|Born: 852 in Denmark
Married: 882 in Lorraine Gisela, Princess of Lorraine, dau of Lothar II, King of Lorraine (descendant of Charlemagne)
1 Olof the Brash
He had the sons Gyrd and Gnupa, who ruled together according to Swedish tradition. Gnupa had the son Sigtrygg Gnupasson who is mentioned on a runestone.
2 Gyrd and Gnupa
Sigtrygg was son of Gnupa and the Danish noblewoman Asfrid. He rose to power around 915, and is remembered on two runestones erected by his mother after his death.
Harthacnut came to Denmark around 916, and according to Adam and his star witness king Sweyn, immediately deposed the young king Sigtrygg. This happened "in the last days of archbishop Hoger", says Adam, and Hoger died around 917.
(Bl30) Sigfried Le Danois, 1st Count of Guisnes
|The territory of Neustria originated in 511, made up of the regions
from Aquitaine to the English Channel, approximating most of
the north of present-day France, with Paris and Soissons as its main cities.
Thus Neustria formed the western part of the kingdom of the Franks under
the rule of the Merovingian dynasty during the sixth to eighth centuries.
The distinct area originated at the time of the death of Clovis I (reigned
482-511), when his sons divided his lands between them.
Constant re-divisions of territories by Clovis's descendants resulted in many rivalries that, for more than two hundred years, kept Neustria in almost constant warfare with Austrasia, the eastern portion of the Frankish kingdom.
Despite the wars, Neustria and Austrasia re-united briefly on a few occasions, the first time under Clotaire I during his reign from 558 to 562. The struggle for power continued with Queen Fredegund of Neustria (the widow of King Chilperic I (reigned 566-584) and the mother of the new king Clotaire II (reigned 584-628)) unleashing a bitter war.
After his mother's passing and burial in Saint Denis Basilica in Paris (597), Clotaire II continued the struggle against Queen Brunhilda of Austrasia, and finally triumphed in 613 when Brunhilda's own followers betrayed the old queen into his hands. Clotaire had Brunhilda put to the rack and stretched for three days, then chained between four horses and eventually ripped limb from limb. Clotaire now ruled a united realm, but only for a short time.
Finally under Dagobert I (reigned 628-637) the ongoing generational war resulted in another temporary unification, but by then the authority of the warring kings had begun to decline as the mayors of the palace rose to prominence.
In 687 Pippin of Herstal, mayor of the palace of the king of Austrasia, defeated the tenacious Neustrians at Tertry and united Austrasia and Neustria.
Pippin's descendants, the Carolingians, continued to rule the two realms as mayors. With Pope Stephen II's blessing, after 751 the Carolingian Pippin the Short, formally deposed the Merovingians and took control of the empire, he and his descendants ruling as kings.
Neustria, Austrasia, and Burgundy then became united under one authority and the names "Neustria" and "Austrasia" gradually disappeared.
The beginning of the Medieval Warm Period
Viking groups settle in northern France - Norse become Normans
Foundation of Cluny, first federated monastic order
Incursions of Magyar (Hungarian) cavalry throughout Western Europe (47 expeditions in Germany, Italy and France, 899 - 970)
Mieszko I, first duke of Poland, baptised a Christian in 966
Khazar kingdom is attacked and defeated by Kievan Rus (965)
Collapse of the central lowland Maya civilization. End of Classic Maya period, begin Post-Classic Maya.
Rise of the Toltecs in Mexico.
Collapse of Great Moravia
Buddhist temple construction commences at Bagan, Myanmar
Laguna Copperplate Inscription, Kavi script, inscribed in Luzon, Philippines, dated Saka year 822 (AD 900).
The medieval Croatian state becomes a unified kingdom under Tomislav
Twentieth century Belgian astronomer Jean Meeus asserts that the orbits of all nine planets were within the same 90% arc of the solar system on 1 February 949. The next time it is thought this will occur is on 6 May 2492.
Coastal cities on the Malay Peninsula are the seed for the first recorded Malay kingdoms.
The Fatimid dynasty arises in eastern Algeria.
Swedish influence extends to the Black Sea.
The Christian Nubian kingdom reaches its peak of prosperity and military power. (Early history of Sudan)
The Byzantine empire reaches the height of its military and economic strength
Baile Átha Cliath (Dublin) was founded (988).
Reindeer become extinct in Scotland.
Lions become extinct in Caucasus.