Be27 Waleran de Beaumont

    Be27 Waleran de Beuamont was Count of Meulan, 1st Earl of Worcester and the son of Robert de Beaumont (Be28) and Elizabeth de Vermandois Ve28 and twin brother of  Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester.
    1st Matilda de Blois, daughter of King Stephen I of England and Matilda of Boulogne, Countess de Boulogne, circa March 1136. 
    2nd Agnes de Montfort, daughter of Amaury III de Montfort, Count d' Evreux, and Agnes de Garlande, in 1141.


    Waleran de Beaumont, Count of Meulan, 1st Earl of Worcester (1104 9 April 1166, Preaux), was the son of Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester and Elizabeth de Vermandois, and the twin brother of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester. He is also known as Waleran de Bellomonte, or William of Wigonia (Worcester).
    and had issue: He married, He had children with Agnes de Montfort:

    (Be26-) Robert de Beaumont, Count of Meulan. 
    (Be26-2) Isabel de Beaumont (d. 10 May 1220), married twice: 
    ca 1161 Geoffroy, Sire of Mayenne; 
    ca 1170 Maurice II, Sire of Craon. 
    (Be26-3) Amaury de Beaumont, senior of Gournay-sur-Marne. 
    (Be26-4) Roger de Beaumont, Viscount d'Evreux. 
    (Be26-5) Waleran de Beaumont, Lord of Montfort. 
    (Be26-6) Etienne de Beaumont. 
    (Be26-7) Hugh de Beaumont, Lord of Blinchefeld. 
    (Be26-8) Marie de Beaumont, married Hugh Talbot, Baron of Cleuville, Lord of Hotot-sur-Mer. 
    (Be26-9) Amice de Beaumont, married Henry, Baron de Ferrieres. 
    (Be26-10) Duda de Beaumont, married William de Molines. 

    Early life
    After the death of his father he received as his share of the inheritance, the Norman estates at Meulan and Beaumont. He also owned the manor of Vatteville on the left bank of the Seine. In September 1118 he remained faithful to King Henry I during the rebellon which broke out, but in 1123 he was drawn into a conspiracy with William Clito, son of Robert Curthose. He was defeated by William de Harcourt at the Battle of Bourgteronde on 26 March 1124, and fled to Brionne; on Henry's approach he withdrew to his castle at Beaumont. The King captured his castles at Brionne and Pont Audemar, the latter after a siege of seven weeks, and burnt his towns of Montfort, Brionne and Pont Audemar. Henry also deprived him of his title of Count of Meulan.


    In the following year, 24 March 1125, he proceeded to the relief of his tower of Vatteville, with his three brothers-in-law, Hugh de Chateau Neuf, Hugh de Montfort and William, Lord of Breval. Very early in the morning they assaulted the entrenchments which the King had thrown up round the castle and they endeavoured to force a convoy of provisions through to the besieged. But Waleran and the two Hughs and about eighty men at arms were captured and imprisoned for five years, first at Rouen and then in England. The King had now destroyed all Waleran's castles except Beaumont, which he ordered him to deliver up, and Waleran, being a prisoner and realising that discretion was the better part of valour, and fearing to expose himself to greater peril if he refused, he sent a messenger to Morim, who had charge of his affairs, to give it up without delay. He was afterwards pardoned, but again rebelled, declaring for William of Normandy, nephew of King Henry. The Royalist forces captured his castles at Brienne and Pont Audemar. By 1135 he had regained the King's confidence, for he and his twin brother were both present at Henry's deathbed. He then took up Stephen's cause and in the spring of 1136 he went to Normandy and in the autumn of that year captured Roger de Toeni. He remained there until the following spring and then returned to England. The next year he was made Joint Lieutenant of Normandy, and soon after crossed the Channel again, in order to suppress a rising against the English government. Towaras the end of 1158 he returned to England and was then sent north to attack the Scots, driving them out of the castle of Wark. He was probably present at the Battle of the Standard at Northallerton when the Scots were completely defeated. 
    Civil war
    By this time he had become chief adviser to the King and he defended him in his controversy with the Bishops of Salisbury and Ely at the Council of Oxford. Matters came to a crisis, a riot followed, the Bishop was seized and imprisoned. This was followed by civil war. Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester attacked Worcester in October 1139 on behalf of the Empress Maud; he destroyed a considerable portion of the city and carried off a large amount of plunder. On 13 November Waleran attacked and defeated John FitzHarold, who was serving under the Earl of Gloucester, then re-entered the city and captured many prisoners. 

    He was commander-in-chief at the Battle of Lincoln in 1141. When he saw that the battle was lost he escaped, but the King, surrounded by a few of his knights, fought with great courage, but at last worn out by fatigue and deserted by all, he surrendered to his Cousin Robert and was taken to the Empress Maud, who imprisoned him at Bristol. Later in the year, with his brother Robert he negotiated peace with Geoffrey of Anjou.

    He served under Geoffrey, Count of Anjou in the siege of Rouen in 1143/4; he afterwards captured and burnt Emandreville and the Church of St. Sever, where many of both sexes perished in the flames. The Empress Maud captured his castle at Worcester and granted it to William de Beauchamp.

    In 1144 King Stephen rewarded him for his many services by creating him Earl of Worcester, and also granted him the town itself.

    He went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and subsequently joined the disastrous Second Crusade in 1147. He took part in the attack on Lisbon, when the Moors were driven out of the city. On his return in 1149 he quarrelled with the King, and went so far as to offer the crown to Theobald, Stephen's brother, but this was declined. He then joined the party of the Empress Maud and held Worcester on her behalf. The King captured and burnt the town, but failed in his attempt on the castle. Two years later the King attacked again, Waleran was driven out and escaped to Normandy, where he was taken prisoner by his nephew Robert de Montfort, who confined him in the castle of Obec. He gained his release by a grant of some portion of his estate to his nephew. In 1154 he sctempted to take the castle of Montfort, but without success. The King then captured and burnt the city of Winchester which belonged to Waleran.

    In 1157 we find him at Henry II's court and in May 1160 he was one of the witnesses to the treaty between Henry II and Louis VII of France; at this time he also witnessed the charter of the Abbey of Coggeshall.

    Cokayne, G.E.; Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed. 13 volumes in 14. 1910-1959. Reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000.
    Edward T. Beaumont, J.P. The Beaumonts in History. A.D. 850-1850. Oxford.