.
3. Delphia Swan Danforth, b. in Tyngsboro, Apr. 29, 1834; living in 1904; unm.


4. Parthena Priscilla Danforth, b. in Tyngsboro, Mar. 22, 1836; m. Sept. 16, 1854,
Sumner, son of John and Polly ( Prescott ) Woodward, b. Apr. 18, 1819. He d. June 5, 1833; she d. Apr. 22, 1884; 5 ch.
5. Charles Henry Danforth, b. in Tyngsboro, Dec. 7, 1838; Photographist, 14 years,
later Postmaster; Life member of Handel and Haydn Society, of Boston; sang also 'in Operas, and gathered quite a quantity of data for this and also the Danforth Genealogy; was Q. M. Sergeant, of Co. B, 4th Battalion Inf., M. V. M., 1875-79; living, (1904); Cambridge, Mass.; unm.
6. Rachel Cummings Danforth, b. in Tyngsboro, Jan. 21, 1841; d. of cancer in
Tyngsboro, Apr. 4, 1882; unm.
7. George Dexter Danforth,<s b. in Tyngsboro, Jan. 23, 1843; m- Nov. 18, 1875, Ann
Ella Teague, b. May 19, 1851; she d. Apr. 6, 1881. He was a miller and box maker, now farmer, Washington, N. H.; 3 boys.
8. Carolena Fiducia Danforth, b. Mar. 4, 1845; m. July 3, 1884, James, son of James
and Margaret (Clark) Danforth, b. July 2, 1846; res. (1904) in Tyngsboro, Mass; no issue.
9. Luella Octavia Danforth, b. June 18, 1848; d. Sept. 3, 1849.
2. Sarah Danforth, b. Mar. 24, 1809; m. Jan. 25, 1836, Samuel Richardson, b. May 4, 1802;
he d. Apr. 30, 1838; m. 2d Nov. 24, 1842, Calvin Howard, b. in Lunenburg, Sept. 25, 1792. He d. in Westford, Jan. 4, 1883; she d. there Mar. 25, 1850. He was a farmer in Westford, Mass.


1. Samuel Augustus Richardson, b. Dec. 7, 1837; m. Susan Bancroft Perham; live in
Calistoga, Cal.; 4 ch.
2. Calvin Howard, b. in Westford; m.; 5 ch.
3. Rachel Cummings Danforth, b. Sept. 10, 1813; m. May 16, 1833, Carmi Emery, son of
Philip Bowers and Polly (Hodges) King, of Norton, Mass. She d. Sept. 25, 1734. He was a dry goods merchant; Boston.
1. Isabelle Danforth King, b. Sept 24, 1834; m. Octavius A. Rogers.
4. Mary Richardson Danforth, b. July 29, 1818; m. June 26, 1842, John Green, son of
Jonathan and Nancy (Whittemore) Upton, b. Feb. 5, 1823; he d. June 4, 1893; she d. Dec. 31, 1852. He was miller, sawyer and box maker; made quite a fortune. Settled in Tyngsboro, Mass., where all his children were born.
1. Almira Cummings Upton, b. Nov. 8, 1842.
2. Abigail Danforth Upton, b. Oct. 29, 1845.
3. Mary Rachel Upton, b, Jan. 14, 1852; d. Sept. 30, 1868; two living unm. 1904.
ix. Lydia, b. Mar. 21, 1786; m. Jan. 22, 1807, Josiah, son of Oliver and Bridget Taylor, of
Thetford, Vt., b. Mar. 5, 1781. }


i. Simeon Cummings Taylor, of Thetford, Vt., m. Jan. 13, 1840, Catherine Reed, of
x. Asenath, b. July 26, 1788, m. Jan. 18, 1810, Capt. Amaziah Swallow, b. in 1787, who d. Oct.
6, 1857. She d. Oct. 30, 1865.
1. Almira Swallow, b. Dec. 23, 1810; m. Andrew Sawtelle.
2. Asenath Swallow, b. Sept. 13, 1812; m. Apr. 4, 1833, Thomas Parker.
3. Sarah Cummings Swallow, b. Sept. 7, 1815; m. Aug. 19, 1834, Albert Gallatine Page, b.
Mar. 13, 1814; who d. of pleurisy Mar. 17, 1871. He was a mechanic in Fitchburg.
4. Amaziah Newton Swallow, b. May 5, 1820; . m. June 23, 1852, Rebecca P. Proctor. He
lived in Charlestown, Mass., and was a large retail dealer in groceries.
5. Albert Orson Swallow, b. Dec. 12, 1822; d. Oct. 18, 1826.
6. Albert Josiah Swallow, b. June 13, 1828; d. Dec. 7, 1850.
xi. Jeremiah, b. Aug. 26, 1790; d. Sept. 27, 1792.

52. ELEAZER CummingS, (Eleazer) b. June 16, 1765; m. Apr. 19, 1786, Sarah, dau. of John and Sarah (Hills) (Severance) Hale, b. in Nottingham West, Apr. 20, 1767. He was a farmer, occupying the same farm upon which his father settled in 1728. He was a school teacher and teacher of music or singing master. He acquired considerable knowledge of astronomy and other sciences, he also possessed great mechanical ingenuity. She d. May 8, 1852, and he d. Dec. 1, 1843.


i. Sarah, b. Oct. 3, 1786; m. Aug. 5, 1804, Jeptha, son of Phineas and Rebecca (Dunn)
Underwood, b. Feb. 14, 1784 and d. June 6, 1851; she d. in Hudson, Nov. 29, 1873.
1. Louisa Underwood, b. in Hudson, Oct. 26, 1805; m. Mar. 7, 1827, Deliver Johnson, b. in
Bradford, Vt., 1800.
2. Dustin Underwood, b. in Hudson, Apr. 20, 1807; d. in Malden, Mass., 1814.
ii. Thomas, b. Sept. 20, 1788; m. Nov. 1815, Hannah Webster of Pelham, N. H. He d. in
Hudson, June 23, 1861, and she d. in Hudson, Aug. 22, "1856.
i. Violet S., b. in Pelham, in 1816; m. Joseph Ford; lived in several towns in N. H. and later
rem. to Iowa. Had several children that died young; two may still be living in Iowa.
ii. Hannah, b. in Nottingham West, in 1817; went to Orissa, India, when about twenty years
of age, where she spent most of her life. While there she m. Feb. 12, 1841, Rev. Jeremiah Phillips, also a missionary, it being his third . marriage; both died several years ago. They had eleven children, nine daughters and two sons; Eight daughters and one son were living a few years since; three were in India and six in this country.
iii. Allen, b. in Boston and d. about one year old.
iv. Calvin, b. in Nottingham West, 1821;
m. Sophia Silver, of Methuen, Mass.; had one daughter. He d. Oct.. 1845.
v. Sabra, b. about 1823; m. Thomas Ford. Lived in Lowell and other towns of
Massachusetts and New Hampshire. She d. leaving several ch.
vi. Lucy, b. in Hudson, 1824; m. Aug. 16, 1855, Abraham Colby, of Londonderry, N. H.


Had son Francis who died young; m. 2d James Parker, of Bradford, Vt., where she d. in 1870.
vii. Francis M., b. in Windham, N. H., in 1826; m. Harriet Currier, of Waltham, Mass. She d.
in 1864.
i. Jennie, d. when 15 years of age.
ii. Eva, b. about 1863.
viii. George W., b. in Windham, N. H., 1828, and d. in Hudson, 1851; unm.
ix. Caroline Nevens, b. in Windham, N. H.; m. Amasa Peabody, of Lowell, Mass. They had
fifteen ch., the greater number dying in infancy. Hannah, the eldest, died when about eighteen years of age. Four or five grew up and lived in Lowell, Mass.
x. Sarah Hale, b. in Lowell; m. --- Saunders and had son Robert Lincoln Saunders,8; m. 2d George Young, and res'd in Great Falls, N. H.
119. iii. Willard, b. July 21, 1790.
iv. Mary, b. Sept. 1, 1792; m. Dec. 31, 1818, Spencer, son of Joseph and Salome (Phillips)
Ripley, of Londonderry, b. July 7, 1788; he was a farmer and res'd in Litchfield and Hudson. She d. in Hudson, Aug. 10, 1852; he d. in Hudson, June 1, 1856.
1. Dustin Ripley, b. in Litchfield, Oct. 5, 1819; m. Jan. 3, 1847, Melvina, dau. of Phillip and
Elvira Palmer; she d. Jan. 10, 1858; he m. 2d Miss Barrett, of Lunenburg, Mass.; she d. soon after and he m. 3rd . ---, who d. Mar. 10, 1900. He was a mechanic and lived in several towns and cities in Mass., and d. in Lawrence, 1901. He had three ch.
2. Mary Ann Ripley, b. in Litchfield, Mar. 30, 1821; m. Feb. 24, 1858, Thomas Burrell, (his
2d wife). He was a farmer and lived in Bedford, N. H., where he d. Jan. 1, 1875; she d. in Litchfield, May 17, 1893; no issue.


3. Daniel Ripley, b. in Hudson, Feb. 10, 1823; m. Apr. 24, 1845, Margaret, dau. of Joseph
and Margaret (Burns) Winn, of Hudson; he d. Oct. 17, 1845; no issue.
4. Elizabeth Cummings Ripley, b. Sept. 30, 1824; d. Jan. 26, 1826.
5. Sarah Jane Ripley, b. Nov. 10, 1826; d. Feb. 15, 1846; unm.
6. Nathaniel Hale Ripley,. May 28, 1829; m. Apr. 20, 1854, Mary, dau. of Robert and Sarah
(Green) Jefts, of Townsend, Mass., b. Sept. 10, 1820. He served in the 24th Regt. Heavy Artillery, nine mos., at about the close of the Civil War; farmer and mechanic: res. in Townsend, Mass.; no issue.
7. Edwin Ripley, b. Jan. 9, 1832; m. Nov. 27, 1858, Julia A., dau. of Elisha and Sarah
Grant, of Hudson, b. in Maine, Apr. 6, 1838. He was a carpenter and lived in Lawrence, where he d. Apr. 2, 1883; no issue.
8. Alfred Cummings Ripley, b. Sept. 16, 1834, and res. in Townsend, Mass.; unm.
9. Hannah S. Ripley, b. Aug. 4, 1838; m. Aug. 25, 1868, Richard Shepard, b. in Hampton
on the "Hill England," Mar. 20, 1821. They res. in Litchfield, N. H.; he is a cooper and farmer; they have 4 ch.
v. Hannah, b. Aug. 4, 1794; m. Aug. 22, 1815, John, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Bradford)
Webster, b. in Pelham, N. H., Dec. 25, 1791. They res'd upon the old homestead of his father in Pelham, and maintained his parents through the remaining years of their lives. In 1841 he rem. to Amherst, N. H., and in 1846 to Hudson where he d. Mar. 1, 1883. He served in the militia at Portsmouth, N. H., during the war of 1812, for which service he became a pensioner. He was a very industrious, energetic, persevering man; and with the assistance of


his frugal, industrious wife, managed to comfortably rear the large family that blessed their union. Mrs. Webster was of small stature, and did not enjoy the best health, but always contributed her full share in rearing the large family by her long continued labors for their comfort and support, to which she added her precepts, example and moral training, together with her religious instructions, being a life-long member of the Congregational Church, living her Christianity in her every day life. She d. Feb. 3, 1873.
1. Elizabeth Bradford Webster, b. Nov. 30, 1815; m. May 18, 1858, Warren Blodgett, of
Hudson, b. Dec. 25, 1809. He was a farmer and res'd in Hudson, and d. July 3, 1884. They had two children; both d. young.
2. Moses Webster, b. Nov. 17, 1817; m. Dec. 16, 1841, Lydia, dau. of Jesse and Polly
(Harwood) Baker, of Manchester, N. H., b. Nov. 1, 1819; stone cutter; rem. to Vinal Haven, Me., in 1851, where he formed co-partnership with Joseph R. Bodwell in the granite business, which afterwards became the "Bodwell Granite Co.," being one of the largest granite companies in the country. He was an energetic, persevering business man. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1858, and to the Senate in 1872-3. He held many offices of trust and responsibility. He d. in Vinal Haven, Jan. 15, 1887, and his wife d. Apr. 7, 1898; issue, 2 ch.
3. Sally Hale Webster, b. Aug. 25, 1819; m. Nov. 10, 1842, Simon Titcomb, of Pelham;
stone-cutter and farmer; lived in Londonderry, N. H., where he d. Sept. 27, 1856. She is still living (1904) with her eldest son in Nashua; had four ch.


4. Eleazer Cummings Webster, b. Aug. 18, 1821; d. Dec. 20, 1823.
5. Louisa Underwood Webster, b. Jan. 31, 1824; m. Dec. 3, 1846, John M. Baker, a brother
of Lydia, wife of Moses Webster. He was a farmer and stone mason and has res'd in Hudson many years. His wife d. Mar. 22, 1900; issue, 4 ch.
6. Lucy Ann Webster, b. Feb. 28, 1826; m. Dec. 27, 1849, Daniel B. Cluff, b. in Salem, N.
H., Dec. 12, 1824; shoe manufacturer in Haverhill, Mass., d. Sept. 11, 1898; issue, 6 ch.
7. Kimball Webster, b. in Pelham, Nov. 2, 1828, m. Jan. 29, 1857, Abiah, dau. of Seth and
Deborah (Gay) Cutter, b. in Pelham, Feb. 1, 1837. He acquired his education in the common schools of his native town and Hudson; as a boy he worked on his father's farms in Pelham, Amherst and Hudson. He was one of the historic California Pioneers of 1849, starting in April, 1849, before attaining" his majority. When the news of the discovery of gold in California reached New England, he started and traveled across the then unexplored country, arriving in Sacramento valley in October, six months having passed on the - long journey. He remained there less than two years, engaged in mining and other pursuits, when he went to Oregon, where he was a Deputy Surveyor on Government surveys, and returned home in the fall of 1854. In 1855 he was employed by the Hannibal St. Jo Railroad Co., since which he has res'd in Hudson, where he owns and occupies a part of the same land purchased by his great-grandfather, Eleazer Cummings, in 1728. Mr. Webster has been a successful surveyor and civil engineer; he has had


extensive practice in probate business; He has held nearly all the important offices within the gift of the town, among which was the representation of the town in the Legislature in both branches, often being elected, when in the minority political party, owing to his popularity. He has been a large contributor to this work and a very accurate compiler. He had a family of ten ch.
8. Hannah Jane Webster, b. Feb. 24, 1831; d. Sept. 5, 1851; umn.
9. John Cummings Webster, b. Feb. 24, 1833; d. Aug. 7, 1901; successful merchant in
Danby, N. H.
10. Nathan Pierce Webster, b. May 19, 1835. He was a merchant and postmaster in Hudson;
was a member of the Legislature and held many public offices of trust.
11. Willard Holbrook Webster, b. Mar. 22, 1837. He was a man °f energy and thrift and d. in
Hudson, Dec. 23, 1869.
12. Milton Edwards Webster, b. Aug. 18, 1839; d. Aug. 16, 1847.
13. Orrin Prescott Webster, b. in Amherst, Apr. 10, 1843; d. in Hudson, Feb. 3, 1867.
vi. Betsey, b. July 2, 1798; d. Aug. 29, 1890; unm.
vii. Alfred, b. May 24, 1804; m. Feb. 24, 1833, Martha C., dau. of Curtis and Angeline (Whitman)
Barnes, b. in Hingham, Mass., Oct. 22, 1806. He was a mechanic and res'd in Hudson, Lowell and Boston; was in the service of the U. S. at Fortress Monroe. Va., in 1861, where he died of disease, July 19, 1862. His wife d. Feb. 4, 1877; had 2 ch.
120. viii. John, b. Feb. 18, 1806.

53. ABRAHAM CummingS, (Abraham) b. Sept. 5, 1718; m. Oct. 28, 1743, Mary Jackson, of Attleboro,


i. Sarah, b. Aug. 22, 1744.
ii. Abraham, b. Nov. 6. 1747; d. Dec. 16, 1749.
iii. John, b. Sept. 9, 1749; d. Nov. 1, 1751.
iv. Abigail, b. Aug. 29, 1752.
121. v. Abraham, b. July 9, 1755.
vi. Susan, b. June 20, 1758.

54. DAVID CummingS, (Abraham) b. Oct. 12, 1728; m. Jan. 20, 1756, Thankful (Cheney); he was a farmer residing in Attleboro, Mass., where he d. Oct. 14, 1778; his widow d. Jan. 29, 1827, aged 94 years, (making her birth in 1733)
i. Daniel, b. Jan. 11, 1757; d. May 2, 1758.
ii. Rachel, b. June 19, 1758; m. James Roberts, of New York; 8 ch.
iii. Molly, b. Apr. 15, 1760; m. Caleb Roberts, brother of James, above; 6 ch.
122. iv. David, b. Feb. 4, 1762.
v. Daniel, b. Jan. 20, 1764.
vi. Sarah, b. Nov. 9, 1765; she d. 1834; unm.
123. vii. Benjamin, b. Oct. 30, 1767.
viii. *Thankful, b. Sept. 12, 1769; she d. June, 1816. Her brother Benjamin was, in 1816,
administrator of her estate.
124. ix. Allen, b. Jan. 6, 1771.

55. LIEUT. THOMAS CummingS, (Joseph) b. in Ipswich; bapt. July 15, 17.16; pub. July 17, 1736, Lydia Richardson, of Dracut. She d. Mar. 26, 1753, and he m. Mar. 28, 1754, Anna, dau. of Richard and Anna (Lord) Kettell, widow of Asa Johnson, of Andover. He was a lieutenant in the French and Indian war and

*A "Thankful Cummings m. (in Hudson) Apr. 9, 1805, Joseph Wilson." — Hudson Records.


was at the capture of Louisburg. He probably lived with his father on the hill farm in "thick woods" until 1763, when he bought the farm in Topsfield, now known as the Robinson place. He d. Sept. 3, 1765, and his widow d. Apr. 10, 1792. Her will was proved May 8, 1792.
i. Asa, b. Dec. 28, 1737; d. Mar. 2, 1737-8.
ii. Lydia, b. Jan. 30, 1738-9; pub. Aug. 3, 1755, Ebenezer Porter; rem. to Little Hocking, Ohio,
and d. Mar. 28,. 1814; issue, 13 ch.
125. iii. Thomas, b. Feb. 12, 1740-1.
iv. Sarah, b. May 9, 1743; m. Samuel Colby.
v. Anna, b. May 29, 1745; pub. June 25, 1763, John Towne.
vi. Elizabeth, b. May 17, 1747; m. Dec. 6, 1764, Abraham Hobbs, Jr.
vii. Rhoda, b. July 13, 1749; m. Apr. 20, 1774, David Hobbs.
viii. Abraham, b. Jan. 4, 1755, in Andover, Mass. He graduated at Brown University in 1776;
taught an advanced school in Andover the next year, and soon entered the Christian ministry as an Open Communion Baptist minister. His early life must have been assiduously devoted to study for he acquired great learning, became an accomplished linguist, and was proficient in seven languages. He was not a settled minister, but itinerated as a missionary, and there were but few towns on and near the coast, from Passamaquoddy Bay to Rhode Island, where he was not known and beloved as a minister of Christ. He m. in 1781, Miss Phebe, dau. of Dea. Peter Thayer, ("whose mother was a great granddau. of John Alden and Priscilla, the 'Puritan maiden,'") b. in 1750, in Old Braintree (now Randolph). She d. previous to 1788, and he m. 2d Mrs. Hannah Leathe, of Watertown, Mass. He rem. about 1788 to North Yarmouth, the part that is now Freeport, Maine, where Mrs. Cummings d. in March 1826, and he d. Aug. 31, 1827, and was interred Sept. 2d in the burying place of the Percy family in Phippsburg, Me.


i. Phebe, b. in Topsfield, Aug. 27, 1783; m. Dec. 5, 1803, Isaac H. Bailey, b. Mar. 12, 1781.
They res'd at North Yarmouth, Me., where he d. Sept. 21, 1821. She was great, great grand-dau, of John Alden and Priscilla, his wife, who came over in the Mayflower. She d. in Dover, Me., Mar. 23, 1874, being over 90 years of age.
CHILDREN: All born in North Yarmouth.
1. Dudley Perkins Bailey, b. Apr. 19, 1805; m. Dec. 30, 1833, Hannah R. Hays, she d.
Dec. 28, 1834, and he m. 2nd Feb. 22, 1839, Hannah Barrows Cushman of Hebron, Me. He d. Dec. 11, 1878.
CHILDREN: All born in Cornville, Me.
1. Sarah Cummings Bailey, b. May 5, 1840; m. Dec. 26, 1878, George C.
Perrington. 3 ch.
2. Hattie Pullen Bailey, b. Mar. 29, 1842.
3. Dudley Perkins Bailey, Jr., b. Oct. 24, 1843; m. Mar. 2, 1901, Adelaide P.
Potter, at Geneva, Switzerland. He is an attorney in Boston.
2. Phebe Thayer Bailey, b. Feb. 9, 1807; d. Jan. 6, 1826.
3. Rhodolphus Bailey, b. Oct. 10, 1810;d. 1895.
4. Mary Eliza Bailey, b. Feb. 25, 1812; d. Feb. 9, 1824.
5. Harriet Bailey, b. July 26, 1814; m. Thos. Stanley Pullen in 1836; she d. Oct. 14,
6. Emily C. Bailey, b. Aug. 3, 1817; m. Apr. 11, 1845, Calvin Sanger Douty; d.
Mar. 11, 1892.
7 Isaac H. Bailey, Jr., b. May 31, 1819; m. 1846, Charlotte Margareta O'Neill; d.
Mar. 24, 1899; 5 ch.


ii. Ebenezer, m.; he d. childless,
iii. Jabez, d. in infancy,
iv. Hannah, m. --- Warren, and he had by 2d marriage several children.
ix. Josiah, b. Jan. 30, 1756; m. Dec. 6, 1781, Mary Boardman. He settled in North Yarmouth,
Maine, where he was an inn-keeper, and afterwards rem. to the present Yarmouth Village; he was a private in Capt. Baker's Co., in 1775, and d. in Albany, Me., of cancer, Feb. 6, 1835.
126. x Stephen, b. Feb. 9, 1757.
127. xi. Daniel, b. April 11, 1758.
128. xii. Asa, b. Sept. 18, 1759.
xiii. Israel, bapt. Dec. 25, 1763; d. Jan. 22, 1764.

56. BENJAMIN CummingS, (Jacob) b. in Killingly, Conn.; bapt. Mar. 24, 1719; m. in Killingly, Conn., Nov. 21, 1743, Sarah Grover, who was b. in 1724 and d. Oct. 27, 1807, and he d. Dec. 14, 1805.
i. Daniel, d. young.
ii. Sarah, b. Mar. 13, 1745, m. Robert McMitchell.
iii. Simeon, b. Nov. 1, 1747; m. Mehitable Nichols; she d. Apr. 27, 1808, and he d. July 17, 1813.
CHILDREN: Born in Ware, Mass.
i. Mehitable, b. June 9, 1773; m. Mar. 23, 1803, Moses Davis; shed. May 2, 1808.
ii. Sally, b. Sept. 1, 1775.
iii. Betty, b. Mar. 26, 1778; m. Dec. 23, 1802, Aaron, son of Thomas Andrews. She d. May
2, 1808.
iv. Simeon, b. Dec. 3, 1780; m. Mar. 21, 1805, Susanna Gould, b. Jan. 22, 1784; she d. Aug.
2, 1814; he m. 2d July 4, 1815, Mary Fitzgerald, b. Sept. 20, 1783; she d. Jan. 28, 1860.


i. Angeline, b. Sept. 8, 1807; m. Nov. 19, 1830, William Snow; shed. May 14, 1888;
had 4 ch.
ii. Lewis Gould, b. Sept. 16, 1809; m. Apr. 11, 1833, Sarah Beers, b. May 4, 1809, and
d. Apr. 20, 1876; he d. Mar. 13, 1874.
i. Eliza, b. June 25, 1835.
ii. Ebenezer Wesson, b. Dec. 8, 1836.
iii. Louisa Jane, b. Mar. 14, 1838; d. 1865.
iv. Martha, b. Nov. 19, 1839.
v. Otis, b. May 15, 1841; d. Dec. 11, 1862.
vi. Jonah Warren, b. Nov. 11, 1842.
vii. Cynthia E, b. Sept. 22, 1845.
viii. Sarah Orlena, b. Jan. 27, 1848; she m. and d. May 24, 1881; 1 ch.
iii. Cynthia, b. Sept. 29, 1812; m. Nov. 13, 1833, John Gardner; she d. Jan. 21, 1837;
had 2 ch.
iv. Ebenezer Wesson, b. June 28, 1814; d. Oct. 23, 1814
v. Susanna, b. Aug. 21, 1816; m. Nov. 11, 1841, Daniel Dunbar; they had 4 ch.
vi. William, b. May 28, 1818; m. May 27, 1856, Malina A. Thayer; had 3 ch.
vii. John Fitzgerald, b. Oct. 18, 1819; d. Nov. 11, 1858; unm.
viii. Simeon, b. Sept. 21, 1821; m. Apr. 12, 18451 Sarah M. Davis; he d. Mar. 12, 1886,
had 3 ch.
ix. Nichols, b. Oct. 8, 1823; m. Oct. 27, 1847, Wait Cowles; he d. Nov. 21, 1861; had 2
x. Mary C., b. May 20, 1828; d. Feb. 14, 1851.
v. Lucy, b. Mar. 8, 1783; m. Daniel Tyler; she d. Oct. 10, 1813.


vi. Cynthia, b. Sept. 2, 1785; m. Feb. 6, 1807, Seth Dunbar; she d. Apr. 15, 1851.
vii. Nichols, b. Feb. 28, 1788; m. Nov. 1, 1814, Amelia Gould.
viii. Mary, b. Sept. 20, 1790; m. May 24, 1820, John Fitzgerald, who d. Dec. 18, 1860.
ix. Margaret, b. Jan. 20, 1793; d. Oct. 24, 1814.

57. ABRAHAM CummingS, (Jacob) bapt. Sept. 2, 1733; m. Jerusha Brooks. He was town clerk in 1777, and moderator in 1780, in Ware, Mass.
i. Eleanor, b. Nov. 6, 1754.
ii. Hannah, b. Oct. 10, 1756; m. Thomas McClintock.
1. Benjamin McClintock.
2. Levans McClintock.
iii. Prudence, b. Aug. 12, 1759.
iv. Rachel, b. Sept. 29, 1761.
130. v. James, b. Sept. 30, 1763.
vi. Priscilla, b. Jan. 23, 1766.
vii. Benjamin, b. Jan. 19, 1768; m. Anna Shaw. He d. in 1805.
i. Tryphena, b. Dec. 25, 1799.
ii. Ely, b. Oct. 12, 1800.
iii. Clarissa, b. Dec. 2, 1802.
iv. Martha, b. Dec. 12, 1804.
viii. Jerusha, b. May 11, 1770; m. 1790, Thomas Bacon.
ix. Tryphena, b. Mar. 18, 1773.

58. SOLOMON CummingS, (Jacob) b. in Ware, Mass., Mar. 5, 1743; m. Dec. 30, 1773, Jane McClenathan, b in Palmer, Mass., Apr. 10, 1746. She d. Oct. 9, 1779, and he m. 2nd 1781, Mary, dau. o£ Rev.


John Graham, of Suffield, Conn., b. Mar. 5, 1752, and d. May 26, 1817, (who was son of Rev. John, b. in Belfast, Ireland, Sept. 20, 1694, graduated at Glasgow University, .Mar. 10, 1714, and emigrated to Boston, landing Aug. 4, 1718, and soon moved to Connecticut,) who was son of Andrew Graham, a younger son of the Moutrose family. He d. in Thetford, Vt., June 29, 1808, while on a visit there. He settled in Palmer, Mass.
i. Betsey, b. Feb. 18, 1775; d. Feb. 21, 1778.
ii. William, b. Oct. 9, 1776; d. Jan. 29, 1840, in Eaton, Quebec, Canada.
iii. Abigail, b. Dec. 17, 1778; m. Brackett L. Greenough, of Lebanon, N. H.; d. in Bristol, N. H.,
Feb. 7, 1846.
131. iv. John Graham, b. in Palmer, Aug. 22, 1782.
v. Cynthia, b. in Palmer, June 22, 1784; m. Josiah Hubbard, of Thetford, Vt.; d. Jan. 30, 1860.
132. vi. Solomon, b. in Palmer, Jan. 22, 1787.
vii. Love, b. in Palmer, Sept. 4, 1788; m. Constant Rogers.
viii. Rev. Jacob, b. in Warren, Mass., Dec. 5, 1792; m. Apr. 21, 1824, Harriet, dau. of John
Sargent Tewksbury, of Chelsea, Mass. He graduated at Dartmouth, in 1819. He was a Congregational clergyman, andd. in Exeter, N. H., June 20, 1866.
i. Edward Payson, b. May 19, 1825, in Strathan, N. H.; m. Jan. 1, 1851, Harriet Bailey. He
was a physician and a surgeon in the Civil war. He d. at Newburyport, Mass., Apr. 20, 1878.
i. Harriet Ellen, b. 1852.
ii. Willis Bailey, b. 1862.
iii. Alice Marian, b. 1867; none of above children married,
ii. Mary Cheever, b. Apr. 17, 1829; d. Mar. 18, 1855.


iii. Harriet Putnam, b. Apr. 25, 1832; d. Nov. 10, 1856.
iv. John William, b. June 23, 1837; d. Nov. 9, 1858.
v. Horace Stuart, b. July 1, 1840, in Southboro, Mass., m. Oct. 15, 1874, at Pittsburg, Pa.,
Jeannette E. Irvin. He fitted at Phillips Exeter Academy and entered Dartmouth college in fall of 1858 and graduated 1862. He studied law with Hon. Charles H. Bell at Exeter. He also graduated at Albany, N. Y., Law School. He was admitted to the New York bar by examination, 1864, when he returned to Exeter and commenced the practice of law. He was appointed to a position in the U. S. Treasury department at Washington in Feb., 1865, which he retained until 1873, when he resigned and returned to his law practice in Washington, D. C., and so continues. He still retains a legal residence in New Hampshire and holds many important state offices. He holds the position of president and treasurer or counsel of several corporations. He spent most of the years of 1870 and 1871 in traveling for pleasure in Europe, visiting many important points. No issue.

59. ELEAZER CummingS, (Eleazer) b. in Nottingham West, Dec. 15, 1730; m. in Hollis, N. H., Apr. 1, 1753, Martha Brown, who administered on his estate in 1767. He served in the French and Indian war. He was taxed in this town but not after 1760, and in that year he and Martha sold land there. The family rem. to Maine.
i. Samuel, b. Dec. 18, 1753. He resided in Dracut; His will dated Mar. 6, 1834, and proved same
year, bequeathed all his estate to Reuben Colburn "who has lived with me and I with him for


many years." It was thought by some that he was a bachelor, but Mr. David Clement, of Hudson, who knew him, is certain he had married, but had no children. Mr. Clement also said: "He was in the army with his father ( ?) at Bunker Hill, and was wounded by a ball in the thigh and by another in the shoulder from which wounds he was always after lame."
ii. Rachel, b. Apr. 29, 1757.
iii. Abraham, b. Sept. 9, 1759.
133. iv. Eleazer, b. 1764 to 1767.

60. ELISHA CummingS, (Isaac) b. in Topsfield; bapt. Aug. 2, 1719; m. Nov. 22, 1744, Mary Andrews, of Boxford, m. 2d July 30, 1776, Jemima (---), widow of Caleb Marston, of Bridgewater, N. H.; she was b. June 9, 1829; she d. May 17, 1770. He made several sales and purchases of land which are on record, and was of Topsfield as late as 1757, and sometime thereafter rem. to Bridgewater, N. H. He had a long and faithful record of service in the war of the Revolution, serving in three different companies.
i. Mary, b. Feb. 13, 1746; m. John Bradford, of Pelham; 3 ch.
ii. John, bapt. Sept. 13, 1747, and d. Sept. 24. 1747.
iii. John, b. Feb. 8, 1749.
iv. Andrew, b. Feb. 8, 1749; d. Feb. 12, 1749.
134. v. Isaac, b. Apr. 24, 1751.
135. vi. Elisha, b. Sept. 20, 1754.
136. vii. Nathaniel, b. Jan. 16, 1761.
137. viii. Andrew, b. Nov. 8, 1775.
ix. Hannah, b. May 10, 1777; m. John Russell of Meredith, N. H.; had several ch.

61. JOSEPH CummingS, (Isaac) bapt. May 20, 1722, in Topsfield; m. Nov. 20, 1744, Mary, dau. of Joseph and Mary (Hovey) Hale, of Boxford; m. 2d Mar. 21, 1758, Judith, dau. of Jonathan and Elizabeth


Perkins, of Topsfield. She d. Mar. 30, 1791, and he m. 3d June 21, 1791, Widow Lucy Knowlton. He lived in Ipswich, in the westerly half of his father's homestead, and at the death of his grandmother, in 1790, acquired title to the entire hitherto undivided estate of his grandfather Isaac, the original "hundred acres" bequeathed by Ensigne Howlett. He d. Oct. 24, 1801.
138. i. Joseph, b. Dec. 27, 1745.
ii. Jonathan, bapt. July 26, 1747; d. June 13, 1752.
iii. Hannah, bapt. June 30, 1751; d. Apr. 4, 1758.
Infant b. and d. 1752.
iv. Mary, bapt. Sept. 23, 1753; pub. July 7, 1776, Zebulon Smith, of Ipswich.
139. v. Janathan, bapt. Nov. 9, 1755.
vi. Mehitable, bapt. May 13, 1759; m. Oct. 7, 1784, Stephen Adams, of Ipswich; d. before 1795.
140. vii. Elijah, bapt. Sept. 27, 1761.
141. viii. Amos, bapt. Dec. 25, 1763.

62. PELATLAH CummingS, (Isaac) bapt. Oct. 27, 1728, in Topsfield; m. Sept. 17, 1754, Sarah, dau. of Abraham and Elizabeth Kimball, b. in Wenham, Dec. 23, 1732, and d. in Topsfield, May 22, 1769. He m. 2d Nov. 8, 1770, Sarah, dau. of Josiah and Sarah White, b. Nov. 27, 1733, and widow of Oliver Hammond, of Rowley. He lived in Ipswich, in one half of the homestead deeded him by his father in 1752, until July, 1757, when he conveyed his title to his brother Joseph, who owned the westerly half of the house, and rem. to Topsfield. In 1786 he bought of Rev. Joseph Cummings, his farm in Marlborough, N. H., known as the Cummings place, and rem. there where he d. in 1803. His widow d. May 1, 1808. His children were all born in Topsfield, Mass.
i. John, b. July 12, 1755; pub. May 25, 1777, Sarah Tenney, of Wenham, and settled in Barnard,
ii. Pelatiah, bapt. Mar. 12, 1758; d. Oct. 27, 1776. A soldier in the Revolution.


iii. Lydia, b. Apr. 24, 1760; m. Dec. 18, 1780, Hezekiah Hodgkins, b. in New Ipswich, N. H., and
d. Oct. 4, 1821; aged 64. She d. Apr. 3, 1843.
1. Stephen Hodgkins, b. 1782; m. Mar. 26, 1807, Arethusa Corbin; d. in Albany, N. Y.,
2. Pelatiah Hodgkins, b. 1784; m. Mehitable Adams.
3. Sarah Hodgkins, b. 1786; d. 1817.
4. Lydia Hodgkins, b. 1789; d. 1789.
5. Amos Hodgkins, b. July 25, 1792; d. 1792.
6. Lucy Hodgkins, b. Nov. 15, 1793; m. Enoch Garfield, and d. Dec. 29, 1854.
7. Lydia Hodgkins, b. 1796; m. Oct. 5, 1815, Joseph Corbin, of Rochester, N. Y.; d. 1817.
8. Aaron Hodgkins, b. Apr. 25, 1797; m. Rhoda Perkins. She d. Apr. 10, 1851; aged 52; m.
2d Jan. 15, 1852, Alfreda, dau. of Ezekiel Thompson, and widow of Erastus Brown, who d. 1855. He d. Apr. 11, 1856.
9. Elizabeth Hodgkins, b. June 7, 1804; d. 1812.
10. Sarah Hodgkins, b. 1810; m. Almon, son of Joel and Tabitha Wright, b. Apr. 5, 1801; d.
in Sanford, Me., Aug. 10, 1884. She d. May 15, 1843.
iv. Mehitable, b. Feb. 26, 1762; m. Oct. 17, 1784, Stephen Adams, of Ipswich, and lived in
Jaffrey, N. H.
v. Sarah, b. Nov. 28. 1764; d. Feb. 1, 1778.
142. vi. Isaac, b. Jan. 25, 1767.
vii. Abigail, b. Mar. 25, 1769; d. in Wenham, Jan. 23, 1770.
viii. Abigail, b. Oct. 8, 1771; d. unm.
ix. Oliver, b. June 4, 1773; d. in the War of 1812.
x. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 17, 1775; m. Stephen Benjamin, of Ashby, Mass.


xi. Betty, b. Mar. 24, 1778; m. Sept. 17, 1804, John Lummus, of Hamilton.

63. JOSEPH CummingS, (Joseph) b. in Topsfield, July 27, 1713; pub. Sept. 22, 1739, widow Martha Hodgkins, of Ipswich; cooper.
i. Nathaniel, b. Sept. 22, 1740, Went West. (Probably settled in Penn.)
ii. Abigail, b. Nov. 28,
1743; m. Sept. 9, 1766, Walter Everden.
iii. Sarah, b. Sept. 10, 1746; m. William, son of William and Ruth (Lovell) Waite, b. Jan. 8, 1754;
both of Sutton.
1. Esther Waite, b. Sept. 19, 1781; m. Jacob Kidder.
2. Lydia Waite, b. Feb. 9, 1783.
3. Gershom Waite, b. May 13, 1785.
4. Sally Waite, b. Mar. 17, 1787; m. John Craft.
5. Betty Waite, b. Apr. 10, 1789.
6. Isaac Waite, b. Aug. 2, 1791; m. Sally Goodnough.
7. Harvey Waite, b. Aug. 4, 1793.
8. Tyler Waite, b. Aug. 11, 1796.
9. Aaron Waite, b. Jan. 10, 1799.
iv. Martha, b. June 28, 1749.

64. JACOB CummingS, (Joseph) b. May 12, 1717; m Topsfield, Mass.; m. Jan. 21, 1740, in Sutton, Mary, dau. of Freegrace and Mary (Sibley) Marble, b. Apr. 4, 1721. At the age of twelve years, he was left an orphan, his father and mother having suddenly d. with small-pox. At the death of the parents, the children were


placed under guardianship, and on coming of age, at different times, sold their shares in the estate, so that the homestead passed Out of the family name. At the age of sixteen years, he went to Sutton and res'd with relatives there. He was a "house-wright" by trade. He is buried in the old cemetery behind the present Town Hall. His lot is situated between the Dike family monument and the Rifenger family lot, on which is a very permanent headstone. There is quite a space with plain indications of several graves, at the head of one of which is a slate headstone in perfect condition marked "Miss Anna, dau. of Jacob and Mary Cummings, died Oct. 4, 1794, int he 37th year of her age," thus establishing the identity of Jacob's family lot; although there had evidently never been placed anything but this lone marker on the lot. Under the above inscription are these two lines:

"Stop passenger and cast an eye,
For here remember you must die."

His wife d. July 10, 1799. He d. Oct. 13, 1814, aged 97 years, 5 months and one day.
i. Mary, b. May 5, 1741; m. Apr. 9, 1761, John, son of Jeptha and Ruth (Ray) Putnam, b. July
27, 1738; she d. July 10, 1799.
1. Rebecca Putnam, b. Sept. 13, 1763.
2. Jacob Putnam, b. Nov. 20, 1764.
3. John Putnam, b. Mar. 8, 1766.
4. Olive Putnam, b. Aug. 28, 1767.
5. Simon Putnam, b. Aug. 10, 1769; m. Martha Batchelder.
143. ii. Jacob, b. July 21, 1742.
144. iii. Daniel, b. Oct. 17, 1743.
145. iv. Jesse, b. Nov. 6, 1745.
v. Betty, b. July 29, 1747; m. Apr. 28, 1768, Joshua, son of David and Mary (Chase) Lilley, b.
Jan. 23, 1744. He was a farmer; res'd in Sutton, and died there.
1. Joshua Lilley, b. in Sutton, Jan. 28, 1769.
2. Aaron Lilley, b. in Sutton, Jan. 1, 1770.
3. Moses Lilley, b. in Sutton, Sept. 12, 1771.


4. Betty Lilley, b. in Sutton, June 11, 1773; m. Dec. 23, 1790, Stephen Howard; issue, 5 Ch:
Pearley, Jonathan, Stephen, Betsey, Lilley.
vi. Hannah, b. Oct. 4, 1748; m. Dec. 18, 1771, Samuel, son of Solomon and Sarah (Waite)
Holman, b. Nov. 25, 1750. Lived a few years, till 1782, and rem. to Auburn, Mass., where both d.
1. Judith Holman, b. in Sutton, July 3, 1773.
2. Samuel Holman, b. in Sutton, July 5, 1775.
3. Ruth Holman, b. in Sutton, Sept. 7, 1777.
4. Rube Cummings Holman, b. in Sutton, Nov. 11, 1780; m. Feb. 13, 1801, Barnabas
5. Moses Duke Holman, b. in Auburn, Mar. 13, 1785.
6. Jacob Holman, b. in Auburn, Feb. 14, 1788.
7. John Holman, b. in Auburn, Mar. 12, 1792.
146. vii. Free, b. Aug. 13, 1751.
147. viii. Asa, b. Nov. 4, 1753.
ix. Zipporah, b. Oct. 17, 1756; m. Jan. 11, 1809, Gideon, son of Jonathan and Hannah (Burnap)
Sibley, b. in Sutton, Nov. 20, 1750. They res'd in Oxford. She d. Dec. 25, 1829. He d. Aug. 21, 1846. He was a Revolutionary soldier. Had six children by previous marriage, none by 2d wife.
x. Anna, b. Apr. 28, 1758; d. Oct. 4, 1794; unm.
xi. Huldah, b. May 20, 1763; m. Nov. 16, 1781, Thomas Follansbee, son of Follansbee and
Hannah (Marsh) Chase, all of Sutton, b. Feb. 16, 1760. Thomas lived in the "Old Sutton Tavern," so-called, built by his grandfather, Philip Chase, and used as a hotel many years before it was purchased by Thomas as a residence. Mr. Chase was one of the leading


townsmen of his day, holding most of the important town offices, including representing the town. After the birth of all of his children in Sutton, he rem. to Paris, Maine, where he d.
CHILDREN: All born in Sutton.
1. Gardner Chase, b. Apr. 1, 1782.
2. Polly Chase, b. Nov. 8, 1783.
3. Hannah Chase, b. Apr. 10, 1785.
4. Debby Chase, b. June 9, 1790.
5. John Chase, b. Mar. 8, 1792.
6. Zipporah Chase, b. June 8, 1795.
7. Free Chase, b. May 1, 1798.
8. Mehitable Chase, b. Mar. 16, 1800.

65. DANIEL CummingS, (Joseph) b. in Topsfield, Dec. 4, 1724; pub. Feb. 6, 1746, Mary, dau. of George and Sarah (Gilbert) Williams, of Cape Ann, b. July 4, 1727. He was in the expedition to Louisburg, in 1745, under Capt. Thomas Pike; he was one of the first settlers in Gray, Maine, and a prominent man of the town.
i. Lucy, b. Aug. 4, 1747;. m. Amos Merrill; d. May 14, 1814; 2 ch.
ii. Molly, b. Jan. 27, 1749; m. Elias Doughty; she d. May, 19, 1840; 4 ch.
148. iii. Joseph, b. June 14, 1751.
iv. Daniel, b. Aug 7, 1753; d. Sept. 21, 1767.
149. v. Elisha, b. June 15, 1755.
vi. Amos, b. Sept. 12, 1756; d. Sept. 17, 1761.
150. vii. Isaac, b. Nov. 22, 1758.
viii. Susannah, b. Nov. 30. 1760; m. May 4, 1781, Abram Young; she d. Nov. 4, 1809; they had 6
ix. Ruth, b. Aug. 9, 1762; m. May 16, 1782, David Jordan; she d. Feb. 6, ----.
x. Chloe, b. July 24, 1764; m. Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel Young, of Gray, Maine; He moved to
Norway previous to 1800; he was in the Revolution from Dedham, Mass.; he d. in Greenwood, Nov. 16, 1838; she d. Feb. 21, 1857, in Bethel, Maine.


1. Charles Young, b. Mar. 1784; m. Mary Buck, dau. of Peter, of Norway.
2. Susan Young, b. 1786; m. James Buck.
3. A son b. and d. 1787.
4. Amos Young, b. 1789; m. Sophia Bradbury, son of Joseph, of Norway.
5. Anna Young, b. 1790; m. Elias Blake.
6. Jabez Young, b. 1792; was a drum major in Bodwell's Co., in war of 1812.
7. Nathaniel Young, b. Apr. 1, 1793; m. Lydia Briggs.
8. William Young, b. Apr. 2, 1795; m. Sally Briggs.
9. Hannah Young, b. Mar. 1797; m. John Noyes.
10. Mary Young, b. 1798; d. 1799.
11. Daniel Young, b. July 10, 1800; m. Elvira Brett; settled in Paris.
12. Mary Young, b. Mar. —, 1803; m. Levi Noyes.
13. David F. Young, b. Nov. 24, 1804; m. Louisa Twombly; settled in Paris.
14. Jared L. Young, b. Nov. 24, 1804; Jared m. Rachel Hathaway, of Paris.
15. Henry Young, b. July, 1806; m. Charlotte Cummings.
151. xi. Daniel, b. Oct. 6, 1766
152. xii. Amos, b. Nov. 20, 1768.
xiii. Sarah, b. May 7, 1770; m. Nov. 17, 1793, Andrew Libby. She d. Mar. 21, 1855.

66. JOHN CummingS, (John) b. Apr. 19, 1717; m. m 1738, Mary Towne. He was a soldier in the French and Indian war in 1755; he lived in Middleton and Andover, and d. m Andover May 22, 1756.


i. Jonathan, b. Feb. 13, 1739, in Middleton, Mass.; m. Nov. 6, 1766, Lydia Oakes.
ii. Abigail, b. Oct. 5, 1743, in Middleton, Mass.; m. July 15, 1770, Daniel Lovejoy.
iii. Mary, b. Dec. 28, 1745, in Andover, Mass; m. Oct. 3, 1771, Bartholomew Town.
iv. Mercy, b. Dec. 28, 1745.
v. David, bapt. May 30, 1756.

67. JOSEPH CummingS, (John) b. Feb. 5, 1733, in Middletown; m. Sept. 11, 1753, Elizabeth, dau. of Andrew Allard, of Framingham, and lived in Southboro, Mass. In 1767 he exchanged his farm in Southboro with David Goddard, for a farm in Athol. This farm was lot 41, on the proprietor's records, and is now located in Phillipston. He served as corporal in Capt. Dexter's company at Lexington; he also was at Bunker Hill, and in 1777, marched against the forces of Burgoyne. He was elected to office in his town, and served the town many years; he d. Feb. 25, 1818, in Phillipston, Mass.
i. Joseph, b. in Southboro, Oct. 13, 1754; a Revolutionary Soldier.
ii. Elizabeth, b. in Southboro, Feb. 13, 1757,
iii. John, b. in Southboro, Aug. 13, 1759; a Revolutionary Soldier.
153. iv. Benjamin, b. in Southboro, Feb. 8, 1764.
154. v. Stephen, b. in Southboro, May 8, 1766.
vi. Daniel, b. in Athol, May 20, 1768; d. young.
vii. Nathan, b. in Athol, Apr. 8, 1771.
155. viii. Samuel, b. in Athol, Feb. 2, 1773.
ix. Susy, b. in Athol, Jan. 7, 1778.
156. x. Daniel, b. in Athol, Jan. 27, 1781.

68. DAVID CummingS, (David) b. in Topsfield, Mar. 26, 1729; pub. July 16, 1748, Joanna Jones, of Boxford; she d. Oct. 10, 1794, and he m. 2d Apr. 16, 1795, Chloe Harrington, of Lexington, Mass.; he was of



Andover in 1756, when he purchased a lot of land in Woburn, on which he built one of the first tanneries in the town. He was also a currier, and his descendants have followed in the same lines to the present generation. He d. Oct. 10, 1794.
157. i. Ebenezer, b. in Topsfield, Sept. 21, 1749.
ii. Stephen, b. in Topsfield, Sept. 21, 1749.
iii. Elizabeth, b. in Topsfield, Jan. 19, 1751; m. Aug. 31, 1773, Josiah Hall.
iv. Joanna, b. in Middleton, Nov. 27, 1752; m. Nov. 19, 1771, Jonas Brooks; m. 2nd James
v. Phebe, b. in Andover, May 26, 1756; m. Dec. 13, 1781, Jonathan Simonds.
vi. Susanna, m. Apr. 20, 1778, Calvin Moore.
vii. Abigail, b. in Woburn, Apr. 26, 1763; m. Jan. 2, 1783, Caleb Simonds.
viii. Mary, b. in Woburn, Apr. 28, 1768; m. Mar. 20, 1788, Uriah Goodwin.
ix. Samuel, b. in Woburn, Aug. 12, 1773; m. Dec. 29, 1795, Avis Pierce.
x. Ruth, b. in Woburn; m. Apr. 9, 1795, John Lovering.
xi. Sarah, b. in Woburn; m. Apr. 22, 1787, Aaron Winchester.
xii. David.

69. SAMUEL CummingS, (David) b. in Topsfield, Feb. 28, 1731-2; m. Apr. 25, 1756, Eunice, dau. of Samuel and Sarah (Clark) Bradstreet; she was b. Apr. 15, 1733-Shortly after the death of her husband she rem. to Andover with her family. Sometime after the marriage of her dau., Mehitable, she went to Topsfield to live, where she d. July 20, 1811. He received by will his father's homestead, which in 1777 he sold to John Derby of Salem, and rem. to Andover the same year. In 1784 he returned to Topsfield, having purchased a farm of 162 acres, now known as the Batchelder farm, which at his death became his son David's .share of the estate, the


Andover property going to Samuel. Tradition has it, that at the time of his death, Samuel lived in Topsfield, and David in Andover, and they were obliged to move, much to their disgust; he d. in Topsfield, Mar. 29, 1796.
CHILDREN: All born in Topsfield.
i. Sarah, b. Mar. 27, 1759; pub. July 24, 1774, Francis Peabody, Jr., of Middleton, b. Mar. 4,
1746; she d. Oct. 6, 1817; they had 6 ch.
158. ii. David, b. May 19, 1762.
iii. Mehitable, b. Aug. 31, 1767; m. Apr. 23, 1799, Thomas Emerson, Jr., of Topsfield, b. 1768.
He d. in Danvers, Mass., Nov. 29, 1814. He was a farmer; res'd in Danvers. She d. Mar. 13, 1841.
1. Eunice Bradstreet Emerson.
2. Sarah Ann Emerson.
3. Lydia Porter Emerson, b. Oct. 6, 1803; m. May 6, 1830, Abel Proctor. She d. Oct. 6,
1883; had 11 ch.
159. iv. Samuel, b. Sept 10, 1774.

70. JONATHAN CummingS, (David ) b. in Topsfield, Oct. 14, 1743; m. Mary, dau. of Job Eastman, of Pembroke. She d. duly 26, 1801, aged 59, and he m. 2nd Dec. 30, 1802, Mary (Lovejoy) widow of James Parker. He was a soldier in the Revolution; a blacksmith by trade and lived in Andover. According to the manual of tRe South Church in Andover he d. in 1805. His widow d. Apr. =;, 1826; aged 80.
i. Sarah, b. May 21, 1767; m. Apr. 13, 1788, David Gray, of Andover, and d. Mar. 15, 1793.
ii. Mary, b. Aug. 25, 1768; d. Sept. 1768.
iii. An infant, d. young.
160. iv. Jonathan, b. Feb. 15, 1771.
161. v. Stephen, b. Jan. 12, 1773.


vi. Mary, b. Nov. 1, 1774; m. May 22, 1798, Solomon Holt, of Andover.
vii. Daniel, b. Dec. 6, 1776; d. June 25, 1778.
162. viii. Daniel, b. Sept. 2, 1778.
ix. Amos, b. July 2, 1781; m. Jan. 25, 1803, Abigail Judkins, of Andover; lived in Norway, Me.
x. Betty, b. Oct. 13, 1783; m. Sept. 2. 1806, Barnard Douglass, of Portland, Me.
xi. Abiatha, b. Sept. 22, 1786; d. Oct. 8, 1802.

71. LIEUT. ARCHELAUS CummingS, (David) b. in Topsfield, June 1, 1752; m. Rachel Rowell. He removed from Topsfield, Mass., in 1773, to Temple, N. H. He was a thrifty, prosperous farmer, owning one of the best farms in Temple; he d. July 4, 1814. She d. June to, 1848.
i. Sarah, b. Oct. 22, 1776; m. June 27, 1796, Francis, son of Francis and Elizabeth (Law)
Cragin. He was b. in Temple, Oct. 24, 1774, and lived in New Ipswich, N. H.
163. ii. Archelaus, b. Aug. 3, 1778.
iii. Betsey, b. July 18, 1780; m. Dec. 25, 1798, Seth, son of Gen. Francis and Elizabeth
(Spaulding) Blood, of Temple, N. H.
1. Burley Blood.
2. Cummings Blood.
3. Cutter Blood.
4. Lawson Blood.
5. Horatio Blood.
iv. Polly, b. May 6, 1782; m. Oct. 18, 1801, Jonathan, son of Benjamin and Hannah (Andrews)
Cutler, of Temple, b. June 16, 1780. He d. Feb. 14, 1807, and she m. 2nd Dea. Levi Dakin, of Sudbury, Mass. She d. May 12, 1849.
v. Rachel, b. Mar. 2, 1784; m. Dea. Nathan, son of Nathan and Lydia (Adams) Wheeler, b. in
Temple, Oct. 20, 1781.


72. SAMUEL CummingS, (Samuel) b. in Stoughton, Mass., Sept. 12, 1734; m. June 16, 1756, Elizabeth Robbins; he was a farmer and res'd in Sharon, Mass.
i. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 29, 1757; m. Aug. 27, 1780, James Capen.
1. James Capen, b. Nov. 19, 1783.
2. Asa Capen, b. Nov. 8, 1785.
3. Samuel Capen, b. Oct. 19, 1787.
4. Susanna Capen, b. Oct. 3, 1789.
5. Betsey Capen, b. Sept. 24, 1791.
6. Jedediah Capen, b. July 6, 1793.
7. Azel Capen, b. Feb. 22, 1796.
8. Ansel Capen, b. Feb. 22, 1796.
9. Zilpha Capen, b. Feb 19, 1798.
ii. Anna, b. May 22, 1759.
iii. Samuel, b. Nov. 28, 1761; m. Priscilla Rankin; m. 2nd Rachel White; she d. Jan. 28, 1853.
i. Eleanor, b. 1793.
ii. Soloma, b. 1795.
iii. Samuel, b. 1799.
iv. Betsey, b. 1801.
v. David. b. Mar. 30, 1804.
vi. Mary, b. Aug. 8, 1806.
vii. Charles M., b. Feb. 3, 1809.; m. Mary Lyon; res'd in Manchester, Me.
i. Charles H., b. Apr. 3, 1859.
ii. Zilpha, b. Nov. 3, 1860.
iii. Alice M., b. May 18, 1862.


iv. Jessie M., b. Nov. 6, 1864.
v. Nettie A., b. Feb. 6, 1868.
vi. Mary, b. May 14, 1871.
vii. Grace E., b. Dec. 10, 1878.
viii. Ethel, b. Jan. 29, 1812.
ix. Zilpha, b. Sept. 13, 1814.
iv. Asa, b. June 6, 1764.
v. Amelia M., b. Sept. 29, 1766; m. Joel White.

73. NATHANIEL CummingS, (Samuel) b. May 8, 1743; m. Nov. 15, 1770, Chloe Forest, of Stoughton, Mass.; m. 2nd May 13, 1775, Elizabeth White, of Dedham, where they res'd.
i. Susanna, b. Jan. 26, 1772; m. Nov. SS, 1792, John Coney, b. Sept. 20, 1768.
1. Otis Coney, b. Dec. 15, 1793.
2. Sally Coney, b. Nov. 15, 1795.
3. Charles A. Coney, b. Nov. 26, 1797.
4. Susan Coney, b. July 12, 1800.
5. John Coney, b. Feb. 16, 1803.
6. Susan Coney, b. May 3, 1808.
7. George W. Coney, b. Apr. 6, 1810.
ii. Chloe, b. Feb. 15, 1776.
iii. Lucy, b. Nov. 6, 1777.

74. RICHARD CummingS, (Samuel) b. in Sharon, Feb. 19, 1750, O. S., m. Mar. 8, 1774, Elizabeth, dau. of Philip and Jemima (Smith) Robbins. She was b. July 8, 1754. He rem. to Maine in 1776 and was a tanner. He res'd in the town of Union. She d. Feb. 23, 1831. He d. Sept. 8, 1839.
164. i. David, b. in Sharon, Mass., Nov. 2, 1775.


ii. Esther, b. in Union, Me., Oct. 19, 1777; d. May 11, 1793.
iii. Polly, b. Feb. 17, 1780; d. Dec. 18, 1781.
iv. Elizabeth or Betsey, b. Oct. 25, 1781; m. Mar. 6, 1800, Samuel Perham, who was drowned in
Saint George's River, in Warren.
1. Otis Perham.
2. William Perham; m. Celia Tobey, of Jefferson, Me.; he d. at sea.
3. Mary Perham; m. George Tobey, res’d in Jefferson; a widow, (1851.)
v. Susanna, b. Apr. 30, 1783; m. July 11, 1798, John Mahoney, res'd Lincolnville, Me.
vi. Sally, b. Feb. 18, 1785; m. Feb. 6, 1831, John Robinson, of Hope, Me.; m. 2nd Francis
Fletcher, of Lincolnville, Me.
165. vii. Philip, b. May 6, 1787.
166. viii. Suell, b. Jan. 2, 1789.
ix. Melinda, b. Jan. 2, 1791; m. Jan. 22, 1817, James Fuller; he died; she m. 2nd his brother
x. Chloe, b. May 2, 1792; m. Jan. 1, 1813, Alpheus Collamore, 1st wife was Deborah Grinnell.
1. Deborah Grinnell Collamore, b. Jan. 10, 1814; m. 1837, Benjamin Brown, Jr., of
2. Eldridge Gerry Collamore, b. July 10, 1815.
3. Melinda C. Collamore.7 b. Oct. 29, 1816.
4. Elison Collamore, b. Sept. 5, 1818.
5. Jane Collamore, b. Mar. 14, 1820.
6. Susan Collamore, b. Sept. 26, 1822.
7. Nancy Collamore,' b. Dec. 8, 1823.
8. Richard Collamore, b. Jan. 20, 1826.
9. Polly Collamore, b. July 4, 1829. 10. Andrew Jackson Collamore, b. Dec. 11, 1831.
xi. Richard, b. July 27, 1794;-m. Mar. 1, 1827, Elsie Robinson, of Hope, Me.


75. JOHN CummingS, (Samuel) b. June 22, 1753; m. Apr. 23, 1776, Ruth, dau. of Benjamin and Mary (Little) White, of Dedham, Mass. He settled in Winthrop, Maine. He was selectman, constable, town clerk, treasurer and deacon of the church. He d. Dec. 20, 1820.
i. Benjamin, b. in Sharon, Mass., Jan. 12, 1777.
ii. Jesse, b. Mar. 18, 1779.
iii. John, b. in Winthrop, Me., Jan. 8, 1781; m. Mercy Barrows, b. Nov. 11, 1780. He d. in 1849.
i. Bradford, b. Nov. 21, 1806.
ii. Ruth W., b. Apr. 4, 1811.
iii. Sarah, b. Sept. 30, 1814.
iv. John Morton, b. 1816; m. Sarah, dau. of Joseph and Lydia (Parsons) Hammond, b. Aug.
14, 1817. Twin girl.
iv. Rebecca, b. Apr. 2, 1783; m. Ebenezer Avery.
v. Sarah, b. July 3, 1785; unm.
vi. Jason, b. Oct. 25, 1787; m. Dec. 19, 1810, Anna Reed Miller; res'd in Freedom, Me.,
where he d. Mar. 2, 1861.
i. Isaac Miller, b. Jan. 12, 1812; m. Sarah Ann Lunt, b. July 18, 1821. He graduated
from Colby University an M. D. in 1836. He res'd and d. in Brooklyn, N. Y., Sept. 26, 1889.
i. Ann Matilda, b. Aug. 11, 1840; m. Charles H. Leadbetter.
ii. Sarah Miller, b. Nov. 19, 1842; d. Nov. 29, 1842.
iii. Lewis Baldwin, b. Dec. 18, 1843; m. Julia Picketson; m. 2nd Mary ---. He was a
surgeon in the civil war and practiced medicine in Keeseville, N. Y., Baltimore and Iowa.


iv. William Lunt, b. Dec. 30, 1845; m. Matilda Kingdon of Brooklyn, N. Y.
v. Sarah Miller, b. Oct. 5, 1848; m. Charles Langmuir.
vi. Charles Sumner, b. Nov. 25, 1850; d. Oct. 20, 1851.
vii. Fannie Stone, b. Sept. 19, 1855.
viii. Orrington Lunt, b. Oct. 3, 1857, at Macon,
Ga.; m. Dec. 6, 1881, Lillian, dau. of Stephen Purrington and Jennie (Chace) Lunt. She was b. Nov. 10, 1860, in Chicago, Ill. They res'd in Chicago, River Forest, Ill., and removed to San Francisco, Cal., in 1895. He has rendered very valuable service in the compilation of this book and the compiler feels greatly obliged to him for his assistance.
i. Jennie Chase, b. Jan. 17, 1884, in Evanston, Ill.
ii. Amy B., b. Sept. 11, 1886, in River Forest, Ill.
iii. Edith, b. Feb. 6, 1889, in River Forest, Ill.
iv. Grace Lunt, b. Nov. 14, 1892, in River Forest, Ill.
ix. Virginia Learned, b. Oct. 4, 1859; m. William White.
x. Mary Stearns, b. Aug. 20, 1864; m. Harry G. Desilva.
ii. Rebecca A., b. Oct. 20, 1813.
iii. Anna, b. July 22, 1831.
vii. Amos, b. Oct. 12, 1789; was in the army with Gen. Taylor and d. there.
viii. David, b. Dec. 24, 1791; d. young.
ix. Zilpha, b. Jan. 24, 1793; m. Richard Stewart.
167. x. Moses Cass, b. Jan. 22, 1795.


xi. Susanna, b. Sept. 19, 1797; m. --- Ellis.
xii. Ruth, b. Nov. 1, 1799.
xiii. Otis, b. Oct. 13, 1801.
xiv. Joseph, b. Apr. 29, 1804; m. Eliza F. Wing.

76. THADDEUS CummingS, (Samuel) b. in Lunenburg, June 16, 1746; m. July 8, 1773, Katharine, dau. of Joshua and Lydia (Stearns) Goodridge, of Lunenburg, b. Aug. 29, 1749, and d. in Royalston, Aug. 5, 1832. He was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, was a sergeant in Capt. Joseph Sargent's Company, served from May 5 to July 12, 1777, in Rhode Island; he lived on the Old Homestead, and d. there Mar. 10, 1815.
i. Thomas, b. Aug. 7, 1774; d. Mar. 28, 1775.
ii. Catharine, b. Mar. 14, 1776; lived many years, and d. in Lancaster, Sept. 2, 1855; unm.
iii. Abigail, b. July 22, 1778; m. Mar. 2, 1806, Israel Willard, b. Mar. 2, 1777, of Sterling, Mass.,
moved to Bradford, Vt., went to Me.; she d. May 15, 1830.
iv. Samuel, bapt. Sept. 17, 1780; d. unm.
168. v. Thaddeus, b. Feb. 19, 1783.
vi. Right, b. Nov. 28, 1786; m. Mar. 8, 1827, Mary Laurence, of Groton; he res'd in Lancaster,
Mass., .where he was a practicing physician for a great many years, and was school committee in 1810. The following from the Lancaster town history, published in 1879, says: "Behind the Mansion House, in the lane, still lives Doctor Right Cummings, who began practice here more than fifty years ago, and continued in it till a few years since; he has survived both wife and child, both long since dead, and now feels the infirmities of extreme old age. The skill and prudence of earlier, secured the comforts of the latter years of his life." He d. in Lancaster in 1881; she d. in same town, Mar. 1, 1867.


1. Anna Maria, b. in Lancaster, Mar. 6, 1828; d. Nov. 20, 1848 of consumption; his only ch.
vii. Lydia, b. Nov. 26, 1789; m. May 11, 1813, Calvin Russell, Jr., of Bingham, Me., b. Aug. 18,
1786; She d. in Bingham, Apr. 10, 1865.
CHILDREN: All born in Bingham, Me.
1. Lucinda Russell, b. Mar. 30, 1815; m. Mar. 23, 1837, Chandler, son of Reuben Baker, of
Moscow, Me.; no issue.
2. Cordelia Russell, b. Mar. 18, 1818; m. June 1, 1843, Stillman, son of David Burk, of
Moscow, Me; he d. in Solon, Me.; she was living in 1874, with her father; issue, 2 ch.
3. Mary B. Russell, b. Oct. 7, 1824; m. May 31, 1853, Andrew S. Burk, of Moscow, Me.,
where he died; issue, 1 ch.
4. Josiah R. Russell, b. Aug. 14, 1827; m. Sept. 11, 1853; lived in California; issue, 2 ch.
5. William H. Russell, b. Feb. 1, 1830; m. Feb. 20, 1862, Emily M. Heald; live in Bingham,
6. Lydia E. Russell, b. June 14, 1833; living in Bingham, Me., in 1874.
169. viii. Joshua, b. Aug. 5, 1792.

77. JONATHAN CummingS, (Samuel) b. in Lunenburg, Nov. 20, 1748; m. Jan. 5, 1769, Hannah, dau. of Robert and Elizabeth (Houghton) Fletcher, of Lancaster, b. June 19, 1749; she was living in 1820 or later. Jonathan was a soldier in the Revolution from the call to Lexington, Apr. 19, 1775, until June, 1780; a pensioner from Apr. 13, 1818, in Middlesex Co., Mass., until transferred to Cheshire Co., N. H., in 1826, receiving $96.00 per year, and the whole amount drawn was $1,524.13, which would bring his death in 1834. He lived in Lunenburg, until by division of the town, in 1764, he was set off into Fitchburg; his home was in the


south part of the town. A child, one of the first three, died at its grandfather's, (Samuel) in Lunenburg in June, 1776; his children's births are from the Fitchburg records.
i. --- (Cummings) b. son.
ii. --- (Cummings,) b. dau.
iii. Betsey, m. Presson, son of Benjamin and Edee (Holden) Farwell, b. Dec. 7, 1777; d. Mar. 1,
1861; she d. Sept. 14, 1863. He settled in Chesterfield, N. H.; was a carpenter, and built, in 1810, the factory at Factory Village, now known as Spofford.
1. Almira Farwell, d. young, 1798.
2. Morilla Farwell, b. 1798; m. 1824, Elias Brown, b. 1800; d. Nov. 5, 1871; she d. Oct. 1,
3. Alfred Farwell, b. Jan. 7, 1800.
4. Brinthy Farwell, b. Jan. 17, 1802; m. 1823, George D. Carpenter, Seekonk, Mass.
5. Benjamin Farwell, b. 1803-4; m. Olive Rice; d. Jan. 10, 1856.
6. Gilman Farwell, b, 1806; d. July 6, 1835; unm.
7. Almira Farwell, m. Hiram Whitcomb, of Swanzey; res. Rock Falls, Mich.
8. Miranda Farwell, b. 1810-11; d. Jan. 6, 1835; unm.
9. Philana Farwell, b. 1813; d. July 15, 1834; unm. (Hist. Chesterfield, 1882.)
170. iv. Jonathan, b. Jan. 1, 1773. (2nd son.)
v. Bathricks, (Beatrix) b. Sept. 8, 1776. (3rd dau.)
vi. Robert, b. June 27, 1779; d. Dec. 1, 1782.
vii. Samuel, b. Aug. 4, 1781; d. Sept. 17, 1787.
viii. Thomas, b. Sept. 17, 1783; d. Aug. 22, 1796.
ix. David, b. Jan. 30, 1785; with wife and children, about 1830, went into New York State and
settled somewhere near the Erie canal.


x. Joseph, b. Apr. 18, 1787; d. Apr. 12, 1802.
xi. Jacob, b. July 30, 1789; went about 1830 to a "Gold Mine" in Vermont.
xii. Peter, b. Apr. 16, 1791; went into N. Y. State with his brother David.

78. CAPT. JOHN CummingS, (John) b. in Groton, ' Mass., Mar. 16, 1737; m. Aug. 6, 1761, Rebecca, dau. of Peter Reed, of Littleton, Mass., b. 1742. He settled in Hollis, N. H., as early as 1758, where he was assessed for that year, and was a resident of the town until June, 1779, when he was in Hancock and rem. his family there in 1782 or 3; he res'd, and at one time owned a house in the north part of the town. He enlisted in the army of the Revolution Apr. 19, 1775; was ensign in a company of seventy men from Hollis under Capt. Dow, in Col. Prescott's regiment, and was in the battle of Bunker Hill. He was subsequently promoted to the rank of captain, a title he ever afterward bore. It is not known how long he remained in the army. He always took a prominent part in the affairs of his adopted town, and labored zealously for its welfare, though he differed in religious views from the majority of his townsmen. He d. Oct. 5, 1805, and his widow d. Oct. 28, 1807.
CHILDREN: All born in Hollis.
i. Peter, b. Nov. 12, 1761; m. Jan. 16, 1786, Sarah Pierce, of Hollis; probably went to Hancock
with his father; was there certainly as early as 1786, and as late as 1793; he was a pew holder in the Congregational church. At the age of 13 years he enlisted in the army, described as being 5 feet high, complexion—light.
ii. Rebecca, b. Mar. 2, 1764; d. in infancy.
iii. Sarah, b. Oct. 5, 1766; m. 1784, Nicholas Lawrence, b. in Hollis in 1759, and d. in Weston,
Vt., Jan. 6, 1854. She d. Sept. 18, 1834.
1. Rebecca Lawrence, b. in Hancock, Feb. 9, 1784; m. --- Warner.


2. Polly Lawrence, b. in Hancock, Nov. 29, 1785; m. George Hart; went west.
3. John Lawrence, b. in Hancock, Mar. 16, 1788; m. --- Higgins, who d. July 21, 1877. He
d. in Mount Tabor, Vt., Sept. 2, 1854; issue, eight ch.
4. Jonas Lawrence, b. in Hancock, Mar. 12, 1790; m. --- Dodge. He d. in Ludlow, Vt., Sept.
30, 1850; one ch., Askel.
5. Barnard Lawrence, b. in Hancock, Apr. 17, 1792.
6. Roxania Lawrence, b. in Hancock, Sept. 9, 1794; d. June 26, 1844.
7. Peter Lawrence, b. in Hancock, Feb. 5, 1796; m. --- Higgins.
8. Betsey Lawrence, b. in Hancock, Apr. 5, 1799; m. Daniel Goodhue; went west.
9. Sally Lawrence, m. Luke Lee and settled in Michigan.
10. Nicholas Lawrence, m. Olive Moor; d. in Nashua; issue, two ch.
11. Relief Lawrence, m. --- Pease; d. in Weston, Vt.
12. Submit Lawrence, m. Thomas Powell; went west.
171. iv. John, b. Mar. 8, 1769.
v. Rebecca, b. Aug. 28, 1771; m. Oct. 7, 1792, Seth Davis, brother of Asa.
1. Polly Davis, b. Nov. 3, 1793.
2. Seth Davis, b. Sept. 9, 1795.
vi. Abigail, b. Feb. 11, 1774; m. Mar. 18, 1800, Jonathan, son of Jonathan and Isabel (Grimes)
Sawyer, b. Apr. 2, 1774, and d. in Peru, N. Y. She d. in Weston, Vt.
1. Isabel Sawyer, b. 1801, and d. in Hancock, Jan. 20, 1873.
2. George Sawyer.


3. Abigail Sawyer. m. Eli Buxton, b. Sept. 10, 1803.
172. vii. Asahel, b. Jan. 13, 1777.
viii. Henry, b. Nov. 1, 1779; m. Mar. 4, 1803, Abigail, dau. of Peter and Rebecca (Dana) Carley,
b. Dec. 17, 1780, who d. Mar. 16, 1810; and he m. 2nd Dec. 30, 1810, Experience Carley, sister of his first wife, b. Feb. 17, 1787, and d. Oct. 17, 1817. He res'd. on the Dea. Robert Duncair place. He rem. to central New York and engaged in the lumber business; one night while rafting lumber on Lake Oswego, he perished from exposure; he d. May 11, 1834.
i. Child, b. Aug. 6, 1804; d. young.
ii. Child, b. 1806; d. young.
iii. Child, b. 1810; d. young.
iv. Harrison, b. Feb. 4, 1815, is supposed to have been drowned, May 11, 1834, with his
173. ix. Benaih, b. Mar. 21, 1782.
x. Betty, b. Oct. 10, 1784.
174. xi. Adams.
xii. Polly, b. Mar. 9, 1791; m. Dec. 26, 1809, Nathaniel D., son of Peter and Rebecca (Dana)
Carley, b. May 12, 1785; res'd in Hancock till about 1820, then rem. to Weston, Vt.
1. Dr. Reed Carley; m. Louisa Graves; he was a surgeon in the Civil War.
2. Dana Carley, and others.

79. CAPT. ELEAZER CummingS, (John) b. in Groton, May 15, 1739; m. Feb. 15, 1764, Sarah, dau. of Peter Reed, of Littleton, Mass.; she d. and he m. 2nd in Westford, June 6, 1803, widow Mary (Reed) Hildreth, of Westford. He went to New Ipswich, N. H. about 1762, and settled on the John Knowlton farm; in 1768 he


purchased the extensive farm and mills erected by John Chandler, which he afterwards increased by other purchases, until it embraced about four hundred acres, covering the whole Souhegan Village and vicinity. He soon after erected a new set of mills near the same spot, to which he added a malt house, and soon after a linseed oil mill and an oatmeal mill, from which he furnished the apothecaries of Boston with a large supply. He took a leading part in the affairs of the town, and was an enterprising citizen. He was one of the original founders of the New Ipswich Academy. He commanded the company of twenty-six men that went to Cambridge on the alarm given at the battle of Bunker Hill. He d. Aug. 4, 1815.
CHILDREN: All born in New Ipswich.
i. Molly, b. 1764; m. James Barr, b. Dec. 12, 1752, in Kilbarchan, County of Renfrew, North
Britain, and came to this country, June 22, 1774; he was associated with Mr. Cummings in the malting and other processes, and was a highly respected citizen. They had a large family of children, who are still extensively connected in the town; he d. in New Ipswich, Mar. 7, 1829, and his widow Mary d. Feb. 23, 1845. Of his seven children, one was Dr. James Barr, b. in New Ipswich, May 23, 1790; m. April 21, 1824, Laura Livermore, dau. of Col. Caleb Bellows, b. Sept. 17, 1804, and living in 1870; he graduated in Medical department, at Dartmouth; a practicing physician at New Ipswich for twenty-eight years; he d. June 6, 1845.
ii. Aaron, b. 1765; d. 1766.
iii. Matilda, b. 1767-8; m. 1790, Timothy, son of Timothy Wheelock, of Shrewsbury, b. 1766,
and d. in 1827.
1. Son, d. young.
2. Dau., d. young.
175. iv. Charles, b. in 1770.
v. Diedamia, b. in 1771; m. William, son of Paul Prichard, b. Sept. 19, 1759, and d. in 1835. She
d. 1840, having been found burned to death and the room on fire.


1. William Prichard, b. 1792; m. Eliza Butnam.
2. Asa Prichard, b. 1793; m. Caroline Barr.
3. Barnard Prichard, b. 1795;d. 1846.
4. Diedamia Prichard, b. 1797; m. William Johnson. She d. 1849.
5. Charles C. Prichard, b. 1799; d. 1800.
6. Charles Prichard, b. 1802; d. 1846.
7. Francis Perley Prichard, b. 1803; d. 1807.
8. Caroline Prichard, b. 1805; d. 1806.
9. Adaline Prichard, b. 1807.
10. Sarah Prichard, b.——.
vi. Lavina, b. 1774; m. Henry Joslin. She d. in 1846.
vii. Barnard, b. 17--; d. young.

80. REUBEN CummingS, (John) b. in Groton, June 10, 1757; m. about 1777, Emma Parker, of Lunenburg, (then known as Turkey Hills) b. Nov. 13, 1751. He settled in the southeast part of Sharon, N. H., and built one of the earliest mills in the town. He afterward went to Coleraine, Mass., and later removed to Hancock, N. H., where he d. and is buried. He d. Feb. 6, 1807-8, and his widow d. in Shirley, Mass., Jan. 12, 1828.
i. Emma, b. Mar. 13, 1778; m. Feb. 2, 1801, Lieut. John, son of John Brooks, (John, Nathan,
John, John, John) b. in Hollis, Feb. 24, 1760; d. in Hancock, June 12, 1851. He m. Mar. 18, 1784, Betsey, dau. of Nehemiah Woods, of Hollis, who d. Oct. 9, 1798.
1. John Brooks, b. June 18, 1786.
2. Betsey Brooks, b. Sept. 26, 1788.
3. Ruth Brooks, b. June 18, 1791; d. Sept. 3, 1800.
4. Peleg Brooks, b. Aug. 12, 1793.


5. Sally L. Brooks, b. Jan. 6, 1796.
6. Polly Brooks, b. July 19, 1798.
7. Mary Brooks, b. Feb. 10, 1802.
8. Langdon Brooks, b. Mar. 10, 1803; d. May 31, 1825.
9. Washington Brooks, b. Oct. 26, 1804.
10. Emma Brooks, b. Oct. 16, 1806.
11. Fanny Brooks, b. Aug. 9, 1808; m. G. W. Priest.
12. Levi Brooks, b. May 12, 1810; d. Mar. 13, 1833.
13. Zophar Willard Brooks, b. Mar. 7, 1812.
14. Roxa Willard Brooks, b. May 13, 1814; d. Sept. 14, 1823.
15. Axa Jane Brooks, b. Sept. 5, 1816.
16. Eunice Elmira Brooks, b. Aug. 23, 1818; d. Feb. 1, 1822.
17. Charles Cummings Brooks, b. Feb. 27, 1821; d. Jan. 29, 1825.
ii. Reuben, b. Oct. 7, 1780; settled about 1809, in Central New York.
iii. Lucy, b. Oct. 13, 1782; m. Dec. 25, 1819, Reuben Shedd, of Sharon. She d. Oct. 2, 1869.
1. James Parker Shedd.
2. Nathan Cummings Shedd.
3. John Brooks Shedd.
iv. Abel, b. May 25, 1784; settled about 1809, in central New York.
v. William, b. Sept. 27, 1785; settled about 1809, in central New York.
vi. Theda, b. May 28, 1787; m. Joel Marsh, Bethel, Vt., d. Sept. 21, 1839.
vii. Amos, b. Feb. 8, 1789; drowned June 16, 1812.
176. viii. Nathan Parker, b. May 21, 1790.
ix. Mitty, b. Mar. 28, 1793; m. John Gilchrist, and d. July 7, 1832.
x. Millin, b. Sept. 17, 1795; d. Aug. 22, 1800.
Kit Number
I Haplogroup
61772 Cummins Scotland I1 13 22 14 10 13-14 11 14 12 12 11 29 15 8-9 8 11 22 16 19 28 14-14-15-15 10 10 19-21 14 14 18 18 35-36 12 10
R1a Haplogroup
N3703 Zincavage Lithuania R1a1 13 25 15 10 11-13 12 12 10 13 11 30 15 9-10 11 11 23 14 19 31 13-14-15-15 10 12 19-23 17 15 18 18 35-37 12 11
85098 Cummins Ireland R1a1a 13 25 15 11 11-14 12 12 10 13 11 30 15 9-10 12 11 21 14 20 33 15-15-15-16 12 12 19-21 17 15 16 18 35-39 12 11 11 8 17-17 8 11 10 8 11 10 12 22-22 16 12 12 12 13 8 13 23 21 12 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
45597 Cummings Unknown Origin R1a1 13 26 15 11 11-14 12 12 10 13 11 31 15 9-9 11 11 21 14 20 33 15-15-15-16 12 12 19-21 17 15 18 18 34-41 12 11
56559 Cummins Scotland R1a1a 13 26 15 11 11-15 12 12 10 13 11 31 15 9-9 11 11 21 14 20 33 15-15-15-16 12 12 19-21 17 15 18 18 34-40 12 11 11 8 17-17 8 10 10 8 11 10 12 22-22 16 11 13 12 13 8 13 23 21 11 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
R1b Haplogroup
27103 Cummons Unknown Origin R1b1a2 12 23 14 10 10-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 25 14 19 30 14-16-16-17 11 11 19-23 15 15 19 17 37-38 12 13
N29660 Cumming Unknown Origin R1b1a2 12 24 14 11 12-14 12 12 12 13 13 29
51287 Cummings Ireland R1b1a2 13 23 14 10 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 28
N26377 Cummings United Kingdom R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11-13 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9-9 11 11 25 16 19 29 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 16 15 18 17 36-40 12 12
37009 Cummins Scotland R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9-9 11 11 25 16 19 29 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 16 15 18 17 37-40 12 12
62473 Dority Unknown Origin R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 29
63657 Cummings Unknown Origin R1b1a2 13 23 14 12 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9-10 11 11 26 15 19 30 15-15-17-18
76749 Cummins Unknown Origin R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11-14 12 12 10 13 13 29
45318 Cummins Unknown Origin R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11-14 12 12 13 11 13 28
28847 Cummings Unknown Origin R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11-15 12 12 10 13 13 29 17 9-10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15-15-17-17 11 10 19-23 15 15 18 17 36-38 13 12
N25665 Cummins Unknown Origin R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 11 13 13 29
N12685 Cummings Ireland R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29
N44814 Cummings Germany R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29
79368 Cummings Ireland R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 8-9 11 11 25 15 19 29 13-13-15-17 11 11 19-23 15 15 17 17 36-37 12 12
N29565 Burr/cummins Scotland R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 25 14 19 30 15-16-17-17 11 12 19-23 16 15 19 17 35-39 12 12
N2017 Cummins Ireland R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-16-17-17 11 12 19-23 16 15 19 17 35-38 12 12
13480 Kingsbury England R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-16-17-17 11 12 19-23 16 15 19 17 35-39 12 12
75681 Commins Ireland R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 8-10 11 11 26 15 19 30 13-13-15-17 11 11 19-23 15 15 18 17 37-39 12 12 11 9 16-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 15 10 12 12 14 8 12 22 20 12 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
83269 Barnum Unknown Origin R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 7-9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 16 16 17 18 37-39 12 12
N44650 Cummings Scotland R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 29 17 7-9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 16 16 19 17 37-39 12 12
52907 Burns Unknown Origin R1b1a2 13 26 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-15-15-19
2272 Cummings Unknown Origin R1b1a2a1a1a 14 23 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 24 15 19 31 15-15-17-17 10 11 19-23 15 15 16 17 36-40 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 11 0 23-23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 19 14 12 10 13 11 11 13 12
63240 Cummings Scotland R1b1a2 14 24 14 10 12-14 13 12 12 13 13 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-16-16 11 10 19-24 15 16 17 17 36-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 17 10 12 12 14 8 12 25 21 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
N36517 Cummins Unknown Origin R1b1a2 14 25 14 11 11-14 12 12 11 13 13 30
206417 Cummins Unknown Origin J2 12 23 14 10 13-17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9-9 11 11 24 15 22 30 13-13-16-16 10 10 19-22 15 15 16 15 35-35 11 9
144573 Jefferson Unknown Origin J2 12 23 14 11 13-18 11 18 11 12 11 28 19 9-9 11 11 26 15 21 29 13-13-15-15 9 10 19-22 15 14 18 16 36-41 12 9 11 7 14-14 9 12 10 8 11 9 12 17-17 15 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 13 13 11 13 11 12 12 11
N69578 Cummings Scotland J2 12 24 14 10 14-17 11 15 12 12 11 28
N2071 Kevorkian Armenia R1b1a2 12 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 29
171638 Cummins Scotland R1b1a2 12 24 15 10 11-13 12 12 13 13 14 29
187203 Wood Unknown Origin I1 13 22 14 10 13-14 11 14 12 12 11 28 14 8-9 8 11 24 17 20 28 12-14-15-15 10 10 19-19 14 13 17 23 34-39 11 10 11 8 15-15 8 11 10 8 9 9 12 22-25 15 10 12 12 14 8 12 26 21 13 14 11 12 11 11 12 11
168390 Kimmins Ireland R1b1a2a1a1a4 13 22 14 11 11-15 12 12 11 12 13 27 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-16-17 11 11 19-23 15 14 18 17 35-37 11 12
208945 CUMMING England R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11-14 12 12 11 13 13 29
N8510 Smith Ireland R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11-14 12 12 11 13 13 29
N29457 Kelty Unknown Origin R1b1a2a1a1a4 13 23 14 11 11-14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15-16-17-18 11 10 19-23 17 14 18 17 39-40 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 11 12 22-23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 10 13 11 11 13 12 36 15 9 15 12 26 26 19 12 11 13 12 10 9 12 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 23 13 10 10 21 15 19 13 23 17 12 15 24 12 23 18 10 14 17 9 12 11
110882 Cummings Unknown Origin R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9-10 11 11 26 15 19 30 15-15-17-18 11 11 19-23 17 15 18 17 37-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 11 12 22-23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
E11286 Kümin Switzerland R1b1a2a1a1b3c1 13 23 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 32 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-15-17 10 11 19-23 15 15 17 17 37-43 11 12 11 9 14-15 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 16 11 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
65578 Jones Ireland R1b1a2a1a1a4 13 23 14 11 12-13 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9-10 11 11 26 15 19 30 15-15-17-18 12 11 19-23 15 15 19 17 34-38 11 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 18 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 13 11 13 11 11 13 12
213703 Cummings Unknown Origin R1b1a2 13 23 14 12 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9-10 11 11 26 15 19 30 15-15-17-18 10 11 19-23 17 15 18 17 36-39 12 12
202101 Cummings Ireland R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 12-14 12 12 11 13 14 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-16-17
51902 Lyons Unknown Origin R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 12-14 12 12 12 13 14 29 17 9-10 11 11 24 15 19 30 15-15-16-17 12 10 19-24 15 15 18 17 36-37 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-25 15 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 21 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 11
93024 Cummings Scotland R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-13 12 12 12 14 12 30 18 9-10 11 12 24 14 18 30 15-15-17-17 10 10 19-23 16 15 17 18 34-39 12 12
162018 Fostveit Norway R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-16-17-17 11 12 19-23 16 15 19 17 35-38 12 12
B1208 Cummings Scotland R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 12 13 27 15 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 32 15-16-17-17 11 11 19-23 14 11 12 12 14 11 31 12 13 25 13 10 23 12
N64751 Cummings Ireland R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 30
N88549 Cumpsty United Kingdom R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 14 13 30 16 9-10 11 11 24 15 19 31 14-15-16-17 11 11 19-23 16 15 20 17 36-38 13 12
211454 cummings Ireland R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 29 17 7-9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-15-16-17 11 11 19-23 16 16 19 17 36-39 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 11 10 12 23-25 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 21 20 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
169985 Cummings Ireland R1b1a2a1a1b4 13 24 14 11 11-15 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9-9 11 11 26 15 19 29 13-13-17-17 10 10 19-23 17 15 18 17 37-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-25 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 23 20 14 12 11 13 10 12 12 12
N70578 Cummings Unknown Origin R1b1a2 13 24 15 10 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29
185305 Cummins Unknown Origin R1b1a2 13 24 15 10 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 8-10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-16-17-17 11 11 19-23 15 15 18 17 40-44 12 12
133080 Cummings United Kingdom R1b1a2 13 25 14 10 12-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9-9 11 11 24 15 19 27 15-15-17-17 10 11 19-23 16 14 17 17 35-36 12 12 11 9 15-15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
N79725 Cumming Scotland R1b1a2 13 25 14 11 11-11 12 12 12 13 13 29
198610 Hunter Scotland R1b1a2 13 25 14 11 11-11 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-19 16 15 18 22 35-39 12 12
64339 Bratcher United Kingdom R1b1a2a1a1b4 13 25 14 11 11-13 12 12 11 13 13 29 15 7-10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-15-17-18 11 11 19-23 16 15 18 18 38-39 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 33 15 9 16 12 24 26 19 12 11 13 12 12 9 13 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 24 13 10 10 20 15 20 13 23 17 11 15 24 12 23 19 10 15 17 10 12 11
202981 Cummins Unknown Origin R1a1 13 25 15 11 11-14 12 12 10 13 11 31 15 9-10 11 11 21 14 20 33 15-15-15-17 12 12 19-21 17 15 17 18 34-42 12 11
150754 Cummings Ireland G 14 22 15 10 14-15 11 13 13 12 11 30 17 8-9 11 11 23 17 21 30 12-13-14-14 10 10 18-20 16 13 16 20 37-38 11 10
134868 Cumings Unknown Origin R1b1a2 14 24 14 10 12-14 13 12 12 13 13 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-16-17 11 10 19-24 15 16 17 17 36-38 12 12
90807 Cummings Unknown Origin E1b1a8a 15 21 16 10 15-19 11 12 13 13 11 30 17 8-9 11 11 24 14 21 29 13-13-16-16 10 10 19-19 15 14 12 20 32-33 11 11
153205 Cumming England I2b1 15 23 15 10 15-15 11 13 12 14 12 32 15 8-9 11 11 25 14 19 27 11-14-14-15 11 9 19-21 13 14 17 19 34-40 12 10
N70098 Cumming United Kingdom I2b1 15 23 15 10 15-15 11 13 12 14 12 32 15 8-9 11 11 25 14 19 27 11-14-14-15 11 9 19-21 13 14 17 19 34-40 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 9 12 21-22 17 11 12 12 13 9 12 27 20 11 13 12 12 11 12 12 11
N88377 Cummins Unknown Origin I2b1 15 23 15 10 16-16 11 13 11 13 12 29
177141 Leviseur Germany I2b1a1 15 24 15 10 16-16 11 13 11 13 12 29 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11-11-14-15 11 10 19-21 15 14 17 18 31-37 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 13 12 17 9 14 25 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 29 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 31 11 13 22 15 11 10 24 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 25 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 12 11