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|Eleanor/Alianore de Briouze/Braose Br23
Married: Humphrey de Bohun Bo23
|and had issue:
Bo22 Humphrey de Bohun
The Lygon family in England traces its history from the Manor of Madresfield in Worcestershire. This manor has been in continuous possession of the descendants of its first owners, the de Bracys, from near Domesday (1086) down to the present time. The manor has passed from father to daughter twice in that time, once in 1420 when Joan, only child of William de Bracy, married Thomas Lygon, who took up his residence there. The other time was in 1713 when Reginald Pyndar married Margaret Lygon, whose eldest son became heir to the manor assumed the surname of Lygon. It still remains in the possession of the Lygons and was the seat of Sir William Lygon, 8th Earl Beauchamp of Powyck. (Ref: "The Lygon Family and Connections" (1947)). This record of the de Bracys and Lygons goes back to the time of the Norman Conquest, and when Warndon and Madresfield were possessed by the early de Bracy ancestors. Robert de Bracy was a favorite name in the de Bracy family and one "Robert" held the manor of Warndon in Worcester at Domesday. This was before the time surnames came into general use in England. (Ref: Nash II, p.452). A Richard de Bracy of Worcestershire occurs in 1168, and a William de Braci in 1176-77.
He died on April 10, 1507.
See continuation of this lineage elsewhere in the Lygon Line.
Ref: Burke, pg. 72-73.
Ref: Crispin and Macary
The baronial family of Braose came from originally
from Briouze, near Argentan, Normandy. William de Briouse was
one of the most powerful barons in William the Conqueror's army.
He received large possessions, chiefly in Sussex, including the
whole Rape of Bramber, where he built Bramber Castle, which was
his seat. In 1075 he executed the foundation charter of the Sele
Abbey, Sussex, founded the Abbey of Braiose in the time of William
I. and made grants to St. Florent Saumer. Gunnora, his mother,
in 1082 held lands from Hugh Pincera and Roger de Cuilli. The
date of his death is unknown, but he was succeeded by his son,
Philip de Briouse, during the reign of William Rufus; he increased
the vast estates of his father by marriage with Beta, sister and
co-heir of William, Earl of Gloucester. He is mentioned by Oderic
Vital in 1096 as supporting William Rufus against his brother
Henry, who held the strong castle of Domfront in Normandy, from
which he carried on his operations. Philip was the ancestor of
the house of Braose, barons of Bramber, Brecknock, Gower, and
Totness, and of William de Braose, who obtained from King Henry
II. a grant of the "whole kingdom of Limerick" in Ireland
for the service of sixty knight's fees. Numerous branches existed
also in Sussex, Bedford, Hampshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, Wales, and
from him descended also the Wingfields, Viscounts Powerscourt.
The family must not be confused with that of Brius, Bris, or
Brix, of which Robert de Brix was the representative at Hastings.
(Reference: Crispin and Macary).
He was succeeded by the eldest son, William.
This great, but unfortunate personage, had
issue by his wife, as follows:
See continuation of this lineage in the Clare
Line and the Mowbray Line.
When the contest between King John and the barons broke out, Giles de Braose, Bishop of Hereford, arraying himself under the baronial banner, was put in possession of the people of Bergavenny and the other castles of the deceased lord; and being then assuaged, granted part of those lands to the bishop's younger brother and heir, Reginald.
The line of this branch is thus terminated in three heiresses. See continuation of each of the three sub-branches of the lineage elsewhere in the Mortimer, Cantilupe, and Bohun Lines.
Ref: Jones, "The Princes and Principality of Wales"
Ref: Wurts, "Magna Charta, Vol. III"
First, there is the dynasty of Cunnedda (Line
This is the lineage according to both references
cited above, except for the descent from Rhodri Mawr. There is
a marked difference from that point on. Both references agree
on the following lineage, however.
Godiva, died 1080, a Saxon lady, the wife
of Leofric III., died 1057, Earl of Mercia, Lord of Coventry,
a great great grandson of Alfred the Great. She is reported in
history as having ridden nude through the city streets of Coventry,
in order to protest the unfair taxation imposed by her husband.
The Godiva procession was instituted May 31, 1678 as part of
the Coventry Fair, was celebrated at intervals until 1826. Their
son was Alfgar III who married (2) Elfgifu, daughter of King Ethelred
II., and his wife, Elfled. Their daughter Lucia de Mercia became
the wife of Ivo de Tailbois and the mother of Lucia Tailbois,
who was the ancestress of several Magna Charta barons through
her daughter Adeliza Meschines. See elsewhere. Alfgar and Elfgifu
were the parents of Ealgith (Edith or Agatha), who was married
about 1057 (1) Griffith, Prince of North Wales and had Nesta,
born 1058, who was married to Trahhaern of Arwystle (son of Caradoc
and grandson of Cynfyn and Queen Ankaret) and had Llyarch, Prince
of North Wales, who married Dyddgu and had Gladys, who was married
to Owen Gwinedh, grandparents of Llewellyn the Great. Ealgith's
second husband was Harold II, born 1022, crowned King of England
January 6, 1066, slain in the battle of Hastings October 14, 1066.
Owen died in 1170.
Llewellyn married in 1206 (2) Joan, the illegitimate
daughter of King John of England (by Agatha Ferrers). Joan died
February 2, 1237. They had a son, Davydd.
At first Llewellyn was a friend of King John, but their friendship soon ended and in 1211 John reduced him to submission. However, in the following year, Llewellyn recovered all his losses in North Wales and, in 1215, he took Shrewsbury. His rising had been encouraged by the Pope, by France and by the English Barons. Throughout his reign John and Llewellyn were friends or foes according to the dictates of intelligent self-interest. Llewellyn aimed at a united Wales under his rule and resisting the threat to local independence offered by the increasing royal power of the kingdom of England. Later Llewellyn managed to make alliances with the Anglo-Norman lords of the Marches, not only with his old friend the Earl of Chester, but also with the Mortimers and the Braoses. With these families Llewellyn had personal links, as his daughters married members of all of them. Llewelyn died at sixty-five from a stroke on April 11, 1240, at Aberconway Abbey.
This direct ancestral lineage is continued
elsewhere. See the Fitz Alan Line in Volume II.
The following genealogy traces the descent
from Richard and Eleanor through several more rulers of England
into the mid-15th century. These are not direct ancestors.
33. Joane Fitz Alan, died 1419, married Humphrey de Bohun IX, died 1372. They had a daughter, Mary.
34. Mary Bohun, married Henry of Bolingbroke, later, King Henry IV., who died in 1413, son of John of Gaunt and his wife Blanche Plantaganet of Lancaster. They had a son, Henry V. This was the beginning of the House of Lancaster. They also had a daughter, Philippa Plantaganet, who became the wife of John I., King of Portugal, 1385-1433. Their son was Eduardo (Edward) I., King of Portugal, 1385-1433, who married Eleanor of Aragon. There was issue.
35. King Henry V, died in 1422, married Catherine of Valois.
36. King Henry VI, died in 1471, married Margaret of Anjou.
37. Edward, Prince of Wales, born in 1453,
died in 1471.